|12, -11.7415, 39.6182|
|• Region||Rio Norte|
|Latinians (85%), Natives (7%), Other (8%)|
|Nationalities||Latinans (92%), Other (8%)|
|• Mayor||Auguste Santa Barnabez|
|• Vice Mayor||Anabelle Pocu|
|• Total||xyz km2|
|• Urban||xyz km2|
|• Rural||abc km2|
|Elevation||200 m (600 ft)|
|• Estimate (2018)||2 720 000|
|• Census (2015)||2 654 328|
|Postal Code||3301 - 3324|
Mendoza is a city in the north of Latina. The town is the capital of the province Rio Norte and has 2 654 328 inhabitants (zensus 2011). Mendoza is the central industrial town in northern Latina. With Du Bois, Latina (Ciudad) and Cordoba the town of Mendoza makes the important quadrate of urbanisation in the west of Latina around the fertile Mesa Verde.
The Flag shows a red cross on black und at top of the inner side two cherries - symbol of the fertile plaine along the Rio Norte. In this area stand many orchards, til today some in the area of the town itself.
Many of the industrial goods go via ships down the Rio Norte to the harbour of Saguset, so that Mendoza has an important port at the river.
Mendoza is named the "grey town". But what mean this? It is only the expression, that here is a working town and so here are the highest average of income in Latina after Latina (Ciudad). "We do not talk about money, we have it".
The expedition 1523 of Carlos Gomez y Parador with Femme des Oiseaux found in the area of Mendoza a good place for a new town. After the expedition was back in Latina, planes were made for the foundation of the town. The trail with 200 settlers 1532 go to the north from Latina (Ciudad) in 10 ships over the Rio Norte. Before they reach the foreseen place at the peninsula at the lake of Mendoza, they were killed by local indigene tribes at a place between the lake and the Rio Norte, known as "Matanza 1532" (now barrio # 18 - Rio Norte). Only few settlers escaped and so the next expedition go north with stronger forces of 500 settlers and 300 soldiers.
1537 Carlos Mendoza founded the town as an outpost for the colony of Latina for the way to the north and to the Porta Ferra. After that date north of Mendoza still was land of indigen tribes, but the area south of the town since then was won for the colony of Latina. He build his town on the triangle in the lake, to have shelter. This today is the inner part of the old town (Barrio # 1) with the town hall and the cathedrale.
1607 was build a new fortification - this now is a park at the avenue "Boulevard". Some old houses are layed down 1621 and the Plaza Major was buildt. The town then grow and til 1700 the new area was full with houses - now the southern part of the barrio # 1. Meanwhile the land north of Mendoza til the Porta Ferra was won by the colony and the indigen tribes must go to the land in the northeast or go north of the Porta Ferra.
1779 was build the old port at the Rio Norte outside the town. This then was the direction for the next steps in urbanisation.
1809 the both quarters of the new town in the south of the old town were urbanisized (Barrios 2 and 3), to the left and to the right of the central Avenue. First south of the "Boulevard" at the main streets are build greater villas with pretty gardens from the richer people. Some of them are existing til today. In the backstreets then stand the houses of the other people. This urbanisation took place til 1840.
1827 the quarter at the other side of the lake was part of the town (Barrio # 4 - Translago). In a first step this barrio reached to the Calle Fresno and Ronda San Antonio, 1840 then to the Ronda Translago. 1846 was build the first bridge over the lake to Translago. The oldest pub of Mendoza there are the "Perro Azul", the blue dog, from 1798 in the street with the same name. Since 1856 near the Plaza Translago terminated the Ferrocarril del Norte til 1981. This station now is a railway-museum and the tracks to the north now are part of the cercania-line to Terpsichore.
The way to Latina (Ciudad) goes over bad streets or with the ship over the Rio Norte. This connection was easyer, as 1849 the railway from Mendoza to Latina (Cidudad) was opened.
With the beginning industrialisation the town grow first in west to east direction with the suburbs # 6, San Andreas and # 5, Nuevo Tiempo along the railway and few years later the neighbour-suburbs. Here are many factories, so that Mendoza is more an industrial town as a town of culture. On the second half of the 19th century more and more tracks for freight-railways are layed in the east and south of the town to give good connections for the growing industry and to avoyd the heavy traffic at the streets. More than 100 factories are connected with this tracks. Til today Mendoza is a town with the focus on the industry.
Nevertheless there is an opera-house and theaters and museums as it is standard for a town with more than one million inhabitants. 1891 was founded the university, mainly with technical direction.
Barrio # 5 - Nuevo Tiempo - was planed 1845 as a "modern" part of the city with more squares amd parks as the older barrios. Til today this is a first adress. The urbanisation starts in the 1850-ies.
1903 the new port at the southern side of the river was opened.
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1988 the national-road # 45 was layed around the inner town with a tunnel under the lake to avoid the heavy traffic through the Avenida Central.
2009 the hill of the old waste depony # 1 in the south was covered with earth and changed to the palmegarden. Here are collected all sorts of palmtrees worldwide.
Greater new urbanisations with dense residential use now took place in the southeast (Barrio # 20 - Bosque del Ciudad - see 14, -11.8061, 39.7614 ) with connection to the city with the new metro-line # 6 and in in the north (Barrio # 16 - Avenida Porta Ferra - see 15, -11.6272, 39.6216 ) with the prolongation of the metro-line # 4.
Mendoza is divided in 24 suburbs, named "barrios". Postal Code is always 330. or 33.. and the number of the suburb ( always 4 numerals 3301 to 3324). Government and greater organisations have postalcodes from 3330 to maximal 3339.
Like in Latina (Cidudad) always for four or five barrios are local courts in service - so there are five local courts for the suburbs in the center, north, east, south and west.
|1||Vejo Mendoza||Old Mendoza||Centro||1537/1650||-------||8.87||------||||Oldest part of city|
|2||Nueva Isquedra||New left||Centro||1809||8.44|||
|3||Nueva Derecha||New right||Centro||1809||13.63|||
|4||Translago||Over the lake||Centro||1827||23.39||||as village founded 1558|
|24||Isla los Zorros||Fox island||Centro||1753|||
|5||Nuovo Tiempo||New Times||Sur||1850||39.99||||planed new town because growing industry|
|6||San Andreas||Sur||1850||77.86||||small villages before, founded 1579|
|7||Ciudad Lineal||Sur||1893 to 1935||133.39||||since 1930 the Cidudad lineal|
|9||San Fernando||Oueste||1868||||small villages before, founded 1551|
|10||Torre Rojo||red tower||Oueste||1895||||formerly rural area of San Fernando|
|11||Once||eleven||Oueste||1881||158.51||||formerly rural area of San Fernando|
|12||Zoo||Oueste||1900||||formerly rural area of Rosario|
|13||Rosario||roses||Oueste||1890||||small village before, founded 1577|
|14||Caña||reed||Norte||1884||391.50||||small villages before, founded 1584|
|15||Avenida Higonis||Norte||1905||||formerly rural area of Translago|
|16||Avenida Porta Ferra||Norte||1902||106.60||||formerly rural area of Translago|
|17||Fridote||Norte||1869||43.72||||small villages before, founded 1549|
|18||Rio Vermilho||yellow river||Norte||1908||31.31||||formerly rural area of Fridote|
|19||Rio Norte||North river||Este||1885||||formerly rural area of San Andreas|
|20||Ladrio||barking||Este||1905||||small villages before, founded 1607|
|21||Grimaldoni||Founder of this village||Este||1900||195.87||||small villages before, founded 1594|
|22||Tocino||Bacon||Este||1900||||formerly rural area of Grimaldoni|
|23||Bosque del Cidudad||Wood of town||Este||1903||401.28||||wood til 1903|
|whole town||2 654 328|
Citizens Service (What is where?)
|Ayuntamento del Cidudad||Town Hall||1, Avenida Castellán||# 1||also Ayuntamento for Barrio # 1|
|Cortes de Provincia Rio Norte||provincial parlament||Avenida Gianni Vongole||# 4|
|Cortes locales centro||local courts center||Calle del Republicca||# 1|
|Cortes locales norte||local court north||Avenida Cosecho||# 4|
|Cortes locales este||local court east||16, Plaza Hippodrome||# 19|
|Cortes locales sur||local court south||Plaza Ciudad Lineal||# 8|
|Cortes locales oueste||local court west||5, Calle San Fernando||# 9|
|Cortes superiores Cidudad||high court ot the town||Calle Muro||# 1|
|Cortes superiores Provincial||hight court of the province||Plaza Translago||# 4|
|Estacion Central||main station||Avenida del Estacion||# 5|
|Hogar por Animalos||Animal shelter||Calle Tigre||# 12|
|Jardin Botanico||Botanic Garden)||Avenida Estrella Polaris||# 9|
|Objetos Perdidos||lost and found||Avenida Central||# 3|
|Pinacoteka||Art Gallery||Calle Michelangelo||# 3|
|Philharmony||Concert hall||Calle Muro||# 1|
|Teatro del Cidudad||main theather||Calle del Republicca||# 1|
|Universidad (Centro)||main buildung university||Calle Leon||# 1|
|Zoo||Ronda Oueste||# 12|
Airport and national roads
Mendoza has a international airport. Motorway # 4 from Latina (Cidudad) to the north touches the town in the west. Motorway # 16 goes to Cordoba in the south or Givullion in the east. Motorway # 17 leads to the southeast and to crossing motorways to Van Pelt, Porto Colon or Delta. Motorway # 23 leads to Du Bois in the west. Mendoza is served from the primary-routes ## 31, 45, 53 and 66.
In Mendoza crossed the railway hi-speed-line # 4 (AVE) from Latina to the north with line # 11 from Cordoba to Topahappan. The main-station of Mendoza has 15 through-going tracks. Tracks ## 12 to 15 are used for the AVE-trains, ## 10 and 11 for the airport-service and tracks ## 1 to 9 are tracks for the other trains and the Rapido-lines 310, 660 and 700. With this lines Mendoza is an important knotpoint in the railway net of Latina.
A net of commuter-lines is concentrated to Mendoza with several stops in the city, where using of the metro-card is allowed
- Line 141/142 = Ubiquaria / Fahrenheit - ME-Pino, ME-Torre Rojo - ME-Central
- Line 143 = Griseldis - ME-Rosario - ME-Tigre - ME- Progresso - ME-Central
- Line 144 = Terpsichore via Haym - ME-Fridote - ME-Translago - ME-Visón - ME-Bosque (N) - ME-Central
- Line 145 = Fribalo or Gonzales (RN) - ME-Grimaldoni - ME-Este - ME-San Andreas - ME-Bosque (E) - ME-Central
- Line 146 = ME-Airport - ME-Sycamoro - ME-Este - ME-San Andreas - ME-Bosque (E) - ME-Central
- line 147 = Demeter - ME-Sycamoro - ME-Este - ME-San Andreas - ME-Bosque (E) - ME-Central
Beneath this two short railway lines to Carolina (60 km) in the south and Terpsichore via Gabyla (80 km) in the north 1986 are junctioned to a "Cercania" line # 140 with a tunnel through the heart of the city. In the city of Mendoza this line is connected with several metro-lines and at some stations with interchange at the same platform. So it is called from the people as "metro-line # 6".
In Mendoza run seven metro-lines (## 1 to 7). The first section opened 1927 with line # 1 from Guantamayo to Porto Nuovo and line # 2 from Cosecha to the main railway station with 4 tracks between Plaza Norte and Republica. The first part of line # 3 follows 1943, line # 4 starts 1978 and line # 5 in 2003.
At the Plaza Norte in the Translago-Barrio some parts of lines ## 1 and 2 in 2003 are given up for an new station at the Plaza Norte. The new line # 5 takes over some parts of the old tunnels. Some of the old tracks are used now for the service for lines ## 2 and 5 to and from the main-depot "1" at the northern end of line # 1. The old stations "Plaza Norte" and "Magnolia" of line # 2 now are so called "ghost-stations".
The northern part of line # 4 is in construction to the new urbanisation "Nuevo Norte". Line # 5 now is served in two parts ("5 north" and "5 south"). If the missing tunnel beneath the lake between "Isla" and "Carlos Sapenas" is ready, line # 5 will make a half-circle around the inner city. A new line # 6 to the new urbabisation in Bosque de Ciudad in the southeast of the town is opened 2015. After opening of line # 6 a more new line # 7 was in construction from Translago via Opera to the east as substitution for streetcar-line # 7. This line opened March 2018. Parts of lines ## 6 and 7 in the inner city to Translago still are in construction.
The metro is in service from roundabout 4:00 a.m. til 1:30 a.m. at the next day. At the weekend nights friday to saturday and saturday to sunday the metro runs the whole night.
The main-service-station is at the northern end of line # 1 (see 17, -11.65761, 39.57963. To make possible, that all lines can reache this place, therefore are several short junction-tracks between the lines. There too is a museum with historic trains of the metro of Mendoza.
Streetcar and Bus
The traffic in the town before 1927 was organisized only with streetcars. After opening the metro-lines some of the lines are abadonned and some tracks in the inner city now are out of use. At some places with very busy traffic the tramlines run through a short tunnel.
2012 the system of lines are new structured. Then there are the lines ## 7, 10 to 17 and 19 to 37. This 28 lines are organisated:
- # 7 from Boulevard via Calle Hierbas to the east - this line now (2018) is substituted with the new line # 39, the metro-line # 7 and a prolongation of line # 23.
- # 10 as a half-circle in the west
- ## 11 to 16 from Plaza Major to the north, ending in a loop at Plaza Major
- # 17 as an outer half-circle in the east
- # 19 as an inner half-circle at the east
- ## 20 at the southside of the lake
- ## 21 to 24 from Plaza Major to the southeast
- ## 25 to 27 from Botanico or Boulevard to the south
- ## 28 to 30 as diagonal lines between the lake and the Rio Norte
- ## 31 to 34 from Plaza Major to the southwest
- ## 35 to 37 from Opera to the west
- (since 2018) # 39 Boulevard - Central-Station - Berger y Hernandez (formerly line # 7)
At Plaza Major the lines ## 21 to 24 and 31 to 34 have no loop, but the lines in the 20th change at Plaza Major to a line in the 30th and vice-versa. Lines 21 and 31, 22 and 32, 23 and 33 and 24 and 34 are coupled pairs. For service use is a track-connection between the lines to the north with the other lines around the Plaza Major.
Over this tracks in the weekend-nights the lines are junctioned (11 with 21, 12 with 22, 13 with 23, 14 with 24, 15 with 25 and 16 with 26 with a blue line-number in the 20ies. The lines with numers in the 30ies in that nights all will be terminated at the Opera. Lines ## 19, 20, 29 and 39 will in the night run as dayover and lines ## 10 and 17 are junctioned to a circle-line # 10. Lines ## 28 and 30 will not run at night. At the start and end of the working time in the great factorys some lines on special routes run for the workers, payed and organisized from the factories with green line-signals with a letter.
The main bus-lines in the city are numbered from 40 to theoretical 99, but not all line-numbers are in use. The 40-ies run in the center of the city, the 50-ies in the north, 60-ies in the east, 70-ies and 80-ies in the south and the 90-ies in the west of the town.
Worth to see
- The wallpinting challenge of 2014 in the Santa Ursula-quartier in the City of Mendoza (see gallery above)
- Torre Millenium - Millenium Tower, 1000 m hight and errected 2000 - see 16, -11.7700, 39.6560
- Labyrinth of arcades in the central shopping area - see 17, -11.72839, 39.58954
- Parque las Palmas - formerly used for waste this place is covered with 2 m of earth and is now a park for all sorts of palm-trees worldwide - see 15, -11.8333, 39.7099
- Plaza Major - the old main place in the heart of the city - see 18, -11.72682, 39.58910
- Torre Rojo (red tower) - watchtower from 1541 - see 17, -11.82055, 39.51435
Golf is a very popolaire sport in Mendoza. There are several courses in the town. The most famous not always in the town but in whole Latina is the Golf-Club Latina Grande (see 15, -11.9034, 39.6885 ) in the south of the town with its international tournaments.
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