|8, 54.6587, 81.2604|
"Slavnise, naŝa krasna rodina"
Be glorious, our lovely motherland
My, podoljane, slobodny narod
We, Podolians, the free nation
and largest city
|• President (Predsednik)||Nikola Komaroviĉ|
|• The Head of Ministeries Cabinet (Hlava upravlenckoha kabinetu)||Danila Nemonta|
|• King of Holmsko and Vzmorsko||Alexij II|
|• Total||32'504 km2|
|• Water (%)||2.2|
|• Estimate (2017)||4 869 000|
|• Census (2012)||4 847 352|
|• Per capita||29 800|
|HDI (2011)|| 0.71|
The Podolian republic (pod. Podolьska respublika) or Podolia (pod. Podolje) is the landlocked country located in Central Uletha on the shores of Egalian Lake. It is bordered by Chira in the south, UL109 in the west and north and Meciara in the east. The Podolian Republic covers an area of 32,504 square kilometers of generally flat landscape with a mostly temperate continental climate.
Podolia is unitary presidential republic with the capital situating in its biggest city, Ĉervonograd, which has population of 630'000 inhabitants. Other big cities include Radovica and Mariner, with 220'000 and 195'000 residents respectively. The population of the country is estimated at 4.87 million people as for 2017, with approximately two-thirds of them living on the southern part of the country close to Egalian lake.
Main biomes of the country are the forests and forest-steppe, and some steppe grasslands on the south. The biggest river within the boundaries of the country is Ikŝa (Iksha), which has vast delta in its mouth, and the biggest river by total discharge is Ina, which serves as the international border between Podolia and Chira and also the sole outflow of Egalian Lake. The climate of the country is temperate, being under big influence of Egalian waters. Winters are cold and often frosty, especially in the northern mountainous regions, summers are warm but short.
The present day Podolia is originated in times when the terrain was inhabited by several Slevic tribes, probably migrated from south-west. This peoples often fought with each other, but also had alliances to resist external threats. The Podolian statehood begins at year 1019, when Holmsko (i.e. Hill country) and Vzmorsky (i.e. Near-sea country ), which were the most mighty among those peoples, signed the Velyka Unija and emerged into one country. The first monarch of newborn state was Mihal I. Since then the official title of monarch in Podolia is known as Kralь Holmsky i Vzmorsky (i.e. King of Holmsko and Vzmorsko).
However, the most part of its history Podolian nation was not independent, being under the rule of neighboring powers. The Podolian kingdom gained independence from theEgalian Empire only in 1825, while big political crisis struck the empire. The years of independence were marked with both significant cultural development, in particular the renaissance of Podolian Language & literature, as well as major industrial growth.
In the first half of 20th century communist and other leftist movements were strong in Podolian kingdom, as in many other countries worldwide, especially because of neighboring socialist Suria. In 1943, revolutionary takeover took place, that made the reigning king Nikola VII to leave the country. Newly formed Podolian republic became one-party socialist state and one of the satellites of Suria (particularly, in the Great War).
The political events in the 1980s, including students' and labour unions' protests, made the government to transform the state. In 1986, after 43 years of communist rule, Podolia became parliamentary republic with many parties in Narodne Sobranie (i.e. People's Assembly — the Parliament) and joined the community of democratic countries of the world. This year also was marked with the return of the King (who was Bratislav II at the moment), though, since then his title is only ceremonial and king remains to be only traditional head of state without even nominal political powers.
However, the position of socialists and social-democrats are still strong in our days, and today's political regime of the state is left-centrist. Podolia became presidential republic in 2009 with the new constitution.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography and climate
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Government
- 7 Culture
- 8 References
The name of the nation as well as the name of the country is originated in West-Slevic (Suric) roots.
The most relevant version says Podolia is derived from word "dol" (in other variants "dъl" and "дол"; compare with modern-day Drabantian údolí, Shilesian and Suric dolina, долина), which means "valley", "lowland", "dale" in modern Ingerish. Actually, the ancient West-Slevic tribes, when they came to Egalia in 6-7 centuries AD, founded their settlements at the shores of big rivers, such as Iksha and Ina and fertile meadows that surrounded them. The prefix po- means "along", and that can be explained that ancient Slevs live, travel and trade along those rivers.
Another version tells us that the origin can be not so straight-forward. The root "dol" might be derived from "dal" or "dal'" (compare with modern Surian "даль" (dal' - ing. "distance", "something too far"), "далеко" (daleko - ing. "far", "distant"), which reflects how much did Slevic tribes migrate before settling on the place of modern Podolia.
Arrival and establishing of proto-Podolian tribes
The second wave of migration began by the end of 5th century AD simultaneously from west and east. Suric and Gaermanic tribes arrived and established in the source of Ina river. Proto-Dranic and Sandrian pepoles also had certain influence on Podolian ethnogenesis. Archeological fossils and items prove that Slevic tribes mastered iron tools approx. in the 1 century B.C., and this invention let the colonisation and development of agriculture to accelerate.
By the end of 7th century there were 6 tribal unions, situated roughly and evenly on Iksha lowlands as depicted on the image in the left. The life and relationships often were not peaceful, and internecine wars happened regularly. However, the unions and alliances also happened, for example in 890 AD, when Gaermanic barbarians attacked Podolian lowlands.
The Great Union (Velyka Unija)
Under Egalian Empire protectorate
Independence. Podolian kingdom
Overthrow of monarchy. The Republic
section under construction
The Podolian Kingdom met XX century with rapid industrial growth and progressive internal policy. Queen Alberta I carried out a long-waited reform of tranformating country into dualistic monarchy in 1906. The same year the Parliament (Narodne Sobranje, lit. People's Assembly) was built and started to work. However, voting rights were granted only to male population of biggest cities under pressure of royal court ministeries.
The conditions of work and frequent suppression of civic rights did not satisfy the broad masses of urban proletariat. The problem was aggravated by the constant growing of urban population, moving from surrounding countryside and seeking new possibilities to earn some money in the town. The leftist movements and underground parties got the bigger influence throughout 1930s. In particular, the Podolian Socialist Democrat Workers Party, headed by Luka Jurovnik, was elected in 1934 in National Parliament but was not allowed to enter it because of backstage agreements of ruling class of wealth industrialists and manufacturers.
4 October 1934 - 5 July 1935 First Podolian Revolution
2 May 1943 - 26 July 1943 Second Podolian Revolution, also known as The Great Socialist Revolution or (in foreign press) Danilov-Jurovnik Revolution named after its leaders Klim Danilov and Luka Jurovnik. Was actively supported financially and diplomatically by Suria.
Reigning king Nikola VII with his family was forced to flee the country due to threats of reprisal.
Geography and climate on the latitude of 54.1, the northern is located on 56.2 parallel. A lot of various landscape features can be found there. The southernmost part of the country - the shores of Egalian Lake - are generally flat sandy beaches, but high bare rock cliffs are also observed, for example, in the vicinity of the city Ehalska Pristan. Moving northbound, elevations slowly rise and more various hills pop up in the central plains. The eastern part of the plain is marked by significantly higher hills, although not exceeding 600 m in height, comprised with ancient strata of chalks and limestones. The northern limits of the country are featured by the Northern Mountains with the highest peak of 2387 m. Those mountains are covered by glaciers in several places and also are the main source of Podolia's rivers, flowing from north to south.
The main water artery of the country is river Iksha with its big tributary Sogoda. Most of big cities are located on this river system, including 4 of 5 biggest cities of the country — Ĉervonograd, Mariner, Aleksandria, Surov. Rivers played important role in the history of Podolia, as both the sources nutrition and huge transport ways.
The climate is temperate continental with short but warm summers and cooling, sometimes frosty snowy winters. The borealic climate due to the location in the center of the continent is significantly moderated by big masses of water of Egalian Lake. Average precipitation is 900 mm on the shores and 1100 mm in mountains. Such a climate is good for distribution of mixed and coniferous forests. The timber is one of the most important national resources of Podolia. However, the forests of the southern part of the country are mostly cut down, as the area is being used as agricultural lands for centuries.
Main article: Demographics of Podolian Republic
Podolia is mostly mono-ethnic nation, with 91% of people being Podolians. The population of the country is estimated to be at 4,869,000 people as for 2017. The census is held every 8-10 years, while the last one was in 2012 (4,847,352 inhabitants). The annual natural population growth is ~0.08%, while total fertility rate is ~1.65 as for 2017.
The distribution of the population is quite even. The most densely populated okrugs are Juhovy (Southern) and Vzmorski (Near-sea). Most people live close to river valleys, shores of Egalian Lake, and on the shores of northern mountain lakes.
The biggest cities
Largest cities and towns in Podolia
Podolьska demografiĉna sluẑba
|1||Ĉervonograd||Ĉervonograd||632,100||11||Medna Ruda||Gorny okrug||57,260|| |
|2||Radovica||Juhovy okrug||218,700||12||Ẑivino||Ikŝinski okrug||50,770|
|3||Mariner||Radovicki okrug||196,300||13||Koĉetov||Inaĉni okrug||45,490|
|4||Ehalьska Pristanь||Vzmorski okrug||131,230||14||Godunov||Juhovy okrug||39,340|
|5||Surov||Ikŝinski okrug||103,100||15||Elovy Bor||Vzmorski okrug||36,960|
|6||Inagrad||Inaĉni okrug||86,110||16||Jankovec||Inaĉni okrug||33,380|
|7||Rodin||Juhovy okrug||78,280||17||Berezovec||Ezerni okrug||32,710|
|8||Borisov||Zahodni okrug||70,900||18||Svetopavlovsk||Zahodni okrug||30,500|
|9||Ezerny Dar||Ezerny okrug||66,540||19||Belograd-na-Ezercah||Ezerni okrug||28,480|
|10||Naftagorsk||Zahodni okrug||64,380||20||Osinovec||Inaĉni okrug||28,290|
Economy of Podolian Republic can be classifed as mixed type. On the one hand, numerous liberal reforms were done in early 1990s such as introduction of free trade within and outside the country for rapid market filling of consumer goods (some of which were deficit in socialist era). However, the haste and lack of competency of reformators quickly led to big inflation, increase of unemployment and eventually crisis in 1994. The parliament and government was dissolved, and coalition of leftist and central-leftist forces took the power.
Nowadays Podolian economy is predominantly industrial with highly developed heavy&light industries, mechanized agriculture. However, post-industrial sector and services sector is yet to be expanded and financed. The Gross Domestic Product (calculated by Purchasing Power Parity) of country is $147 billion, and averaged over 5 years annual growth being ~1.5%.
The country inherited numerous heavy enterprises from socialist era. The most known ones are Godunov machine factory, which produces many kinds of machinery, such as automobiles, trucks, engines, power turbines, metal- and wood- cutting machines and many other.
The main producer of electroenergy in the country is thermal power stations, working on obsolete fuels, such as coal, charcoil and even turf in rural swamp places. The government spends a lot of money for renowation of energetics, building gas power plants (working on imported gas) and wind farms.
The northern region has several rivers with big hydropotential, and the local hydro power stations produce elecroenergy for that provinces.
Parliament (Narodne Sobranie)
Social-Democratic Party of Podolian Republic: 41 seats
Podolian Labour Party: 32 seats
National Renaissance: 21 seats
Liberal Democratic Party of Podolia: 17 seats
National Front: 10 seats
Ministeries Cabinet (Upravlencki kabinet)
|Flag||Region name|| Translation
|Code||Administrative center|| Area
|Population|| Population density|
in residents per km2
|Gradska uprava Ĉervonogradu||City council of Chervonograd||0||Ĉervonograd||249.73||612,471||2452.5|
|Ezerny okrug||Lake region||2||Ezerno||2930.40|
|Gorny okrug||Mountain region||3||Medna Ruda||9197.19|
|Ikŝinski okrug||Ikŝa region||4||Surov||2120.57|
|Inaĉni okrug||Ina region||5||Inagrad||2790.23|
|Juhovy okrug||Southern region||6||Mariner||1413.22|
|Radovicki okrug||Region of Radovica||7||Radovica||3404.44|
|Srednopodolski okrug||Middle Podolian region||1||Ĉervonograd (is not included itself)||1255.34|
|Vzmorsky okrug||Near-sea region||8||Ehalska Pristan||2039.15|
|Zahodni okrug||Western region||9||Borisov||4577.34|
- Egalian Lake is often referred as the sea due to its big size.