Mergan

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Mergan
Ӎєrɠąɲїş
Pronunciation/mergan/
Native toMergany
Native speakers60 million (as of 2005)
Language familyUletarephian
Writing systemRomantian script (Kalmish alphabet) and Mergan alphabet
Official status
Official language inMergany Flag.png Mergany
Flag of Alved 3.png Älved
Flag of Helvetiany.png Helvetiany
Minority language inMauretiaFlag.svg Mauretia
Esheinflag.png Eshein
Reeland flag.svg Reeland
Viljanni Flag.png Viljanni
OGFL-1me
OGFL-2mer

Mergan (Mergan: Ӎєrɠąɲїş, in Kalm sometimes called Ostkalmisch) is the Eastern Ulethan variety of Kalmish, mainly written and spoken in and around Älved, Helvetiany and Mergany.

History

This is a rough overview:

  • at the beginning of the 12th century merchants of the Sellern dynasty used the Great Pretanic Trade Route to reach the east
  • they brought the Kalmish language and culture to the east of the Ulethan continent and spread it to several regions
  • several large migration waves in the 12th and 13th century brought a large amount of emigrants to the east, many of them settled around the Kaspen Sea and Darcodian Sea and strengthen Kalmish influence and culture
  • the sparely populated islands in the east of the Darcodian Sea provided good prospects for the settlers
  • in other countries Kalmish immigrants have been expulsed, they moved further eastwards and finally arrived at the Mergan islands
  • during the centuries, culture and language developed differently in East (Mergan) and West(Kalmish), one result is the Mergan alphabet, which nowadays is only present in Mergany
  • the spread of the written Kalmish language in the 17th and 18th century led to a gradually adjustment of the spoken Mergan language, so Mergan became again (and nowadays Standard Mergan is) similar to Modern Kalmish

Geographic distribution

Mergan is official language in Mergany, Älved and Helvetiany and spoken by minorities in many countries in Eastern Uletha.

Standard Mergan and dialects

Mergan alphabet

Nowadays Romantian script and letters are the standard in written Mergan. However, traditional Mergan used its own letter, the so-called Mergan alphabet. Especially geographical names are written in the Mergan alphabet. The most modern version uses PAR Unicode-letters and consists of forty-three letters, including five vowels, twenty-seven consonants and eleven diaeresis.

Capital
letter
Small
letter
Latinic
letters
Pronunciation
(PAC)
Ą ą A,a /aː/
Æ æ Ae,ae
Ä,ä

/ɛː/
Ȁ ȁ ai
Å å ao
Ɓ ɓ B,b /beː/
C c C,c /t͡seː/
Ç ç Ch,ch
Ɗ ɗ D,d /deː/
Є є E,e /eː/
Ȅ ȅ Ei,ei
Ƒ ƒ F,f /ɛf/
Ɠ ɠ G,g /ɡeː/
Ӊ ӊ H,h /haː/
Ї ї I,i /iː/
Capital
letter
Small
letter
Latinic
letters
Pronunciation
(PAC)
J j J,j /jɔt/
Ӄ ӄ K,k /kaː/
L l L,l /ɛl/
ɭ ll
Ӎ ӎ M,m /ɛm/
Ɲ ɲ N,n /ɛn/
Ŋ ŋ Ng,ng
ɴ nn
O o O,o /oː/
Œ œ Oe,oe
Ö,ö

/øː/
Ȍ ȍ Oi,oi
Ρ ρ P,p /peː/
Ǫ ǫ Q,q /kuː/
R r R,r /ɛʁ/
Capital
letter
Small
letter
Latinic
letters
Pronunciation
(PAC)
Ԙ ԙ Re,re
Ȑ ȑ Ri,ri
S s S,s /ɛs/
' ʂ ß
Ş ş Sch,sch
Τ τ T,t /teː/
Ư ư U,u /uː/
Ǔ ǔ Ü,ü /yː/
Ȕ ȕ Ui,ui
Ů ů Uo,uo
Ѵ ѵ V,v /faʊ̯/
Ɯ ɯ W,w /veː/
Ҳ ҳ X,x /ɪks/
Ɣ ɣ Y,y /ˈʏpsilɔn/
Ƶ ƶ Z,z /t͡sɛt/

Plaat

Plaat is a Mergan dialect spoken mainly in the coastal regions of Helvetiany.


Mergan Vision

Main article: Mergan Vision

The Mergan state broadcaster Mergan Vision provides radio and television broadcasts in Mergan across the globe.