Pyingshum

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11, 36.4229, 119.3088
Pyingshum-sur
City
The Sunmyuel Tyanhā Canal feeding into the river Kime in Mómauel-Pang
Motto:
"Pyáfu, tujú"
Rise, always
CountryKojo
DemonymPyingshumanian
Area
 • Total1302 km2
Population
 • Census (2015)8 600 000
 • Density6 605/km2
Metro17 lines + 5 highly branched Papáchē routes

Pyingshum (pjiŋɕɯm, old script: xxx) is the capital and biggest city of Kojo. It is the centre of politics, culture and commerce as well as the country's main transportation hub.

History

Pre-historic

The area around today's Pyingshum was inhabited by various tribes without apparent cultural connections or language since the stone age. There have been various findings of ancient tools and cave drawings as well as primitive clothing. Earliest housing and farming facilities found date back to around 9,000 b.c.

The 3 ages (old classics)

The time between the formation of civilisation and the take over of the early Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty is usually, when referring to the area around Pyingshum, divided into 3 ages; The 1st age starts with the first permanent settlements along the river Kime, which flowed in a slightly different bed at that time. These small agricultural communities were formative to large areas along major rivers in Kojo with fertile land.

The 2nd age is usually seen between 200 and 950. During this time the first small cities were forming, amongst them the ancient ancestor of today's Pyingshum, Tyússen. This settlement was developing on a major hill carved by the river Kime, and is today known as the Castle Hill in Kūtokkyaen-Pang. There are no physical remains of this city.

In the 3rd age, lasting from ~950 to 1249, the region entered a temporarily dark age due to some phases of intense wars and fighting. Several small potentates in the region tried to seize power from each other. Eventually, after a large battle, Abdi-Likk and his troops appeared to have won and captured the city of Tyússen on today's Castle Hill. Damaged by the intense fighting, they rebuild much of the town in a few years. However, meanwhile the Krun'a merchant family, who had more or less ruled over the city previously, managed to secretly gain support amongst opponents of Abdi-Likk, and prepared for a surprising re-capturing of Tyússen. In 1249 they stormed the yet unfortified city with the unified troops of many formerly inexpiable fighters, and killed all members of Abdi-Likk's clan. They completely burned down the city and used all materials to build their new fortress on the top of the hill. The new city, "Pyilsshum'yu", developed at the feet of the hill. The Krun'a clan formed the new Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty lineage, in which many of the collaborates were included via marriages and other arrangements.

Early Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty

From 1249 to around 1620 the Pyilser-krun'a lineage controlled the area around Pyingshum relatively unchallenged, and the city was slowly growing at the feet of Castle Hill, which itself was mostly kept as a garden for the royal family. Many remains of this old Pyingshum can still be seen today in Kūtokkyaen-Pang. The remains of the Old City Wall "Kū Tokkyaenbu" still mark the area occupied by this oldest part of the city . The kingdom was one of many in the area of today's Kojo, which was a rag rug of small kingdoms and principalities. However this relative peace was about to come to a sudden end.

Civil War and Emerging as Capital of Kojo

Caused by an escalating civil war between the countless many kingdoms and a great famine in 1620, huge parts of the population in the area of today's Kojo and immediate surroundings were forced to flee and relocate, mingling language and culture. As a result, all political structures were disrupted, and only few kings were able to stay in charge of their kingdoms or principalities. Things slowly settled down for about 40 years, while the survivors of the big migration wave started to build their new lives and new political structures arouse where the former sovereigns lost control. Due to a good balance of handling the mass influx of foreigners to the city and surroundings while at the same time upholding military strength again concurring kingdoms, Pyingshum was not as heavily damaged as many other major cities and emerged from the big wave under good conditions. Because the kingdom happened to do quite well economically and influentially after the wave, King Surb Rēkku from the Pyilser-krun'a dynasty intensified his aspiration to gain more control over the other kingdoms in the area from the early 1630's on, and his family's kingdom slowly rose in power.

In 1622, 4 years into his reign and at the age of 20, he had married 18 years old Chihaya Nabunga, daughter of the Hopponese leader Ato Nabunga and his concubine, or rather co-empress, Queen Riya. The Hopponese leader hoped that the marriage would improve general political stability in the north; marrying his daughter to the Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty, he gambled that Surb Rēkku would be able to unify the area of today's Kojo. Eventually, 4 years before his death, in 1668, an area quite similar to today's Kojo was unified by the King and his Hopponese wife, and Pyingshum became the capital of the new Kingdom of Kojo. The country entered a phase called "High Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty", which was marked by a large draw of administration, science and trade to the new nation's capital, where it flourish. Also, the marriage to Hopponese royalty not only had a vast influence on rules and rites in the royal court itself, but also drew, in addition to the already quite extensive court society, a considerable number of Hopponese admirers who followed their beloved Chihaya and settled down in Kojo permanently. This had a large impact on the the Kojolese language, whose modern variant is largely influenced by royal Pyilser and Hopponese.

On the aspect of city planning, Surb Rēkku also commissioned a large extension to the century-old city wall. The large influx of new inhabitants from all over the country into the already crammed city made him to mandate the drainage of the swampy area to the west of the old city, and the constructible surface area of the city quadrupled by 1663. This demonstration of will for expansion was one of the many factor which promoted the peaceful unification of Kojo 5 years later. He also started building the "Beautiful Princess Nobun'ga Bridge" ("Mēonra Nabun'ga Kamul") in the new western part of the city, which posed the first permanent construction crossing the river. At the adjacent market square there is the Hopponese Quarter "Hoppon no Machi" (ホッポンの街).

In the year of the Kojolese unification in 1668, Surb Rēkku opened this bridge, and it still is a major tourist attraction today.

High Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty

As the capital city of the Kojolese Kingdom, the city of Pyingshum established itself as the unchallenged primate city in the wider region as trade, higher education and bureaucracy went through the roof. Up to 1826, for a total of 577 years since 1249, it was under direct control of the Pyilser-krun'a dynasty, which from 1668 on governed all of Kojo from there. Around the beginning of the 19th century, the King commissioned the first planned expansion of the city in post-medieval times, with the erection of Jiuefum Bei, "Rectangle Quarters", in today's Goengyuē-Pang. For the most part however, the monarchy wasn't too concerned with mindfully facilitating the population growth caused by the first effects of the upcoming industrialisation.

Industrialisation and the down-throw of the Monarchy

Pyingshum pop development.PNG

As the first vibe of industrialisation swept through the country, social problems became apparent, and unrest was forming in the workers' quarters. Leading up to the 1820's, the people were dissatisfied with their extravagant and incompetent ruler's way of spending enormous amounts of money on splendour and luxury while the housing conditions in the city became more than unbearable, and finally overthrew monarchy violently, but without much resistance from the military, which had its own plans, in 1828. It stormed the castle atop castle hill, and most members of the royal family were killed.

A semi-democratic constitution was written and proclaimed in 1834, and the relatively new government saw itself confronted with a relatively full treasury, which it took over from the royals and other aristocratic families. So it came that the national parliament decided in the 1840's that to the north-north-west of the old city core, where there was space to build on, a new capital was to be erected at a small distance to the historic, "archaic" city centre, with wide boulevards radiating from the centre-piece, the Arc of Unity. In these government quarters the new democratic institutions got established. The road layout as well as the architecture was supervised by lead city planner and architect Tunmaldu-Oejaén Ozuman, and the city centres still attracts visitors today who marvel the distinct Ozuman Style. Modern Ozuman Chezi, formerly a royal country estate, was turned into a temporary passenger railway station until a sustainable solution was to be found; this was extremely popular as it was perceived as an act of revenge against the former monarchy. Despite soaring usage, is was used as a railway station for several years, with temporary platforms being erected at its back pointing towards the south and the west. At the same time, the building of today's Humenyamin Chezi was built, originally as a large market and exhibition hall.

Although the city planners knew that over time the two city centres would probably merge and together form the centre of a much larger city, the unexpected quick rise of industrialisation drew so much people into the city that after just a few years the city duplicated in size. Railway traffic increased as well, and soon the new temporary passenger railway station was at its limits. It was decided to build the new Limbē-Dyanchezi in the west, where formerly there only was a railway yard, and to cut back the tracks leading to Ozuman-Chezi (however a considerable section was then converted to the new metro line 2). This was the last major change to the urban shape of Daiamondoshi-Pang, and it also gave way to developing large parts of Kami so Kuruchi-Pang and Senjahi-Pang following a similar style as the successful Daiamondoshi. Limbē-Dyanchezi handled its first commercial trains in early 1872. A couple of years later, in 1880, Aku-Dyanchezi opened in the far, yet undeveloped south of the capital, however due to a missing metro link at the new station (line 1 would reach the station only many decades alter) the western terminus remained the city's busiest railway station for a long time.

The first section of metro line 1 began operation in 1891, and already in 1892 line 2 run from east to west to connect Daiamondoshi-Pang from the the great amber market hall (now Humenyamin Chezi) and the former Ozuman Chezi with the new western far-distance railway station.

Approaching the 20th century the metro system continued to grow steadily.

20th Century

Modern times

Geography

Climate

Climate data for Pyingshum, Kojo (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.9
(48)
11.6
(53)
16.7
(62)
21.8
(71)
26.3
(79)
30.6
(87)
32.1
(90)
31.9
(89)
28.5
(83)
22.6
(73)
16.0
(61)
10.2
(50)
21.43
(71)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.8
(39)
6.4
(44)
11.2
(52)
16.2
(61)
21.2
(70)
25.6
(78)
27.3
(81)
26.8
(80)
23.1
(74)
16.8
(62)
9.5
(49)
5.2
(41)
16.1
(61)
Average low °C (°F) −0.7
(31)
1.4
(35)
5.7
(42)
10.6
(51)
15.8
(60)
20.3
(69)
22.2
(72)
21.6
(71)
17.4
(63)
11.1
(52)
5.5
(42)
0.7
(33)
10.97
(52)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 80.1 90.5 118.1 115.7 110.4 73.2 95.6 56.2 60.5 81.1 115.4 119.8 1,116.6
Average rainy days 7.9 8.5 9.6 8.5 8.1 7.2 6.5 5.9 5.5 6.7 7.8 7.9 90.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 167 174 215 255 302 321 327 307 251 245 246 173 2,983
Source: Kojolese Meteorological Agency.

Transportation

Road Network

There are several highways feeding into the city from other parts of the country. They all connect to the G1 - Pyingshum-Góso Kul, a ring motorway enwrapping the inner city. There is also an outer ring highway with a radius of about 15 km, consisting of several interconnected tangential motorways. There are 5 highways that extend into the inner city to grant quick access to the motorway network.

Since the rise of motorisation traffic policies in Pyingshum have been constantly dealing with the soaring usage of cars: while on one hand trying to meet the demand by implementing appropriate traffic solutions, car usage in the inner city is being discouraged in a number of ways. Especially in the inner city car traffic is discouraged by a number of policies; since the 60's, many narrow streets in central neighbourhoods have been transformed into pedestrian and bike-only paths. Also the vast public transportation network has constantly been upgraded to ensure sufficient mobility for the city's inhabitants. There is virtually none free public parking, and high fees are imposed on car ownership in the inner city in general. Like most national highways, users have to pay tolls to use them; in Pyingshum during rush hour, additional congestion charges apply. The city has two designated low emission zones. Zone I includes the area inside of the outer highway ring, and with the exception of the motorway leading to the harbour and the harbour area itself highly polluting vehicles are banned here. Zone II covers the inner city inside of the inner highway ring, and here Diesel as well as even less polluting vehicles as in zone I are prohibited from entering. It is possible to buy-out one's vehicle from this ban by paying, depending on the vehicle's emissions, a fee from 3,500 Zubi up to 15,000 Zubi (~600 int$) per month. The car sticker given out to these exempt vehicles is also known as "Daiamondoshi-medal", because most of them belong to a super rich elite who resides in Daiamondoshi-Pang, who are willing to pay these exorbitant amounts to be still able to show off their prestige cars.

Public Transportation in Pyingshum

Railway

Pyingshum is the country's main railway node. It is connected to the other major cities of the country via the IC (InterCity), a THC high speed train system that reaches speeds up to 320 km/h, and the supplementing CC network. They serves the city's three far-distance train stations, Limbē-Dyanchezi (Western Far-Distance Station), Kibō-Dyanchezi (Northern Far-Distance Station) and Aku-Dyanchezi (Southern Far-Distance Station). Transfer between these stations has to take place via the Chitakyoe Huwochē (Subway) or the Papáta Huwochē (Express trains). Most large cities in Kojo have a direct connection to the capital.

The following table shows all IC and CC routes serving Pyingshum:

Number Stops Headway Rolling Stock Notes
IC 1 Pyingshum ADC, PSM Int. Airport, Kahyuemgúchi, Leshfyomi-sul, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Láoféi, Kimelíngsan-shu, Jaka Kayaran 1 h (3+3) -/-
IC 1 E Pyingshum ADC, Kippa ZC, Jaka Kayaran 1 h (4S+4) -/-
IC 3 Pyingshum ADC, PSM Int. Airport , Kahyuemgúchi, Nároggul, Igilaē, Womenlū, Zúkshi (Fóskiman h.), Finkyáse, Marbella, Ataraxie-Ville 1 h (4+4) -/-
Ántibes 1 h (4+4) -/-
1 h (4+4) -/-
IC 3 E Pyingshum ADC, Finkyáse Ataraxie-Ville 1 h (4S+4S) -/-
Ántibes 2 h (4S+4) -/-
IC 4 Pyingshum KDC, Formajiá, Īme Abuchezi, Wenzū ZC, Yoyomi ZC, (Ekkisom - Almun Alchakkya IC), Kwaengdō ZC, Kwaengdō Shaddóti 1 h (3+3) -/-
IC 4 E Pyingshum KDC, Yoyomi, Kwaengdō ZC, Zúkshi (Cheryuman h.), Tsuyenji 1 h (4S+4) -/-
Kwaengdō Shaddóti 1 h (4S+4) -/-
IC 5 Pyingshum ADC, PSM Int. Airport, Kahyuemgúchi, Leshfyomi-sul, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Tamrong, Hetta, Womenlū, Zúkshi (Fóskiman h.), Finkyáse 1 h 2N -/-
IC 5 E Pyingshum ADC, Kippa ZC, Hetta, Womenlū, Finkyáse 1 h 2N -/-
IC 6 Pyingshum KDC Busakyueng ZC 1 h (3+3) -/-
(Makalasueng), Busakyueng Limbē, (Moéshada/Busakyueng Dōdaeki A'éropō Dōzi), Nainmijaeuel, Góhomi 1 h (4+4) -/-
IC 7 Pyingshum KDC, (Formajiá), (Īme Abuchezi), Wenzū, Yoyomi, Kari, Toefyei 1 h (3+3), (4+4) -/-
IC 8 Pyingshum KDC, (Formajiá), (Īme Abuchezi), Wenzū, , Arákkanai 30 min 2N -/-
IC 9 Pyingshum LDC, Oreppyo, Kōnil, Manlung 1 h 2N -/-
CC 30 Fenelec, Geryong, Palda, Oreppyo, Pyingshum LDC Kibō-Kōsa Chezi (Pyingshum), Makalasueng, Busakyueng ZC 3 h 2, (1N+1N) -/-
1 h (4+4) -/-
CC 42 Toribiri, Namel Pyuraha, Zuede-Fuwō Dōzi (Pyingshum), Sújoshí, Kimaéchul, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Kippa Akuchezi 1 h 2 -/-
Pyingshum LDC 1 h 2 -/-
CC 53 Pyingshum ADC, Sújoshí, Kimaéchul, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Kippa Akuchezi, , Arákkanai 2 h 1N -/-
CC 60 Pyingshum KDC, Kibō-Kōsa Chezi (Pyingshum), Makalasueng, Busakyueng Limbē, Unzai 2 h 2 -/-
CC 70 Pyingshum KDC, Dyong Hyengkōsa Dōzi (Pyingshum), Tarappel-Finglyúson, Línai 2 h 2 -/-
CC 71 Pyingshum LDC, Zuede-Fuwō Dōzi (Pyingshum), (PH), Chin-Jōrin, Shangmē 1 h 1N, 2 -/-

In addition to high-speed trains, Pyingshum is also heavily serviced by KC and KCP trains, which have a maximum speed of 160 km/h (120 km/h for the regular KC trains). They are covered in Public Transportation in Pyingshum.

Airport

The Pyingshum International Airport is the city's major airport and also functions as hub for all of Kojo. It was opened in 1978, and the most recent major upgrade was completed in 2009. With 6 Terminals and 104 gates its total capacity is around 70 million passengers a year, which it is currently operating at.

Up to 1978 Longte Puechaésa A'éropō in Porāgu-Dengshō south of the city centre and the even older Kū A'éropō in Onsen-tōjiru-Pang in the inner city had to facilitate all civil air traffic of the city and were hopelessly over-strained. After the opening of the new modern airport, Kū A'éropō was closed down to all air traffic, and while some of the airfield was zoned for housing and dedicated to a new major railway line with six tracks, most was left open and is intensively used by the locals as a recreational zone.

By 1982, all scheduled air traffic had been relocated from Longte Puechaésa A'éropō as well, and two of the three runways were closed down and also turned into parks and residential zones. The airport and its single runway left now have a very diversified usage; LPA is used as a military base which most notably the government uses for official flights and state receptions, express air-cargo such as organs or medicine are flown in, the main terminal building now hosts a convention centre and other facilities, and private jets flying to and from Pyingshum usually start and land here instead of the larger airport due to shorter taxiing times and less congested air space.

Harbour

Pyingshum's ports are situated along the river Kime. From north to south, these are:

  • Kókōburyu harbour
  • Sunmyuel Tyanhā harbour in Mómauel-Pang (touristic river cruises only)
  • Kansokkuwīdoling harbour in Róng'yeda-Pang (leisure and river cruises only)
  • xxx harbour with the new Olympia Stadium
  • xxx harbour, which also hosts the largest multi-modal goods transfer facility in Pyingshum between rail, ship and road
  • Zāle/Kime harbour, a small harbour at the convergence of these two rivers
  • xxx harbour in the suburb, partly turned into a recreational area

Economy

The Pyingshum Conference Centre in Chinkágaldosim-Pang, the new CBD

As the primate and capital city of the country, Pyingshum is seat of most of the country's major companies' headquarters and nearly all constitutional bodies of government (namely beside the highest courts, which are situated in Igilaē and other cities). As a result, the city's biggest employer is the government, followed by the Pyingshum Kōkyō Susyong Unzuó(Pyingshum Puplic Transport Authority), the Ginjin Ōnagara and Star, a shopping mall conglomerate founded in Kojo.

In the new CBD from the late 20th century Chinkágaldosim-Pang, situated in the south of the inner city, there is the Pyingshum Conference Centre, a large tent-like structure that hosts major conferences and other business gatherings.

With an area of over 1,000,000 m² the Pyingshum Exhibition Centre in the south of the city is on of the world's largest trade fairs, hosting major fairs and congresses, conventions and other events of high importance all year round. It is situated next to Pyingshum Exhibition Centre Dōzi.

The city is also seat of the Pyingshum Stock Exchange, the only internationally recognised stock exchange in Kojo.

Important Institutions seated in Pyingshum

As the capital of Kojo, Pyingshum is the seat of many of the nation's public institutions.

These tables contain offices of the national government located in Pyingshum:

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Constitutional Bodies and Ministries in Pyingshum
Name Ingerish Map
Goakyan, Líno ko Tsungbon so Naelnimyue (I) Ministry of Education, Innovation and Culture OGFmapicon.png map
Búkinmolno so Naelnimyue Ministry of Finance OGFmapicon.png map
Fángri so Naelnimyue Ministry of Defense OGFmapicon.png map
Gōzo, Myingsamolno ko Taigi so Naelnimyue Ministry of Labour, Social Issues and Sports OGFmapicon.png map
Héngyi so Naelnimyue Ministry of Justice OGFmapicon.png map
Jōbunhakke Parliament OGFmapicon.png map
Zággai Hāmaeltai Kókke National Municipalities' Council OGFmapicon.png map
Gozóngchō so Jaesan Presidential Mansion OGFmapicon.png map
Būla so Naelnimyue (I) Ministry of the Interior OGFmapicon.png map
Sotta so Naelnimyue (I) Ministry of Foreign Affairs OGFmapicon.png map
Jōbunhakke so Kanli II Parliament Administration OGFmapicon.png map
Gankakuchō so Hyosilwe Chancellery OGFmapicon.png map
Gozóngchō so Hyokyanfā Office of the Presidential bureau OGFmapicon.png map
Yultai so Naelnimyue Ministry of the Environment OGFmapicon.png map
Hīshíbyaeng, Denching ko Uzam so Naelnimyue Ministry of Infrastructure, Communication and Energy OGFmapicon.png map
Kishamolno ko Jijiyaengmolno so Naelnimyue' Ministry of Economic Affairs and Trade OGFmapicon.png map
Jōbunhakke so Kanli I Parliament Administration OGFmapicon.png map
Goakyan, Líno ko Tsungbon so Naelnimyue (III) Ministry of Education, Innovation and Culture OGFmapicon.png map
Goakyan, Líno ko Tsungbon so Naelnimyue (II) Ministry of Education, Innovation and Culture OGFmapicon.png map
Būla so Naelnimyue (II) Ministry of the Interior OGFmapicon.png map


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Government agencies in Pyingshum
Name Ingerish Map
Kojo Azaggudaeki Chimryo Kojo National Press-Centre OGFmapicon.png map
Shínchopō sum shárukanyaesói so Kyanfā (SHSHK) Constitution Protection-Agency OGFmapicon.png map
Fanglyué-Jōto so Kyanfā (FJK) Military Counter-Intelligence Agency OGFmapicon.png map
Dózai-Tokapparyuē so Kyanfā Foreign Intelligence Aagency OGFmapicon.png map
Zággai Búkinshutugēl Sanzyofā national auditing authority OGFmapicon.png map
Kojo Zóngshin-weibyaeng Kojolese Central Bank OGFmapicon.png map
Héngyi so Kyanfā Agency of Justice OGFmapicon.png map
A'érosaē so Kyanfā Aviation agency OGFmapicon.png map
Zággai Altífō National Archive OGFmapicon.png map
Aenlai, A'éropō ko Rinin so Shataeiyusói Bangfā Lower Agency for Aircraft, Aerodrome and Personnel Certification OGFmapicon.png map
Aensaē Ishkel Bangfā "Kojocontrol" Lower Agency for Air Traffic Control "Kojocontrol" OGFmapicon.png map
Kámpō Ashkan Kyanfā Agency for Volunteer Service OGFmapicon.png map
Ribal Kecskéskaso roenglanzáu Yokkae nijúinde Ribal Kecskés Institute for Transmissible Diseases OGFmapicon.png map


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Embassies of Ikis
Name Map
Cheryuman-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Chin'yaku-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Degyáhin-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Fóskiman-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Gyoéng'guffe-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Kyoélnain-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Lainyerō-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Nainchok-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Pacchipyan-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Pyingshum-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Rō-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Sappaér-iki OGFmapicon.png map
Wāfyeíkko-iki OGFmapicon.png map


This list contains all offices used by the city (Pyingshum-sur) and the region (Pyingshum-iki) located in Pyingshum:

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Municipal and Regional offices
Name Ingerish Map
Pyingshum-iki Hyosilwe (A) Pyingshum Region Administrative Building (A) OGFmapicon.png map
Pyingshum-sur Hyosilwe (I) Pyingshum City Administrative Building (I) OGFmapicon.png map
Pyingshum Kōfeibunwe Pyingshum City Hall OGFmapicon.png map
Búkinfā Pyingshum II Collecting Office Pyingshum II OGFmapicon.png map
Búkinfā Pyingshum I Collecting Office Pyingshum I OGFmapicon.png map


This list contains all national non-governmental organisations located in Pyingshum:

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National NGOs
Name Ingerish Map
Kojo Gipun Wúhakkai Kojolese Scientific Society OGFmapicon.png map
Kojo Indásu- ko Jijiyaengsolkai Kojolese Chambers of Commerce and Industry OGFmapicon.png map


This list contains all branch or main offices of international intergovernmental organisations located in Pyingshum:

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Error: No contents found at URL https://opengeofiction.net/api/0.6/relation/xxxxx/full.
International Organisations (tbd)
Name Ingerish Map


This list contains all branches or main offices of international non-governmental organisations located in Pyingshum:

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International NGOs
Name Ingerish Map
Mijizággai Maipalsói Kyanbun (IAA) International Adoption Agency (PH) OGFmapicon.png map
Mijizággai Tōsoryokku-Huwochē sum Yaeshittericha so Wúhakkai (IAAH) International Association for Advancement of High-Speed Rail OGFmapicon.png map
Mijizággai Shúshae Assol (IMU) International Mathematics Union OGFmapicon.png map
Ashkal-Altífō Wúhakkai (WAO) PH World-Archive Organisation OGFmapicon.png map
Mijizággai Showugan-Kyakkai (IMC) International Museums Cooperative OGFmapicon.png map


Politics

Like all municipalities in Kojo, the city of Pyingshum can to a high degree decide about its internal structures autonomously. The political bodies of Pyingshum follow the most common model in the country: a directly elected mayor heads the city's administration, represents the city and their vote decides in case of a tie in the council. The city council is made up of elected councillors who decide about the city's budget and can overwrite any decision by the bureaucratic administration. It also elects sub-mayors who head certain departments of the city administration, mirroring the role of ministers at the national level.

The mayor is elected in a city-wide election every 6 years in such a way the election is usually one year apart to the council's election. If no candidate reaches more than 50 % of valid votes in the first round there is a deciding round between the two strongest candidates. The current mayor, Riko Lazákom-Gomez, is not party-affiliated but attested to ideologically align with BF and AFK.

The council consists of 97 councilmen and -women, elected every four years by proportional representation in 13 constituencies. In every constituency every party can compile a list of up to 20 candidates, indicating the party's preference regarding their order. Independent candidates can run as well. Every voter can either cast three votes for any candidates they like, even if they run on different party lists, or cast all three votes for a party list with no regards to the candidates. Independent candidates are elected if they gain at least 13.4048% of votes in their constituency. The number of seats a party wins on the city council is proportional to its share of all votes cast for its lists city-wide; only parties with a share of votes larger than 4% are considered. The number of seats of a party allocated to a party's constituency list is proportional to the share of that list's votes from all votes for that party city wide. The seats on a party's lists are allocated to candidates in the order of their number of votes. Additionally, in every constituency the candidate with the most votes is guaranteed a seat on the council. If councillors leave the council more than 3 months before an election, the seat is filled by the candidate with the next most voted on the list.

The 2018 municipal election resulted in the following seat distribution:

Party Seats
RK (centre-conservative) 23
MDK (social-democratic) 19
BF (green) 18
AFK (liberal) 13
GD (socialist) 11
GAN (authoritarian-right) 6
MKL (nationalistic-ecologists) 4
Independent candidates 3

On the borough level (Dengshō) Pyingshum is one of only two Kojolese cities that have another elected level of government. While the election of the local borough-councils are analogous and simultaneous to the city-council, the borough mayors are not decided by the people directly but instead elected by the borough-councils. They are also not head of the local administration but instead perform mostly representative functions. Unlike the city councillors and the mayor, sitting on a borough-council or being borough-mayor are honorary offices with small expense allowances instead of fixed renumerations. Additionally, the borough-councils appoint neighbourhood-boards. They are made up of 5-30 adept residents of the Pang who advise the borough- and sometimes city-council on local matters.

Administration and Demographics

Main article: Administrative divisions in Kojo The city is divided into 9 boroughs, the Dengshōs. The Dengshōs in Pyingshum are numbered from 1 to 9, with number 1 being the inner city and the other 8 being counted clockwise from the north around the inner city. Dengshōs are subdivided into Pangs, which can be compared to wards or city quarters. As one of only few cities in Kojo, the dengshōs are not purely subdivisions of the municipal government, but also have their own local "borough-councils" and mayors, and a number of responsibilities that are handled on a city-wide-level in most other Kojolese cities are dealt with by the boroughs (school buildings, parks, local culture, offices of public order, preservation...).

Pyingshum is very densely populated, with an average population density of 6 325 inhabitants per km² on an area of 1301.2 km². The metropolis' inner city is defined by the G1 - Pyingshum-góso kul, the city's highway ring. It's area is 106,8 km² and 2,719,100 people live here, giving it a population density of 25,460 people per km². As the largest city in Kojo it has attracted numerous immigrants from other countries, with roughly 15% of the population being born outside of the country, and 8% holding a nationality other than Kojolese. The largest home countries are Ataraxia, Hoppon, Wiwaxia...

List of Dengshōs in Pyingshum

Name of Dengshō & Number English translation area population pop. density Notes
Dosyaeng (1) Inner City 108,3 km² 2,810,110 26,238 inh./km² City Centre, encircled by circular motorway
Kókōburyu (2) Garlicplace 216.4 km²
Sasu so Kyaeng (3) Sasu's hamlet 69.2 km²
Akuchaeki (4) Southforest 118.5 km²
Porāgu (5) Name of former city 128.7 km²
Mezoérushi (6) Lumerjack town 255.4 km²
Indásugwo-Manpyalsul (7) Industryworks-Manpyaltown 211.1 km²
Zaelkom (8) unkown 102.8 km²
Wakéyoel máre Man (9) "Man" in front of Wakéyoel 96.8 km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 1 - Dosyaeng

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes GMNHI Rel. ID
A'eru "upstream" 2.5 km² 64,000 25,600 8.7 21544
Agunas Name of a local Holiness 4.5 km² 84,600 18,800 9.1 11270
Bikkifuē Zoo km² 6.8 32189
Bunkyō Chilzu Signsmaking-teaching km² 8.8 11967
Byoengwe Hospital 2.7 km² 70,790 26,220 7.8 32190
Cheon'gyecchi Name of a person 3.0km² 103,800 34,600 7.8 29735
Chinkágaldosim "Newtown-inner city" 1.9km² 7,790 4,100 New CBD at Aku-Dyanchezi, mostly offices and a few high-end apartments 9.7 23181
Chuzaéru Unknown 1.2km² 58,710 30,900 6.5 21545
Dachiya-dasu Fountain 3.6km² 7.2 32191
Daiamondoshi Diamond sparkle 2.8 km² 14,840 5,300 Core of government quarters, characteristic symmetrical road layout. Ozuman style. High-end offices and retail. By far the wealthiest neighbourhood in all of Kojo. 10.0 11271
Doíku Opposite 1.6 km² 27,900 17,400 Pre-industrial neighbourhood on the southern bank of the river. 8.6 20660
Fēmenlisur "Iron warehouse" km² Wealthy north, social housing along the highway 5.1 23182
Gaerié so-Pang Guerrier (Ataraxian; "Warrior's Pang") 3.7km² 99,160 26,800 Named after the Enkēle Gaerié so Saélbufo, the national memorial shrine for fallen soldiers. Contains highly pedestrianised areas with vivid street life. 8.6 32192
Gankakuchō Chancellor 2.1km² 41,580 19,800 Seat of the new Chancellery since 1992. Seat of many government offices, NGOs and other cultural institutions. Modern architecture from the late 20th century due to the great fire of 1984. 9.3 11968
Goengyuē In-between city 2.6km² 73,710 28,080 Partly pre-industrial sprawl outside the old city wall, partly developed from 1850's onward between the old and the "new" city center. 8.8 11421
Gyu Seed km² Highly polarised between social housing near the highway recently gentrified areas in walking distance to Chinkágaldosim-Pang and Aku-Dyanchezi. 4.6 30454
Hintajuemba Mountain outside of the city 3.0km² 62,400 20,800 Built around and on a hill between the river and a disconnected former meander, offering scenic views. Mostly 1850's-1900's. 9.7 11614
Kami so Kuruchi "Gods' quarter" 3.3km² 66,000 20,000 Constructed in the late 19th century, after Daiamondoshi-Pang was finished, in a similar style. 9.2 11422
Kissha Song Thrush 2.5km² Industrial and residential area from the 1870's onwards 6.1 18040
Kūtokkyaen Old City 2.3km² 29,210 12,700 Oldest part of the city, tourism and bars, largely defined by the second city wall. Medieval and pre-industrial buildings preserved for most part. 8.0 11272
Kyáoling Bridge-place 2.6km² 95,420 36,700 Second of the three big social housing projects in the inner city, 1970's. Developed in block-structures. 3.0 11969
Lamtyaichi Named after Lamtyaichi ("blessing water") Nekeze 3.0km² 111,600 37,200 7.8 25595
unknown 3.4km² 64,185 18,880 Especially western part close to government quarters is a popular residential neighbourhood for diplomats and alike. 9.8 20725
Matsukān Daisy way 1.8km² 70,560 39,200 Last of the three big social housing projects in inner city, 1980's 3.4 29428
Mómauel Mill village 1.8km² 65,160 36,200 The area used to be a little cargo reloading site as the Sunmyuel canal leads into the river Kime. Today the harbour is used by tourist ships for river cruises. The former merchant offices are now background for a scenic shopping, strolling and nightlife area. 8.6 11970
Namgangshu Sparkle river bank 1.7km² 59,160 34,800 Historic center used to be a separate town; iconic nightlife with restaurants, bars, clubs, shops and a wide river esplanade. 8.5 11971
Ōnagara University 2.7km² 36,720 13,600 Seat of two Ginjin university's faculties; About a third is occupied by campus and park 9.7 11423
Onsen-tōjiru unknown 2.3km² 85,330 37,100 Poorest neighbourhood in the inner city, experiencing both gentrification and loss of jobs since the 1980's after transformation of the airfield into a park. 1.2 32193
Pamyung Otter-King 2,7km² 157,950 58,500 First of three big social housing projects in the inner city. Originally dominated by detached city-villas and perimeter block buildings, it was redeveloped in the 1950's and 60's. The old street grid and some heritage buildings remained, creating heavy contrasts. Most densely populated neighbourhood in Kojo. 2.7 11268
Risushel Name of an artist km² 8.3 23183
Rom'yusu Wheat packer 2.7km² 87,210 32,300 Typical expansion around the beginning of 20th century. 8.0 25597
Róng'yeda Honour-Field 3.0km² 119,400 39,800 Formerly industrial working-class neighbourhood, now popular especially amongst the creative; strongly gentrified. 7.1 11269
Sébastopól Name of an architect and city planner 2.7km² 92,340 34,200 Sébastopol created the Yaeyaésā so Fórum, a highly praised social residential quarter, in the 1940's after the space was cleared from industrial usage. 6.6 20659
Senjahi Bird's Melody 2.2km² Transitional neighbourhood between the Ozuman-style Daiamondoshi and later more organic expansions, south of the presidential mansion. 9.2 18041
Shōjuē-Mayong Name of a person 2.9km² 8.2 25596
Songduchi-makkā unknown 2.8km² 69,500 3.5 32194
Wakawushi Squire 4.7km² 7.0 25321
Weso zekunde Six items 3.2km² Formerly industrial, still comparatively strong commercial usage. 2.0 32195
Wilsū-pan brew-village 3.3km² 104,610 31,700 8.6 29736
Zaeyunsha-Okokoroshaē 2.6 km² 94,380 36,300 8.9 25457

List of Pangs in Dengshō 2 - Kókōburyu

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes GMNHI
Aku-Haelsong 10.7 13,000 1,215
Byueshael 2.6 23,920 9,200
Daembol-Tenshi 5.4 29,160 5,400 4.3
Kaerguel 12.9 23,500 1,822
Láiden 7.0 35,700 5,100 6.2
Maéisul Beautiful City 3.1 39,060 12,600
Osujíl Favourite (village) 3.7 37,200 9,400

List of Pangs in Dengshō 3 - Sasu so Kyaeng

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes GMNHI
Andyaésul-Dyong Andyae-city-east 1.5 16,800 3.8
Andyaésul-Limbē Andyae-city-west 3.4 19,250 5.4
Aéffem 2.3 21,850 9,500 5.9
Dokkyu 1.8 12,420 6,900 3.8
Dosō 3.1 29,450 9,500 4.7
Hosōdeng 2.1 15,750 7,500 6.6
Joengsha Flag maker 2.0 29,300 14,650 5.6
Kalji 2.6 18,460 7,100 5.3
Mádoka-Fil 4.6 79,810 17,350 6.4
Sasu so Kyaeng Name of a person's hamlet-ward 2.2 30,200 13,730 Centre for south-eastern Pyingshum 7.0
Suedalkaémburī 2.5 16,500 6,600 6.2

List of Pangs in Dengshō 4 - Akuchaeki

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes GMNHI

List of Pangs in Dengshō 5 - Porāgu

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes GMNHI
Higáldo Name of a person 14.2 36,780 2,590 8.9
Kyuren 8.8 24,850 2,820 8.0
Otten Turtel 11.6 36,400 3,140 7.5

List of Pangs in Dengshō 6 - Mezoérushi

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes GMNHI

List of Pangs in Dengshō 7 - Indásugwo-Manpyalsul

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes GMNHI
Akkwa 5.5 87,400 15,890
Ényabboeng 8.5 131,100 15,420

List of Pangs in Dengshō 8 - Zaelkom

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes GMNHI
Ēmsol 9.3 29,600 3,110
Késhgwo-Lazoen'guel 10.4 24,400 2,350

List of Pangs in Dengshō 9 - Wakéyoel máre Man

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes GMNHI

Tourism

Pyingshum is a highly frequented tourist destination for both international and domestic visitors. It is estimated that about 10 million international visitors come to the city every year (spending an average 3.8 nights and 2990 Zubi (130 USD) per night), with an additional 6 million overnight guests from inside Kojo (average: 2.0 nights); the number of domestic day visitors (excluding regular commuters) is thought to be around 40 million, however these numbers are hard to estimate.

Education

With 530,000 students enrolled, Pyingshum is by far the largest location of tertiary education in Kojo by number of students.

The biggest institution for tertiary education in Pyingshum and all of Kojo is the public Ginjin Ōnagara university. The university's campi are spread through the city centre, and in total there are 256,900 students enrolled. There are a handful of smaller public and private universities across the city.

Leisure

Parks

Aside many small public green spaces and tree lines on bigger boulevards there are also many designated large recreational zones across the city.

-list to be added-

Beaches

Alongside the river Kime, which flows through the city, some artificial beaches have been created for recreational purposes. In Kūtokkyaen-Pang, on the north side of the river, there has always been a small and narrow path in between the river and the steep cliffs. In the 1970's, especially due to a year-round much more regular water flow coming from the now dammed upper reaches of the river, this narrow area was transformed into a pedestrian and bicycle "express route" alongside a narrow strip of sand. This area is not comfortable for bathing though, as there is a 2 meters drop from the sand, which has to be hold back by a slim barrier, to the actual water level.

To the north, on the western side of the river in A'eru-Pang and opposite to Namgangshu-Pang there is a much wider beach that is also suited for swimming. It has several pedestrian bridges crossing the river leading to the party-quarter of [[[Namgangshu-Pang]].

Zoo and Botanical Garden

The Pyingshum Bikkimolno-Dyangfuē (lit. Animal-things Exhibition, usually shortened to "Bikkifuē" for Zoo) is a the largest Zoo in Pyingshum with over XX different enclosures and XX annual visitors. It is situated on the north of the inner Dengshō, alongside the circular motorway.

The Guóhuwei-kenzai is an old botanical garden close to the old city as well as the government quarters. It features a basic symmetrical layout and a huge glass hall, with a length of 195 m, a maximum width of 95 m and a ceiling reaching as high as 75 m. The hall has a significant warm climate and is an architectural attraction.

Urban hinterland

Pyingshum is surrounded by farmland, forestry areas, Zāle Chumchokkyigu (Zāle water meadows) and some little artificial lakes from former quarries or gravel-pits. The country side is an important get-away for the urban population, and on sunny weekends many villages and lake sides in the wider Pyingshum area become flocked with relaxation seeking day trippers.

Sports and Culture

Major Libraries and Archives

  • Zággai Besoegawan (National Libary), 1944, in Kami so Kuruchi-Pang. Most comprehensive library in Kojo, hosting one print of every Kojolese publication ever made since its opening as well as a large international collection.
  • Ashkal so Besoegawan (World's Library), under construction in Kami so Kuruchi-Pang. Project by the World-Archive Organisation, aiming to collect and safely store compressed hardware-backups (such as in the form of quartz-chrystals) of the world's great scientific and poetic literature, news and artworks.
  • Zággai Altífō (National Archive), 2003, in PH-Pang. Dedicated to storing and preserving all unique objects of value to Kojolese cultural or historical identity that are not on exhibit in art museums or similar. Ranging from war machinery to mummies and earth probes.

Museums

  • Jōbun Chigai-Showugan (People's Art Museum), 1847, Ōnagara-Pang, mostly Kojolese and some foreign artists of all periods
  • Jōbun Lishi-Showugan (People's History Museum), 1888, Goengyuē-Pang, national museum of history
  • Pyingshum Lishi Showugan (Pyingshum History Museum), 2009, Kūtokkyaen-Pang, incorporating old structures of the royal military barracks and modern buildings. Dedicated to the development and history of the city.
  • Pyingshum Chénbyue (Château Pyinshum), 1964 Kūtokkyaen-Pang, former palace of the Pyilser-krun'a dynasty that was left in ruins since the revolution. Open-air museum about the obsolete Kojolese monarchy
  • Ashkal so Lánche Whowugan (Museum of the World of Insects), 1913, Lí-Pang adjacent to the Botanical Garden
  • Demomínzu so Showugan (Democracy Museum), 1976, Goengyuē-Pang at the People's Square next to the Parliament
  • Shínchopō so Showugan (Museum of the Constitution), 1942, Daiamondoshi-Pang at the central circus

Performing Arts

  • Kū Gekkwae (Old Theatre, former Royal Theatre), 1812, Kūtokkyaen-Pang, 480 spectators
  • Jōbun-Myeru so Gekkwae (Theatre of the Republic), 1839, Daiamondoshi-Pang, 1130 spectators
  • Gēshusamnengwe (Opera House), 1860, Gankakuchō-Pang, 1950 spectators
  • Pétanyaé Gekkwae (Pretanic Theatre), 1897, Hintajuemba-Pang, 650 spectators
  • Yínyuē-Taitaiwe (Concert hall), 1901, Senjahi-Pang, 3850 spectators

Sport and Event Venues

  • Pyingshum Kū Aenkaiwe (Pyingshum Old Stadium), Wakawushi-Pang
    The area the building itself is occupying is approximately 36,000 m² and it seats around 50,000 people. It was build in the late 1960's, and therefore doesn't conform with many modern standards and expectations for a large international stadium anymore. It is mostly used for 2nd league sport matches or as an alternative to the new stadium, when no other option is available. It has been discussed several times to tear it down and replace it with newer sporting facilities.
  • Pyingshum Ashkal Aenkaiwe (Pyingshum World Stadium)
    Built on a partly abandoned rail yard space in the south-western harbour, contains not only a multi functional stadium arena for team sports such as football, but also several swimming arenas and other inside sporting facilities. The stadium with a building footprint of 74,000 m² can seat up to 85,000 spectators.
  • STAR Kaijōmengwe (STAR Event Hall), Kyáoling-Pang
    Mass events like concerts, indoor-sport etc. Depending on the floor layout it can accommodate up 70,000 visitors if demanded.

For the Pyingshum Exhibition Centre and the Pyingshum Conference Centre see #Economy.