Rail transport in Karolia
Rail transport in the country of Karolia is administered by the state-owned Raudtee Väbariiks Kärolias/Karolia Statale Feroviaee in consultation with the Üneväbariik Liikenatoimisto (Federal Transport Office). RVK-KSF, usually referred to abroad as Karolian Railways, runs both passenger and freight services in the country, and allows private passenger and freight operators to tender for some routes, although within a national ticketing structure.
- 1 Technical
- 2 Passenger Services
- 3 Freight
- 4 Rolling stock
Around 75% of Karolia's railway network is electrified with the vast majority being overhead catenary using 25kV AC, 50 Hz. Some independent branch lines use other voltages and DC systems. 800v DC third-rail supply is in limited use on the Kyor S-Raud and some sections of the Santjana S-Raud.
Narrow-gauge railways tend to use diesel locomotive power, and sometimes steam on heritage trains, but a few are electrified.
Karolia uses 1544mm broad gauge for all main passenger and freight lines and high-speed lines, as well as the S-Raud systems in Kyor, Santjana, Vasireii and Kanton. The Santjana Metro, Kyor Metro, Vasireii Metro and Samacja Rapid Link use standard gauge, whilst the Osmila Metro uses standard gauge and dual-gauge track where it shares with the mainlines.
Privately owned railways such as the Saisraud use narrow-gauges ranging from 800mm to 1350mm.
Due to the broad gauge of the track, Karolia has one of the largest loading gauges in the world. Trains may be up to 3200mm wide and 5000mm tall, which allows for greater seating capacity on passenger trains and large items of freight to be carried. The increased weight of the wagons means reinforced trackbeds are needed and six-wheel bogies are often seen on larger wagons.
See main article: Karolian High-Speed
RVK/KSF's flagship service is Karolian High-Speed which was inaugurated in 1987 to provide a super-fast rail service between major cities on dedicated track. The network has now expanded to cover many other routes across the country. Services are branded HS and tend to run around once an hour.
The second fastest classes of train are branded IC and ICX and cover medium-long routes between major cities and smaller settlements. They are slower than the HS, tending to have a top speed of around 250km/h and more stops, but have slightly cheaper fares and more flexible ticketing. Trainsets tend to include a bistro bar or trolley meal service and may also have special carriages such as children's' play area. ICX services are limited-stop, sometimes only a relatively short distance between nearby cities as a commuter service.
The slowest class of train are branded R and RE. Confusingly, RE services on some sections can actually be faster between two points than IC services. These provide the bulk of services, generally calling at all stations. Trains can be anything from a full 15-car set to just a single railcar, and frequency from 20 minutes to only a few per day.
Santjana, Vasireii and the Kyor and Hiimamae areas operate suburban commuter rail networks with multiple lines. There are also smaller systems in Kanton and Lapise which use the name. Trains tend to run between 5 and 20 minute intervals at peak times.
RVK/KSF operate sleeper services on most important interurban routes, the most popular being Säntjana to Kanton and Vasireii, Säntjana to Gorjee and Säntjana to Lapise/Kyor. The trains are marketed to business travellers as a way of combining travel and accommodation and offer a luxurious First Class Deluxe car on most services.
Trains run during both day and overnight to Bengonia and other destinations in Darcodia. They also run into Ispelia to serve Torre, and via an undersea tunnel from Samacja. High-Speed, IC Express and Sleeper trainsets are used. There are also local services in some regions that cross borders. Darcodia uses the same gauge as Karolia, although with a slightly smaller loading gauge.
A considerable proportion of freight in Karolia is carried by rail. This has freed up motorway space and reduced pollution from road traffic. Construction of rail connections to all main ports has increased rail freight traffic.
Karolian Railways operate a number of standard types of locomotives, carriages and multiple units dating from the 1980s to the present day. The majority of mainline services still use a separate power unit in some form or other.
Karolian High-Speed sets
- RVK Class 401 (HS1)
- RVK Class 402 (HS2)
Bi-level carriages and trainsets
Single-level carriages and trainsets
Sleeper and couchette carriages
Construction and Maintenance vehicles