Ostrian

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Ostrian
Ostrienisch
Pronunciation/ˈɔstrɪɛnɪʃ/
RegionEastern Uletha
EthnicityOstrians, Merhalians
Language familyUletarephian
Early formsMiddle Kalmish
DialectsBanser
Igrian
Cartinian
Mullmouthian
Garungdonian
Writing systemRomantian script (Ostrian alphabet)
Official status
Official language in2 countries
IgriaFlag v1.png Igria
MerhaliaFlag.png Merhalia

4 subdivisions
Cartinia flag.png Cartinia
Garungdonia flag.png Garungdonia
OsriStateFlag.png Osri State
UnterValley flag.png Unter Valley
4 counties in Forestland Keira flag.png Forestland
2 counties in Great north flag.png Great North

Minority language inFlag of Alved 3.png Älved
KeiraFlag v4.1.png Keira


Ostrian is a Gaermanic language of Skarvo-Gaermanic variety. It evolved from Kalmish spoken by the Kalmish (and later Mergan) settlers in Tuyaria. Throughout the course of 12th century, it gradually began diverging from Standard Kalmish of that time, and began to develop distinguishing features of its own. It is not considered a sister language of Kalmish, however, akin to Mergan, because it has mixed with other languages spoken in the area, such as Lathonian and Hayartic among others. Unlike Mergan, it is not mutually intelligible with Kalmish, which is partly due to the large influx of Skarvian and Yurelic vocabulary.

It is the most widely-spoken and official or co-official language in Merhalia, Igria, and the Keiran state of Unter Valley. It is also co-official language of the Varugian Keiran states in the west of the country.

Orthography

Vowels
Glyphs Pronunciation Notes
A, a /ʌ̆/, /äː/ The most common standard pronunciation is either /ʌ̆/ if short or /äː/ if long. If "h" follows "a", that always guarantees a long /äː/ sound.
Ä, ä /eː/, /e̞/ Identical to Lathonian Ė, similar to Kalmish Ä (depending on the dialect). If "h" follows, it may prolong the vowel, but it varies word to word.
E, e /e/, /æ/, /ɛ/, /æː/ Pronunciation varies; it depends on the word and dialect.
I, i /ɪ/, /i/, /iː/ Pronunciation varies; it depends on the word and dialect.
O, o /ɔ/, /o/, /oː/, /o̞/ Pronunciation varies; it depends on the word and dialect.
Ö, ö /œ/, /ø/ Double ö is usually pronounced as a long /øː/
U, u /ʊ/, /u/, /uː/
Ü, ü /y/, /yː/ Identical to Kalmish. Double vowel often stands for a longer sound.
Diphthongs
Glyphs Pronunciation Notes
au /aʊ/
äu /e̞ʊ/, /æʊ/
ei, ey, ai, aj /aɪ/
eu, oj /ɔɪ/ "Oj" is not always a diphthong, since it some cases it can be separated by syllables.
ej /eɪ/ It's not always a diphthong, since it some cases it can be separated.
ie, iä /ɪe/, /iə/ Note that "ie" is also often pronounced as /iː/.
uo /uə/, /ʊa/ In same cases, "o" is pronounced this way.
Consonants
Glyphs Pronunciation Notes
B, b /b/ or /b̥/, sometimes /p/
ch /x/
ck /k/
D, d /d/ or /d̥/, sometimes /t̪/
dt /t/
F, f /f/
G, g /ɡ/
H, h /h/
J, j /j/ Usually a consonant, but can be treated as a vowel /ɪ/ with certain diphthongs.
K, k /k/
L, l /ɫ/, /l/
M, m /m/
N, n /n/
P, p Hard /p/ or soft /pʲ/
R, r /r/ Usually a rolled/trilled R. At the end of words, if preceded by an e, combine with the vowel into /ɞ/ or /ɐ/. If preceded by an a, either becomes a shorter trill /r̆/ or a medium-to-long vowel between /ɐ/ and /ä:/.
S, s Hard /s̪/ or soft /sʲ/, sometimes /z/
ss /s/
sch /ʃ/ Identical to Ingerish sh.
st At the start of a word usually pronounced /ʃt/. Otherwise /st/.
T, t /t/
tsch /tʃ/
tz /ts/
V, v /v/ or /ʋ/
W, w /v/
Z, z /ts/

Basics

Ostrian Translation Notes
Greetings
Hallo!
Allö!
Säwej!
Hello!
Gätten mörgen
Schwetten mörgen
Gärrietz!
Good morning
lit. "Big morning"
G'mor'n'!
Mergan and Kalmish greetings are also very commonly used, however.
Welkämmen!
Säwejkämmen!
Welcome!
Important words and phrases
Ja Yes
Nej No
Danke
Anke
Deike
Tschü
Thank you
Thanks
Cardinal directions
Nürsch North
Öst East
Sütt South
Wacker West