Métro de Belleville
|Native name||Métro de Belleville|
|Owner||ville de Belleville|
|Locale||Belleville Metropolitan Area|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||4|
|Number of stations||68|
|Daily ridership||775,000 (2014)|
|Annual ridership||~250 million (2014)|
|Headquarters||2 rue Berthelot|
|Character||Elevated, and underground|
|Train length||4 to 6 cars|
|Headway||Peak hours: 2–5 min.|
Off-peak: 5–10 min.
|First departure||5:15 am|
|Last arrival||Weekdays: 1:15 am|
Fri/Sat: 2:00 am
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||1500 V third rail|
|Average speed||38 km/h|
|Top speed||90 km/h|
The Belleville Metro (Franquese: Métro de Belleville) is the metro system of Belleville, Broceliande. It first opened in 1905. The Belleville Metro currently consists of four lines, serving 68 stations, and comprising TBD kilometres of route. It is part of the MetroBel system of public transport, and is supported by Belleville's network of buses and trolleybuses. It is the second busiest subway system in Broceliande, after the Valoris Metro.
The Métro is owned by the city of Belleville and operated by MétroBel, a public transport authority that also operates local buses and trolleybuses.
The metro had 775,000 daily weekday boardings in 2014.
The city council of Belleville decided to create a underground train network in 1897 in order to solve the growing tram congestion in the city centre. The plans for the two first lines were approved in 1900. Construction of the first line started in 1901 in front of the central station.
The first line of the Belleville metro opened on September the 1st of 1905 between "Gare du Port" and "Place Flagey" after 4 years of works. This was the first metro service in operation in Broceliande, 6 years before Valoris.
The plans for line 3 were approved in 1915 and for line 4 in 1931.
During more than a century, continuous works for metro extensions took place somewhere in the city.
The last extension opeed in 2003.
| Opening date
of the extension
of new stations
|2||1909||7||creation of line 2|
|3||1922||7||creation of line 3|
|3||1936||7||line 3 is completed|
|4||1946||3||creation of line 4|
|1||1986||3||line 1 is completed|
|4||2002||1||line 4 is completed|
|2||2003||4||line 2 is completed|
No further extensions are planned on the metro network.
In work started in 2012 and expected in November 2019, line 2 is being converted to driverless operation.
Accidents and incidents
- 1914: Bomb attack in gare centrale station (line 1), 13 killed and 65 injured, committed by Drabandins activists.
- 1921: Place Flagey accident (line 1): train derailed due to excessive speed, 9 slightly injured.
- 1945: Fire broke out on a train between Opéra and Tauride (line 2), injuring at least 85 people.
- 2001: Bomb attack in Grand Place station (line 4), 34 killed and more than 150 injured.
- 2009: Beaujardin accident (line 3): accident due to a tunnel collapse. 2 trains involved, 15 killed and more than 150 injured.
Today, the Belleville Metro consists of four lines, 1, 2, 3 and 4, each identified on maps by different colours:
|Opening date||Last extension|| Stations
|Termini|| daily ridership
|On the map||Details|
|1905||1986||23|| Seternay - La Ronchamps
|1909||2003||26|| Aéroport Belleville-Occidanie
Champ de foire
|1922||1936||17|| Plages - Casino
|1946||2002||17|| Gare Centrale
The network counts 68 stations (83 when counting transfer stations twice).
The typical station comprises two central tracks flanked by two platforms (termini stations generally have 3 tracks and two platforms). Station length is generally comprised between 60m and 75 m. This was extended to 90 m on line 2. In general, they were built near the surface by the cut-and-cover method and have flat metal ceilings. There are 10 elevated stations.
There are no ghost stations.
Three stations are decorated in entirely original ways, to celebrate particular themes:
- Opéra (lines 1 and 2) is entirely decorated on the theme of music (completed in 1991),
- Grand Place (line 4) is completely tiled in the text of the 1919 constitution. The scheme was executed in 1995.
- Les Langères - Grand stade (line 2) celebrates sports.
Starting in 2006, MetroBel has been conducting a major programme of station renovation, known as Nouveau Métro. Its aims are clarté (brightness, clarity) and cleanliness. This charter supersedes many previous renovation styles.
The Belleville Métro is mostly underground and only uses two-way tunnels. The tunnels are relatively close to the surface due to the variable nature of the terrain, which complicates deep digging. The tunnels generally follow the twisting lie of the streets.
Trains drive on the right. The tracks are standard gauge (1.435 metres). Electric power is supplied by a third rail which carries 1500 volts DC.
Trains stop at all stations.
The first train leaves each terminus at 05:15. The last train, called the "balai" (broom) arrives at the terminus at 01:15, except on Fridays Saturdays and on nights before a holiday, when the service ends at 02:00.
On special nights (4 or 5 times per year), the metro remains open all night. On may 1st, the métro remains closed all day.
Tickets and fares
Fares are sold at kiosks and at automated machines near the entrance of each stations. There are also available in some newspapers kiosks and in the CFP stations in Belleville.
The standard ticket is called ticket "TAC". It is valid for a multi-transfer journey within one hour from the first validation. It can be used on the Métro, buses, trolleybuses and regional trains within the Belleville's city limits.
Other fares use the Tactac pass, a contactless smart card.
Connections with other services
There are no technical connections between the metro and other transit systems. Easy transfers are possible in some stations with the rail network operated by the CFP.
The width of the carriages is 2.4 metres. This was deliberately chosen to prevent the running of main-line trains.
Today there are 3 different type of trains in service. They all have steel wheel.
The oldest trains have run on line 3 since 1962. Their replacement is expected between 2020 and 2022.
Each line has its own depot :