Markvað (engl. Markford) is the largest city in Norðurland. With over four million inhabitants, it holds about one fifth of the overall population in Norðurland, while the Markvað metropolitan area (MMA) counts more than seven Million people. Since 1988, the city also holds all major governmental facilities, while the city of Frjálshöfn keeps the status as state capital.
Markvað is widely known for its exhaustive public transport network, alone with more than 40 Metro lines. This is due to the fact that Markvað was developed to be a model city for Norðurland's very strict anti-automotive-politics. More than 60 % of all funds spent to the state's infrastructural development were invested in the MMA; a total of 30 trillion Norlensk króna in the last 25 years (30 Billionen).
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Culture
- 4 Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Science and Education
- 7 Infrastructure
Markvað is situated between the western and the central third of Sólinfylki, between 17th and 19th degree of eastern longitude and around the 62th parallel. In the north, it touches the Norðlægurbjarnelandsfjallgarður (the northern Bjarneland's mountain range), which, however, is quite flat in Sólinsfylki with heights up to 1.100 meters. To the south, it spreads out into the second largest river basin in Markvað which is formed by several rivers, mainly by the rivers Hvelað and Rhinður. Both rivers form a large alluvial area before they unite east of Markvað. The city itself is traversed by the Hvelað river.
The first Norlensk civil war
The military regime
When the civil war was ended in February 1952, the military took over the governemnt affairs. It proposed free elections after a cool-down period of one year, but these elections were never held. Instead, the military installed a permanent dictatorial senate, the so calledStríðþing (war council). Markvað had suffered serious war damages. Large parts east of the historic city were serverely damaged, also the area around the former railway main station, which today is the Western Station.
The Great Popular Uprising (second Norlensk civil war)
In 1984, the discontentment of the norlensk population rised to a new climax when a foot shortage and climbing prices due to a poor harvest emerged. The prices literally exploded; in September, some products had a price more than four times higher as last month. The people in the greater cities were hit especially hard by this shortage. In Markvað, the price for a loaf of bread rised from 0,8 K to 3,4 K in just two months. Even for the quite well-situated middle class, this was not affordable anymore. In Markvað, the discontentment was on a high level for quite some time. Reasons for that were the overcrowded streets and the neglected public transport network. The government wasn't willing to invest anything in the preservation of the infrastructure network. Parts of Markvað experienced frequent blackouts. The rents climbed up dramatically for the last three years while the wages were almost stagnating. But even with the increasing rents, many house owners weren't able to keep their properties in good condition - the prices for building materials have gone up fast for the last five years. So, the situation was more than unsatisfying for many of Markvað's inhabitants even before the food shortage. Now, for most people, the situation became critical.
Interestingly enough, the inicial impulse for an uprorar weren't the problem just outlined above. When the popular singer-songwriter Anna Túrsson was found murdered, a group of more than 50 intellectuals initiated a sit-in on the central place in Markvað, the Markaðstorg. ...
Markvað in modern Norðurland
After the end of the regime, the government decided to move its facilities to Markvað, but to leave Frjálshöfn as the official capital, as an act of showing the unity of Bjarneland and Sigurðsland, the two large parts of the country.
All at once, the governmend was flushed in money because more than 50 % of Norðurland's GDP was designated for military expenses before. The authorities decided to invest this money in the development of the education system and the infrastructure. House owners got subsidies for refurbishing their properties. The city's face changed rapidly.
As the government released its infrastructure extension program in 1985, it became clear that Markváð would be heavily profiting from these plans. Large amounts of money, which were released from the former military budget, were invested in the extension of the under-dimensionated and run-down public transport network. A large development impulse was the succesful application for being host to the Expo '09.
The government succesfully tried to relax the financial situation of the norlensk population. In Markvað, however, especially the rents are still on a very high level. Especially for financially less powerful groups, this is a severe issue. The most large specific group which is suffering under the huge financial burden is students. Markvað is home to the country's oldest and largest university and has developed into a flourishing science site since 1984. But to study in Markvað, you have to deal with the high rental fees.
List of sights
Parks, Zoos and Reserves
Leisure and recovery
Local habits and dialect
Seat of government
Markvað is the home of the norlensk parliament and government. The relocation was completed in 1994, on the 10th jubilee of Nýrnorðurland. Most of the facilities are grouped alongside the Bústaðshöllinikurður (the residence conduit) in the Nýrmiðbær Bæjarhluti and also in the Bústaðshöllinigarður (the residence garden).
The Bæröldungaráð (city senate) is the central organ of decision in Markvað.
Flag and coat of arms
Fairs and congresses
Creative and media industries
Science and Education
Universities and Research facilities
In 2014, the public transport makes (approximately) about 71 % of all journeys to work, followed by cycling with 14 %. 9 % of these journeys were made by walking and only 5 % of all journeys were made with private motorized vehicles.
It wasn't always like this. In 1990, more than 80 % of all jorneys to work were done by private motorized vehicles. But the situation changed as the norlensk government decided to abondon cars where possible. This led to a large investment into the country's public transport networks. Markvað provitated most from this efforts. In only 25 years, the local network was expanded generously.
National rail netowrk
Markvað is the center of the rail network in Sólinfylki. The most important stations in the city area are Markvað Aðalbrautarstöð and Markvað Vesturbrautarstöð. Several high speed lines (Háhraðajárnbrautarlínan) were built or are about to be built around the city to connect it to the developing high speed train network of Norðurland.
Regional and suburban service
Markvað has an extensive suburban commuter train network called CityRail. In other norlensk cities, such a network is called Lest, but in Markvað, it was decided to relabel this type of service in 2007 to give it a more "international" designation.
While in all other cities of Norðurland which have a metro, this transport is named like the norlensk word for metro - Jarðlest - it is called Markvað Metro in Markvað, for the same reason why the Lest network is called CityRail. The first two lines were opened before the first civil war in 1943. During the military regime, six more lines were added, but only a few stations per year. Today, the Metro has as many as 41 lines, with a few lines more proposed or under construction. The boom of the network started in 1989, when the government started to invest into Norðurland's infrastructure. If seen as one large project, the Metro is by far the most expensive project in the Infrastructure Extension Plan; it would even outnumber the Þvert-sund verk. Before 2004, most of the Metro extensions were built inside the city area. Since then, the network grows more and more beyond the city boundary into the MMA. Within Markvað, new lines weren't built mainly for giving new areas access to the metro network anymore, but for establishing cross-connections. In the city center, it is possibly to change to at least one other line at almost every station. In 2014, the line M42 was opened, which is the first line running completely beyond the city boundary.
Main hubs of the metro network are:
- Markvað Aðalbrautarstöð (8 lines)
- Markvað Vesturbrautarstöð (5 lines)
- Þjóðþing (5 lines)
- Boshverfihringur (5 lines)
- Markaðstorg (5 lines)
- Rúnirtorg (5 lines)
There are also more then 20 stations with 4 lines crossing.
Light Rail/Tram network
The tram network is called Sporvagn in Norðurland, and so it is in Markvað. It is experiencing a large change. During the last 20 years, it was developed from a "classic", street running tram network into a fast, street-independant light rail system. It also was heavily extended after 1990, although it was the transport system which was most developed in the Regime period.
Markvað is crossed by the national roads N11, N13, N14 and N16. It is also surrounded by five rings which are part of the national road network. The have the numbers HRM1 to HRM5, where HRM stands for HRingur Markvað. At the moment, only the rings 1 to 3 are complete, while the outer rings are still under construction. However, they will never be full rings. The HR3 is mostly identical with the location of the city boundary.
The local authorities are trying to keep motorized traffic away from the city.
The Markvaðurflugföllur (Markvað International Airport) is the largest airport in Norðurland. It serves as main hub of the national flight company Norlensk þjóðflugfélag (Norlensk National Airlines). Parts of the airport were used as military airbase, before the armed forces were abandined in 1985. In 1990, the airbase was demolished and the area was converted into a new industrial and business zone together with the adjacent old harbor area.