Ree language

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Ree
Reelandic
Ree
Reelantsk
PronunciationNative: /ˈreː/, /ˈreːlantsk/
Ingerish: /ˈɹiː/, /ˌɹiːˈlændɪk/
Native toReeland flag.svg Reeland
RegionRee island
EthnicityRee people
Native speakers45 000 000
Language familyUletarephian
Early formsProto–Ree
  • Island–era Ree
    • Old Reelandic (Low Vumrup dialect)
      • Ree
DialectsHigh Reelandic (Oberreelantsk)
High Vumrup Reelandic (Obervumrupreelantsk)
Low Reelandic (Nederreelantsk)
Low Vumrup Reelandic (Nedervumrupreelantsk)
Writing systemRomantian script — Ree alphabet
Signed formsReelandic Sign Language (RTG)
Official status
Official language inReeland flag.svg Reeland EUOIA Flag proposal2.png EUOIA
OGFL-1re
OGFL-2rld
Map of the Ree language by dialects.
  Low Vumrup Reelandic
  Low Reelandic
  High Vumrup Reelandic
  High Reelandic


Ree or Reelandic language is the language spoken in Reeland. It is in the Gaermanic group, and is closely related to Kalmish and High Astrasian. It originated on Ree island, as a mixture between the native proto–Ree language and Gaermanic immigrants' language. By some linguists, the name “Reelandic” is deemed more accurate, as it refers to the modern Gaermanic language that is now spoken in Reeland, while Ree can refer to the older forms of the language as well, not all of which could be considered Gaermanic. Throughout history, older forms of Reelandic have had significant Eganian influences, which are still seen in modern Reelandic, as it has much more words of Eganian origin than other Gaermanic languages do.


Alphabet

The standard Reelandic alphabet has 26 letters:

Capital letters
A B D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U Ů V W Ö X Y Z
Small letters
a b d e f g h i j k l m n o p r s t u ů v w ö x y z

Additional letters (C, Q, Ä, Ü) are used in loanwords and foreign words. Ree language used to have an alphabet similar to the Kalmish alphabet, but over time, partly naturally and partly artificially, the pronunciation started to differ from Kalmish significantly, leading to removing the letters C, Q, Ä and Ü, and adding the letter Ů.

As in most languages, the letters of the alphabet have their names, which typically relate to how they are pronounced:

Letter Letter name
Spelling Pronunciation Spelling Pronunciation
A /a/ A /aː/
B /b/ Be /beː/
D /d/ De /deː/
E /e/ E /eː/
F /f/ Ef /ɛfː/
G /ɡ/ Ge /ɡeː/
H /h ~ x/ Haů /xau̯/
I /i/ I /iː/
J /j/ Jott /jɔt/
K /k/ Kaů /kau̯/
L /l/ El /ɛlː/
M /m/ Em /ɛmː/
N /n/ En /ɛnː/
Letter Letter name
Spelling Pronunciation Spelling Pronunciation
O /o/ O /oː/
P /p/ Pe /peː/
R /r/ Er /ɛrː/
S /s/ Es /ɛsː/
T /t/ Te /teː/
U /ʉ/ Utt /ʉt/
Ů /u/ Ů, Růnt-Utt /uː/, /runt ʔʉt/
V /v/ Ve /veː/
W /ʋ/ Waů /ʋau̯/
Ö /ø/ Öt /øt/
X /k͡xs/ Ix /ik͡xs/
Y /y/ Ypsilon /ˈypsilɔn/
Z /z/ Zett /zɛt/

Phonetics

For help with pronunciation, see Vowel chart with audio and Pulmonic consonant chart with audio, or alternatively: Interactive IPA chart

Vowels

IPA Chart of Reelandic monophthongs

Reelandic language has 8 vowel letters: A, E, I, O, U, Ů, Ö, Y. They are classified as basic vowels. Each vowel letter has a respective phoneme or range of phonemes/allophones. In the table below, there are examples of each vowel in Ree, Kalmish and Ingerish.

Basic vowels
Letter A E I O U Ů Ö Y
IPA /a/ [ä] /e/ [e̞] [i] /o/ [o̞] [ʉ] [u] /ø/ [ø̞] [y]
Example (Ree) Hafen Berg inn ober Sut Hůs gröt System
Example (Kalmish) Katze Bett Ziel voll (no examples) Fuß schön über
Example (Ingerish) father let free more choose boot (no examples) (no examples)

Combinations of Reelandic letters can produce a new, so–called complex vowel. Examples are: ao /ɑ/, eu /ɨ/, ei /ɪ/, ey /ʏ/.[note 1]

Complex vowels
Grapheme ao ei ey eu
IPA /ɑ/ /ɪ/ /ʏ/ /ɨ/
Example (Ree) Kaort Keirk heyr neu
Example (Kalmish) nah bitte schutzen (no examples)
Example (Ingerish) hot bit foot chicken
Monophthongs
Front Central Back
unrounded rounded unrounded rounded unrounded rounded
Close i y ɨ ʉ u
Near-close (ɪ) (ʏ)
Mid ø̞ (ə)
Open ä ɑ
  • /a/ is central [ä].[note 2]
  • /e, ø, o/ are true-mid [e̞, ø̞, o̞].[note 2]
    • When short, /e, o/ can be realized as mid-open [ɛ, ɔ].
    • When long, /e, o, ø/ can be realized as mid-close [eː, oː, øː].
  • /ɨ, ʉ, u/ are close to their respective cardinal vowels [ɨ, ʉ, u].
  • /ɑ/ is near-back.
  • Schwa (/ə/) is not present in Reelandic as a phoneme, but it can precede a sonorant that would otherwise be syllabic. For example, ⟨hůsn⟩ can either be realized as [hʷuːsn̩] or [hʷuːsən].

Diphthongs

to be written

Consonants

to be written

Transcription

In most languages, Reelandic is not transcribed, but rather transliterated. This primarily concerns the letter Ö, which is rare in non-Gaermanic alphabets, and Ů, which is only present in Reelandic and Drabantian. As for transcription to Reelandic, in order to maintain phonetic consistency, foreign texts are transcribed so that the pronunciation of the transcription matches or resembles the original pronunciation.

Ingerish

From Reelandic

In transcription to Ingerish, only the phonemes not present in the Ingerish alphabet are being transliterated; the rest of the letters are not altered. In some proper nouns that have had an Ingerish name for a long time, this rule may not apply (e.g. Klausburg -> Clausburgh).

Transcription of Reelandic to Ingerish
Reelandic grapheme Ingerish grapheme
ů ou
ö oe
au

To Reelandic

work in progress

Kalmish

As Reelandic and Kalmish are closely related, most letters have a 1-to-1 correspondence; however, there are some differences in the phonetic systems of the two.

From Reelandic

work in progress

To Reelandic

work in progress

Notes

  1. ⟨ei⟩ and ⟨ey⟩ can be realized either as monophthongs /ɪ/ and /ʏ/, or as diphthongs /ei̯/ and /øy̯/, respectively. The diphthong realization is more common, as the monophthongs can sometimes hardly be distinguished from /i/ or /ɨ/, and /y/ or /ʉ/, respectively.
  2. 2.0 2.1 While phonemes /a/, /e/, /o/, and /ø/ are typically realized as [ä], [e̞], [o̞], [ø̞]; allophones [a, ä], [e, e̞], [o, o̞], [ø, ø̞] are indistinguishable in practice.