Meilan

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7, -23.876, 37.310
Republic of Meilan
美兰共和国
Flag of Meilan
Flag
Anthem:
《美兰共和国国歌》
(National Anthem of the Republic of Meilan)
CapitalBeishan
Largest cityMeiming
Official languagesIngerish and Meilanese
 • Regional languagesCastellanese, Franquese, Gohangukian
Ethnic GroupsMeilanese (53%)
Ingerish (35%)
Castellanese (5%)
Franquese (4%)
Gohangukian (2%)
Other (1%)
DemonymMeilanese
GovernmentFederal parliamentary representative democracy
 • PresidentWen Linping
LegislatureParliament
Area
 • Total100,963 km2
Population
 • Estimate (2016)37,728,000
 • Census (2014)35,902,085
HDI (2014)Increase 0.717
high
TimezoneMeilan Standard Time (+2)
CurrencyMeilanese shu (MS)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.ml

Meilan, officially the Republic of Meilan, is a sovereign state largely located on the continent of Antarephia, with the city of Jintan on the continent of Tarephia. It is divided into three provincial-level divisions, Beichen, Meishan, and Lanyun. Ingerish and Meilanese are the two official languages in Meilan, both with equal recognition. Significant minority languages spoken in Meilan include Castellanese, Franquese, and Gohangukian.

Name

The name Meilan derives from a combination of the two historical regions that made up the area, Meishan (Meilanese: 美山) and Lanyun (Meilanese: 兰云). The present-day provinces of Beichen and Meishan together make up the old Meishan region, while the autonomous region of Lanyun (Meilanese: 蓝云) roughly corresponds to the historic region of the same name. Prior to the formation of the Republic of Meilan, the Meilanese character lan in Lanyun was changed from 兰 (meaning orchid) to 蓝 (meaning blue) for reasons unknown. It is widely suspected that a transcription error resulted in this change, and it was gone unnoticed because the transcribed Ingerish name remained the same. However, the name of the new republic retained the old character 兰, resulting in the continued use of the name Meilan (Meilanese: 美兰) to refer to the country.

History

Meilan was first settled by the 15ths and 16ths centuries by two groups, separately. The Ingerish first started a colony near present-day Beishan called North Cape (near present-day Beishangang) in 1602, because it was correctly believed by the explorers that they had discovered the northern tip of the continent of Antarephia. A group of explorers from Commonia and West Commonia settled near present-day Lanzhou in 1705. They named the settlement Lanyun (Meilanese: 兰云), meaning orchid clouds, because of the sweet flowers they encountered when first arriving among the dense fog. They quickly explored westward, discovering the western coast and naming it Meishan (Meilanese: 美山), meaning beautiful mountains, for the high peaks and valleys that they encountered. They settled around Lake Meishan and present-day Fanghuagang (meaning fragrant flower harbour), which became the largest city and a bustling metropolis of trade and commerce.

Due to the presence of mountains in the north (near present-day Hetian and Beishan), contact was not made between the Commonians and Ingerish until 1795. By then, the Commonian settlers had developed a distinct, identity, and culture from the rest of their peers, creating the Meilanese language and the first sovereign state of Meilan. Due to the remoteness of certain regions, regional dialects of Meilanese developed, such as Yanghua (spoken by the Yang tribe), Xiangyu (spoken by the Xiang tribe), and Shaokan (spoken by the Shao tribe). When the Meilanese arrived at the Ingerish settlement of North Cape, there was initially a bloody war between the two groups. After the Ingerish settlers unequivocally surrendered at the Battle of Mount Mohan, rather than forcing the settlers out of their territory, the Meilanese pursued an aggressive policy of assimilation, which was eventually changed to a policy known as cultural integration, whereby both elements of Meilanese and Ingerish culture was adopted and both languages were adopted for use equally. In addition, as a measure to standardize written and spoken language and improve literacy, a standardized set of rules for the Meilanese language was developed, which discouraged and eliminated the use of regional dialects. To affirm control over the new territory in the north, the Meilanese founded a new capital at Beishan in the predominantly Ingerish-speaking region, just south of the settlement of North Cape. Beishan quickly became a major trading and economic hub in the region.

The system of government in Meilan became more organized in the 18th and 19th centuries, with the establishment of an absolute monarchy governed by a ruling family (not any individual head of state). Although the whole family was decreed as the supreme leader of the nation, the oldest adult male in the family was often seen as the de facto head of state. With burgeoning trade and economic development beginning in the late 18th century and its access to major shipping channels and strong relationship with the members of the Ardoin Trade League, Meilan became a popular destination for Castellanese, Franquese, and Gohangukian immigrants who were seeking a new life in the Antarephian continent. Immigrantion was facilitated with land grants and financial support. The Castellanese and Franquese established a large presence along parts of the west coast of Meilan, while the Gohangukians arrived on the east coast near present-day Huqiu. These groups' culture and heritage are protected and preserved with the creation of ethnic autonomous prefectures and significant minority populations remain, although due to assimilation, these populations are decreasing.

In the late 19th century, unrest with the government, which had been seen as too authoritarian and wasteful was growing. The Five Days War broke out on February 2, 1895 between the ruling powers and ordinary peasants, after the ruling Zhang family introduced a new tax on imports. On February 7, 1895, only five days after escalations began, the ruling Zhang family, realizing that continued unrest would undermine stability and the economy, causing widespread social and economic problems, agreed to reform the nation into the Republic of Meilan. The Republic of Meilan was formally declared on March 1, 1899 after a three year transition process that ended with a national election. An unicameral system of parliament was established with its capital at Beishan. The first president was Zhang Yuhan (no relation to the prior ruling Zhang family before the republic).

In the late 1910s, the rising power of Beaudry in the Tarephian continent to the north increased tensions between the two countries, especially when the naval forces of Beaudry conducted exercises in nearby waters that were seen as a violation to Meilan's sovereignty in January 1917. Tensions escalated into full scale conflict between the two countries when Beaudry launched a surprise attack on the beaches of Futong on July 2, 1917, hoping to capture the cities of Suhui and cut off the economic and military hub of Meiming from the rest of country. This marked the start of the Beaudry–Meilan War, which would less than a year. Although Futong and Suhui would fall to the Beaudrais quickly, they were unable to capture the city of Meiming and were met with heavy resistance, including reinforcements from the north of Meilan. The Beaudrais forces suffered a major defeat at the Battle of Kangqiao in December 1917, where more than 80% of the Beaudrais forces involved in the battle were killed or captured. Meilanese forces would eventually recapture Suhui and Futong, while launching a naval offensive on the city of Paradis, including the naval and air base in the city. With the Beaudrais forces suffering major losses in the Battle of Paradis, the city fell. The war came to a close with the signing of the Treaty of Suhui on February 1, 1918, in which Beaudry ceded a portion of the western half of the city of Paradis to Meilan. Meilan has administered this part as Jintan City, a part of Meishan Province. Relations have improved between the two countries since the signing of economic agreements in the 1930s, although Beaudry still claims the city of Jintan and regularly puts pressure on the Meilanese government to return the territory.

Government

The Republic of Meilan is governed by a President which serves as the head of state and leader of the executive and legislative branches of the country. Meilan has one house of Parliament consisting of 185 Members of Parliament that meet in the Great Hall in Beishan. The executive branch consists of the President and ministers. The third branch of government, the judicial branch, is headed by a Supreme Justice of the Republic with four associate justices.

Administrative divisions

The nation of Meilan has four levels of administrative divisions:

  • Three provincial-level divisions (two provinces and one autonomous region)
  • 32 prefectural-level divisions (23 cities, five autonomous prefectures and four leagues)
  • County-level divisions
  • Township-level divisions

The following table shows the structural hierarchy of the administrative divisions of Meilan:

Structural hierarchy of administrative divisions of Meilan
美兰行政区划架构
National-level
国家行政区
Provincial-level
省级行政区
Prefectural-level
地级行政区
County-level
县级行政区
Township-level
乡级行政区
Country
Province
Prefectural-level city
地级市
District
市辖区
Subdistrict
街道

Town


Ethnic town
民族镇

Township


Ethnic township
民族乡

Group
County-level city
县级市
County
Unincorporated area
非建制地区
Autonomous prefecture
自治州
District
市辖区
County-level city
县级市
County
Ethnic county
民族县
Autonomous county
自治县
Unincorporated area
非建制地区
Autonomous region
自治区
Prefectural-level city
地级市
District
市辖区
County-level city
县级市
County
Unincorporated area
非建制地区
League
County-level city
县级市
Territory
Autonomous territory
自治域
Unincorporated area
非建制地区

The following table shows a list of the administrative divisions of Meilan, down to county-level:

List of administrative divisions of Meilan
美兰行政区划
National-level
国家行政区
Provincial-level
省级行政区
Prefectural-level
地级行政区
County-level
县级行政区
Meilan
美兰
Cs: Meilan
Fr: Meilan
Go: 미란
Beichen
北晨
Cs: Beychen
Go: 북침
Beishan
北山
Beishan
北山
Datong
大同
Qixin
七莘
Haining
海宁
Xinkaihe
新开河
Gucun
顾村
Yixian
逸仙
Wukesong
五棵松
Beishangang
北山港
Heihe
黑河
Fanglian
芳莲
Dingbian
定边
Dongjing
洞经
Dongjing
洞经
Zhayin
闸殷
Yema
野马
Rininghu
日宁湖
Qinghaihu
青海湖
Jinjihu
金鸡湖
Tieguan
铁关
Hetian
和田
Hetian
和田
Haizhou
海州
Panshan
盘山
Dansha
丹沙
Dingxing
定兴
Riningxi
日宁西
Shuangqiao
双桥
Shuangqiao
双桥
Xishan
西山
Jiangzhou
江州
Yueting
月亭
Tangji
唐吉
Dulinhu
都林湖
Anbo
安波
Anbohu
安波湖
Chenzhonghu
陈忠湖
Qiujing
虬京
Dingjiazhuang
丁家庄
Luoyang
罗阳
Luoyang
罗阳
Kaixuan
凯旋
Chengang
晨港
Chengang
晨港
Tulamu
图拉木
Guangjian
光建
Guangjian
光建
Yangfei
杨非
Lunneilu
伦內卢
Cs: Luñero
Lunneilu
伦內卢
Cs: Luñero
Heifu
黑复
Heifu
黑复
Yongtai
永泰
Shengtao
圣陶
Xitong
西通
Hangke
杭克
Weiyuan
威原
Ganshi
干石
Xiayuan
下袁
Shangyuan
上袁
Anling
安陵
Mudi
牧笛
Cs: Caña
Mudi
牧笛
Cs: Caña
Sangcheng
桑城
Cs: Ciudad Sánchez
Hemantan
赫曼滩
Cs: Playa de Germán
Heyuan
河源
Cs: Las Cabeceras
Nanling
南凌
Cs: León del Sur
Nanling
南凌
Cs: León del Sur
Beiling
北凌
Cs: León del Norte
Yali
亚历
Cs: Alejandra
Manduo
满多
Cs: Armando
Jinhe
金河
Cs: Río del Oro
Jiaxiya
加西亚
Cs: García
Changguo
昌国
Cs: Rancho Carioca
Huqiu
虎丘
Go: 후치우
Huqiu
虎丘
Go: 후치우
Meishan
美山
Fr: Meischenne
Meiming
美名
Meiming
美名
Dongshu
东树
Pengda
鹏达
Fangdian
芳甸
Tenghan
腾汉
Beitong
北通
Baiyun
白云
Nan'an
南岸
Longxi
龙溪
Jimei
集美
Dini
迪尼
Langao
岚皋
Yu'an
宇安
Minli
闵立
Nengong
嫩公
Seyuan
啬园
Longchuan
龙川
Kangqiao
康桥
Xiaping
夏平
Erlian
二连
Wuzhenting
乌镇厅
Futong
富通
Zhonghuan
中环
Nangang
南港
Gaoyuan
高原
Dongjiao
东角
Ximen
西门
Wanshui
湾水
Haiyang
海洋
Guoyuandao
果园岛
Suhui
苏汇
Suhui
苏汇
Daduhe
大渡河
Dishuihu
滴水湖
Fanghuagang
芳华港
Fanghuagang
芳华港
Sanjiaodao
三角岛
Zilin
紫琳
Zilin
紫琳
Guozigou
果子沟
Guozigou
果子沟
Baijiushan
白酒山
Baijiushan
白酒山
Jintan
金坛
Fr: Kinton
Jintan
金坛
Fr: Kinton
Shagang
沙岗
Fr: Côte-Sable
Shagang
沙岗
Fr: Côte-Sable
Pulei
普雷
Fr: Plessis
Pi'er
皮尔
Fr: Pierre
Lanyun
蓝云
Yunshan
云山
Yunshan
云山
Nanmatou
南码头
Nanmatou
南码头
Ganghui
港汇
Ganghui
港汇
Mayun
马运
Mayun
马运
Lanzhou
蓝州
Lanzhou
蓝州
Bili
比利
Bili
比利
Zuokang
左康
Zuokang
左康
Kehuo
克火
Kehuo
克火
Dalahan
达拉汗
Dalahan
达拉汗
Arun
阿润
Arun
阿润
Shatake
沙塔克
Shatake
沙塔克

The following table shows summary information of the provincial-level and prefectural-level divisions in Meilan:

Name Seat of Government Abbreviation Area (km2) Population
(2016 est.)
OGF relation
Beichen-flag.png Beichen Province 北晨省 Beishan City 北山市 36,805 15,670,000 6369
Beishan City 北山市 北 (Bei) 2,470 4,019,300 6376
Dongjing City 洞经市 洞 (Dong) 2,995 1,114,000 6383
Hetian City 和田市 和 (He) 2,245 1,043,800 6382
Shuangqiao City 双桥市 双 (Shuang) 2,980 1,246,900 6451
Luoyang City 罗阳市 罗 (Luo) 2,328 1,082,400 6454
Chengang City 晨港市 晨 (Chen) 2,147 698,700 6452
Guangjian City 光建市 光 (Guang) 2,029 943,300 6449
Lunneilu City 伦內卢市 伦 (Lun) 1,899 2,648,700 6448
Heifu City 黑复市 黑 (Hei) 4,445 620,000 6456
Mudi Castellanese Autonomous Prefecture 牧笛卡族自治州 牧 (Mu) 5,731 1,065,800 6453
Nanling Castellanese Autonomous Prefecture 南凌卡族自治州 凌 (Ling) 2,922 543,400 6450
Huqiu Gohangukian Autonomous Prefecture 虎丘古韩族自治州 丘 (Qiu) 4,614 643,700 6455
Meishan-flag.png Meishan Province 美山省 Meiming City 美名市 32,821 14,738,000 6371
Meiming City 美名市 美 (Mei) 2,708 4,742,500 6474
Futong City 富通市 富 (Fu) 1,885 3,069,500 20288
Suhui City 苏汇市 苏 (Su) 2,294 1,268,700 26045
Fanghuagang City 芳华港市 芳 (Fang) 4,338 1,332,000 6475
Zilin City 紫琳市 紫 (Zi) 5,546 681,600 6473
Guozigou City 果子沟市 果 (Guo) 5,915 726,900 6470
Baijiushan City 白酒山市 酒 (Jiu) 1,014 249,200 6472
Jintan City 金坛市 金 (Jin) 1,355 758,000 59327
Shagang Franquese Autonomous Prefecture 沙岗法族自治州 岗 (Gang) 7,766 1,908,800 6471
Lanyun-flag.png Lanyun Autonomous Region 蓝云自治区 Yunshan City 云山市 31,337 7,320,000 6370
Yunshan City 云山市 云 (Yun) 4,045 2,239,000 6476
Nanmatou City 南码头市 南 (Nan) 4,106 582,800 6478
Ganghui City 港汇市 汇 (Hui) 3,501 198,800 6481
Mayun City 马运市 马 (Ma) 2,439 276,900 6485
Lanzhou City 蓝州市 蓝 (Lan) 1,545 1,535,000 6482
Bili City 比利市 比 (Bi) 1,332 113,400 6479
Zuokang City 左康市 左 (Zuo) 1,053 89,700 29687
Kehuo League 克火盟 克 (Ke) 1,808 307,900 6477
Dalahan League 达拉汗盟 达 (Da) 3,488 693,100 6483
Arun League 阿润盟 阿 (A) 3,355 952,400 6484
Shatake League 沙塔克盟 沙 (Sha) 4,665 331,000 6480

Climate

Meilan enjoys a humid tropical climate, due to its proximity to the Equator. Summer is hot and humid with occasional showers and thunderstorms, and warm air coming from the northwest. Winters are mild and sunny, with coastal temperatures moderated by their proximity to the ocean. Mountainous regions are often cooler, while the inland plains remain hot but dry.

Economy

Meilan's economy is driven by five primary industries: agriculture, oil/gas, forestry, manufacturing, banking/finance. The inland regions of Meishan and Lanyun are plentiful in arable land, resulting in a burgeoning economy of cocoa, rice, and various fruits and vegetables. The discovery of oil deposits along the eastern and southern coasts has created a burgeoning oil and gas industry. Forestry is a crucial component of the economy in the province of Beichen, with its many forests. Manufacturing is important in many of the commercial centres of the country, with a wide variety of products and exports ranging from textile, clothing, and electronics. Meiming and Beishan are also important banking/finance centres, with Meiming considered one of the world's most important trade and commerce centres.

Transportation

Air

Meilan currently has the following airports:

  • Beishan International Airport
  • Meiming Longkou International Airport
  • Meiming Baiyun Airport
  • Heifu Yongtai Airport

The nation's flag carrier is Air Meilan, which serves various national and international destinations.

  • Beishan – Meiming Baiyun: 5x daily
  • Beishan – Meiming Longkou: 2x daily
  • Beishan – Heifu Yongtai: 4x daily
  • Beishan – Beaudry Felix Sorrel: 1x daily
  • Meiming Baiyun – Heifu Yongtai: 4x daily
  • Meiming Longkou – Beaudry Felix Sorrel: 2x daily
  • Meiming Longkou – Trevers Fletcher: 2x daily
  • Meiming Longkou – Woolport: 3x weekly

Rail

Rail transport did not arrive in Meilan until the 1900s, which results in a relatively underdeveloped rail network that is currently undergoing rapid expansion. The current main national rail routes are:

  • Beishan – Meiming Railway: longest in the country
  • Beishan – Zhayin Railway
  • Beishan Mountain Railway: from Beishan to Hetian via Mount Mohan
  • Beishan – Heifu Railway
  • Meiming – Futong – Fanghuagang Railway

Commuter rail:

  • Beishan Commuter Rail Network: Beishan – Haining – Beishan East – Airport-Gucun – Beishangang
  • Meiming Transport Agency: see Public transport in Meiming

Urban rail: Beishan is currently the only city with a metro system. A regulation passed in 1975 to preserve the soil underneath Meiming prevents the city from building any heavy rail underground transportation systems.

Road

Meilan has a well developed expressway and highway network. National-level roadways are given one or two digit numbers; odd-numbered expressways run east-west, while even-numbered expressways run north-south. Branch and auxiliary expressways are given a letter suffix after the number. There are three classes of national-level roadways:

  • Class 1: main expressway network, are be fully expressway-grade, with at least 2 lanes in each direction with shoulders and separated by a median with width greater than 5 metres
  • Class 2: secondary expressway network, are fully expressway-grade, with at least 2 lanes in each direction
  • Class 3: tertiary network, are at least highway grade, with at least 1 lane in each direction

The national-level roadways are:

Class Number Name Terminus Terminus Urban area Notes
1 5 Meima Expressway Meiming Mayun Complete
2 5B Meifang Expressway Meiming Fanghuagang Complete
3 5D Sanjiao Island Expressway Fanghuagang Complete
3 5G Fanghuagang Bay Expressway Fanghuagang Complete
1 7 Meibi Expressway Meiming Bili Meiming-Kangqiao expressway grade
1 9 Meizuo Expressway Meiming Zuokang Meiming-Kangqiao expressway grade
2 9B Xiadu Expressway Xiaping Daduhe Complete
1 10 Beimei Expressway Beishan Meiming Complete
2 10C Beishan Airport Expressway Beishan Complete
3 10C Inner Ring Road Beishan Complete
2 10C Beihe Expressway Beishan Hetian Complete
3 10D East Line Expressway Beishan Xinkaihe Road to Jindu Road incomplete
2 10F Airport Road Meiming Complete
2 10F Longkou Airport Expressway Meiming Complete
2 10F Daduhe Tunnel Meiming Complete
2 10F Meigang Expressway Meiming Shagang Complete
2 10G Daduhe Tunnel East Line Meiming Complete
3 10H Binjiang Expressway Beishan Complete
1 11 Gangsha Expressway Shagang Shatake South of 12 to Shatake not expressway grade
1 12 Gangfu Expressway Shagang Futong Complete
1 12 Muling Expressway Mudi Nanling Complete
3 12A Futong North-South Expressway Futong Complete
2 12C Gangsu Expressway Shagang Suhui Complete
1 13 Gang'a Expressway Shagang Arun Jing'an-Lanzhou is not expressway-grade
2 13B Hetu Expressway Shagang Complete
1 14 Shuangfang Expressway Shuangqiao Fanghuagang Complete
1 15 Lunsha Expressway Lunneilu Shatake Complete
2 15A Nanling Southern Expressway Nanling 15 Complete
1 16 Dongjing Xishan Expressway Dongjing Shuangqiao Xishan-Shuangqiao incomplete
1 17 Lunling Expressway Lunneilu Nanling Majority not expressway-grade
1 17 Linghei Expressway Nanling Heifu Majority not expressway-grade
1 18 Guangzi Expressway Guangjian Zilin Entire section is not expressway-grade
2 18A Guangjie Expressway Chengang Guangjian Entire section is not expressway-grade
1 19 Muhei Expressway Mudi Heifu Entire section is not expressway-grade
1 19 Heifu North Line Heifu Complete
1 20 Dongyun Expressway Dongjing Yunshan Complete
2 20A Qiujiuke Expressway Huqiu Kehuo Baijiushan to Huqiu is not expressway-grade
1 21 Chenguang Expressway Chengang Guangjian Complete
1 22 Anan Expressway Arun Nanmatou Entire section is not expressway-grade
1 23 Luoguang Expressway Luoyang Guangjian Complete
1 24 Ada Expressway Arun Dalahan Entire section is not expressway-grade
1 25 Luokai Expressway Luoyang Kaixuan Entire section is not expressway-grade
1 26 Shahui Expressway Shatake Ganghui Outside of Dalahan not expressway grade
1 27 Shuangqiao South Ring Expressway Shuangqiao Complete
1 28 Bihui Expressway Bili Ganghui Entire section is not expressway-grade
1 29 Heshuang Expressway Hetian Shuangqiao Hetian to Tangji is expressway grade
1 30 Masha Expressway Mayun Shatake Complete
1 31 Hedong Expressway Hetian Dongjing Complete
3 31C Hedong Feeder Expressway Hetian Complete
1 33 Haizha Expressway Haizhou Zhayin Majority not expressway-grade
1 35 Beidong Expressway Beishan Dongjing Complete

Provincial-level roadways are all Class 3 roadways (see above), and are assigned three digit numbers based on the province they are located in. Branch and auxiliary highways are given a letter suffix after the number.

  • 100s and 200s: province of Beichen
  • 400s and 500s: province of Meishan
  • 700s and 800s: autonomous region of Lanyun

Currently, three-digit highways in the 300s, 600s, and 900s are reserved for future use. In addition, x00 and x81-x99 are currently reserved and not able to be assigned, where x is the first digit of a numbered highway.

Bus rapid transit