Naú

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16, -38.4777, 10.2750
Naú
Municipality
CountryJardinian flag.png Jardinia
 • ComarcaMontes de Zódar
Population
 • Estimate (2019)14,210
Websitehttp://www.nau.jr/

Naú (formerly known in Ingerish as Nahooch) is a city located in Jardinia. It is the capital of the Montes de Zódar comarca. Naú has 14,210 inhabitants, making it the third largest municipality in Zódar Island and the tenth largest in Jardinia.

The city has been for decades an important economic hub in the country thanks to its port and mining industry. However, the closure of most mines in 2010 has had a massive impact in Naú's economy and the city has currently the highest unemployment rate of Jardinia. Its colonial architecture also makes it a relevant tourist destination.

Because of its wealth and geographic isolation, Naú has developed a series of idiosyncrasies that differenciate it culturally from the rest of Jardinia. Nauans have their own distinct dialect, cuisine, feasts, etc.

Geography

Naú lies in the west of Zódar Island, by the mouth of the Tibio river and the Bay of Naú.

Neighbourhoods and hamlets

Naú is divided into the following neighbourhoods:

  • Colonia Minera
  • Naú Nueva
  • Naú Vieja
  • Quéjar
  • Pescadores

Apart from the city nucleus, the municipality includes other villages and hamlets such as:

  • Ganka
  • Rocón
  • San Juan de la Mina

Mines

Interior of the Holy Family Mine, near the hamlet of Rocón.

The valley of the Tibio River constitutes the largest and most important mining zone in Jardinia. The peculiar geology of the region, characterized by volcanism and erosion, has contributed to the formation of caves and grottos with many different types of rocks and minerals.

In Antiquity, the tribes that lived in the Jardinian archipelago were aware of the cavernous nature of the region and took advantage of them for protection and housing. However, it wasn't until the Middle Ages when the Lunderic Empire started mining rocks and minerals and obtaining lead, iron or potassium. Gems also became a valued article in society.

Minerals

The mining region of Naú has a large diversity of minerals.

Culture

Gastronomy

The cuisine of Naú is heavily based on fish and seafood. Some of the most popular dishes include mackerel stew (escombreta), anchovy meat balls (parfolla), worms salad (porretina) or chicken stuffed with grapefruit jam (toronjada).

Museums

The Painting and Sculpture Gallery of Naú is an art museum located in a colonial palace. It was opened in 1998 and has a collection of more than 600 art pieces from both Jardinian and foreign artists.

Education

There is a regional campus of the National University of Jardinia in Naú, which holds the Faculty of Chemical and Geological Sciences and the Superior School of Mine and Energy Engineering.

Transportation

Roads

Garbón tunnel was opened in 2006 to avoid one of the most dangerous sections of the C61 road.

Naú is connected to Cenoba through the C61 road, a very sinuous mountain road which is considered one of the most dangerous in Jardinia. Other minor roads link the city with nearby villages, such as Malbarca or Ganka.

Seaport

Naú has one of the largest and most active ports of the country. The port complex is distributed around Naú Bay, with the old fishing port, the naval base, the ferry port and the industrial port.

The ferry port is located near the city centre and has daily ferries to Mondeonís, Abidom, Treana and Cardamom Island.

Railway

Naú is the terminus of the Zódar rail line, which links Dosén and Naú. It was built in the 1920s and still is the main gateway of goods and passengers after ships. The whole trip lasts around 45 minutes.

Tram

Naú Tram (commercially known as Tranvinaú) is a tramway that runs through the city center and links it to the Palace of Malbarca. It was built in the 1930s mainly as a method of transportation for the wealthy people of the city to go to the palace, which served as a clubhouse and spa.

Map

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