Marian

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Marian (Mallyorian: Marijan) is the second-largest city in Mallyore and the capital of Marian County. It is located on the western-most cap of Rikata island. As the former capital of the country and one of the oldest settlements on the island, Marian is important cultural center and transport hub.

15, 24.3585, 84.6496
Grad Marijan
Marijan
City
CountryMallyore
 • RegionMarijan County
 • Municipality4 city municipalities
NationalitiesMallyere (91%), Baalkwah (3%), Gobrassian (2%), other (4%)
DemonymMarianian (Marijanac)
Government
 • TypeMayor-Council
 • MayorIvica Šegedin (SDU)
 • VicemayorMirjana Bebić-Kadić (LzM)
 • City CouncilSDU (9), LzM (7), OZ (5); MDS (12), GSM (2)
Area
 • City municipalities47.1 km2
18.2 sq mi
Elevation0-394 m
Population
 • Estimate (2017)205,200
 • Census (2013)206,476
 • Density4,383.8/km2
MetroMarian Light Rail System
Tram12 lines
Buses50 lines
Websitemarian.mi

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Name

The city probably draws its name from the Ortholic St. Mary whose chapel was the first in the city, today located in the Grad fortress, dating in 15th century. Marijan is also common male name in Mallyore, with female version Marijana, so experts find the possibility city got its name after an unknown person.

History

Unidentified primitive indigenious tribe had an unfortifield settlement on the western city hills. First Mallyere immigrated in early 13th century and built a small fortress on the uplift. In the 15th century Marian became a part of first state organization, Brunweach Kingdom. Thanks to the Rebellion of Ljeptić dynasty, in 1477 town became a capital of Rikata Kingdom. It played an important role in the Dandian War (1579-1584) when three islands merged under the same crown of king Tomislav II Ljeptić. Since then, Marian was kingdom's capital and king's seat for almost three centuries.

The 17th century is also known as a golden age for whole country, especially Marian. The settlement started expanding on the eastern plains near the sea. Thanks to the harbour and good position, trade and culture prospered. For long time Marian was an important stop on sea routes between the Gobras Peninsula and Akinyaka. That brought the great competition with Nikkeltown, also a significant hub. In next century, prosperity continued, unlike in the rest of the country. Deadly plague waves were devastating country and Marian was one of the rare havens.

The March of Liberalization by the painter Matija Lukačić
In the 18th century, country was very stable and organized despite its small teritorial size and value. Mallyere kings knew how to use benefits of island position, so Gobrassian attempts to invade country were not successful. On the other hand, Mallyore (especially Marian as the royal city) was very traditional and nonmodernized society. Mallyere scholars who studied all over the world, peculiarly those from progressive western Ulethan countries brought some new ideas about modernization and reorganization. Citizens of Marian quickly welcomed and accepted liberal ideas. Soonly, in 1811, the March of Liberalization was held on city's streets and young king Domagoj II was forced to establish a parliamentary monarchy, the First Mallyorian Kingdom. Unfortunately, Domagoj's successors, Domagoj III and Dominik II were not so open-minded and they tried to restore the old order. The whole thing escalated in November of 1871 when parliament forbade king's veto on the decisions of the High Court. Dominik II ordered his personal army to attack official civil army. Soon, the society was deeply divided on Traditionalists who stood by king and wanted the old order and Democrats who pleaded for a parliamentary republic. As a royal city, Marian was a main stronghold of Traditionalists. In the intense battles, large parts of city were destroyed, especially the royal palace and the neighbourhoods Torčac, Bunari and Boraska. In the end, Democrats won, occupied the city, dethronized king Dominik and established a parliamentary, Mallyorian Democratic Republic with the capital in Nikkeltown, Democrats' main stronghold during the civil war.
The construction of A1 highway in late 1960s

Next hundred years were a very tough period for Marian and its inhabitants. Although it was the most populated city and the most important after Nikkeltown, it stagnated and authorities neglected it. In the end of 19th century, Nikkeltown surpassed it in number of inhabitants and economical power. A lot of people emigrated to the capital thanks to the very poor financial situation and high unemployment. Some of damaged buildings in city centre were not repaired until the 1960s. The first bigger improvements were done in 1940s with building new social housing, but real growth of the city occured in 1960s and 1970s when first bigger industrial and commercial facilities were opened. A rail connection between Nikkeltown and Marian was established in 1967 and the first highway connected those cities in 1975. Marian caught a step with the rest of a country in 1990s, relying mainly on tourism and rich culture and history.

Two big economical crisis in 2000s hit Marian harder than the rest of the country, but in recent years it's growing more than ever thanks to the excellent position and connection with the rest of the world and country.

Geography

Climate

Climate data for Marian
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.6
(73)
24.8
(77)
30.2
(86)
34.1
(93)
37.4
(99)
39.7
(100)
40.3
(100)
41.9
(110)
40.0
(100)
35.8
(96)
29.6
(85)
24.1
(75)
41.9
(110)
Daily mean °C (°F) 9.1
(48)
9.8
(50)
12.8
(55)
17.4
(63)
21.4
(71)
24.2
(76)
25.1
(77)
25.0
(77)
22.7
(73)
18.2
(65)
13.9
(57)
10.3
(51)
17.5
(64)
Record low °C (°F) −1.7
(29)
1.3
(34)
4.0
(39)
6.8
(44)
9.3
(49)
12.5
(55)
14.2
(58)
14.4
(58)
12.9
(55)
8.1
(47)
5.6
(42)
2.2
(36)
−1.7
(29)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2
Source: DMMZ

Demographics

Year 1700 1800 1870 [1] 1882 1894 1913 1923 1933 1943 1955 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2013
Population 28,000 70,000 152,014 131,773 126,468 118,165 115,408 114,250 117,542 125,053 131,816 165,422 188,196 203,604 208,751 206,476
Graph showing comparison of population in Marian and Nikkeltown

According to the 2013 census, the city of Marian, consisted of 4 city municipalities, had 206,476 inhabitants. Compared to the previous census held in 2003, it's a decline of 2,275 people (-1.09%).

Ethnically, Mallyere make up 91.4% of population, presenting a large majority of population. The biggest minority are Baalkwahs making up 2.7%. The most of citizens (84.8%) identify themselves as a members of Ortholic Church.

In the Marian metro area which covers whole Marian County lives about 300,000 people. Since the beginning of century, city loses population because lot of people emigrate to suburbs and surrounding villages where housing is much cheaper.

Economy

Education

Culture and sport

Because of its rich heritage and important history role, Marian is considered as a cultural capital of Mallyore. Since 2001, Grad (Upper Town) is included in Ulethan Heritage Site's list. In 2016, city was Ulethan Capital of Culture.

Museums and galleries

Marian's numerous museums and galleries reflect the history, art and culture not only of Marian and Mallyore, but also of Uletha and world.

The Art Museum (Muzej umjetnosti,OGFmapicon.png map) collects more than 10,000 works of art, mainly from 18th- and 19th-century Mallyorian artists. It's the biggest and the oldest art museum in the country, dating in 1864.

TBA

Transportation

References

  1. First official census was held in February of 1870.