Litvania

From OpenGeofiction Encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Republic of Litvania
Litvenská republika
National Seal
FlagCoat of arms
Motto:
"Neznáma krása"
Unknown Beauty
Anthem:
Litvény sa poratujú! (Litvanians will rescue themselves!)
Location within North Central Uletha.
Location within North Central Uletha.
Capital
and largest city
Loravia
Official languagesLitvanian
DemonymLitvanian
GovernmentParliamentary Republic
 • PresidentAndrej Maliar
 • Prime ministerMaria Lincová
LegislatureParliament
 • Upper houseSenat
 • Lower houseSejm
Area
 • Total22763.44 sq. km[1] km2
 • Water (%)to be calculated
Population
 • Estimate (2017)6,500,000
 • Census (2008)5,000,000[2]
 • Density87.8/km2
GDP (PPP)2016
 • Total$95.6 billion
 • Per capitaTBD
GDP (nominal)TBD
 • TotalTBD
 • Per capitaTBD
HDI (2016)Increase 0.86
very high
Timezone+5:30 (no DST)
CurrencyLitvanian Korona (λ) (LKR)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.lk


Litvania (Litvanian: Litvensko, officially Litvanian Republic, Litvenská republika) is a lakeside country in North Central Uletha. It is bordered by Zalivnia to the west, UL180G to the northwest, Beldonia to the northeast, and Drabantia to the east. Litvania's territory spans 22,700km2, and is mostly mountainous. Litvania's population is estimated at 2,000,000, and consists of mostly ethnic Litvanians. The largest and capital city is Loravia, and the official language is Litvanian.

The Slevic tribes arrived and populated present day Litvania in the 5th and 6th centuries. Together with the Drabantia they united to create the first independant state, Gran Loravia. After the fall of Gran Loravia, Litvania became part of the Egalian Empire[citation needed] . The Empire later fell to an invasion by Drabantia, and they aquired Litvania as a protectorate of the Drabantian Crownlands. Later, the Egalians gained power again and enforced violent conversions of religion and banned the Litvanian language and culture to be practiced. Many items of cultural importance are destroyed in this period. The Egalians eventually settle down and Litvanians are allowed to speak their language again. In 1636 Litvania became part of a partially sovereign kingdom with Drabantia. Egalia loses control of the nation in 1641, and Litvania is now sovereign under the Wenceslasian Union. In 1721 Litvania peacefully secedes from the WU, and becomes a separate state. In 1722, the first series of meetings of the newly formed Parliament of Litvania take place, writing up and ratifying the First Litvanian Constitution. The First Litvanian Republic was formed, after 5 years of rule by a provisional monarchy. The late 19th century saw the rise of far-right nationalistic movements like the National People's Front, which opposed democratic rule and advocated extreme nationalism in a state ruled by a single leader. These movements took power after the 1918 election, forming Fascist Litvania. During this time, the country saw vast growth militarily and economically, but was engaged in foreign conflicts in support of fascist governments. As a response among the fascists' early opposition, various social-democratic and communist movements organised a coup d'état in April of 1944. Many previous leaders were prosecuted and killed. The Litvanian Socialist Republic was established in May 1945. This state was short-lived. After a series of revolutions and economic failures caused by political incompetence, the regime was overthrown in 1960, with the Second Litvanian Republic being formed. Since then, the country joined the AN in TBD, and has participated in many globalised economic and social unions.[3]

Litvania has a high income advanced economy, an increasing and high HDI, with a very high standard of living, and performs well in civil liberties, human rights, press freedom, internet freedom, democratic governance and peacefulness indexes. Litvania has a free market economy, and citizens are provided with free healthcare, free education and the right to economic activities.

Etymology

Main Article: Etymology of Litvania
Where exactly the name Litvanian comes from in Ingerish is unknown, however is believed to be a simple transliteration from the Litvanian name of the peoples. Historians have done little research as to where the name comes from in the Litvanian language, but have come to a reasonable conclusion that it comes from the Proto-Syrillangan word for "peoples", lid. Variations of this name were first used by the Drabantians, as Lidvane, Lidvanie or Lidvaně. Surians also used the Ludvanye, Lydvanye or Lydvane names. The Litvanians themselves apparently later changed the d to a t for an unknown reason, believed to be under Egailian influence, who called them the Litvins.

History

Prehistory

Grand Loravia

Drabantian Crownlands

Wenceslasian Union

Mary-Elisabeth`s reforms

Split of Litvania and Drabantia

Modern History

Post-separation and early republic

Following the war, Litvania remained an autonomous kingdom of the Egalian Empire under TBD. The monarch appointed an early form of parliament (known as a parliament but actually an assembly of rich nobility) to serve as interim legislature. The parliament worked on several documents, including the first drafts of the Basic Law; the proto-constitution of the kingdom. With the king being old, sick, and near death, the parliament tried to negotiate a deal with the future monarch of having a dual-power system between the king, who would rule by overseeing and advising the parliaments’ activities, and the Parliament, which would be composed of 230 individuals appointed by the king, and would be responsible for advising the King on current events and various issues. The monarchy was at first reluctant, wishing to preserve absolute power. After many uprisings and social unrest due to poor economic conditions and very high taxes, and after the Parliament promised to address these issues if independent, the monarchy conceded. In 1730, King TBD died, acceding TBD to the throne, creating the First Republic of Litvania where monarchy and parliament shared rule under a dual-power system.

As Litvania was under the Egalian Empire, the people were starting to get sick of the political despotism, colonialist attitude, and apathy of the Egalians toward the Litvanians. Movements created by theologian and poet TBD to secede from the Empire in order to maintain full independence and prosperity gained in popularity. By 1770, this movement had caught the attention of the government. The government opposed the growth of the movement, as it threatened the legitimacy and existence of the monarchy if it rose to prominence. Despite the staunch action against the secessionist movements, many members of the Parliament joined as a protest to the inflexibility of the monarchs, who continued to cling on to their political powers.

After a series of confrontations over the status of the common peasantry, the monarch dismissed the Parliament, claiming that they had become rogue advocates of the “evil enlightenment philosophies of anti-monarchy and liberalism”. This event triggered many violent uprisings in towns and cities across the country. The army was unable to effectively suppress these rebellions, and some garrisons defected.

Republican War

These events were the start of the Republican War, with the king commanding the republican troops and the former members of Parliament commanding the republican side. The Republicans lost stronghold of many key cities, such as Kolin, cradles of liberal ideas. By 1780, the war had been decisively lost by the royalists, who fled to the still absolute monarchy in Drabantia.

First Republic of Litvania

In the 1780s after the war had ended, the monarchic system was completely deposed, with the role being filled by the President of the National Parliament. The constitution was rewritten to assure freedom of speech and press, as well as distance the government from religious institutions. The remnants of the royal family had attempted to return to the country to lead a movement towards restoring the monarchy but failed due to lack of support.

As a state, the First Republic had a difficult start, suffering from poor agricultural yields and an economic crisis that starved almost 300,000 people in the 1790s.

Rise of nationalism

As Litvania entered the 19th century, the country saw rapid industrialisation like its neighbours. Many rural peasants migrated to cities to find work in factories, and a railway network was built by various companies to maintain rapid and efficient transport of goods throughout the 1840s. With the rise in industrial society, many workers' unions were formed to protect and fight for the rights of the factory workers. A small group started a political movement known as the Edwardites in 1852, inspired by the writings of Eduard Kočiš, a proto-socialist critic of the industrial economy.

Entering the 20th century, as a reaction to the Edwardite movement, Litvania saw a rise in nationalism. Many nationalist movements started to form around the country, proclaiming that Litvania was once the greatest influence over the region, and it has now been shuffled away and its former territory taken, and that this should be reversed with severe military action. Many nationalistic and anti-Edwardite supporters backed these movements, who eventually formed the National People’s Front in 1908. They advocate a single Litvanian nationalist state with control over its side of the Egalian Lake, and was to be ruled by a single supreme leader, known as a vodca(leader, chief). As the nationalist movements began to rise in Litvanian politics, street fights and confrontations broke out between the nationalists and their socialist adversaries’ militia forces in various cities. A popular belief was that Litvanians living under foreign rule should be repatriated to the Republic due to their oppression by their governments.

Litvano-Zalivnian War

During an attempt by the Zalivnian government to integrate the majority of Litvanian ethnic population on the west bank of the Litra, significant controversy was sparked in Litvania, as many viewed the integration as trying to remove Litvanian influence in the region. In January 1908, a border breach event was fabricated by the nationalist party’s militia, which triggered a mobilisation of the army, who eventually invaded the region to occupy it, as many of the army’s leadership identified with the nationalists. Throughout 1908, the Litvanians suffered many defeats due to insufficient planning and disorganisation in the military. The Zalivnians took the opportunity to push back the Litvanian Army all the way to the suburbs of Loravia, when the Litvanian General Staff realised the fact of their situation and called a ceasefire in February of 1909.

During the ceasefire, many reinforcements were called in to replenish manpower, and supplies arrived. Earlier in 1903, the army had started experimenting with motorised units and cavalry in manoeuvre tactics to outflank and surprise enemy forces. They decided to test these in the drive back to Zalivnia. In April, after the units were reorganised, resupplied, and plans were made, the order for counterattack was given. The Zalivnians stood no chance. Their unmotivated troops and poor leadership failed to consolidate their gains and quickly crumbled in the face of the fast moving and furious Litvanians. Notably, the Battle of Strechov is often used as an example of a perfectly executed outflanking manoeuvre, with Litvanians moving light infantry by rail and truck against static Zalivnian defense positions. By November of 1909, the Zalivnians sue for peace. Their demands are rejected, and Litvanian troops continue their advance until they reach Katovnica in the mountains west of the Litra in March 1910. The area is occupied and Zalivnian inhabitants are removed. After a successful negotiation for peace, the Litvanian government agrees to peace given that the borders are extended to their current positions. The Zalivnians, though extremely reluctant, agree in the Nikolin Treaty.

The war would later become a topic of contention for the fascists led by Erik Koreň, who wanted to continue the conquest and eventually establish a Litvanian Empire on the entire northern shore of the Egalian Lake.

Fascist dictatorship

With the end of the invasion and its repercussions visible throughout the country in the form of unemployment and economic decline, due to the overworked industry and infrastructure, the nationalists developed the “Koreň Miracle”(named after Erik Koreň, the leader of the nationalists); an economic plan to reduce unemployment and boost economic growth, which they promise to enact if they got elected into the majority of the Parliament. The plan promised to improve industry and agricultural output, creating jobs and giving educational opportunities. Women were given the right to vote in parliamentary elections in 1918. The nationalists gained enough support in government to get 119 seats out of 230, getting 47.8% of the vote (A majority under the contemporary direct democracy system) in the September of 1918.

After the election, the nationalists quickly enacted an “Emergency Protection Act” to essentially dismiss the government whenever it disagreed with something they wanted to do. The country saw rapid militarisation, with the army tripling in size due to aggressive conscription and large armaments manufacturing. The military also gained a large role in the daily lives of citizens, as various military police detachments were formed to police order in the cities. In 1920, the Litra region in Zalivnia was invaded for a second time, and the Zalivnian defenders stood valiantly but had little chance against the militarised and well armed Litvanians under fanatical leadership. The Zalivnian inhabitants were either deported en masse or summarily executed.

In 1921, the nationalists consolidated their power. The national security police (štatná policia, SP) was formed. Parliament, now dominated by the nationalists, decided to abandon the democratic system in place beforehand. They set up a puppet assembly to act as a “kangaroo parliament”. All non-nationalist parties were banned and their members were arrested by the SP. The country saw large economic growth as the industry is increased to support the militarisation. Throughout the 1920s and early 1930s, the government did not tolerate any form of dissent. The previously enemy socialist and communist leadership were either deported en masse or summarily executed. Those who did not get caught, joined to form underground groups with the goal of sabotaging and subverting the activities of the government. In response, the government formed the secret police (Ochrana), tasked with locating, investigating, and eliminating potential “troublemakers”.

During this period, Litvania saw large economic propserity, but was stagnating in social progress. Many were unhappy with the states' censorship of the press and lack of individual freedoms for immigrants. Women's rights, despite being able to vote, were reduced and women were largely encouraged to keep to their homes. Those the government deemed "undesirable" were taken away from their families and kept in special internment camps. Many dissidents were imprisoned or executed by the state, and internationally, Litvania was seen as a threat to security of the region. The military; having a prominent position in the government, advocated for lengthy campaigns of conquest that were only stopped because the nation couldn't support such an effort logistically.

Socialist coup and second republic

In the 1940s, after a series of assassination attempts on the vodca from December 1943 to July 1944, the underground socialist movement consolidated its reach throughout the country and organised a coup d’état. The vodca was assassinated during an annual military defilade by a sniper, and small sleeper cells of socialist supporters and agents assume control of different agencies in the chaos. Various leaders were arrested and placed in protective custody. Most major leaders of the nationalist government were removed and replaced by socialist demagogues. The All-Litvanian Party of Socialist Revolutionaries established a fragile government led by TBD.

The country, still amid chaos after the coup, struggled to find its future in the socialists. Though many short-lived social and welfare programs are passed and executed well, the population is dissatisfied with the lack of economic progress and political unity. Without much resistance, the socialist government essentially removed itself from power in 1954, after a series of serious demonstrations threatening mass strikes and violence.

21st century

After the events of the coup, a new constituent assembly and provisional government of ministers is established, following a snap election. The Second Republic of Litvania is founded. The country is reformed into a new direct democracy, with a president as a head of state and prime minister as head of government. A parliament of constituent members is given powers to create and improve laws. The government adopts a division of powers and a secular ethic. The country joins the AN in TBD, and has prominence in various cultural and scientific organisations, with a mission to the Southern Islands. The country had its latest elections in 2016, with the Centrum party gaining most votes.

Geography

Litvania lies between the 53° and 56° latitude parallels and between 85° and 88° longitude meridians.

The Litvanian landscape is noted for being primarily mountainous and hilly. The tallest mountain range in the country are the Micheny Mountains. They extend in a south-north direction along the center-west of the country, along with their subsidiary ranges, the Vesníky, Borovníky and Širava mountain ranges. The largest fertile lowland is the Central Litvanian Plain which extends almost 30km from the banks of the Bráh river. Forests cover over 45% of Litvanian land.

Micheny Mountains

Other mountains ranges

Litvenské rudohorie

Luhavská vysočina

National Parks

Caves

Rivers

Most of the rivers in Litvania stem from the mountains. There are no rivers that pass through, since all drain into the Egalian Lake. Larger rivers are: The Lorava, Bráh, Revnica, Výtra, Teplica, Litra, Leša.

The longest and largest river is the Lorava, which has its source in the Western Micheny's and flows into the Egalian Lake. The biggest volume of discharge in Litvanian rivers is in spring, when the snow melts in the mountains.

Lakes

Climate

Economy

Imports

Exports

Tourism

Naturally occurring features in the Litvanian landscape include mountains, caves, cliffs, and ridges. The country boasts many spas, ski resorts, medieval castles, towns, villages, churches. Tourists visit mostly from TBA, TBA and TBA.

Most of the country's towns and cities are built around castles or forts of some sort. Most of these are ANESCO Historic Sites.

Politics

Foreign Relations

Embassies of Litvania in foreign countries

Operating embassies of the country operated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs include:


Parliament

Senate

Military

Main article: Litvanian Armed Forces

Transportation

Litvania is a developed Ulethan country with an extensive road and railway network.

There are 5 motorways; A1-5, and one expressway, E1. The A1 connects Loravia to Bajakovo, Nikolia; the A2[4] connects Kolin to Nové mesto n/Bráhom, the A3 connects Jankovar to the A1, near Tresanov; and the A4 connects the A3, near Vlno, to Loravia.

There are currently 8 bridges over the Lorava in the Loravia. They are (from upstream to downstream) Renov Viadukt (rail), Prvý Most, Nalachov Viadukt (rail), Nalachov Most, Nový Most, Klimeného Most, Klášterný Most, Lasockého Most, and Prístavný Most.

The city's road system is of a radial-circular shape. Lately, there has been an increass in road traffic, putting preassure on the road system, and forcing an expansion soon. There are about 150,000 cars registered in Loravia (about 2 inhabitants per car).

Loravia's International Airport is the main international airport in Litvania. It serves both domestic and international scheduled and unscheduled flights. It is located about 9km from the the city center. The current runways support all types of commonly used passenger, military and general aviation flights. It has been slowly gaining popularity within the country and has enjoyed over 12,000,000 passengers since it opened to the city as an international airport in 1995. Smaller airports in Litvania include Molburg International Airport and Jankovar Airport.

The Port of Loravia is one of 3 international ports, but is the only international river port in the country. It gives Litvania access to international waters, and even the Great Rift Sound through the river Ina. Tourism boats operate from the port to give tours of the northern part of the river. There are no bridges over the river below Loravia's port entrance. All crossing must be made using tunnels.

Natural Resources

Due to Litvania's mountainous terrain, there is a number of resources that have been known to exist since antiquity.

Coal

Granite

Basalt

See also

References

Regions of the Republic of Litvania
Litvania-seal.png

Loravskavlajka.png Loravský krajPomorieMolíborský krájPobražský krájZáhorský krájZápadný krájSeverskoTirstenianský krájBorovnícký krájMichenský krájPrebišStredovýchodný kráj

Litvenska Flaga.jpg
Countries of the World
Abrilleron · Adaria · Agarderia · Allendea · Al-Kaza · Alora · Altavia · Älved · Ambrosia · Ammirice · Anisora · Antharia · Aorangēa · Arataran · Arcantonie · Ardisphere · Ascot · Ataraxia · Auleus · Auronia · Aŭstrasuno Tero · Balam-Utz · Balavalonia · Baldoria · Beaumontan · Belgravia · Belphenia · Bloregia · Bois-Unis · Brasonia · Brevinia · Broceliande · Brulias · Calliesanyo · Cariocas · Cascande · Castellán · Castilea Archantea · Castine · Catonia · Cernou · Cinasia · Cocus Island · Commonia · Commonwealth of Central Archanta · Compaglia · Costa de Oro · Darcodia · Dartannia · Dematisna · Demirhanlı Devleti · Drabantia · Draco · Drull · Duncanheim · East Anglesbury · Eäßnordælånd · Eelanti · Egani · Elhadia · Elhádhon · Erfeldia · Eshein · Esthyra · Estiensia · Fayaan · Federal States · Florescenta · Freedemia · Galicia · Galiza · Garlis · Gianniria · Glaster · Glauvaard · Gobrassanya · Guai · Helvetiany · Hoppon · Iblania · Inara · Ingerland · Jefferson · Kalm · Karolia · Karvaland · Khaiwoon · Kojo · Koyatana · Kuehong · Kuşiye · Lallemand · Latina · Leresso · Levarrie · Litvania · Lons · Lorredion · Lossira · Luslandia · Lutécia · Ma'akuha · Maalfland · Mahhal · Mallyore · Mauretia · Mecyna · Medwedia · Mergany · Meridonia · Midistland · Moonshine Islands · Mordeto · Myrcia · Nalkor-Kochi · Nature · Ncadézaz · Neberly · Nelavia · Neo Delta · New Ingerland · Niulutan-Riu · Norðurland · Ohemia · OIOI · Onnutu · Orinoco · Ôrlé · Palaseskia · Paroy · Pasundan-Padjadjaran · Paxtar · Peritan City · Planoria · Podolia · Pohenicia · Pretany · Randalia · Reeland · Rhododactylia · Roantra · Rogolnika · Samiloor · Sathria · Sãikyel · Scandmark · Schwaldia · Shilesia · Slavonia · South Astrasian Federation · Suvuma · Svækeyja · Tanay · Tara · Targueral · Tárrases · Tengappei · Tigeria · Tircambry · Ūdzđąnąrąt · Ullanyé · Utterland · Valaga · Valosia · Vatofarê · Vega · Ventria · Viljanni · Vilvetia · Vinnmark · Vodeo · Vyzesh · Wāhakea · Wallea · Wapashia · Welstand-Westrijk · Wesmandy · West Commonia · West Kadmar · Wintania · Wiwaxia · Woolonia · Wyster · Xsegunis · Yersinia · Yuris · Zalivnia · Zylanda · Østermark