Lathonian

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Lathonian
Latoniu snekta
Native toKeira
RegionTuyaria
EthnicityLathonians
Native speakersTBD
Language familyUletarephian
Early formsProto-Skarvian
  • Proto-Cartino-Skarvian
    • Old Lathonian
      • Middle Lathonian
        • Lathonian
DialectsSkarvennian
Ulinnic
Igrian
Varugian
Heivian
Writing systemRomantian script (Lathonian alphabet)
Official status
Official language inKeiraFlag v4.1.png Keira
IgriaFlag v1.png Igria
Minority language inMerhaliaFlag.png Merhalia


Lathonian is a Skarvian language mainly spoken in Tuyaria. It is co-official language in Keira and Igria. It is the most widely spoken in the Keiran states of Skarvennia, Nehmenta and North Ulinnia; as well as the Igrian states of Thrallfields and Yapsada. Lathonian is the most similar to other Skarvian languages within the Cartino-Skarvian branch, such as Littic.

Orthography

Alphabet

Glyphs Name Name pronunciation Notes on usage and pronunciation
A, a a /ɑ/ The most common standard pronunciation is either /ʌ̆/ if short or /äː/ if long.
Ā, ā īlkoina a /ɑː/ Pronounced /ɑː/. In some dialects "aa" is used instead.
Ą, ą noisina a /ˈnoisɪnʌ ɑː/ ; /ɑː/ /ɑː/ or /ɑ/ in most cases. It's mainly exclusively a written letter as it's phonetically the same as the aforementioned vowels. It's mostly used for accusative grammatical cases.
Ä, ä ä /æ/ The pronunciation can be short /æ̆/, long /æː/, or something in between. It varies from word to word.
B, b bė, bee /beː/ /b/. In some dialects - such as Varugian - it's either pronounced /p/ or completely replaced by the letter P.
D, d dė, dee /deː/ In present standard language, d stands for /d/, but it may be pronounced as /d̥/ or /t̪/ depending on the dialect.
E, e e /e/ The pronunciation can vary between /e/ and /æ/. Sometimes, the short pronunciation is /ɛ/ or /e̞/.
Ė, ė ė, ee /eː/ /eː/ - identical to Kalmish "Ä". In some dialects "ee" or "ie" are used instead.
Ē, ē īlkoina e /æː/ /æː/
Ę, ę noisina e /æː/ The pronunciation can vary and be the same as any of the above E-based vowels. It's mainly exclusively a written letter as it's phonetically the same as the aforementioned vowels. It's mostly used for accusative grammatical cases.
F, f äf /æ̆f/ /f/. Occurs mainly in new loanwords. In every day speech, in most dialects, it's often treated as a V and thus pronounced /v/.
G, g gė, gee /ɡeː/ /ɡ/
H, h /hɑː/ /h/. Similar to Ingerish "hide" but harder.
I, i trumpoina i /ɪ/ Almost exclusively a short /ɪ/ with rare exceptions.
Ī, ī īlkoina ī /iː/ /iː/ without exception.
J, j /jɑː/ /j/, such as the Ingerish consonant y, without exception.
K, k /kɑː/ /k/
L, l äl, el /æɫ/ /ɫ/, /l/
M, m äm, em /æm/ /m/
N, n än, en /æn/ /n/
O, o oo /oː/ Varies between /ɔ/ and /oː/.
Ö, ö öö /øː/ Varies between /œ/ and /ø/.
P, p pė, pee /peː/ Hard /p/ or soft /pʲ/.
R, r är, er /ær/ or /er/ /r/ Always a rolled R.
S, s äs, es /æs/ or /es/ Hard /s̪/ or soft /sʲ/.
T, t tee, tė /te:/ Usually a dental /t̪/
U, u uu, ū /uː/ Varies from /ʊ/ to /u/
Ū, ū īlkoina ū /uː/ /uː/
Ų, ų noisina ū /ˈnoisɪnʌ uː/, /uː/ /u/ or /uː/. It's mainly exclusively a written letter as it's phonetically the same as the aforementioned vowels. It's mostly used for accusative grammatical cases.
V, v vee, vė /ʋeː/ /v/ or /ʋ/
Y, y yy /yː/ /y/

Basics

Lathonian Translation Notes
Greetings
Sveiki!
Teri!
lit. "Healthy!"
Hello!
Labrīts!
Gērą rītą!
Good morning!
lit. "A good morning (to/for you)!"
Labdien!
Gērą dieną!
Good day! / Hello! More formal than the other "time of day greetings".
Important words and phrases
Ja
Teip
Yes
Jo
Je
Yeah / Yup Rather informal, used in casual speech.

Nėj
No
No / Is not
Daikamu
Daiku
Dėku
Thank you
Thanks
Atsivien(i) Excuse me
lit. "(I) apologise"
Sorry
As atsivieniu I'm sorry
I apologise
Nier problėmu
Neraskamu
No problem
No worries / Don't worry
Abie(t)
Abietit!
Help (me)!
Cardinal directions
Siemali North Shares root with "winter"
Rītsi East Shares root with "morning"
Pietari South Shares root with "noon" and "lunch"
Vakari West Shares root with "evening"
Times of year
Vāsra Summer
Pasoitsims Spring lit. translation: "By / as it's bloom(ing)".
Siema Winter
Rotsus Autumn
Sesons Season
Mėnels Month Shares root with "moon".
Mēts Year
Numerals
English Lathonian
One Viens
Two
Three Trīs
Four Ketsi
Five Pėnsi
Six Sesi
Seven Septeini
Eight Āstuoni
Nine Devīni
Ten Desmīt
Teens
Eleven Vienals
Twelve Duvals
Thirteen Tretsals
... ...
Nineteen Devīnals
Tens
Twenty Dvīdesmit
Twenty one Dvīdesmit viens
Twenty two Dvīdesmit dū
Thirty Trīsdesmit
Fourty Ketsdesmīt
... ...
Ninety Devīndesmit
Ninety nine Devīndesmit devīni
Hundreds and beyond
(One) hundred Sīmts
Hundred and one Sīmta viens
Hundred and two Sīmta dū
Hundred and ten Sīmta desmit
Hundred and fifteen Sīmta pėnpals
Hundred twenty six Sīmta dvīdesmit sesi
Hundred eighty nine Sīmta astuondesmit devīni
Two hundred Dū sīmta
Three hundred Trīs sīmta
(One) thousand Tūkstots
One thousand six hundred fourty three Tūkstots sesi sīmta ketsdesmit trīs