|8, -25.048, 173.969|
|Republic of Orlandia|
República di Orlandia
"Dare Et Accipere"
(Latin) Give And Receive
and largest city
|Nationalities||Orlandines (83 %), Aincirian (6 %), Others (11 %)|
|Government||Federal Presidential Constitutional Republic|
|• President||Maurizio Marcoli|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||Chamber of Deputies|
|• Total||51359.45 km2|
|• Per capita||$xyz|
|• Per capita||$xyz|
|HDI (2016)|| 0.857|
|Currency||Orlandine Mango (OR$)|
|Drives on the||right|
Orlandia (/oɾlaŋdia/), officially the Republic of Orlandia (Orlandish: República di Orlandia), is a federal republic in the eastern part of Astrasia, in the south of Archanta. The country is bordered by Toukoku to the north and east and by Ainciria by the south.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 2.1 Pre-imperial Period
- 2.2 Orlandine Dynasty (975-1134)
- 2.3 Bertulian Dynasty (1134-1388)
- 2.4 Ritartan Dynasty (1388-1611)
- 2.5 Benician Dynasty (1611-1729)
- 2.6 Latizian Dynasty (1729-1850)
- 2.7 Civil Wars (1850-1892)
- 2.8 First Democratic Period (1892-1967)
- 2.9 Dictatorial Period (1967-1973)
- 2.10 Second Democratic Period (1973-today)
- 3 Geography
The name "Orlandia" is derived from Orlando I, first emperor of the [Orlandine Dynasty]].
Before the year 975, the current territory of Orlandia was divided in many regions occuped by tribes: saporths, at the mouth of the Sapor river; pagroths, between rivers Sapor and Gorpondi; caspines, those occupied the current province of Caspinia and environs; and berttites, on the Bert mountains.
Orlandine Dynasty (975-1134)
In the year 975, when Putinfarus the Skillful died, his young son, best known as Orlando I, assumed, when he was 21, the power of the Saporth Kingdom. During his mandate the kingdom grew up and his dynasty conquered the whole territory of current Orlandia. He was succeeded by Orlando II, who defeated the pagroths. His son, Orlando III, conquered the caspines' territory. And his son, Orlando IV, the last of that dynasty, conquered the whole territory of the country.
Bertulian Dynasty (1134-1388)
In 1134, when the emperor Orlando IV was murdered, the power was disputed by two families: the Bertulios and the Cuargarells. The next emperor was Bertulius I of the Bertulios dynasty. This dynasty was known by the creation of a Senate. The emperors of this dynasty were:
- Bertulius I (1134-1177).
- Lucephorus I (1177-1210).
- Bertulius II (1210-1242).
- Fernunto I (1242-1296)
- Fernunto II (1296-1328).
- Fernunto III (1328-1355).
- Papurto I (1355-1388).
Ritartan Dynasty (1388-1611)
The dynasty of the Ritartas took the power when Papurto I died and he haven't sons. This dynasty was distinguished by the economic wellness. During this period, the empire conquered Puerto Indias and Puerto Hispania. The emperors were:
- Fernunto IV] (1388-1420).
- Bertulius III (1420-1479).
- Fraulius I (1479-1515).
- Bertulius IV (1515-1531).
- Rubarto I (1531-1554).
- Fraulius II (1554-1581).
- Margana I (1581-1611).
Benician Dynasty (1611-1729)
The Benician Dynasty was the worst and was characterized by its corruption. This was the reason because of they were ejected out of their government. The emperors were:
Latizian Dynasty (1729-1850)
The dynasty of the Latizios was the last dynasty and the end of an era. They implemented the suffrage for lower class men, reason that enraged the bourgeoisie and the military chiefs. The emperors of this period were:
Civil Wars (1850-1892)
Best known as "Revolution of 1850" (orlandish: "Revoluzión di 1850"), was the first period after the monarchy. On September 3rd of 1850, the Assembly took out the king and tried to implement a centralist government in all the country. This caused a division between centralists, those who wanted the power concentrated in Saporiti, and the federalists, those who wanted more autonomy for the provinces. The country was divided in the República Saporitina and the Confederazión Orlandina. On July 7th of 1892, in the Battle of Porrestose, Pietro Contreiras defeated the centralists, commanded by Gian Cruz Wort, and established a federal republic with a president elected by the Assembly.
First Democratic Period (1892-1967)
The very first president of this young country was Luigi Vernuglio, whose objective was to impulse the agricultural sector. He was replaced in 1902 by his son-in-law Carlo Pilogrindo. In 1909 assumed Vernuglio again. He was replaced in 1917 by Antonio Sancherto, the last president of this period, who ruled until 1932.
Waltor Giampulgiona, member of the Assembly, established the popular suffrage, for which could only vote men over 20 years old. That was the Giampulgiona's Law. In the elections of 1932, he won. His government was markedly conservative and religious.
On 1938 assumed another president, Emilian Campios, with a socialist ideology. During his government they were established protectionist politics and free health and education.
Liberal politics and regional potency
Finishing his mandate, on 1944 assumed Piedro Giurilange, of the Partito Libral. His liberal politics were the opening of the importations, the removing of taxes and the growing of industries. During his government, Orlandia was a regional potency of eastern Astrasia.
First ruzonist period
But, although his reelection, Giurilange wasn't beloved by the labour class. On 1956 assumed Gian Domnigo Ruzoni, a former military that created his own party, the Partito dila Justizia. He was a totalitary governor, with populists and fascists ideas. He and his wife, Evipa Ruzoni, promoved policies that favoured the workers, and established the female suffrage.
Dictatorial Period (1967-1973)
On March 16th, there was a coup, leaded by Giorge Bilade, a colonel of fascists and conservatives ideas that didn't like Ruzoni's politics. This period, called "Periodo di Reorganización Nazional", was characterized by the censure of the media and disappearances of opponents, reason why Madres y Abuelas di Plaza Imperiale was created. Ruzoni was exiled in Randalia, but he returned on 1973 for taking the power again and started his second commandment.
Second Democratic Period (1973-today)
Return of Ruzoni
When Ruzoni returned to power, Bilade and his partners were imprisoned. Ruzoni died in 1974, reason why his wife, Izabel Sancherto di Ruzoni assumed the power. This government was not outstanding.
On 1979, after a regular government of Sancherto, assumed Ingazio Wuntarlen, of the Partito Libral. He took Orlandia to be a potency again, with the approval of the equal marriage and the industrial development. This was the best period of Orlandia since Giurilange's government.
Slope and crisis
Fernunto Dimacio assumed on 1991 of the Partito dila Justizia. His politics like impulsing social plans and putting taxes for higher and medium classes, adding the inflation, made him taking extreme measures, like reducing retirement pensions or freezing the bank deposits. Those measures took him to leaving the government and he was succeded by several presidents, including Rubarto Dugian, that devaluated the peso and ended the convertibility. During that period, poverty came to %60 of the population and unemployment to %30.
On 2004 assumed Nestun Kilmarnock, from Partito dila Justizia, main party of "Frente para la Victori". During his government the debt with the International Bank was canceled, a foreign debt restructuring was carried out with a strong removal and the annual parities were reestablished. He was succeded by his wife, Cretina Fernuntes di Kilmarnock, whose politics were keeping the exportations, stumps to another currencies and establishing lots of subsidies. At the end of ther mandate, the inflation was about %30 and the poverty about %25.
New neoliberal period
On 2016 assumed Maurizio Marcoli, with his party Unitos por il Cambio, supported by the Partito Libral. His politics are the liberization of foreign currencies, putting rebates to withholdings and opening Orlandia's industry to the world.