|7, 26.868, 44.615|
|Royal Dominion of Mauretia|
"Qie protegia Eloa sum Mauroim"
May God protect the Mauroi people.
|Capital||None (see below)|
|Government||Constitutional Parliamentary Monarchy|
|• Melka (Queen)||Gabriela III bat Klafesa|
|• Duttore di qoncilo (Leader of parliament)||Beniyamin bon Dangisos|
|• Upper house||Qoncilo ad-Publea|
|• Lower house||Qollegia am-Adanem|
|• Water (%)||26.6|
|• Estimate (2019)||11,943,275|
|• Census (2013)||11,773,698|
|• Total||$5.156 trillion|
|• Per capita||$43,789|
|HDI (2016)|| 0.891|
|Timezone||Maureti Time Standard (WUT +2:30)|
|Currency||Maureti Numa (Ɲ) (MMN)|
Mauretia, officially the Royal Dominion of Mauretia (Maurit: Melknas Mauretia), is a country located in southwestern Uletha along the Sea of Uthyra. It borders Sathria to the north and UL205b to the east. The largest city is Iola, which also serves as one of the nation's most prominent port cities. Its largest port is in the second largest city, Tangia. No city in Mauretia has a population greater than one million people, but the Iola–Tifassa and two Tangereyi metropolitan regions comprise nearly two thirds of the entire nation's population. The Maureti government is a constitutional parliamentary monarchy with powers split between the head of state and the parliament. The seat of the legislative branch and most government facilities are concentrated in Iola; but the monarch resides in nearby Qolna Mauretana.
Mauretia was first settled by Ponqtai, Fonti, and Azigri peoples in antiquity they established trading colonies around the region. Its strategic minerals and fertile coastal lands made it an ideal place for Romantish expansion to the fringes of Uletha in 2nd century BC. A brief war subdued the military resistance of the different native peoples. The native Azigri and Fonti populations became heavily Romantisized by the time their trading network collapsed in the late 5th century. The sub-Romantish kingdoms in Mauretia survived the turbulent next two centuries until unification took place in the 7th century by King Akasil and his daughter, Queen Daya. Daya's work expanded and promoted the fledgling trade links, and Mauretia quickly emerged as a major regional sea-faring power. Because its rivers are not navigable far inland, the Maureti people developed a sophisticated ancient roadway network for overland trade. Many of these roads remain to the present as a major thoroughfares through the countryside. Although trade with central Uletha waned a bit again in the 12th–13th centuries, Mauretia's strategic location allowed it to flourish. Over the last two centuries, the nation has fostered a highly developed banking system along with a blooming fishing industry, stable mining industry, and growing production in chemical and pharmaceutical sectors.
Mauretia's official religion is an indigenous branch of the Christic movement, but freedom to worship and proselytize other faiths is guaranteed by the constitution. The Christic movement first arrived in Mauretia during the end of the 1st century AD. The Mauretian (or Mauroi) Church, the primary Christic denomination in the country, traces its origins to the mission work of two ancient apostles. The fourth century, however, a number of heresies arose and caused strife within the Maureti Christic community. A council in 451 brought the Maureti Christics into direct conflict with its sister branches in neighboring countries. Although the schism was partially reconciled, the simultaneous decline of maritime trade fanned other religious tensions and led to frequent conflict. The "austral" Christic branch regained its position as the official religion of the nation with Mauretia's unification in the seventh century. A small pagan population has remained and even further developed as more ancient artifacts from the pre-Christic period are unearthed.
The name Mauretia is a Romantish word that likely has its origins as a corruption of Marro and Maszaéa, two of the most prominent Azigri tribes of antiquity. The name Mauretia became synonymous with the entire coastal region and eventually was ascribed to the different sub-Romanti kingdoms. As a result, it became the name of the unified kingdoms in the seventh century. The term Mauroi evolved similarly from the name of the Marro tribe and eventually became a demonym of the entire population. Even though the words are often viewed as interchangeable abroad, the government officially uses the term "Maureti" to refer to the nation and its institutions and "Mauroi" to refer to the nation's citizens. The word Maszaéa evolved into the toponym of the province Massaeya.
The area of Mauretia was first settled sometime before the tenth century BC by tribes of Azigri origins. Most of their settlements were along the coasts and in strategic valleys. In the fifth century BC, a coalition of Ponqtai and Fonti trading tribes settled the coastal areas. They constructed trading colonies at modern Tangia, Luxedira, Iola, Iqosa, and Iomna. From here, their trade spread across the western part of the continent and northern Tarephia, even as far south as modern Brasonia and brief contact as far east as Kojo. A few Hellanisian outposts were attempted during this time, as well. Tasaqora, Qiza, Lissa, and Pomalia were all established during a second period of Ponqtai and Fonti expansion, from the late fifth century BC to the second century BC. Mauretia's natural resources, wealthy cities, and location along the Sea of Uthyra made it a target of Romantish merchant expansion. By the 2nd century BC, Romantish raiders and merchants had seized control of most trading locations along the coast but failed to establish many new cities. Instead, they unified the area as "Mauretiana" under a puppet dynasty. Even so, the rugged terrain prevented the Romantish leagues from directly controlling much of the country's interior. A coalition of native peoples in the mountains and highland plains acted outside of the "Mauretianan" realms. Ethnic tensions boiled over after the first 50 years of quasi-Romantish coastal control. A brief but devastating war subdued the military resistance of the different native peoples along the coast, but it also weakened the ability of the puppet government to dominate trade routes into the interior. The Romantish fully invaded in 40 AD, deposing the "Mauretianan" dynasty. To hold control, they divided the region roughly along a As-Siga–Num-er-Surora line into the provinces of "Mauretiana Tangirensis" (south) and "Mauretiana Azigriensis" (north). Capitals were established at Tangia and Iola.
Under Romantish rule, only a limited number of peoples from further afield in the empire relocated to the Mauretian provinces. A few legions were permanently stationed at outposts such as Num er-Surora, and land grants were occasionally gifted to warriors and merchants as payments. Most cities, like Salda and Bolubra were designated for settlement by Romantish veterans and their families, thereby changing the makeup of the city, but these were exceptions and not the norm. On the whole, it is estimated that only 1⁄12 of the population was of Romantish ethnic origins. Even so, the large swaths of native Azigri and Fonti populations became heavily Romantisized during this time. The exchange of goods and knowledge between the groups had assured this intermixing. The Romanto-Azigri peoples eventually became the dominant local players in the culture, government, and economy of the provinces. Their dominance was especially seen in religious circles, where the local pantheon never yielded to Romantish deities. The Ponqtai, however, resisted the Romantisization; they remained isolated in a few coastal cities through the fifth century AD. Eventually their language and cultural traditions were absorbed into the larger proto-Maureti environment.
The Christic movement arrived in the last couple years of the first century AD. According to the legend, two ancient apostles were responsible for bringing the faith to Mauretia. They were met with initial success in Tangia, which has remained the seat of the Patriarchate of Tangia ever since. Subsequent missions to the coastal cities found very limited success. The less urban-dominated Azigri interior, however, took hold of Christicism quickly. By about 150, it was said that only the more Romantish coastal cities in Mauretia were not fully evangelized. This quickly changed in the first half of the third century, as Azigri culture continued to infiltrate and influence the cities. From the Romanto-Azigri tribes came some great pillars of the Christic faith, like Saint Awastanus. A conflict of interest with the southwestern Ulethan church, however, came to the fore in the early fifth century. The Patriarch of Tangia was nearly anathematized and the Mauroi Church reciprocated by rejecting some of the other western leaders. After many years of tension, two reformist saints bridged the gap between the two patriarchies to allow for a peaceful separation. The Mauroi Church has remained "separate but cooperative" since. It retains very close ties with its sister church, the Ekelan Church, through the patriarchate in Sirsi, Egani with similar liturgies and practices. Culturally, Egani and Mauretia retain many close ties to the present.
The last half of the fifth century AD brought the a widespread economic collapse. Long-range trade links beyond northern Tarephia and the Liberan Peninsula failed. Romantish control was completely revoked, leaving the remaining wealthy aristocracy to their own devices. The large Romantish-Azigri and Romantisized Fonti populations revived suppressed tribal divisions, and the church, still reeling from its recent crisis, was powerless to step in. The 480s were a time of fierce war as various tribes attempted to assert control in the new power vacuum. Fighting broke out within a few ethnically mixed city-states as well, furthering the economic collapse. Gaermanic incursions from the north also destabilized the region. A turbulent decade unfolded as various groups worked against each other to secure dominance and ward off barbarian and pirate incursions. By 500, over a dozen successor states had arisen. The next century saw the region rebound economically and culturally; many of the various states banded together with intricate alliances with varying levels of suzerainty. About 630, King Akasil of Pomalia began the process of peacefully unifying a few surrounding lesser principalities and duchies that had been subservient to the Pomali crown. His realm included almost all of central Mauretia from Bolubra north to Tinyarita. Akasil waged war against Lissa, Iola, and Iqosa during his reign. He conquered Iqosa but perished in the battle against Iola. His daughter, Queen Daya, acceded to the throne in 667 and immediately made peace with Iola. She also strengthened her ties with the Kabyei kingdoms of Iomna and Salda. She called her kingdom "Mauretia" as part of her attempt to unify the remnants of the two former Romantish provinces. Daya invested great effort and money into expanding and promoting the fledgling trade links with central Uletha and southeastern Tarephia. Many of the Romantish-period roadways, which were still in service, were restored and straightened where necessary; she commissioned a new port in Iqosa and facilitated treaties with Salda to reopen trade links. Her navy quickly emerged as a major sea-faring power in the region. It maintained commercial and cultural contact during this period with other thalassocracies as far away as Kojo. Her dominion abounding in wealth and power, Daya petitioned lesser kingdoms to be annexed and create a regional power. Some kingdoms, like Lissa and Luxedira agreed. Others, such as Iola and Xovane did not. She went to war with those that did not join her dominion and quickly subdued them. Instead of wiping out the cities, as her father pledged, she only eliminated the aristocracy of the conquered cities; she rebuilt the urban centers to her liking and strengthened their hold. The independent city of Tangia, which was ruled by the Patriarch of Tangia, agreed to annexation after the fall of Iola on the condition that the church retain a small say in the government. The final piece was the independent kingdom in Salda, which controlled the northern coastline. After a series of peaceful diplomatic exchanges, Daya was able to annex the kingdom piece by piece. In the end, she had unified all the Mauroi kingdoms into one regional power. Although deposed aristocracies occasionally rebelled, the new Kingdom of Mauretia remained a stable presence that was able to stave off invasion over the next few centuries.
The monarchy did have some turbulent periods in the tenth through twelfth centuries, however. Various pretenders, monarch deaths under suspicious circumstances, rulers of questionable legitimacy, and open rebellion in the Lawa Valley threatened to destroy the kingdom. King Gergio III initially arose at age 15 as a weak king in 1241 during an uprising in Lissa and surrounding cities. Historians note that his claim to the throne was murky at best—one of his two older cousins likely should have been crowned—and had been orchestrated by coup-minded advisors. Gergio was initially an unwilling participant in the schemes of his advisors, whom he had inherited from his uncle. As the conflict with his cousins and southern rebels went into a third year, he grew tired of the manipulating and scheming. He quickly moved to secure his throne militarily and economically: he sacked all of his predecessor's advisors, executing seven of them for high treason; crushed the rebellion; defeated one pretender; and personally met with another, Habrino, to make peace. The king and his cousin agreed to peace as part of a series of reforms that reorganized provincial domains, granted some private land rights, created plebeian mayoral positions in cívitam, and reworked the judiciary to be more just. The agreement also decreed the unusual requirement that Habrino's infant son would be heir to the crown unless the unmarried Gergio had two daughters, in which case the second daughter was designated heir. To perpetuate the peace 23 years later, Gergio's second daughter, Lucia, ascended to the throne and appointed Habrino's son, Yosef, general.
Another round of insurrection arose among the populace in the early sixteenth century. After a near civil war, Queen Avigela IV was crowned as part of the peace treaty. Deeply religious and reform-minded, she swept out many in the aristocracy, sacked much of the now-corrupt judiciary, relocated the palace to just outside Sansu Andaros su Apostili, and orchestrated the drafting of the constitution-like document the Logenatisu in 1533. Initial signatories were the queen herself, the Patriarch of Tangia and three of his metropolitans, all the provincial governors, all five of the remaining aristocratic families, and the plebeian mayors of nineteen major cities. The document not only secured the monarchy, it gave a voice to the populace as a check against the government. Historians note that the move to create a full parliament with checks on monarchial power was very forward-thinking, even though only a simple legislative body was requested. The checks system allowed Mauretia to withstand many waves of revolution that swept across other parts of Uletha, as the monarchy was largely viewed as at least in part subservient to the broader will of the people. Although some changes have been made over the years, the core structure and fundamental delineation of power remains to the present.
Trade with northwestern and central Uletha waned substantially again in the 13th centuries, but Mauretia's strategic location on the Sea of Uthyra allowed it rebound soon thereafter. Mauro merchant tribes looked afield to see potential colonization sites in the 16th century, but it was not until the later half of the century that they were able to establish trading colonies in quarters of preexisting cities. Trade and the economic power of Mauretia diminished again in the late 19th century as decolonization occurred. Economic ties with numerous countries, however, remained strong and were a springboard to expanded diplomatic relations throughout Tarephia and Archanata.
Mauretia's economy collapsed in 1873 with an unusually lethal influenza outbreak. Called the "Great Death" (Su Mawaṭo Arrabo), the strain of influenza afflicted as much as 40% of the Mauroi people and killed slightly more than 25% of the country's population. The origins of the outbreak are unknown, but it is believed to have originated elsewhere in Uletha or northern Tarephia as other countries experienced its effects first. Regardless, Mauretia was particularly hard hit. The population under the age of 30 suffered dramatic reduction second only to those over 60. The death of so many young Mauroi hampered population growth for generations. The military was decimated; nearly 60% of those in active duty were killed or suffered long-term effects that forced retirement. As a result, the nation adopted a view of neutrality to the potential conflicts unfolding around it. Its geographic position away from most of the fighting helped the declared neutrality be respected. Out of the epidemic, however, came an incredible number of medical advances. The government heavily invested in the scientific study of the disease. Germ studies began in Mauretia, and the country was the first to adopt the idea of disease spread by bacteria. It also became a leader in experimental studies for pharmaceuticals. The "Great Death" ultimately ushered in a new economy less reliant on international trade and more open to scientific study and advancement. Official government policy was created to encourage larger families and growing the population. It created revolutionary policies such as paid maternity leave and expanded education. After three decades of political and cultural challenges caused by the societal shift, the birth rate recovered. The changes revolutionized Mauretia. The nation developed a high birth rate among industrialized countries and has been slowly increasing. Today, Mauretia still boasts a highly developed banking system along with a blooming fishing industry, stable mining industry, and growing production in chemical and pharmaceutical sectors. Its medical scientists are among the most sought after in the world.
Mauretia is one of the oldest continuous monarchies in the world, having been established in the seventh century. From its early years, an advisory council has existed in conjunction with the monarch to guide the ruler in decision making and to reflect the will of the people. By the eleventh century, this body had grown to be corrupt. A series of revolts nearly toppled the monarchy in 1241, whereupon King Gergio III instituted reforms that sacked the advisory council and called for a representative of every diocese to be elected by the populace directly to serve on a new council. Although the elected officials wielded no specific powers, Gergio III had effectively created the predecessor to the modern parliament. Only fifty years later, however, King Gergio IV faced a similar insurrection as it became clear that only aristocratically connected people were winning elections. To quell the masses, the elder statesman split the council into two separate houses: a lower house, where the people were directly represented by commoners, and an upper house, wherein the military, church, and aristocracy chose the leadership. The upper house was established as such, because its recommendations and declarations were considered to have primacy; it could reverse the lower house declaration by a two-thirds supermajority. In the fifteenth century, King Okem V unilaterally instituted reforms that allowed for the upper house to contain a representative from each province's directly-elected parliament as a further means of checking aristocratic power.
The modern Maureti state evolved in the sixteenth century as a means of suppressing a wave of anti-monarchy thought that swept Uletha. Queen Avigela IV instituted sweeping reforms that flipped the roles of the two legislative houses. Those directly elected were given substantial legislative power as the new upper house of parliament, while checking power was placed with the aristocratic, now lower, house of parliament. The upper house also gained the right to overrule the monarch and to force abdication in extreme circumstances. These changes were codified in the Logenatisu of 1533. At the same time, it fixed the system almost entirely into its current form as constitutional changes are extremely difficult and can only be done as an act of unity between the monarchy, parliament, provincial governments, and popular referendum. The monarch and the parliament are prohibited to propose structural changes, and either the provinces or the populace must agree to debate a change in order for it to reach the national level.
- In accordance with Mauroi etiquette and tradition, the monarch in this section will use feminine pronouns on account of the current ruler being female. Likewise, pronouns for the Prime Minister in this section will be masculine.
Mauretia is a constitutional parliamentary monarchy with executive and legislative powers shared by both the monarch and a bicameral parliament. The government operates under the rules established by the Logenatisu of 1533. In effect, the government operates more like a republic than a monarchy. The monarch serves as Head of State and Commander-in-Chief of the military. She has the responsibility to appoint the prime minister and justices. Also vested in her are the abilities to craft law and dissolve parliament. The prime minister, however, is the official leader of parliament and must be selected from among the sitting members. He chooses his own cabinet without interference from the monarch, and he has the right to request the dissolution of parliament or force a vote of abdication. The judiciary remains independent and functions separately from the executive and legislative processes other than appointment to the judicial seats.
The monarch is the Maureti Head of State. This position is currently held by Melka Gabriela III, who is a descendant of the House of Sansu-Andaros. She is the face of the nation abroad and is considered the primary representative of the Mauroi people. She is also sole commander of the Maureti military and her representatives alone are able to negotiate peace in times of war. Additionally, the monarch wields considerable powers over the legislative process. One power is the ability to select the prime minister. Restrictions are in place, however, as the prime minister must be a seated parliamentarian chosen from the ruling coalition government. The coalition provides the monarch with a list of no less than ten preferred representatives from which she chooses the head of parliament. There is no secondary approval of the prime minister, and he can be removed without notice at the discretion of the monarch. Likewise, she has the ability to dissolve parliament and force elections. This can take place for any reason but cannot be done more than twice in a 16-month period without a formal request from parliament itself. The monarch must have an heir to the throne at all times during her reign. The heir is historically a child or family member of the monarch but can be an alternatively designated individual. In the event the heir is not 18 years old, a regency from the lower house of parliament intervenes in a limited capacity. Notably, gender has not been a determining factor for succession since the fourteenth century. The current heir is Nura, daughter of Melka Gabriela III.
Legislatively, the monarch has two avenues of power. One power is the ability to enact a royal edict. In order for an edict to become law, it must first be approved by a majority of votes in the Qoncilio ad-Publea. The prime minister has a deadline of either three weeks from the date on the edict or the end of the parliamentary session—whichever is soonest—to bring the edict before parliament for a vote. Should the prime minister fail to bring it before the Qoncilio, it goes immediately to the Qollegia am-Adonem. A vote is held immediately. If the edict fails at this point, it is no longer available. If the edict fails to carry in the Qoncilio, the monarch can request a vote by the Qollegia am-Adonem. In this body, a two-thirds supermajority is required to cause the edict to become law. If the Qollegia passes the edict, the Prime Minister has 24 hours to reconvene a vote in the Qoncilio to overturn the lower-house approval. Here, a three-fourths supermajority is required to block the edict from becoming law. The second way the monarch can enact a law is by decree. Decrees are different from edicts in that they need no legislative approval. Their issuance is immediate and permanent but only effects matters considered ceremonial, festive, or monetary donations to popular causes from the discretionary budget. For example, a decree can be issued to honor a famous artist by placing him in a guild order or to declare a holiday in honor of a famous event. A decree can be issued to grant money from the monarch's small discretionary budget to research at a medical center or to renovate a historical monument.
The prime minister is head of parliament and is leader of the Qoncilio ad-Publea (Public's Council). He commands the legislative process and works directly with the monarch. His powers include dictating the agenda of parliament's upper house and selecting a cabinet. The cabinet members convene with the prime minister to discuss policy, craft agenda, and set a course for the government. They also head the different parliamentary committees and have a tie-breaking vote in each. The prime minister has one crucial reserve power in that exists as a check against the monarch. The prime leader can call for a vote of abdication. In this instance, parliament votes whether or not to force the monarch to abdicate the throne. If the vote succeeds, the monarch is afforded one month to appeal the vote to the populace or transfer power to the heir. An appeal prompts a national referendum asking whether the monarch should remain in power or abdicate. If the populace votes for abdication, the monarch has one additional month to transfer power. This power has been invoked six times since 1533 and passed parliament each time. In three instances, the populace voted for abdication on appeal. The current prime minister is Beniyamin bon Dangisos, who represents the diocese of Emka Asmina.
The Qoncilio ad-Publea is comprised of 400 members, who are voted directly from the populace and represent a riding. They are limited to serving three total terms in office and must retain full residency in their home riding. The members of parliament generally belong to a political party and must caucus with either the ruling coalition or the opposition. Like the prime minister, the leader of the opposition in parliament leads the debate against the ruling coalition. The opposition leader also appoints a shadow cabinet that works parallel to the cabinet but without its special powers. The shadow cabinet members are second in command for each parliamentary committee and represent the opposition therein. In all, the Qoncilio can legislate by passing a bill with a simple majority. Within one week, the monarch decides to grant consent (enacting the bill into law) or deny. Should the monarch deny the bill, her veto can be overridden by a two-thirds supermajority in the Qoncilio.
The lower house of parliament, the Qollegia am-Adonem, is comprised of thirty members. They represent the aristocracy, the provincial parliaments, the Mauroi Church, and the monarch. The power of the lower house is largely ceremonial, but they do play a crucial role at certain stages. As mentioned above, they are called upon in the process of overriding a parliamentary veto. They can also vote to approve a bill if the monarch is unavailable before the mandatory time-period to approve or reject a bill completes. Even so, the monarch can immediately suspend their approval upon her return, beginning the monarchical veto process. This body also serves in a direct advising role to the monarch but has been stripped of most other legislative abilities.
The judiciary is comprised of justices that are appointed by the monarch and approved by the Qoncilio. Justices serve for a maximum of twenty years in their position. After the twenty year period, the monarch elects to reappoint the justice or offer a new appointment to the Qoncilio. Historically, justices under the age of 70 have been reappointed without difficulty.
Mauretia has no defined capital according to the Logenatisu. Iola serves as the de facto capital in many ways. It hosts the entire legislative branch and most executive offices. Iola also houses the majority of embassies and Maureti offices of international organizations. As the largest city, it is also a financial and educational hub. The monarch, however, continues to reside in an independent administrative district called Qolna Mauretana, about 15 kilometers southeast of Iola. The royal palace has been located here since 1684. The judicial capital of Mauretia is in Pomalia. Tangia is officially set apart as the ecclesiastical capital.
Prior to the creation of the Logenatisu in 1533, all governmental operations were located in or around the centrally-located settlement Sansu Andaros su Apostili. With the governmental reforms in the early sixteenth century, most operations moved to Iola except the judiciary, which migrated to Pomalia. The royal palace was moved from Sansu Andaros su Apostili to Sansa Avigela in 1684. As the country grew in the twentieth century, government facilities started to relocate around the country as space was needed. The military, for example, houses most of its naval power in Iqosa.
- See also International Relations of Mauretia
Mauretia is a middle power that has taken a moderately active role on an international level. It strives to be a visible participant in international affairs but also tries to be a voice of balance. It has diplomatic missions in over two dozen countries, and it sponsors the International Center for Mauroi Culture as a secondary diplomatic enterprise. Mauretia is a member of the Assembly of Nations and participates in AN–sponsored and affiliated organizations like ANESCO, PHO, ISJC, GMO, and ISORC. It hosts a branch office of the International Women's Organization and sponsors relations with the Sibling Cities of the World. With its national focus on culture and cultural development, Mauretia was a founding member of the Ulethan Alliance for Culture in 1980. At the same time, the populace resists changes to the country's long-held neutrality, the opening of borders without adequate checks, or any international agreement that would supersede popular sovereignty. The country's politics lean slightly "Ulethoskeptic," and there have been calls for the country to leave some of the international organizations altogether.
- See also Administrative divisions of Mauretia.
Mauretia is divided into six provinces and one special administrative district. The provinces are Kabyea in the north, Massaeya in the near north, Rifaleya in the west-central, Aziga in the eastern part of the country, Tangereya along the southernwestern coast, and Dara Aqarel in the southeast. Each province is divided into diosim (dioceses) and qolnam (independent cities). Each diocese is in turn made up of cities, towns, and villages. The independent district of Qolna Mauretana is a separate administrative division solely inhabited by the royal family. It houses the royal palace, a cathedral, and a few important government buildings.
Mauretia is a country in along the Sea of Uthyra in southwestern Uletha, bordered by Sathria to the north and UL205b to the east. Because Mauretia is bisected longways by the 45th east parallel, it uses the offset time WUT +2:30.
Occupying one side of a peninsula, Mauretia is dominated by its coastline and prominent mountain ranges. These mountains are generally rocky and covered in scrub or thin evergreen woodlands. In between many of the ridges are wide valleys with fertile ground. These areas tend to be ideal for vineyards, meadows, groves, and orchards. The higher hills are used for shepherding and poultry farms. Mauretia's western coast is often rocky with numerous inlets and few natural beaches. Large boulders and extreme rock outcroppings litter the densely wooded landscape. The southern shore is defined by its fertile coastal plain. Notably, the rivers of Mauretia are not navigable far inland. Mauroi sailors have long mastered the difficult shores and water outflows, which has been vital to the country's trade and maritime industries.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Mauretia has a wide range of climate patterns from coastal Mediterranean areas to arid deserts east of the High Adlar mountains. Generally, the transitional seasons are wet, warm, and short. The coastal areas and the low-profile plains of Tangereya and Rifaleya fall into the hot-summer Csa category with savannah-like wet–dry pairings (Aw) in the far south. Some interior ranges near the coast are cooler (Csb). Much of northeastern and east-central Mauretia is semi-arid (BSh/BSk) with cooler temperatures (Dsb) along the highest peaks of the High Adlarm. Along the eastern border is open desert-lands. Rainfall and snowfall is plentiful enough in the wet seasons for a productive agricultural returns, with the climate most conducive to growing fruits, vegetables, and beans. Vineyards and orchards are common throughout the countryside. Sitting south of 30°N, Mauretia frequently experiences southwesterly-flowing tradewinds from the deserts in the east toward the coastal areas. When the subtropical ridges of the horse latitudes increase over eastern Sathria, this helps spur the yearly monsoonal rainfalls in most of western and southern Mauretia. The Harm Adlarm cause uplift of wind blowing off the Sea of Uthyra and creates frequent precipitation. Grains, including millet, oats, wheat, and amaranth grow well with scattered rainfall through the winter months and minor monsoons in the late summer.
With its position on the globe, Mauretia can be susceptible to extreme weather conditions. Some locations in the mountainous areas of the country can receive over two meters of snow in a given winter. Sudden blizzard-like squalls have been known to produce a half meter in one day. Cloud cover is also common in the late summer as monsoons begin, and some Maureti cities are known as among the cloudiest in region during these months with sunshine during less than 50% of daylight hours. Heat waves in the peak summer can be as high as 45° have been recorded in July and cold spells with temperatures as low as −11° have been recorded in February. With the tradewinds from the dry northeast, temperatures can plummet in the winter and the air may be as dry as 15% humidity. The dryness may cause negative health effects to vulnerable populations. Outbreaks of severe weather, such as tornadoes are known to happen and can be strong, although they are far more common in the southern portion of the country than in the north. Heavy rainfall can also occur in the wet seasons, causing flooding along the mountain valleys. Even interior cities, like Pomalia, experienced severe flooding in 1953 that displaced nearly half of its then-177,000 people. In the highlands, the first frost occurs around early October; final frost is often in late April to around the first of May.
The official population of Mauretia, according to a government census in 2013, was 11,773,698. There are an additional 103,000 people in Mauretia on economic or academic visas that are not counted in the census. The nation features a relatively high birth rate for an industrialized nation at 19.7 per 1,000 inhabitants and has been increasing in recent years. The nation has not been below replacement-level fertility in over a century. Life expectancy is about 79 years. These factors have contributed to a growing population, which is projected to exceed 15 million by no later than 2030.
Mauretia differs from many other nations with regards to the roles of women in society. While religious, military, and merchant sectors have most frequently been dominated by men, women have long had an important role in the culture, political system, and economy. Many of Mauretia's early rulers were women. Female literacy has historically been higher than male literacy; literacy was not considered extremely important to military or agrarian sectors. Yet, education of women was considered paramount as a means of continuing the culture, values, and knowledge to younger generations as they were being raised. Throughout the middle ages, Mauroi women equally contributed to scientific advancements and cultural output. Only in the seventeenth century did the education of men for all walks of life become important. This distinct view came to the fore again in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Due to international conflict and need for productivity after sweeping diseases, Mauroi women began to take on increasing roles in the workforce and economic diversification began. By the 1920s, policies were put in place to try and balance family life and increased economic output. After a couple turbulent decades of stagnant population growth, the culture adapted and evolved. The marriage and birth rates recovered and the societal change has promulgated through to the present. As a result, there remains no stigma against women in nearly any sector of culture or economy. Some of Mauretia's most prominent intellectuals and artists of the last 500 years have been women, and in recent years women have been among the wealthiest business owners in the nation. Men only tend to dominate careers as farmers, shepherds, or miners. At the same time, women athletes are among the best in the world and their sports generate as much revenue as many male sports. Two of the most popular professional sports leagues in the country are women's leagues.
According to the census, 97.1% of the nation's population self-reported as ethnically Mauro. Of this percentage, about 2.5% was foreign born. The largest other ethnic groups included Eganians (1.1%), Pohenicians (0.7%), Kazaris (0.5%), and Tabarians (0.4%). Notable populations of Antharians and Mergans are also present in larger coastal cities. Immigration to Mauretia is not particularly high, but no government policy actively discourages it. The country's net-migration only turned positive in the last forty years, and there remains a substantial Mauro diaspora overseas. Many immigrants to the country have come from neighboring states for religious or economic reasons or as part of a broader trend of repatriation among Mauro young adults born overseas.
Studies of the ethnic Mauroi population show common traits with a window of genetic variability among the people group. A recent physical-traits study in 2015 of nearly 730,000 Mauroi people estimated that 78% of the Mauroi population had brown or dark brown hair, with medium/dark blond and auburn as common variants—each at about 5.5% of the population. Among that same group sampled, 83% had brown eyes, with 10% registering blue or grey and 7% green or other heterochromia. Height among Mauroi people can vary, and extremes are found. Even so, the average height of men and women are very close in proximity. Men average 175.0cm in height, while women average 167.9cm in height.
Religion in Mauretia is predominantly Christic, and this affects numerous aspects of Mauroi culture and society. Mauroi Christicism, a distinct branch of the Christic faith, is the official religion of the nation. Freedom to practice any faith publicly, however, is assured through the constitution. Other Christic denominations and religions have arrived in Mauretia over the years. These other Christic branches remain a very small minority in Mauretia and are generally only found within larger cities. Officially, the Mauro branch of the faith is "separate but cooperative" with its sister organizations. It retains very close ties to the Ekelan Church in spite of a schism in the fifth century. The Mauroi that remained in communion with the Ekelan churches in Egani and other nearby lands reformed their congregation into the small "Nodasic" Church. The term "Nodasic" comes from the old Maureti word meaning "tied together."
The largest non-Christic religion is neo-Paganism based on modern forms of Mauro polytheism. This particular belief system has become quite popular among repatriates, comprising up to 15% of that demographic. Mauro polytheistic practices from antiquity are among the best documented in the world. The religious practices of ancient pagans were all but wiped out in the seventh century, but the combination of academic scholarship and historical site preservation has allowed it to spread once again. Because some sites, such as the temple and cave complexes to the god Asese are on preserved lands, neo-Pagans have charged the Christic government with discrimination and religious suppression. Generally, access is granted to Pagan groups without restriction provided that these groups do not damage the historic site. Most important locations, such as the Temple of Time, have been divested from the public land holdings and are simply registered sites that must be preserved by the ownership groups, similar to historic Christic basilicas or monasteries.
The official language of Mauretia is Maurit. The language is a member of the Afcit branch of the Uletarephian language group. It is very closely related in its origins to the Romantish languages but with contains large Serionic, Hellanisian, and Semetic substrata. Over 98.7% of Mauretia's citizens speak Maurit as their first language. There are few differences between northern, eastern, and southern dialects of the language. The eastern dialects tend to be the most distinct on account of the geographic isolation. The language is regulated by Sa Qollegia ad-Maurit and is the official form used in government and education. Other languages known to be spoken in Mauretia include Eganian, Kazari, Sathrian, Tabarian, and Antharian.