Petty Kingdoms of Pretany
The Petty kingdoms of Pretany were the entities from which the later Kingdom of Pretany was founded. Before the unification of Pretany in 1372, Pretany was divided in six small kingdoms. Some could have been as small as a cluster of villages and others comprised several of today's Shires and Duchies.
By the time of the first historical records of Pretany, about the 250BC, a number of small political entities existed in Pretany. The exact number and their makeup is unknown, and would probably also fluctuate with time. It has been estimated, based on his writings, that there were 24 petty realms in Pretany during the years Ava wrote the Athanza Cartis and explored the region in his epic, creation story-like poem. St. Richardson Archaeologist Judith Randsmith on this basis estimates that there would have been at least 60 smaller sub-tribes in the whole country that Ava did not see, all of similar neolithic, hunter-gatherer, local origin.
There is no written source from this time to tell us the title used by these rulers, or the exact borders between their realms. The main written source scientists do have on this period were the Great Works of Palast, and they were not written until the 4th century AD. While some parts of the works were in part based on ancient Kalmish and Sathrian poems, and possibly on oral tradition, the great works' reliability as a source for detailed events of the tribal age continues to be debated among historians. The sagas, often referred to the petty rulers as Kunag, i.e. king. The rulers of all the areas might have been called petty kings, chiefs, kings or Duke-lords depending on the source. A number of small communities were gradually organized into larger regions in the 7th century due to the opening of the trade routes through the country, and in 900AD the Inaran Tribe unified the realm and became its first supreme ruler after the Seige of Antigo which ended the reign of the Antigo as the most supreme tribe. Many of the former kingdoms would later become Duchies or counties under the Pretanic Monarchy in 1370 and some would try to break free again all the way until 1940 when Antigo revolted in a civil war.
The great works were split into six distinct journal logs, or stories over the course of a 5 year journey made by 56 out of 140 missionaries from Kalm that managed to survive the trek by foot over the Egyt Mountains at the Garlis plateau. The original mission was to spread the newly found Christic faith to non believers, but said mission evolved as the group dwindled in numbers and became more exploratory and scientific as time went on. Below follows a complete list of the six petty kingdoms of Pretany in order of discovery and their known rulers in 300AD during the Great Works of Palast. Most of the people mentioned in this list are legendary or semi-legendary. Some of the areas might have had a contested status as a petty kingdom.
- 1 1. Stribengrad Clan
- 2 2. Kingdom of Wacksantan (Wacksantan Tribe)
- 3 3. Rags|Kingdom of Rag
- 4 4. Kingdom of Antigo
- 5 5. Kingdom of Inara
- 6 6. Nortian Tribe
- 7 Works' official return to Pretany
1. Stribengrad Clan
The Stribengrad clan, which maintained an arguably peaceful, yet hard life in the Egyt Mountains, were the first group of people the missionaries discovered in the high egyts heading east. They seemed to be newcomers to the region with a language that was impossible to detect. They were thought at the time to be one very large family that hailed from a region to the west. Their language seemed to be an earlier undetected version of Kalmish. Recent theories explain the family may have been imbred or possibly cannibalistic due to later poems that described mountain cannibals. This is in direct contrast to the writings of Palast that claim they were a peaceful people. The missionaries did not find a ruling leader in the group but the group did great them with open arms and fed them for they were famished from crossing the high Egyts.
2. Kingdom of Wacksantan (Wacksantan Tribe)
The Wacksantans were the next tribe they found. They lived at the eastern foothills of the Egyts in a series of small hunting villages along the Barsas and Walden Rivers. The main village of Wacksantan by 300AD had become the epicenter of the tribes political affairs with a tribal chief reigning as king to the ethnic group. Not much is known about the affairs of the Wacksantans other than they were known for their ornate pottery and recent evidence points to a genetic link with the Rag kingdom to the northeast. The foothills were seen as their playground, and they were known as a peaceful people that were confused and curious about the Kalmish missionaries. Population estimates ranged from 40-45 thousand members along the Barsas and Walden River basins. The Wacksantan language is now extinct after they were absorbed by the Antigo tribe long before the trade routes opened in 600AD.
- Chief Ikkingarth- The Palast writings spoke of only one known chief, Ikkingarth, who inspired the city of the same name. He was known as a calm tall green eyed gentleman that everyone loved.
3. Rags|Kingdom of Rag
The group traveled father up the Barsas River and came across the Kingdom of Rag, also known as the Dukes of Rag. They were a series of duke-lords that ruled over a tribal region near present day Raggleneth, a hunting village for which was noted as being "unique" in the nature of it's architecture, and later officially named in 770AD. During the writings of Palast in 300AD the Rags were one of the least advanced of the tribes putting up little resistance to outside force and were seen as "peaceful and gentle semi-nomadic farmers" that "clung to ancient tradition". The Rags stopped effectively being a kingdom after the Siege of Antigo in 840AD and grouped with the Inarans. Their language survived only in the localized naming around the city of Raggleneth. Genetically and linguistically it is thought the Rags and the Wacksantans were two branches of an earlier people.
- Duke Ainainicorn and sons - The only known Duke aristocratic family in the tribal kingdom. His passive sons, all of the same name ruled from ca 300AD to 840AD when the last son submitted to the Inaran will.
4. Kingdom of Antigo
The Kingdom of Antigo was known to the Kalmish missionaries as the most powerful of the tribal petty kingdoms they came across after regrettably stepping into their territory along the Barsas River around the modern day city of Trinity. the Antigo had a strong hold on the southern regions of Pretany beyond the Egyt Mountains and were extremely aggressive to outsiders. The missionaries were nearly slaughtered by Antigoan guards that would roam the outer reaches of their territory looking to pirate and loot lost travelers. The missionaries were kidnapped and taken back to the kingdoms main city deep in the eastern Savanna lands, kept alive only to face the king for information and torture. There was a confusion that the missionaries were a group of sooth saying magicians sent by the Wacksantans due to their strange clothing. The missionaries escaped and headed north through the deep forests surrounding the Inara Basin, but only after 12 were killed in the escape. Foreigners and wanderers were not welcome to stay but for only a short time Pretany, and many went missing, which kept the rest of the continent virtually blind to the peoples and lands that extended beyond the great mountains. Due to the Antigo, by 360 AD, decades after the writings of Palast, the lands of Pretany were known only to the western half of the continent as an inhospitable maze of mountains and swamps that ended at an endless sea, a land of myth, legend, and fear. Many peoples to the west and south of the Egyts created many legends about dragons, evil kings, and demons that bred in the foggy landscape. The Great Reformation started in 600 AD when the "less civilized" peoples from the west were allowed access to the exotic peoples and goods of the east. The Kingdom of Antigo allowed a handful of hopeful merchants to open a trade post at Westward Gate a flat plateau that was used as a path to the east since the time of Ava. The trading post quickly grew into one of the largest cities in the mountainous region and the Great Pretanic trade route allowed people to travel eastward. The peoples of the petty kingdoms revolted when they were introduced to foreign ideas such as individualism and were begotten with a new found sense of freedom and wanderlust. The kingdom of Antigo fell sharply in population during the Seige of Antigo in 840 AD when nearly 800,000 Antigoans died in a series of raids and blockades. The Antigo tribe remained in the kingdom as a shire until 1940 during the civil war.
- Mark Dagermu - King in 600AD during the opening of the trade routes through Westward Gate
- Nablan (Marks Dagermu's son)
- Weberfelt Randhaam
- Keplin Amir possibly only a chief
- King Jehun Belsassan - King of Antigo
- Aswad Renard - King during the Seige of Antigo
- Kissa - King during the Seige of Antigo
5. Kingdom of Inara
In 300AD the ship building and fishing Inarans, were a curious people. They remained stranded on an island in the middle of Pretanic Lake but continued to build their large houses that reminded the missionaries of floating warships. In 300AD they had claimed territory on the defensible island in the Inara Basin and stretched into scattered fishing villages on the north shore, Fritz River, and Turpis River. The missionaries stumbled upon the large kingdom after running from the Antigoans in fear. The Inarans were supportive and helpful feeding and clothing the nearly starved and injured 40 remaining missionaries. The petty kingdom eventually arose to become one of the largest empires in the world, the Inaran Nation, as they led the charge during the Siege of Antigo after the opening of the Great Pretanic Trade Route. The Inaran people are believed to have been migrated east shortly before the 400CE Gaelig migrations and built a massive man made island dredged from soil on the bottom of the lake, the largest and first undertaking of its kind in history. The citadel was in the process of construction at the time of the works, and the missionaries described the construction process in great detail.
Documented and Legendary Kings
- Danoi O'Cuan - A legendary figure in the Inaran folklore.
- Rebert O'Cuan - A legendary figure in the Inaran folklore, led a legendary war against the Nortians in 110AD.
- Debout McMana - A semi-legendary figure that became known as Debout the Massacre. Slaughtered most of a tribal rebellion in 400AD.
- Nork Shannon - Petty King that led the revolt against the Antigoans in 840AD.
- Bane O'Shannon - First emperor of the Inaran Nation. 900AD
- King Albert the VI of Inara - wrote the first national constitution in 1039 which gained them "eternal access" to the Nortian city of Port Emporia on the Great Rift Sound. The once small kingdom had exploded into one of the most prosperous empires in the world and the city of Port Emporia, the new capital, grew to a population of nearly 1 million people, the largest east of the Egyts. Working with the Southern Inaran peoples in Westward Gate and Raggleneth they grew an empire that rivaled any before it. The Inarans were said to have an army of nearly 400,000 strong and a fleet of navy ships that would span from horizon to horizon. It was at this time they raided small villages to the north through the Sound, and to the west through the Egyts in Sathria.
- King Treston the II - converted to Catholicism in 1200 AD and built over 60 large temples throughout the Empire.
- Treston the V - Last King of the Inaran Nation. in 1370.
6. Nortian Tribe
The final tribe they encountered were the Nortian Tribe. They are linguistically the most detailed in historical record since 300AD. Their language spread around the globe during the reign of King Beglidere. In 300AD they had ruled a vast farming region north of Inara Basin, completely spanning the Great Rift Deltas. They spoke Romantian in 300AD . Franquese is the evolved version of the local proto-tribal language that the Nortian Tribe speak currently in minority in St. Genvieve and Prairie Du Rocher. The tribe was more of a formal kingdom before the takeover by the Inarans with thousands of walled cities, known as Gurmes and villages scattered throughout the northern territory. The Nortian fishing city of Port Emporia founded in ancient pre-history was called "Port Emporia" by the locals even then. A Romantian term. The Nortians were not completely overtaken by the Inarans in the empire, but merged with their culture. The Pretanic, King Beglidere, from Garlis, converted to Catholicism, a Nortian religion, and adopted the language for his 60 large temples he built in 1372 AD. It was then introduced to St. Richards in 1373 when it became the papacy and subsequently spread globally.
The Nortian Tribe was closely related to tribal ethnic groups in Garlis, in eastern Kalm, and southwestern Ísztianország, with tribal migrations happening in prehistory. Darcodia, Ispelia, Karolia, Florescenta, and Vartasimalia were five countries already colonized during the prehistory of Pretany by the Nortian Tribe between 300-400 AD. The circumstances surrounding the ancient migrations were unknown, possibly a population explosion that required outward migration and over-consumption of resources during that time. Once the Inaran Nation invaded the Nortian city states in the north a massive genocide began. It is estimated that 500,000- 1 milion Nortian tribal members existed in collective city states throughout the 1st millennium AD, north of the Inara Basin. The Purgatio Nortia or Nortian Clearances were the forced displacement and expulsion during the Inaran Reign of a significant number of people from traditional land tenancies in the Great Rift Deltas, where they had practiced small-scale agriculture for centuries. by the time Duke Beglidere appeared in 1357, only 50,000 Nortian members were left on their ancestral lands. Not only was the Romantian speaking culture expunged from the Deltas, they were expelled from Pretany in a wave of exoduses that was only seen later during the Ingerish colonization efforts. Countries founded, populated, or colonized during the expulsion were, Astura, Legonia, Sathria, and a significant number of emigrants arrived in Castellán by 1066. Castellán went on to colonize several countries of its own further spreading Romantian variations. The Clearances resulted in significant emigration of Nortians to the southern and Eastern coasts of Uletha. Romantian evolved slowly into Franquese during the clearances by populations that remained hidden within the hill lands of central Northwest Pretany. Between 1357 and 1700 several more waves of Franquese speaking ethnic Nortians emigrated and colonized Alora, Ataraxia, Akinyaka, Beaudry, Gobrassanya, Inretsk, Lorredion, Paroy, Picard, Meridonia and Surricy. Signs of the Nortian Clearances are seen everywhere in Northern Pretany. Many of the cities and Shires in northern Pretany are rooted in Romantian and Franquese history and named locations and the spreading of the catholic faith. In the early 21st century, more descendants of the Nortian Tribe and of original Romantian descent are found in these diaspora destinations than in Northern Pretany itself.
There were known at the time of Palast to be over 75 distinct chiefs running various villages throughout the Deltas, the missionaries spent 6 of the 10 years documenting them. All or most of the villages have become modern day cities or towns in Pretany including Port Emporia. One of the largest cities in the world. The individual names of the chiefs were lost to history as the Inaran Nation destroyed sections of the great works to try and erase the history of the Nortian people. The one recorded Nortian dynasty that survived were the Bodia family and their massive army that was defeated by the Inaran king in Port Emporia. The Bodias remained the most influential Nortian family in Pretanic politics up to the 18th century with a chateaux and landed gentry in Lorranium. Most chiefs were in agreement with both the Antigoans and Inarans until the mid 9th century when they were expelled by the Inarans, Their massive size and emigration led to the linguistic and genetic success of the tribe through history.
Works' official return to Pretany
Only 29 of the original 140 missionaries returned to Kalm in 311 AD with detailed journals depicting their journey. The Great Works were slowly written by each missionary over the course of 12 years and became their life mission to finish each story to it's fullest. The works were eventually held by the Kelmreich monarchy, (modern day Kalm) in the royal library, but copied and published throughout the centuries globally, It wasn't until the late 18th century that the records were officially given back to Pretany as a gift to King Christian of Raggleneth for ending Pretany's trade isolation with the newly formed Republic of Kalm.