Politics of Myrcia
Rihtwísness (Ingerish: Justice) originated from the fall out of the revolutionary Rihtwísness movement in the 1910s. Mar Lewisson who led the Wyrpe stood in the first democratic elections to the Sæterhriht in 1912 along with many of his fellow protest leaders. He won a seat in the Folclagu and became Myrcia's first Ealdor. At the time the party was seen as a coalition of radicals with no clear manifesto or policies but as the twentieth century developed it saw a platform develop and members who disagreed splinter off to create other parties
The current Rihtwísness platform was strongly influenced by Elle Ellesdohtor who was Ealdor between 1977 and 1987. She was a keen advocate of free trade and neo-liberal economics. She privatised a number of industries which had been under public control and concentrated on individual liberty as the driver of policy making. Her policies represented a turning point in the Myrcian economy, traditional industries were decimated whilst the service and retail sectors boomed as consumer credit became easily available. Rihtwísness still stands by her legacy today arguing that Ellesdohtor made Myrcia a modern, competitive player in the Ulethan marketplace. Her critics argue that this was done at the cost of traditional economic values which put the worker at the centre of the workplace.
Rihtwísness' most recent manifesto included commitments to open up the Myrcian rail industry and healthcare sector to private competition, continue reforms to remove restrictions on the banking and finance sectors in order to make Dunwic a more attractive location for international corporations and re-start negotiations on creating a north Ulethan free trade zone.
Wyrcend (Ingerish: Workers) was founded in 1917. The party emerged from a long history of folk Socialism and co-operative ownership which were both strong currents in Myrcian society during the 19th century. Originally these socialist organisations shared the aims of the Rihtwísness and worked alongside the revolutionaries to oppose the monarchy and state institutions. Once the revolution had subsided and democracy was established the socialists stood candidates in elections under independent or co-operative banners with some success but by 1917 there was a feeling emerging that the Rihtwitness was a revolution for the bourgeoisie.
Wyrcend began as a union between the worker's guilds of Gildscipe af Myrcia and Wyrced Rihtgegilda but by the 1920s it had become an electoral alliance for nearly all socialist candidates and organisations. The party had periods in power during the first half of the 20th century. During which the government established a nationalised health service, maintained public ownership of the railways and industries and encouraged co-operative ownership of private companies.
Wyrcend's election of 1988 saw them come to power on a manifesto which reversed many of the pro-market reforms put into place by Ellesdohtor's Rihtwísness government. Although they lost power again between 1992-2000 without managing to achieve many of these aims they have had a long string of electoral success since 2000. Wyrcend has governed in coalition with Filiþléag a Mere since 2004 implimenting a progressive, socialist agenda of social and economic change. The current Ealdor Bygett Lisedohtor is of Wyrcend.
The party is a member of the International Workers Alliance although more centrist forces have been trying to change this since the 1980s. Lisedohtor has stated her support for remaining in the IWA and has said she is not looking to revisit this issue in the near future.
Æðel Myrcia (Ingerish: Myrcian Land) was formed as a splinter from Rihtwísness in 1934. Sixteen Rihtwísness FFs and GFs resigned from the party after the 1933 convention where candidates with fascist tendencies failed to be elected to any positions on the party's committee. The new party supported openly fascist policies including eugenics and military isolationism.
ÆM first contested seats in the 1936 election and saw the number of its representatives increase from sixteen to twenty in the Sæterhriht. Throughout the mid twentieth century ÆM never reached a level of national popular support but did maintain pockets of electoral support in Nórdhumber and Englea in particular.
By 1969 the party had shrunk to just two representatives in the Sæterhriht and had begun to focus on direct political action. It held protests in areas of Dunwic and St Grimbald which had experienced high levels of immigration. The party broadly continued along these lines until the mid-1980s.
At this time ÆM began to once more set its sights on electoral success. In the election of 1984 it put forward a manifesto free of the more radical and racial elements of its policy and instead focusing on anti-free trade and protectionist policies. The party particularly opposed the establishment of a North Ulethan free trade zone which was being progressed by Elle Ellesdohtor.
The party amended their constitution in 1986 to drop a commitment to Myrcian fascism and continued to experience a mild up-build in electoral success throughout the 1990s. The party currently has four members in the Folclagu and nine members in the Griðlagu.
Filiþléag a Mere
Filiþléag a Mere (Ingerish: Meadows and Lakes) is an eco-socialist party founded in 1972. It emerged from the growing Green movement around Kirkcoleg Myrcia in the late 1960s and early 1970s. A number of left-wing ecological groups baneded together to form Filiþléag a Mere initially to contest seats on Dunwic Burhcounsil.
After some success in the 1976 Burhcounsil elections FaM looked to stand candidates in the Sæterhriht elections of 1980. They won their first seat in Dunwic's St Alfred constituency. Their success grew in urban areas throughout the 1980s to the point where FaM were accused of splitting the left-wing vote of Wyrcend allowing Rihtwísness to win the 1984 election.
In 1988 the party formed a governing coalition with Wyrcend which bought about greater investment in public transport and increases in road and fuel duties. The party returned to coalition power in 2004 and have been in government with Wyrcend since. The current Eówealdor is Wyn Risedohtor of FaM.
(Ingerish: United Independents)