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Marian (Mallyorian: Marijan) is the second-largest city in Mallyore and the capital of Marian County. It is located on the western-most cap of Rikata island. As the former capital of the country and one of the oldest settlements on the island, Marian is important cultural center and transport hub.
|15, 24.3585, 84.6496|
|• Region||Marijan County|
|• Municipality||4 city municipalities|
|Nationalities||Mallyere (91%), Baalkwah (3%), Gobrassian (2%), other (4%)|
|• Mayor||Ivica Šegedin (SDU)|
|• Vicemayor||Mirjana Bebić-Kadić (LzM)|
|• City Council||SDU (9), LzM (7), OZ (5); MDS (12), GSM (2)|
|• City municipalities||47.1 km2|
18.2 sq mi
|• Estimate (2017)||205,200|
|• Census (2013)||206,476|
|Metro||Marian Light Rail System|
The city probably draws its name from the Ortholic St. Mary whose chapel was the first in the city, today located in the Grad fortress, dating in 15th century. Marijan is also common male name in Mallyore, with female version Marijana, so experts find the possibility city got its name after an unknown person.
Unidentified primitive indigenious tribe had an unfortifield settlement on the western city hills. First Mallyere immigrated in early 13th century and built a small fortress on the uplift. In the 15th century Marian became a part of first state organization, Brunweach Kingdom. Thanks to the Rebellion of Ljeptić dynasty, in 1477 town became a capital of Rikata Kingdom. It played an important role in the Dandian War (1579-1584) when three islands merged under the same crown of king Tomislav II Ljeptić. Since then, Marian was kingdom's capital and king's seat for almost three centuries.
The 17th century is also known as a golden age for whole country, especially Marian. The settlement started expanding on the eastern plains near the sea. Thanks to the harbour and good position, trade and culture prospered. For long time Marian was an important stop on sea routes between the Gobras Peninsula and Akinyaka. That brought the great competition with Nikkeltown, also a significant hub. In next century, prosperity continued, unlike in the rest of the country. Deadly plague waves were devastating country and Marian was one of the rare havens.March of Liberalization was held on city's streets and young king Domagoj II was forced to establish a parliamentary monarchy, the First Mallyorian Kingdom. Unfortunately, Domagoj's successors, Domagoj III and Dominik II were not so open-minded and they tried to restore the old order. The whole thing escalated in November of 1871 when parliament forbade king's veto on the decisions of the High Court. Dominik II ordered his personal army to attack official civil army. Soon, the society was deeply divided on Traditionalists who stood by king and wanted the old order and Democrats who pleaded for a parliamentary republic. As a royal city, Marian was a main stronghold of Traditionalists. In the intense battles, large parts of city were destroyed, especially the royal palace and the neighbourhoods Torčac, Bunari and Boraska. In the end, Democrats won, occupied the city, dethronized king Dominik and established a parliamentary, Mallyorian Democratic Republic with the capital in Nikkeltown, Democrats' main stronghold during the civil war.
Next hundred years were a very tough period for Marian and its inhabitants. Although it was the most populated city and the most important after Nikkeltown, it stagnated and authorities neglected it. In the end of 19th century, Nikkeltown surpassed it in number of inhabitants and economical power. A lot of people emigrated to the capital thanks to the very poor financial situation and high unemployment. Some of damaged buildings in city centre were not repaired until the 1960s. The first bigger improvements were done in 1940s with building new social housing, but real growth of the city occured in 1960s and 1970s when first bigger industrial and commercial facilities were opened. A rail connection between Nikkeltown and Marian was established in 1967 and the first highway connected those cities in 1975. Marian caught a step with the rest of a country in 1990s, relying mainly on tourism and rich culture and history.
Two big economical crisis in 2000s hit Marian harder than the rest of the country, but in recent years it's growing more than ever thanks to the excellent position and connection with the rest of the world and country.
|Record high °C (°F)||22.6
|Daily mean °C (°F)||9.1
|Record low °C (°F)||−1.7
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||0.1||0.1||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.2|
According to the 2013 census, the city of Marian, consisted of 4 city municipalities, had 206,476 inhabitants. Compared to the previous census held in 2003, it's a decline of 2,275 people (-1.09%).
Ethnically, Mallyere make up 91.4% of population, presenting a large majority of population. The biggest minority are Baalkwahs making up 2.7%. The most of citizens (84.8%) identify themselves as a members of Ortholic Church.
In the Marian metro area which covers whole Marian County lives about 300,000 people. Since the beginning of century, city loses population because lot of people emigrate to suburbs and surrounding villages where housing is much cheaper.
Culture and sport
Because of its rich heritage and important history role, Marian is considered as a cultural capital of Mallyore. Since 2001, Grad (Upper Town) is included in Ulethan Heritage Site's list. In 2016, city was Ulethan Capital of Culture.
Museums and galleries
Marian's numerous museums and galleries reflect the history, art and culture not only of Marian and Mallyore, but also of Uletha and world.
The Art Museum (Muzej umjetnosti,) collects more than 10,000 works of art, mainly from 18th- and 19th-century Mallyorian artists. It's the biggest and the oldest art museum in the country, dating in 1864.
- First official census was held in February of 1870.