List of alphabets

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This list contains only alphabets, which contain separate letters (not diacritic marks) for both consonants and vowels.

Most of the world's "true alphabets" can be divided into three categories:

  • Romantian Alphabets - derived from the Romantish script
  • Syrillangan Alphabets - derived from the Surian script
  • Hellanisian Alphabets - derived from the Old Eganian script

List of Romantian Alphabets

The Romantian or Romantish script is a set of letters declared as classical alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Old Eganian Alphabet. The Romantian Alphabet is the base of most Ulethan Alphabets, which are derived through additional or absent letters. It is also corresponding to the OGFL basic Romantian script.

Basic Romantian Alphabet

Letter Pronunciation
A, a /a/
B, b /b/
C, c /k/
D, d /d/
E, e /ɛ/
F, f /f/
G, g /g/
H, h /h/
I, i /ɪ/
J, j /j/
K, k /k/
L, l /l/
M, m /m/
Letter Pronunciation
N, n /n/
O, o /o/
P, p /p/
Q, q /k/
R, r /r/
S, s /s/
T, t /t/
U, u /u/
V, v /v/
W, w /v/
X, x /ks/
Y, y /ʏ/
Z, z /z/

Cambric alphabet

Cambric is spoken in Tircambry and in Colonia Galesa in the Ardisphere

Letter Name Pronunciation
A, a a /a, a:/
B, b bi /b/
C, c ec /k/
Ch, ch èch /χ/
D, d di /d/
Dd, dd èdd /ð/
E, e e /ɛ, eː/
F, f èf /v/
Ff, ff èff /f/
G, g èg /ɡ/
Ng, ng èng /ŋ/
H, h aets /h/
I, i i dot /ɪ, iː, j/
J, j je /d͡ʒ/
L, l el /l/
Letter Name Pronunciation
Ll, ll èll /ɬ/
M, m em /m/
N, n en /n/
O, o o /ɔ, oː/
P, p pi /p/
Ph, ph ffi /f/
R, r er /r/
Rh, rh rhi /r̥/
S, s ès /s/
T, t ti /t/
Th, th èth /θ/
U, u u bedol /ɪ, iː/
W, w w /ʊ, uː, w/
Y, y /ɪ, iː, ə, əː/

Drabantian alphabet

Letter Name Pronunciation
A, a á /a/
Á, á dlouhé á;
á s čárkou
/a:/
B, b /b/
C, c /ts/
Č, č čé /tʃ/
D, d /d/
Ď, ď ďé /ɟ/
E, e é /ɛ/
É, é dlouhé é;
é s čárkou
/ɛ:/
Ě, ě ije;
é s háčkem
/jɛ/, /ε/
F, f ef /f/
G, g /g/
H, h /ɦ/
Ch, ch chá /x/
I, i měkké i /ɪ/
Í, í dlouhé měkké í;
měkké í s čárkou
/i:/
J, j /j/
K, k /k/
L, l el /l/
M, m em /m/
N, n en /n/
Letter Name Pronunciation
Ň, ň /ɲ/
O, o ó /o/
Ó, ó dlouhé ó;
ó s čárkou
/o:/
P, p /p/
Q, q kvé /kv/
R, r er /r/
Ř, ř /r̝/
S, s es /s/
Š, š /ʃ/
T, t /t/
Ť, ť ťé /c/
U, u ú /u/
Ú, ú ú s čárkou /u:/
Ů, ů ů s kroužkem /u:/
V, v /v/
W, w dvojité vé /v/
X, x iks /ks/
Y, y ypsilon;
tvrdé y
/ɪ/
Ý, ý dlouhé tvrdé y;
tvrdé ý s čárkou
/i:/
Z, z zet /z/
Ž, ž žet /ʒ/

Mallyorian Alphabet

Used for Mallyorian language spoken in Mallyore and other parts of Uletha. The phonemes are same as in Livnian language.

Letter Name Pronunciation
A, a a /a/
B, b be /b/
C, c ce /ts/
Č, ć če /tʃ/
Ć, ć će /tɕ/
D, d de /d/
Dž, dž dže /dʒ/
Đ, đ đe /dʑ/
E, e e /e/
F, f ef /f/
G, g ge /g/
H, h ha /x/
I, i i /i/
J, j je /j/
K, k ke /k/
Letter Name Pronunciation
L, l el /l/
Lj, lj elj /ʎ/
M, m em /m/
N, n en /n/
Nj, nj enj /ɲ/
O, o o /o/
P, p pe /p/
R, r er /r/
S, s es /s/
Š, š /ʃ/
T, t te /t/
U, u u /u/
V, v ve /ʋ/
Z, z ze /z/
Ž, ž že /ʒ/

Reelandic Alphabet

The alphabet used for the modern Reelandic language.

Letter Name Pronunciation
A, a A /a/
B, b Be /b/
D, d De /d/
E, e E /e/
F, f Ef /f/
G, g Ge /ɡ/
H, h Haů /h ~ x/
I, i I /i/
J, j Jott /j/
K, k Kaů /k/
L, l El /l/
M, m Em /m/
N, n En /n/
Letter Name Pronunciation
O, o O /o/
P, p Pe /p/
R, r Er /r/
S, s Es /s/
T, t Te /t/
U, u Utt /ʉ/
Ů, ů Ů, Růnt-Utt /u/
V, v Ve /v/
W, w Waů /ʋ/
Ö, ö Öt /ø/
X, x Ix /k͡xs/
Y, y Ypsilon /y/
Z, z Zett /z/

Romantian Romanish Alphabets

New Romanish Alphabet

Letter Name Pronunciation
A, a a /a/
Ă, ă ă /ə/
Â, â î /ɨ/
B, b be /b/
C, c ce /k/, /tʃ/
D, d de /d/
E, e e /e/
F, f ef /f/
G, g ge /g/, /dʒ/
H, h haș /h/
I, i i /i/
Ï, ï isur /j/
Î, î î /ɨ/
J, j je /ʒ/
K, k capa /k/
Letter Name Pronunciation
L, l el /l/
M, m em /m/
N, n en /n/
O, o o /o/
P, p pe /p/
R, r er /r/
S, s es /s/
Ș, ș șe /ʃ/
T, t te /t/
Ț, ț țe /ts/
U, u u /u/
V, v ve /v/
X, x ix /ks/
Y, y igan /i/
Z, z zed /z/

Transitional Romanish Alphabet (Iviran-Romanish Alphabet)

Letter Name Pronunciation
A, a a /a/
B, b be /b/
C̦, c̦ c̦e /tʃ/
D, d de /d/
E, e e /e/
Ë, ë ë /e̯a/
Ĕ, ĕ ĕ /ə/
Ф, ф /f/
G, g ge /g/
Ģ, ģ ģe /dʒ/
H, h haș /h/
I, i i /i/
Ï, ï isur /j/
Ꙟ, ꙟ ꙟn /ɨ/
Ĭ, ĭ hïat' /ʲ/
Z̦, z̦ z̦e /ʒ/
K, k kapa /k/
Letter Name Pronunciation
L, l el /l/
M, m em /m/
N, n en /n/
O, o om /o/
P, p pe /p/
Ѱ, ѱ ѱe /ps/
R, r er /r/
S, s es /s/
Ș, ș șe /ʃ/
T, t te /t/
Ț, ț țe /ts/
Ѳ, ѳ ѳeta /θ/
U, u u /u/
V, v ve /v/
Ѯ, ѯ /ks/
Ѵ, ѵ igan /i/
Ḑ, ḑ ḑed /z/

Aromanish Alphabet

Letter Name Pronunciation
A, a astru /a/
Ã, ã ãndru /ə/
B, b biche /b/
C, c cadshce /k/, /tʃ/
D, d dafin /d/
Dz, dz dzire /dz/
E, e eni /e/
F, f femti /f/
G, g geamu /g/, /dʒ/
H, h hãlish /h/
I, i inã /i/
Letter Name Pronunciation
L, l liubã /l/
M, m miãre /m/
N, n neltse /n/
O, o omu /o/
P, p pãrdza /p/
R, r remu /r/
S, s sigmã /s/, /ʃ/
T, t tsevã /t/
U, u utro /u/
V, v vredã /v/
Z, z zimtsea /z/

Egano-Romanish Alphabet

Letter Name Pronunciation
A, a alfa /a/
B, b beta /b/
G, g gama /g/
D, d delta /d/
É, é éѱilonû /e̯a/
Z, z zeta /z/
E, e eta /e/
Ѳ, ѳ ѳeta /θ/
Ê, ê êmu /ə/
I, i iota /j/
Î, î îmu /ᵻ/
K, k kapa /k/
L, l lambda /l/
M, m mi /m/
Letter Name Pronunciation
N, n ni /n/
Ѯ, ѯ ѯi /ks/
Ó, ó ódis /o̯a/
O, o omikronû /o/
Ô, ô ômol /u/
P, p pi /p/
R, r ro /r/
S, s sigmô /s/
T, t taô /t/
Û, û ôtêr /w/
Ѵ, ѵ ѵѱilonû /y/
Ф, ф фi /f/
Х, х хi /h/
Ѱ, ѱ ѱi /ps/

Shilesian Alphabet

Letter Pronunciation
A, a /a/
Ã, ã /ã/, /am/
B, b /b/
C, c /ʦ/, /t͡ɕ/
Ć, ć /t͡ɕ/
D, d /d̪/
E, e /e/, /ɛ/
F, f /f/
G, g /g/
H, h /x/
I, i /i/
J, j /j/
K, k /k/
L, l /l/
Ł, ł /w/
M, m /m/
Ń, ń /ɲ/
O, o /ɔ/
Letter Pronunciation
Ŏ, ŏ /o/, /ou/
Ō, ō inclined /o/
Ô, ô /wo/, /o/
Õ, õ /o/, /om/
P, p /p/
R, r /r/
S, s /s/
Ś, ś /ɕ/
T, t /t/
U, u /u/
V, v /v/ (unused)
W, w /v/
X, x /ks/ (unused)
Y, y /ɨ/
Z, z /z/
Ź, ź /ʑ/
Ż, ż /ʐ/

Turquese Alphabet

Letter Name Pronunciation
A, a a /a/
B, b b /b/
C, c ce /d͡ʒ/
C̦, c̦ c̦e /t͡ʃ/
D, d de /d/
E, e e /e/
F, f Fe /f/
G, g ge /g/
Ğ, ğ yumușak ge /‿/
H, h he /h/
I, ı ı /ɯ/
İ, i i /i/
J, j je /ʒ/
K, k ka /k/
L, l le /ɫ/
Letter Name Pronunciation
M, m me /m/
N, n ne /n/
O, o o /o/
Ö, ö ö /ø/
P, p pe /p/
R, r re /ɾ/
S, s se /s/
Ș, ș șe /ʃ/
T, t te /t/
Ț, ț țe /t͡s/
U, u u /u/
Ü, ü ü /y/
V, v ve /v/
Y, y ye /j/
Z, z ze /z/

Hifnakian Alphabet

Letter Name Pronunciation
A, a Ai /a/
Æ, æ Æt /ɛ/
Å, å Å /ua/ or /ʊ/
B, b Bej /b/
C, c Cej /dʒ/ or /s/
D, d Dej /d/
E, e Elfa /e/
F, f Æf /f/
G, g Gej /g/
H, h /h/
I, i I /i/
J, j Jod /j/
K, k /k/
L, l Æl /l/
M, m Æm /m/
Letter Pronunciation
N, n Æn /n/
O, o O /o/
Ø, ø Øj /ø/ or /ɑj/
P, p Pe /p/
Q, q Ku /k/
R, r Ær /r/ or /ʁ/
S, s Æs /s/
T, t Te /t/
U, u U /u/
V, v Ve /v/
W, w Dobbelt V /v/
X, x Æks /x/
Y, y Y /ʏ/
Z, z Zæt /z/

Mẫu tự (母字) Alphabet

There are 29 letters in the Mau Tu alphabet used in Kuehongese. There are 4-6 tones, which are marked in the IPA as suprasegmentals following the phonemic value.

The alphabet in cursive


Vietnamese alphabet[1]
Letter Name Name when used in spelling IPA
A a a /aː˧/
Ă ă á /aː˧˥/
 â /əː˧˥/
B b bờ /ɓe˧, ɓəː˧˩/
C c cờ /se˧, kəː˧˩/
D d dờ /ze˧, zəː˧˩/
Đ đ đê đờ /ɗe˧, ɗəː˧˩/
E e e e /ɛ˧/
Ê ê ê ê /e˧/
G g giê gờ /ze˧, ɣəː˧˩/
H h hát hờ /hək˧˥, həː˧˩/
I i i; i ngắn /i˧, i˧ ŋan˧˥/
K k ca /kaː˧/
L l e-lờ lờ /(ɛ˧)ləː˧˩/
M m em-mờ mờ /(ɛm˧)məː˧˩/
N n en-nờ nờ /(ɛn˧)nəː˧˩/
O o o /ɔ˧/
Ô ô ô /o˧/
Ơ ơ ơ /əː˧/
P p ; bê phở (colloq.) pờ /pe˧, pəː˧˩/
Q q cu; quy quờ /ku˧, kwi˧, kwəː˧˩/
R r e-rờ rờ /(ɛ˧)rəː˧˩/
S s ét-xì; xờ nặng sờ /ɛt˦˥si˧˩, ʂəː˧˩/
T t tờ /te˧, təː˧˩/
U u u /u˧/
Ư ư ư /ɨ˧/
V v vờ /ve˧, vəː˧/
X x ích xì; xờ nhẹ xờ /ik˦˥si˧˩, səː˧˩/
Y y i dài; i-cờ-rét /i˧zaːj˧˩, i˧kəː˧rɛt˦˥/

Note:

  • Naming b bê bò and p pê phở is to avoid confusion in some dialects or some contexts, the same for s sờ mạnh (nặng) and x xờ nhẹ, i i ngắn and y y dài.
  • Q, q is always followed by u in every word and phrase in Vietnamese, e.g. quần (trousers), quyến rũ (to attract), etc.
  • The name i-cờ-rét for y is from the Franquese name for the letter: (Greek I),[2] referring to the letter's origin from the Greek letter upsilon.

List of Syrillangan Alphabets

Numerous Syrillangan alphabets are based on the Surian script, although the oldest Syrillangan alphabet was developed in the Kingdom of Romany during the 10th century by the Garlian theologian Syrillus. The Surian alphabet is the basis of alphabets used in various languages, past and present, in Uletha and Archanta, especially in countries speaking languages of Slevic origin, but also non-Slevic languages such as Maldavian and Old Romanish. As of 2011, around 152 million people in the world use it as the official alphabet for their national languages. About half of them are in Suria. Syrillangan is the second most-used writing systems in the world. The alphabet is also sometimes called the Slevic Alphabet.

Basic Syrillangan Alphabet (Surian Alphabet)

Letter Pronunciation
А, а /a/
Б, б /b/
Ч, ч /k/
Д, д /d/
Е, е /ɛ/
Ё, ё /ɵ/
Э, э /ə/
Ф, ф /f/
Г, г /g/
Х, х /h/
И, и /ɪ/
Й, й /ʲ/
Ж, ж /ʐ/
К, к /k/
Л, л /l/
М, м /m/
Letter Pronunciation
Н, н /n/
О, о /o/
П, п /p/
Р, р /r/
С, с /s/
Т, т /t/
Ц, ц /ts/
У, у /u/
В, в /v/
З, з /z/
Ш, ш /ʂ/
Щ, щ /ɕː/
Я, я /jа/
Ю, ю /ju/
Ы, ы /ɨ/
Ь, ь /ʲ/

Old Romanish Alphabet

Letter Name Pronunciation
A, a Áз /a/
Б, б Бꙋ́кє /b/
Ч, ч Чє́рвꙋ /tʃ/
Д, д Дѡ́брꙋ /d/
Є, є Є́ст /e/
Ѣ, ѣ Ѩтй /e̯a/
Ъ, ъ Ïє́р /ə/
Ф, ф Фє́ртъ /f/
Г, г Гʌáгѡʌ /g/
Џ, џ Џѣ́ /dʒ/
Х, х Хє́рꙋ /h/
И, и И́жє /i/
Ї, ї Їй /j/
Ꙟ, ꙟ Ꙟн /ɨ/
Ꙟ̃, ꙟ̃ Ꙟ̃трꙋ /ɨn/
Й, й И /ʲ/
Ж, ж Жꙋ́вєтє /ʒ/
К, к Кáкꙋ /k/
Ʌ, ʌ Ʌю́дє /l/
М, м Ми́сʌєтє /m/
Letter Name Pronunciation
Н, н Нáш /n/
Ѡ, ѡ Ѡмєгa /o/
П, п Пѡ́кѡй /p/
Ѱ, ѱ ѱѝ /ps/
Р, р Рѫ́цъ /r/
С, с Сʌѡ́въ /s/
Ш, ш Шa /ʃ/
Ш̩, ш̩ Ш̩ѣ́ /ʃt/
Т, т Тфє́рдꙋ /t/
Ц, ц Ци /ts/
Ѳ, ѳ Ѳи́тa /θ/
Ꙋ, ꙋ Ꙋ́к /u/
В, в Вє́дє /v/
Ѯ, ѯ Ѯѝ /ks/
Ѵ, ѵ И́жицa /i/
З, з Зáʌꙋ /z/
Ѫ, ѫ Ю́с /ɨ/
Ѩ, ѩ Ѩ́кѡ /ja/
Ѧ, ѧ Ѩ /ja/
Ю, ю Ю́к /ju/

Modified Slevic Alphabet

Kanglapolish uses this set of alphabets so that it conforms with some of the language pronunciations which is absent in Surian.

Letter Transliteration
А, а a
Б, б b
Ч, ч ch
Д, д d
Е, е e
Ф, ф f
Г, г g
И, и i
Й, й y
Ж, ж j/zh
К, к k
Л, л l
М, м m
Letter Pronunciation
Н, н n
Нъ, нъ h
О, о o
П, п p
Р, р r
С, с s
Т, т t
Ц, ц c/ts
У, у u
В, в v
З, з z
Ш, ш sh

Livnian alphabet

Reformed Syrillangan alphabet. Used for the Livnian language, spoken in Zalivnia. Every letter has its corresponding Mallyorian equivalent (the phonemes are the same).

Letter Pronunciation Transcription
А, а /a/ a
Б, б /b/ b
В, в /v/ ~ /ʋ/ v
Г, г /g/ g
Д, д /d/ d
Ђ, ђ /d͡ʑ/ đ
Е, е /e/ e
Ж, ж /ʐ/ ~ /ʒ/ ž
З, з /z/ z
И, и /i/ i
Ј, ј /j/ j
К, к /k/ k
Л, л /l/ l
Љ, љ /ʎ̟/ ~ /l̠ʲ/ lj
М, м /m/ m
Letter Pronunciation Transcription
Н, н /n/ n
Њ, њ /ɲ/ nj
О, о /o/ o
П, п /p/ p
Р, р /r/ r
С, с /s/ s
Т, т /t/ t
Ћ, ћ /t͡ɕ/ ć
У, у /u/ u
Ф, ф /f/ f
Х, х /x/ h
Ц, ц /t͡s/ c
Ч, ч /ʈ͡ʂ/ ~ /t͡ʃ/ č
Џ, џ /ɖ͡ʐ/ ~ /d͡ʒ/
Ш, ш /ʂ/ ~ /ʃ/ š

List of Hellanisian Alphabets

Other alphabets

Everian Alphabets

Letter Name Ingerish Transcription Pronunciation
Ⴀ, ⴀ alet a /ɑ/
Ⴔ, ⴔ bam b /b/
Ⴁ, ⴁ valë v /v ʋ/
Ⴞ, ⴞ cas c /ts/
Ⴛ, ⴛ chas, c̦as ch, c̦ /tʃ/
Ⴃ, ⴃ dalëdh d /d/
Ⴐ, ⴓ dhësë dh /ð/
Ⴄ, ⴄ egi e /ɛ/
Ⴍ, ⴍ ëlgö ë /ə/
Ⴒ, ⴒ fu f /f/
Ⴂ, ⴂ gi g /g/
Ⴟ, ⴟ ghài, ğài gh, ğ /ɣ/
Ⴣ, ⴣ hisa h /x h/
Ⴤ, ⴤ hya hy /ç/
Ⴖ, ⴖ ije i /i/
Ⴝ, ⴝ kapë k /k/
Ⴡ, ⴡ qapë q /k͡x/
Letter Name Ingerish Transcription Pronunciation
Ⴘ, ⴘ laula l /l, ɫ/
Ⴋ, ⴋ mam m /m/
Ⴌ, ⴌ nan n /n/
Ⴚ, ⴚ ŋài ŋ /ŋ/
Ⴎ, ⴎ omag o /o/
Ⴙ, ⴙ öca ö /ø œ/
Ⴅ, ⴅ par p /p/
Ⴜ, ⴜ rusa r /ɾ/
Ⴑ, ⴑ sen s /s/
Ⴕ, ⴕ shen, șen sh, ș /ʃ/
Ⴠ, ⴠ ta t /t/
Ⴏ, ⴏ umis u /ʊ u/
Ⴗ, ⴗ wori w /ʋ/
Ⴈ, ⴈ yedza y /j/
Ⴆ, ⴆ zad z /z/
Ⴉ, ⴉ zhad, z̦ad zh, z̦ /ʒ/
Ⴢ, ⴢ vowel connector ` / ͜ /

Siran Alphabet

Letter Name Pronunciation
Ξ, ⲷ ba /b/
Λ, ʌ ko /k/
U, u ir /ɾ/
V, v rra /r/
8, ᵹ eh /e, ɛ/
H, н am /m/
Ο, o hee /h/
7, z av /v/
Ǝ, ʇ ah /ɑ, ə/
S, ς to /t/
Ь, ȷ ge /g/
Y, ψ el /l/
N, ɴ Lla /ɭ/
Letter Name Pronunciation
L, ɭ ne /n/
Ƨ, ɂ se /s/
M, м ssa /ʂ/
2, ʊ de /d/
Π, п u /u, ʊ/
B, г ffu /ɸ/
ɸ, ρ ee /i, ɨ/
Ц, ɖ wo /w/
Ч, þ eth /θ/
X, x anna /ŋ/ - archaic; /n/
Ɔ, ɔ pa /p/
A, ᴀ fe /f/
F, ɼ oh /o, ɔ/