Politics of Demirhanlı Devleti

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According to the constitution Demirhanlı Devleti is a constitutional monarchy where powers are shared between sultan, Council of ministers (alk. Dıvan) and unicameral parliament (alk. Ulusal Konseyi, National Assembly) with semi-independent judicary.

Sultan

Sultan is the leader of the state. His full title is stated as below:

Supreme leader of Demirhan House and all Alkanlars, Chosen by God Padishah of Demirhan Empire, Emir of Sivereflik and great Shah of Haronians, Protector of Eternal City Ardeşehir and all Iman believers, infallible judge and the ruler of all Demirhan lands and seas.

Traditionally the oldest son of former sultan is appointed to be a successor of the crown but in history were some exceptions from this rule caused by mental disability or lack of faith in skills of successors. Current sultan is Davut III whose successor is his oldest son, Orhan.

Constitution gives sultan extensive powers but most of them are used very rarely. The most important power is to dissolve parliament but it was used only twice, when Işçi Partisi (Workers Party) tried to unruly change constitution to restrict powers of sultan and nearly one hundred years later when the same party tried to abolish monarchy. Other important power is appointing the Grand Vizier (prime minister) and the Dıvan but the government must also gain approval from the parliament to rule effectively. On the other hand only sultan can dissolve government so the minority government is possible. This situation happened only once when Işçi Partisi and Sosyalist Halk Partisi (Socialist People Party) were outlawed and there were only 117 of 250 MP's in the parliament.

Sultan can also order a referendum, even constitutional and the score of the referendum is always binding for the National Assembly.

Other, strictly nonpolitical power of sultan is appointing judges. Sultan also has a representant in the National Judges Assembly (UYK), a body which takes control on judicary.

Dıvan

Dıvan is the executive of the Demirhan Empire which controls all of the state institutions. According to the constitution in the government should be ministers (viziers) of:

  • War - responsible for the state army, although according to the constitution Supreme Leader of the army is Grand Vizier.
  • Internal Affairs - responsible for most of the safety - territorial administration, police (including special forces) and fire brigades and state services - health, education and culture. The most interesting is the supervision on religion - for example leader of the Iman community in Demirhan Empire is appointed by the Minister of Internal Affairs.
  • External Affairs - concentrated on foreign policy and embassies.
  • Justice - the Vizier of Justice is the supreme prosecutor of the empire. The vizierate has also its representant in UYK. Other important task for that office is preparing the law to fit the rules and not cause a conflict between acts.
  • Treasure - this ministry plans the budget and takes care on state-owned bussiness and financial market.
  • Propaganda - this vizierate secures the position of sultan through the propaganda. Its other function is to secure the good opinion about the country outside the empire, including Demirhan diaspora.

For the purpose there could be added other, mostly temporary ministers.

Judicary

Judicary is according to the constitution independent. There is a body called Ulusal Yargıçlar Konseyi (National Judges Assembly) which is supposed to be a supervisor of judges. It is consisted of six judges appointed by sultan, three members of the parliament and representants from Justice Ministry and sultan. UYK also proposes sultan the candidates for future judges but sultan also can propose and choose his own candidates.

Constitutional control of law is made by the Constitutional Tribunal which is consisted of nine members appointed by the parliament. To be a a candidate for a member one should be at least a doctor of law.

There are two instances of judicary - standard and appeal courts. Also there is Supreme Court which is responsible for interpretation of the law and settling the law conflicts.

National Assembly

National Assembly is the Demirhan legislature. It is consisted of 250 MP's every 50 from each Eyalet. Term of office of the UK is four years. To get into parliament the party must surpass the 5% threshold. In the National Assembly there is one Speaker and two deputy speakers always chosen at first meeting of the new term.

Legislation to pass in the parliament usually must gain more than 50% of votes of MP's present in the parliament in the moment of voting but there are some exceptions. First is the budget law which requires more than 50% of votes of all MP's to pass, the second is constitutional referendum which requires two thirds of votes of all MP's.

Political parties

There are more than 100 political parties in Demirhanlı Devleti due to low requirements of establishing a party. New party must have at least 30 members and be approved by The Supreme Court. The Supreme Court can overthrow parties which use banned leftist ideologies or try to change the political system by the force instead of democratic ways.

Fatih Partisi

Status: legal
International alliance: Alliance for Liberty
Government: in coalition (116 MP's)
Eyalets: single rule: Malazit, in coalition: Alaklareli, Ardeşehir, Sivereflik, Tarsinar
Cities: in coalition: Alaklareli, İslahisar, Malazit, Sivereflik, Tarsinar, in opposition: Ardeşehir

One of the oldest parties in Demirhanlı Devleti established in 1841 by the son-in-law of Mehmet VI The Reformer. The main reason for the establishing the party was to preserve some powers of sultan which passed to the parliament and allow Mehmet to direct rule the empire despite democratic system of the country. It worked until 1880 when the party lost the majority for the first time because of unsuccesful policy and caused by that territorial losses and formed an exotic coalition with radical leftist Işçi Partisi. It caused nearly five years of turmoil in the country after which the party returned to power.

To win the 1885 election party changed some of its views to less conservative. For example they stopped to directly follow religion law when they projected the state law and took over some leftist postulates like limited work hours and free common education and health service. When it came to 1916 constitutional referendum the party broke up to two pieces - Fatih Partisi which supported the abolishing of the caliphate (because that was sultans will) and Geleneksel İman Partisi which was more conservative and wanted to preserve the caliphate.

Another hard years for the party came in 1961 when the corruption scandal with one of the viziers erupted. Under the pressure of the public opinion he was strangled[1] but the party lost election again. This time the new party leftist party, Sosyalist Halk Partisi in coalition with İşçi Partisi, took control under the government. Although SHP looked less radical than IP the parties started to change the law to overthrow the monarch or at least make him only a puppet. To prevent it Süleyman III banned all leftist parties in the empire and the Fatih Partisi came to rule again. This time the party focused more on national unity and solidarity - until death of Süleyman III it represented a strictly fascist ideology and regained its popularity due to widely planned welfare programs.

Recent years party partially lost its popularity again but gained a new new coalitiant - İmparatorluğun Milliyetçi Yeniden Doğuşu, founded by people who could not agree with softened policies after death of Süleyman III.

Current leader of the party since 2011 is Yazinci Mustafa Pasha, the Grand Vizier of Demirhanlı Devleti.

İmparatorluğun Milliyetçi Yeniden Doğuşu

Status: legal
International alliance: none
Government: in coalition (28 MP's)
Eyalets: in coalition: Sivereflik, Tarsinar, in opposition: Malazit, Alaklareli
Cities: in coalition: İslahisar, Malazit, Sivereflik, Tarsinar

Party established in 1993 in response to softening policy of Fatih Partisi and new sultan Abdülhamid III who opened country for its allies from Astrasia. From its start İMYD wants to reestablish a state which controls all country's industry and spread intense pro-war propaganda. In their vision Demirhan Empire should return to policy which it provided through centuries - conquest of all weak countries they can reach. Another pillar of the IMYD policy is heavy national propaganda often turned against minorities living in the empire. In the speech in 2013 their leader Mazir Azhar Paşa stated that only Iman believers should be able to stay in the country, whats met with criticism from public opinion.

For a long time IMYD opposed FP. Things were changed in 2015 when Eroglu Cemal Paşa became to be a Minister of War. It was the first point of forming coalition in National Assembly after Fatih Partisi lost long held majority. After that some politician of İMYD gained key roles in the government, such as Mazir Azhar Paşa who gained an office of Vali (governor) of Sivereflik.

Geleneksel İman Partisi

Status: legal
International alliance: none
Government: in opposition (46 MP's)
Eyalets: in coalition: Alaklareli, Ardeşehir, Sivereflik, in opposition: Malazit, Tarsinar
Cities: in coalition: Alaklareli, İslahisar, Sivereflik, Tarsinar, in opposition: Ardeşehir

Party dropped out from FP in 1916 after the fall of the caliphate in constitutional debate. They constantly believe in the unity of Iman world under the Demirhan sultan as a caliph and want to reinstall religious law in the society. Also they believe that state should follow principles of socialist economy because every Iman believer should give a baksheesh for poor people as it is stated in the Holy Book.

In their policy party swings between opposition and coalition, depending on how conservative current sultan is and the state needs. For example in 2014 party argued that sultan Selim V is homosexual because he is forty two years old and doesn't have the heirs yet (it was confirmed in 2018 and caused Selim V resignation in favor of his brother, Davut) They vowed that it is strictly against God and against citizens who are lied by the sultan. It caused very harsh reaction from the ruling FP and provoked GİP to go out from some local coalitions. It caused some turmoil in provincial assemblies and probably popularity drop of FP in last elections.

Current leader of the party is a self-proclaimed imam Ahmet Yediz, who holds a place as a MP since 1999.

Rum Partisi

Status: legal
International alliance: none
Government: in opposition (19 MP's)
Eyalets: in coalition: Alaklareli, in opposition: Ardeşehir, Malazit, Sivereflik, Tarsinar
Cities: in coalition: Alaklareli, Ardeşehir, in opposition: İslahisar, Sivereflik, Tarsinar

One of the oldest parties in the empire, founded in early 1850s by Christic minority leaders in the empire. Party functioned continuously all the time, except years 1882-1885, when political parties were banned. Economical centrists, who are focused only on the rights of the minorities. Sometimes their members give some controversial speeches vowing for more autonomy for multicultural eyalets, what provides to hostility between them and nationalists, who see that as another partition of the empire. They never gained a significant percent of votes in the parliament but always can get above required 5%. Party is usually strongest in the multicultural cities and provinces.

Small change in the party situation was made in 2016 when long lasted tension between Haronian beys from the north of Alaklareli Eyaleti and the provincional government of Fatih Partisi exploded. In 2015 Hemreş Bey from sancak Khalem protested against taxation growth and said he will ask government of Zamaniya for protection. He quickly gained approval from military commanders in Khalem and Latiandar. Initially governor from Fatih Partisi tried to decrease the tension but rebellious people wouldn't hear him. To avoid potential bloodshed sultan appointed a new governor of province from Rum Partisi. It was the first time when the party got into provincial government.

Current leader of the party is Şahriyar Behnam Paşa, vali of the Alaklareli Eyaleti.

Halklar Partisi

Status: legal
International alliance: none
Government: in opposition (17 MP's)
Eyalets: in opposition: Malazit, Sivereflik, Tarsinar
Cities: in opposition: Malazit

Party was established in 1964 by low-rank members of delegalized Sosyalist Halk Partisi who were not sentenced to jail or killed in the riots one year earlier. Most of the party structures were took over from delegalized party. To prevent being banned Halklar Partisi adapted more conservative program which did not deny the need of the monarchy, national unity and importance of religion in daily life. On the other hand it preserved socialist economical policies from its predecessor.

Party's traditional target are workers and farmers. in the mid 90s when the fascist state of Süleyman III was only a memory party gained more leftist outlook - focused more on environmentalism and personal freedoms. Time has shown it was not the wisest decision because public support for the party fell from nearly 20% to slightly above 5%. Also its policies enlarged concerns in the rest of the parties and some radical MP's from FP and IMYD vowed to delegalise the party as too leftist.

Current leader of the party is Davut Osmanoğlu.

Muhafazakar Cumhuriyetçi Partisi

Status: legal
International alliance: International Liberal and Democrat Alliance
Government: in opposition (28 MP's)
Eyalets: in opposition: Alaklareli, Ardeşehir, Malazit, Tarsinar
Cities: in coalition: Ardeşehir in opposition: Alaklareli, Malazit, Tarsinar

Party was established under the rule of Süleyman II, in 1893 by Topal Ali Paşa, one of the leaders of progressive movement around the empire at the time. From its establishment party believed that reforms proposed by the new sultan are too superficial and the country must be transformed into presidential republic. Despite that party offered society very conservative program concentrated on religion and free market economy.

During the crises of 1960s party strongly opposed socialists and shown vast support for Süleyman III, which probably was the only reason why it was not abolished like leftists.

Current leader of the party is Karim Recep Paşa.

İşçi Partisi

Status: illegal
International alliance: International Workers Alliance
One of the oldest parties, established in 1828. From its formation party vowed for giving more power to the people, including establishment of an one party parliament with themselves as a ruling party. Economic views are concentrated on central planning and common duty of work. The party was also the inventor of big state farms near the rivers which even in present days produce nearly 30% of food.

The party broke in two in 1919 when some of their less radical members acknowledged the system proposed by a new state constitution as good and tried to resign from idea of formation of one party regime instead of multiparty system. The new part was called Sosyalist Halk Partisi.

Işçi Partisi started to revolt in 1961 against the sultan with money and weapon support from communist countries around the world, most notable of which was Egani. After the death of the party leader, Komünist Halil Bey, many of the party members fled to other countries and still try to destabilize the empire and create new, red country.

Party don't have any official leader, the leadership belongs to the Large Council of All Alkanlar Workers.

Sosyalist Halk Partisi

Status: illegal
International alliance: Labour and Social Democrat International
Party evolved from the more sensitive wing of Işçi Partisi in 1919 and tried to make a socialist state using democratic methods. Despite that in crises of 1960s they decided to join Işçi Partisi in the revolt and when the riots ended, the party was delegalized. Many members of the party fled abroad and still try to depreciate the legitimate government of the empire.

Current leader of the party is Ahmet Serseri, living in Uletha.

References

  1. Traditional way of killing criminals in Demirhan culture