|This page is under major reconstruction.|
|7, 52.339, 88.330|
|Republic of Mallyore|
"Radom do pobjede"
"With work to the victory"
Divna li je zemlja naša
|Ethnic Groups||Mallyere (91,4%)|
|• President||Ivan Kljaković|
|• Prime Minister||Zvonimir Korošić|
|• Total||36,440 km2|
|• Estimate (2017)||2,954,000|
|• Census (2013)||2,936,778|
|• Total||$114.78 billion|
|• Per capita||$38,854|
|• Total||$72.03 billion|
|• Per capita||$24,384|
|Timezone||WUT +6 (no DST)|
|Currency||Mallyorian Dinar (MDN)|
|Drives on the||right|
Mallyore (Mallyorian: Maliorska), officially the Republic of Mallyore (Mallyorian: Republika Maliorska) is a parliamentary republic located in central Uletha. It is bordered by Chira to the west, Suria to the southwest, Escadia to the south and east. It also shares a maritime border with Drabantia to the north on the Egalian Lake. Mallyore's territory spans about tbd square kilometres and roughly it can be divided on northern coastal lowlands and southern mountainous area. The population is over 2.5 million and comprises mostly ethnic Mallyorians. The only official language is Mallyorian.
The first Mallyorian state was the Principality of Črešnja established in the late 8th century. Domagoj II became the first (self-proclaimed) king in 894 when state reached its peak. When queen Jelena Lijepa married Escadian king Vyndenira I in 1053, the Kingdom of Mallyore entered the real union with Escadia. In the 14th century, Mallyore as the politically weaker constituent of the union, lost all of its sovereignty. Semi-autonomous Duchy of Mallyore was established by the Act of Varventis in 1799 and full independency was regained in 1918.
After the Blue Revolution, caused by the Great Famine of 1942-43, the government was taken over by authoritarian socialist leader Želimir Boravica who ruled the country for next 30 years. Today, Mallyore is a modern high-income advanced economy with high standard of living.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
- 8 See also
The origin of the name Maliorska is still unclear. The most popular theory says it is a combination of words mali ("little") and orao ("eagle") with classic Slevic suffix -ska/sko on the end. This theory is based on a fact that eagle was a common emblem in medieval Mallyore state. Ingerish word Mallyore comes from Escadian name Malioren and it's in usage since late 19th century. Country is in older Ingerish documents inscribed as Mallyoria or Maliorland.
Historians have postulated that throughout prehistory, many distinct ethnic groups populated the regions of what is now Mallyore. The ethnicity and linguistic affiliation of these groups have been hotly debated; the time and route of the original settlement of Slevic peoples in these regions lacks written records and can only be defined as fragmented.
The most famous archaeological find from the prehistory of Mallyore is Grabovac, dating from the Lower Egalian culture of the early Iron Age, around 800 BC. The Slevic groups who would form Mallyore migrated to these areas in the second half of the 3rd century AD, together with the Suric tribes.
In late 8th century, the christization of the area began. However, the transition from paganism was a long and tough process which lasted for almost three centuries. The first organized written language was Old Church Mallyorian, used mainly by first priests.
Principality of Črešnja
Kingdom and the Great Union
Duchy of Mallyore
Mallyore is located in central Uletha, on the shores of Egalian Lake. It lies mostly between latitudes 50° and 53° N and longitudes 86° and 90° E. The territory covers around 36,400 square kilometres (14,000 square miles).
Elevation ranges from the mountains in the south and east to the lowland shores of the Egalian Lake where two thirds of population lives. Northern and central hilly parts are traversed by major rivers such as Banava, Rumina and Črešnja. Forests cover more than 15,000 sq km of total area (41%), most of them located on the east. The biggest water body after Egalian Lake is Rakovac Lake, shared with Escadia.
Mallyore is a unitary state using a parliamentary system of governance since TBD. The head of state is the president, who is elected by popular vote and has an important integrative role. He is elected for five years and at maximum for two consecutive terms. He has mainly a representative role and is the commander-in-chief of the Mallyorian military forces.
The executive and administrative authority in Mallyore is held by the Government of Mallyore (Vlada Republike Maliorske), headed by the Prime Minister and the council of ministers or cabinet. The two largest political parties in Mallyore are MDS and SDU.
The current constitution originates in TBD.
In 2016, economic output was dominated by the tertiary (service) sector which accounted for 76.2% of GDP, followed by the secondary (industrial) with 21.1% and primary (agriculture) sector accounting for 2.7% of GDP. In the same year, Mallyorian exports were valued at 104.8 billion DYN with 112.4 billion DYN worth of imports. The largest trading partners are Suria and Escadia. In September 2017, Mallyore had TBD registered workers while national public debt was 39.7% of nation's GDP.
Finance and banking
Mallyore's largest banks are Nikolovačka banka (Nikkeltown Bank), TBD and state-owned bank, MNB. A lot of international banks operate in Mallyore too, mainly from Suria, Escadia and Western Ulethan countries. Mallyorian banking sector is highly developed and still increasing. National currency, mallyorian dinar (MDN) is very stable, especially after 2011 economic crisis. In many sectors, TBD and TBD are also present.
The most of energy consumption, production and transmission is controlled by national company MEP. Mallyere production of energy sources covers 68% of national demand and the rest is imported. In 2015, 58% of Mallyore's energy consumption came from non-renewable resources, mainly fossil fuels. The government's target is to make a half of energy consumption coming from renewable resources by 2020. Since 1990s, Mallyore is largely encouraging wind and solar power, now becoming one of world leaders in production of renewable energy. In 2016 28.9% of electricity was generated by wind, 10.2% by hydro-power and 1.3% by solar power.
According to the 2013 census, Mallyore had a population of 2,936,778. Estimated population for December 2017 is 2,954,000 and the annual growth in the same year was 0.2%. With 81 inhabitants per square kilometer (31.3/sq mi), Mallyore ranks average among the Ulethan countries in population density. The most densely populated are Nikkeltown and Banavski Brod metro areas.
In the 2013, Mallyore's main and absolute ethnic group were Mallyorians (91.4%).
As a secular state, Mallyore has no official religion. Freedom of religion is a right defined by the Constitution which also defines all religious communities as equal in front of the law and separated from the state.
According to the 2013 census, 84.9% of Mallyorians identify as a member of Ortholic Church. 13.2% of the population describes themselves as irreligious.
The only official language of Mallyore is Mallyorian, the first language for 3 million people worldwide and 94% inhabitants of the country. Modern Mallyorian is a South Slevic language which developed from Proto-Slevic and Old Mallyorian language through years. It is standardized in 19th century during the National Revival.
Mallyorian language became equal with Escadian in the Duchy of Mallyore by the Act of Varventis in 1799. Sixty years later, Sabor (the Parliament) proclaimed Mallyorian as the only official language on the territory of the Duchy, while Escadian and Ingerish remained the most important languages in a trade and parts of administration.
A 2015 survey revealed that 85% of Mallyorians claim certain knowledge of at least one foreign language, up from 78% in 2010. The most popular foreign languages are Ingerish, Escadian and Surian.
Literacy in Mallyore stands at 99.4 per cent. Primary education in Mallyore starts at the age of six or seven and consists of eight grades. In 2004 a law was passed to increase free, noncompulsory education until 18 years of age. Compulsory education consists of eight grades of elementary school. Secondary education is provided by gymnasiums and vocational schools. Nationwide leaving exams (Mallyorian: državna matura) were introduced for secondary education students in the school year 2006–07. It comprises three compulsory subjects (Mallyorian language, mathematics, foreign language) and optional subjects. It is a prerequisite for university education.
Attending public primary and secondary schools, as well as institutions of higher education, is free. Students only pay directly for textbooks, basic equipment, cafeteria food, student dorms and other necessities, although state also gives thousands of scholarships each year. In addition, the state pays health insurance for students. There are very few private schools in the country.
Education in Mallyore has a long history, with the first university being University of Banavski Brod, founded in 1396. Largest and the oldest continuously operating Mallyorian university is University of Nikolovac (Nikkeltown), founded in 1629.
Mallyore has a universal health care system, whose roots can be traced back to the Escadian-Mallyorian Parliament Act of 1890, providing a form of mandatory insurance of all factory workers and craftsmen. The population is covered by a basic health insurance plan provided by statute and optional insurance. In 2016, annual healthcare related expenditures reached 14.6 billion MDN ($2.4 billion). In 2017, Mallyore spent 6.9% of its GDP on healthcare. Mallyore ranks high in the world in life expectancy with 75 years for men and 81 years for women, and it had a low infant mortality rate of 4 per 1,000 live births.
Arts and literature