Politics of Drabantia

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Drabantia is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic. The President, who has limited powers, is the formal head of state, the Prime Minister is the head of government. Government of Drabantia, reporting to the lower chamber of the Parliament, holds executive power. Drabantia has a bicameral legislature consisting of the Chamber of Deputies with 160 members, and the Senate with 81 members. The political system is multi-party. Drabantia was rated a "full democracy" in 2017.[1]

The country has been a republic since 1915. In the 1940s, following economical turmoil, the political situation shifted in favor of far-left parties. The late 1990s saw the rise of centrism and economic liberalism, represented by the Liberal Democratic Party and Green Party, the number one and three (respectively) largest political parties as of 2018.

Constitution

Drabantia's constitution characterizes it as a unitary republic. It is the supreme law of the country. The Constitution defines territorial integrity, the governmental system as well as human and civic rights. The Constitutional Court oversees issues associated with the constitution. The current constitution is in power since 1915 with multiple amendments made since.

Executive branch

Interiors of the Presidential Palace (former Royal Palace) in Krále Hora

While the President is formally the head of the state, their power is limited. The Prime Minister is the head of the government.

President

The President is elected indirectly. They serve 5-year terms and can only be reelected once in their lifetime. The President (among other things) appoints and recalls the Prime Minister and heads of diplomatic missions, signs enacted laws, ratifies international treaties and represents the State abroad. The President resides in the Presidential Palace in Krále Hora. Radovan Bašta currently serves as President. He was elected in 2015.

Prime Minister

The Chairman of the Government of Drabantia, commonly referred to as the Prime Minister, is the head of the government. They are appointed by the President. The Prime Minister creates and organizes the Government and appoints other Ministers. The Government must be given approval by the majority of the members of the Chamber of Deputies (81.) The Prime Minister may also lose the approval, in which case they are recalled and a new Prime Minister is appointed. Jan Michalek (Liberal Democratic Party) is the Prime Minister since July 27th, 2018.

Government

The Government of Drabantia, also called the cabinet, consists of the Prime Minister and 14 Ministers. The government sets the agenda for most foreign and domestic policies. It has to receive approval from the Chamber of Deputies before entering into power. Similarly, the Chamber of Deputies can vote to dissolve it. The current cabinet was sworn in on July 27th, 2018.

Office Incumbent Political party Office location
Ministry of Agriculture Cyril Čestný Prog. Christ. map
Ministry of Culture Lenka Zimová Green map
Ministry of Defense Jakub Stolín Prog. Christ.
Ministry of the Environment Drahomíra Morávková Green map
Ministry of Finance Václav Šípek Lib. Dem. map
Ministry of Foreign Affairs František Navrátil Lib. Dem. map
Ministry of Health Jiří Kajnar Lib. Dem.
Ministry of Industry and Trade Jiří Mareš Lib. Dem. map
Ministry of the Interior Jan Vlach Green map
Ministry of Justice Anna Kociánová Prog. Christ. map
Ministry of Local Development Magdalena Smetanová Lib. Dem. map
Ministry of Science, Education and Sport Erik Šulc Green map
Ministry of Social Affairs Jaroslav Hradil Prog. Christ. map
Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure Petr Dlouhý Green map

Legislative branch

The seat of the Senate in Krále Hora

The legislative body of Drabantia is a two-chamber parliament.

The Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká sněmovna) is the lower chamber. It has 160 members, which are elected for a four-year term in a proportional representation election with a 5% threshold. The upper chamber is the Senate, which has 81 members elected for a six-year term by two-round runoff voting. The Parliament holds and passes bills, ratifies international treaties, decides on military missions and has the right to modify the Constitution. The Chamber of Deputies resides in Odrava, the Senate in Krále Hora.

Political parties and elections

People entering a polling station in Drabantský Kolín
Chart showing the results of the 2018 Chamber of Deputies election

Drabantia has a diverse spectrum of political parties. The left-wing is represented by the National Socialist Party of Drabantia (member of the International Workers Alliance) and the Social Democratic Party of Drabantia (member of the Labour and Social Democrat International.) The Republican Party of the Countryside (member of the Alliance for Liberty), Drabantian National Democratic Party and the Entrepreneur Party are as of 2018 the strongest political parties on the right. In addition, Drabantia has a traditionally broad variety of centrist parties, such as the Liberal Democratic Party (member of the International Liberal and Democrat Alliance), which won the 2018 Drabantia Chamber of Deputies election, the Progressive Christian Party of Drabantia or the Green Party.

In regional and municipal elections, local parties often win the majority of votes.[2]

Parliamentary elections take place every four years. 160 members of the Chamber of Deputies are elected by proportional representation with a 5% threshold. 27 senators are elected every 2 years for a 6-year term in a two-round runoff voting. Municipal and regional elections are held parallel to the Senate election.

The president is elected indirectly by the parliament every five years.

The legal voting age is 18 years.

Summary of the 20 - 21 April 2018 Drabantian Chamber of Deputies election results
Party Ideology Votes % Seats Change
Liberal Democratic Party Centrism, Economical liberalism 706,728 15.81 31 -4
Republican Party of the Countryside Conservatism 671,861 15.03 30 +4
Green Party Environmentalism, Social liberalism 629,394 14.08 28 -4
Progressive Christian Party of Drabantia Christian democracy, Social liberalism 547,144 12.24 24 +10
Social Democratic Party of Drabantia Social democracy 523,005 11.70 23 +8
Entrepreneur Party Libertarianism 270,443 6.05 12 +12
National Socialist Party of Drabantia Socialist nationalism 260,162 5.82 12 -4
Christian Conservative Party Clericalism, Traditionalism 216,801 4.85 0 -11
Drabantian National Democratic Party Conservatism, Nationalism, Traditionalism 210,543 4.71 0 -11
Monarchists Monarchism, Traditionalism, Populism 176,123 3.94 0 0
Libertarian Party Libertarianism, Pirate politics 68,840 1.53 0 0
Others 189,086 4.24 0
Total (turnout 67.22%) 4,470,130 100.00 160
Source: Drabantian Statistics Bureau
Composition of the Senate of Drabantia
Party Seats
2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 Total
Republican Party of the Countryside 4 4 5 5 4 6 15
Liberal Democratic Party 3 6 5 5 4 4 13
Green Party 6 5 4 5 4 4 13
Social Democratic Party of Drabantia 5 3 3 2 3 4 9
Progressive Christian Party of Drabantia 2 3 3 2 3 3 8
Christian Conservative Party 2 2 3 1 6
National Socialist Party of Drabantia 1 3 2 1 1 4
National Democratic Party of Drabantia 1 2 2 3 1 4
Culture Movement 3 3
Our Vaberec 1 1
Monarchists 1 1
Drabantian Freeholder Party 1 2 0
Boravians 1 0
Independent 2 1 3 3 6
Total 27 27 27 27 27 27 81
Source: [1]

Constituencies in which the election was held:

  • 2012, 2018: 1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 28, 31, 34, 37, 40, 43, 46, 49, 52, 55, 58, 61, 64, 67, 70, 73, 76, 79
  • 2008, 2014: 2, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17, 20, 23, 26, 29, 32, 35, 38, 41, 44, 47, 50, 53, 56, 59, 62, 65, 68, 71, 74, 77, 80
  • 2010, 2016: 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33, 36, 39, 42, 45, 48, 51, 54, 57, 60, 63, 66, 69, 72, 75, 78, 81

Supreme Administrative Court in Lipice

Judicial branch

The Supreme Court is Drabantia's highest court of appeals in a four-tier system. The Constitutional Court has 15 members appointed by the President with approval of the Senate, and rules on constitutional issues. The Supreme Administrative Court rules on procedural, political and administrative issues. Drabantian courts are defined as independent by the Constitution.[3] Most higher courts are seated in Lipice, as a counterbalance to most of the legislative institutions being seated in Odrava.[4]

Administrative divisions

Drabantia is divided into 10 regions (kraje) including Odrava, which has the special formal status of a capital city. Regions are then divided into 69 districts (okresy) which are also local seats of various institutions of state administration. The country is also divided into 153 townships (obce s rozšířenou působností, abbrev. osrp), which run parallel to districts. Townships are grouped into 81 constituencies, which are used for parliamentary elections. [5]

Involvement in international organizations

Drabantia is a founding member of the Egalian Union and is also a member of the Assembly of Nations and all associated organizations, Academic Support International, Ulethan Alliance for Culture and various sports associations.

References

  1. Steinfeld Political Freedom Index 2017
  2. "Krajské volby v Drabantské republice" Karel Hanák et al., Alfa 2014
  3. Ústava Drabantské republiky, kapitola 4
  4. drabantsko.db/soudni/soudy
  5. "Administrativní dělení Drabantska" on drabantsko.db