Romanish language

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Romanish language
Antharo-Romanish
Limba romynească (North)
Limpa romyneaskă (South)
Limba romѫnѣskĕ (Iviran)
Ʌи́мба рѡмѫнѣ́скъ (Glagolit)
Pronunciation/'ɫĩj̃vɑ rõmɨ'j̃askɨ/
/'ɫĩj̃bɑ rõmɨ'j̃askɨ/
Native toAntharia, Challay and St. Andrews, Glagol, Iviron, Montemassena
EthnicityRomanish, Romaniard
Native speakers22,000,000 (2011)
Erasince the 11th century
Language familyUletarephian
Early formsRomantian
DialectsAromanish
Ayvrish
Koutsovlakhian
Maldavian
Qennesan
Standard formsNorth Romanish (Valessan standard)
South Romanish (Syrancousan standard)
Iviran Romanish (Yaffan standard)
Glagolit / Old Romanish (Doukasian standard)
Writing systemin Antharia and Iviron:
modified Romantian alphabets
in Glagol:
Romanish Syrillangan alphabet
Official status
Official language inFlag of Antharia.png Antharia
Template:Challay and St. Andrews
Template:Glagol Republic
Template:Iviron
Template:Montemassena
Qennes.png Qennes
Minority language in2band brasonia.jpg Brasonia
Template:Chara Republic
Flag of Demirhan Empire.png Demirhanlı Devleti
Egani flag 2.png Egani
Template:Koutsovlakhia
Flag-of-Delta.PNG Neo Delta
Egani Flag 1.png Niscavo
Template:Turka Republic
Yuris Flag.jpg Yuris
Regulated byAcademy of Romany
Antharian Academy
Academy of Sciences of Iviron
Institute of Glagolit Studies
OGFL-1ro
OGFL-2/Trom
OGFL-2/Broa

Romanish (dated Rumanish or Roumanish; autonym limba romynească ['ɫĩj̃vɑ rõmɨ'j̃askɨ]) is a Central Ulethan Romantish language, spoken by approximately 22 million people as native language, primarly in Antharia, Iviron, Glagol, Challay & St. Andrews and Montemassena, where it's the official and national language, as well as in Qennes, where it's one of the 4 official languages. Romanish is also a recognized minority languages in states which nowadays include territories formerly part of the Antharian Empire, like Brasonia, Demirhan Empire, Koutsovlakhia and Neo Delta. Another 14 million people speak Romanish as a second language.

Romanish is part of the Central Ulethan sub-branch of the Romantish languages, a linguistic group which evolved from the Garlian language, brought to the Iviran Coast by Garlian colonists in the 9th century AD (Garlian itself separated from Vulgar Romantian around 200 BC). To distinguish Romanish from other Central Ulethan Romantish languages, called Romanish languages, in comparative linguistics it is also called Antharo-Romanish. Other recognized Romanish languages include Ayvrish, Koutsovlakhian and Maldavian, which evolved from Antharo-Romanish, as well as Aromanish and Qennesan, which developed in parallel with Antharo-Romanish, being based on Garlian. Romanish is also called Glagolit in Glagol Republic.

Numerous immigrant Romanish speakers are also scattered across countries worldwide, with large populations in the Federal States, Castellan, Kalm, Gobrassanya and Pretany.

Comparison of Romanish languages

Ingerish text:

Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit. Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the Assembly of Nations for the maintenance of peace.

(The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 26)

Antharo-Romanish Standards

New North Romanish (Valessan Standard, since 1976):

Oᶉ que persoană are dreptul la învăssătură. Învăssămyntul trebuie să fie gratuit, quel pucin în quella que priveshte învăssămyntul elementar shì general. Învăssămyntul elementar trebuie să fie obligatoriou. Învăssămyntul techniq shì professional trebuie să fie la îndemyna touturor, iar învăssămyntul superior trebuie să fie de assemenea egal, accessibil touturora, pe basă de merit. Învăssămyntul trebuie să ourmărească dezvoltarea deplină à personalităciȷ umane shì întărirea respectulouȷ fassă de drepturile omulouȷ shì libertăcile fundamentale. El trebuie să promovese încelegerea, tolerancia, prietenia între toate popoarele shì toate groupurile rassiale saou religioasse, prequom shì desvoltarea activităciȷ Ansamblulouȷ Naciunilor pentrou mencinerea păciȷ.

New South Romanish (Syrancousan Standard, since 1892):

Or karea persoană are dreptlou la eksagoghye. Eksagoghya trempuye să phye gratuită, kelou putsin yntru kela ke pribeste eksagoghya elementară xì generală. Eksagoghya elementară trempuye să phye ompligatorye. Eksagoghya teknikă xì prophessyonală trempuye să phye la yndemyna touturorou, yară eksagoghya superyoară trempuye să phye de assemenea egală, akcessimpilă touturorou, pe mpasă de meritoŭ. Eksagoghya trempuye să urmăreaskă desboltarea deplină à personalitătsey umane xì yntărirea louy respektlou phatsă de drepturile louy omlou xì limpertătsile phondamentale. Ea trempuye să promobese yntelegerea, tolerantsa, pryetenya între toate massetnile xì toate groupurile rassyale saou religyoasse, prekoumou xì desboltarea aktibitătsey louy Ansamplou Natsyunilor pentrou mentsinerea păxey.

Iviran Romanish (Transitional alphabet, Yaffa Standard, standardized 1998):

Orĭ'c̦e persoanĕ are dreptul la ꙟnvĕţĕturĕ. Ꙟnvĕţĕmѫntul trebuѥ sĕ фѥ gratuit, c̦el puţin ꙟn c̦eѣ c̦e priveşte ꙟnvĕţĕmѫntul elementar şì ģeneral. Ꙟnvĕţĕmѫntul elementar trebuѥ sĕ фѥ obligatorю. Ꙟnvĕţĕmѫntul teхnik şì proфesional trebuѥ sĕ фѥ la ꙟndemѫna tuturor, iar ꙟnvĕţĕmѫntul superior trebuѥ sĕ фѥ de asemenѣ egal, akc̦esibil tuturora, pe baзĕ de merit. Ꙟnvĕţĕmѫntul trebuѥ sĕ urmĕrѣּּּskĕ deзvoltarѣ deplinĕ a personalitĕţiĭ umane şì ꙟntĕrirѣ respektuluĭ фaţĕ de drepturile omului şì libertĕţile фundamentale. El trebuѥ sĕ promoveze ꙟnţeleģerѣ, toleranţa, prѥteniꙗ ꙟntre toate popoarele şì toate grupurile rasꙗle saoŭ reliģioase, prekum şì deзvoltarѣ aktivitĕţiĭ Organiзaţieĭ Naţюnilor Unite pentroŭ menţinerѣ pĕc̦iĭ.

Glagolit (Old Romanish alphabet, Doukas Standard, last stardadization 1803):

Ѡрй'чє пєрсѡáнъ áрє дрє́птꙋʌ ʌà ꙟ̃въцътꙋ́ръ. Ꙟ̃въцъмѫ́нтꙋʌ трє́бꙋїє съ̀ фíє гратꙋи́т, чє́ʌ пꙋци́н ꙟ̃ чє́ѣ чє̀ привє́ш̩є ꙟ̃въцъмѫ́нтꙋʌ єʌємєнтáр шѝ џєнєрáʌ. Ꙟ̃въцъмѫ́нтꙋʌ єʌємєнтáр трє́бꙋїє съ̀ фíє ѡбʌигатѡ́рю. Ꙟ̃въцъмѫ́нтꙋʌ тє́хник шѝ прѡфєсиѡнáʌ трє́бꙋїє съ̀ фíє ʌà ꙟ̃дємѫ́на тꙋтꙋрѡ́р, ѩ́р ꙟ̃въцъмѫ́нтꙋʌ сꙋпєрїѡ́р трє́бꙋїє съ̀ фíє дє̀ асє́мєнѣ єгáʌ, акчєси́биʌ тꙋтꙋрѡ́ра, пє бáзъ дє̀ мє́рит. Ꙟ̃въцъмѫ́нтꙋʌ трє́бꙋїє съ̀ ꙋрмърѣ́скъ дєзвѡʌтарѣ дєпʌи́нъ à пєрсѡнаʌитъ́цїй ꙋмáнє шѝ ꙟ̃търи́рѣ рєспє́ктꙋʌꙋй фáцъ дє̀ дрє́птꙋриʌє ѡ́мꙋʌꙋй шѝ ʌибєртъ́циʌє фꙋндамєнтáʌє. Є́ʌ трє́бꙋїє съ̀ прѡмѡвє́зє ꙟ̃цєʌє́џєрѣ, тѡʌєрáнца, прїєтєни́ѧ ꙟ̃трє тѡáтє пѡпѡáрєʌє шѝ тѡáтє грꙋ́пꙋриʌє расїѧ́ʌє сáꙋ̆ рєʌиџїѡáсє, прєкꙋ́м шѝ дєзвѡʌтáрѣ активитъ́цїй Ѡрганизáцїєй Нацю́ниʌѡр Ꙋни́тє пє́нтрꙋ мєнци́нєрѣ пъ́чїй.

Other Romanish Languages

Aromanish:

Cafi un ari-ndreptul la-nvitsãturã. Anvitsarea lipseashti s-hibã fãrã pãlteari, canai tu sculiili primari shi di calificari. Sculia primarã easti obligatorii. Educatsia tecnicã shi di calificari lipseashti s-hibã actsesibilã ti tuts unã turlii pi baza di atsea cum suntu cãdãri. Anvitsarea lipseashti s-hibã ãndreaptâ ti-mplina developari-a personalitatiljei a omlui shi-nvãrtushearea-a tinjiseariljei a-ndrepturlor a omlui shi libertãtsli fundamentali. Atsea lipseashti s-li agiutã acãchisearea, arãvdarea shi uspitsãljea anamisa di tuti miletsli, grupatsii di rasã shi pisti, ma shi activitatea-a Adunarjei Natsiunilor shi vigljearea-a irinjiljei.

Ayvrish Romanish (Tighina Standard, since 1952):

אור כי פרסונה ארי ג׳רפטו לה ינבצטורה. ינבצמינטו צ׳רבויי סה פיי גרטויט, כו פוצין ין כלה כי פריבשצ׳י ינבצמינטו ילמנטר שי ג׳נרו. ינבצמינטו ילמנטר צ׳רבויי סה פיי אובליגטוריו. ינבצמינטו צ׳הניך שי פרופסיונו צ׳רבויי סה פיי לה ינג׳מינה טוטורור, יר ינבצמינטו סופריור צ׳רבויי סה פיי ג׳י אסמניה יגו, אכססיביו טוטורורה, פי בזה ג׳י מריט. ינבצמינטו צ׳רבויי סה אורמריסכה ג׳סבולטריה ג׳פלינה ה פרסונליטציי אומני שי ינטריריה רספכטולוי פצה ג׳י ג׳רפטורילי אומולוי שי ליברטצילי פונדמנטלי. יו צ׳רבויי סה פרומובזי ינצ׳לג׳ריה, טולרנציה, פריצ׳ניה ינצ׳רי טוצ׳י פופורלי שי טוצ׳י גרופורילי רסילי סו רליג׳יוסי, פרכום שי ג׳סבולטריה אכצ׳יביטציי אנסמבלולוי נציונילור פנצ׳רו מנצינריה פשיי.

(Or khi persoana ari jreptu la ynvatsatura. Ynvatsamyntu chrevuyi sa fyi gratuit, kheu putsin yn khela khi priveshchi ynvatsamyntu ilementar shi jenerau. Ynvatsamyntu ilementar chrevuyi sa fyi ovligatoriu. Ynvatsamyntu chehnikh shi profesionau chrevuyi sa fyi la ynjemyna tuturor, yar ynvatsamyntu superior chrevuyi sa fyi ji asemenya igau, akhsesiviu tuturora, pi vaza ji merit. Ynvatsamyntu chrevuyi sa urmaryaskha jesvoltarya jeplina a personalitatsiy umani shi yntarirya respekhtuluy fatsa ji jrepturili omuluy shi livertatsili fundamentali. Iu chrevuyi sa promovezi ynchelejerya, tolerantsya, pryechenya ynchri toachi popoareli shi toachi grupurili rasyali sau relijioasi, prekhum shi jesvoltarya akhtchivitatsiy Ansamvluluy Natsiunilor penchru mentsinerya pashiy.)

Koutsovlakhian (Madinya Standard, since 2004):

Dzia alê xiî karë prôsoplû arê dzî dikaiôma pxi întrû dê eѯagôxë. Eѯagôxë krësitê a фî dzia alê dôranû, întrû dzî alû minimû dzia eѯagôxë elêmentarlâ kxaiû dzenêrarlâ. Eѯagôxë elêmentarlâ krësitê a фî dzia alê ѵpôkreotikê. Eѯagôxë têknikê kxaiû dzia alê prôфêsënâ krësitê a фî alâ ѳiatismxâ dzia alû mâsetniî, kxaiû eѯagôxë sôperiorâ krësitê a фî ômoiû îgalû, prôsitê lû mâsetniî, alê dzi katâstasê dzia aѯë. Eѯagôxë krësitê dzia anâptiѯë întrû dzî totû alë prôsoplîkotxikâ kxaiû înфôrslaë dzî sêvasmlûiû întrû kipxû dzî dîkaiûmatê mâsetnlië kxaiû liфtirîlë ѳemêlidzënai. Exë krësitê dzia a prôaxû alê katênôië, anoxië, фilëië dzî prînû mâsetnië tôtû kxaiû tôtë dzia alê ômadiî dê dzenû xî ѳrêskeфtiî, ka kxaiû înomê kxaiû anâptiѯë dzî xatserê dê pxi Însamblû dzî alê Eѳnë pxi întrû dëtrâ îrinlë.

Maldavian dialect (Czuczoum Standard):

Орьче персоанэ аре дрептул ла ынвэцэтурэ. Ынвэцэмынтул требуие сэ фие гратуит, чел пуцин ын чееа че привеште ынвэцэмынтул елементар ши генерал. Ынвэцэмынтул елементар требуие сэ фие облигаторю. Инвэцэмынтул техник ши професёнал требуие сэ фие ла ындемына тутурор, яр ынвэцэмынтул суперёр требуие сэ фие де асеменеа егал, ацчесибил тутурора, пе базэ де мерит. Ынвэцэмынтул требуие сэ урмэреаскэ дезволтареа деплинэ а персоналитэций умане ши ынтэриреа респектулуй фацэ де дрептуриле омулуй ши либертэциле фундаментале. Ел требуие сэ промовезе ынцелегереа, толеранца, приетеня ынтре тоате попоареле ши тоате групуриле расяле сау религёасе, прекум ши дезволтареа активитэций Организацией Нацюнилор Уните пентру менцинереа пэчий.

Qennesan:

tbd

Romanish Alphabets

The Old Romanish Alphabet is the first Syrillangan alphabet, standardized first in the 9th century. It was later adapted to Surian and other Slevic languages.

The Old Romanish alphabet is nowadays still used in Glagol under the name Glagolit Alphabet, as well as officially in the 1852 Antharian National Exhibition Park in Borodyn.

Starting 1862, Old Romanish started being gradually replaced with the current Romantian Romanish alphabet. The transitional version from 1910-1920 is still used in Iviron.

Currently obsolete letters marked in red, missing equivalent letters in blue.

Old Romanish
Glagolit
Iviran
Romanish
North
Romanish
South
Romanish
Ayvrish
Romanish
A, a
áзꙋ
A, a
aзoŭ
A, a
aleph
A, a
alpha
א
אל"ף
Ъ, ъ
їє́рꙋ
Ĕ, ĕ
ѥroŭ
Ă, ă
shvà
Ă, ă
xbà
Б, Б
Бꙋ́кю
B, b
bukю
B, b
beith
mp ב
בי"ת
бй
beith iotat
В, в
вє́дѣ
V, v
vedѣ
V, v
vit
B, b
bita
вй
vit iotat
b
Г, г
гʌáгѡʌ
G, g
glagol
G, g
ghimmel
G, g
gamma
ג
גימ"ל
Џ, џ
џѣ́ма
Z̦, z̦[1]
z̦ibete
J, j
garshghimmel
J, j
ז׳
זי"ן שי"ן
Ģ, ģ
ģѣma
џй
ghimmel iotat
Д, д
дѡ́брꙋ
D, d
dobroŭ
D, d
daleth
D, d
delta
ד
דל"ת
зй ḑĭ
daleth iotat[2]
dz

zayin iotat
ז
זי"ן
Ꙁ, ꙁ[3]
ꙁє́ʌѣ
Ḑ, ḑ
ḑelѣ
Z, z
zayin
З, з
зє́мʌѧ
З, з
зemlꙗ
Z, z
zita
Є, є
є́стїй
E, e
estiĭ
E, e
ayin
E, e
ipsilon
ע
עי"ן
'[4]
ѵѡ́та
ь[5]
ѵota
̡
iot
y[6] [7]
й
ѵѡ́та
ĭ
ѵota
ȷ
youd sur
i י
יו"ד
Ï, ï
исꙋр[8]
Ï, ï
isur
Ï, ï
youd sur
I, i
iotta
И, и
íйџѣ
I, i
iĭz̦ѣ
I, i
youd
кй
khet iotat
K, k
kappa
ח
חי"ת
К, к
кáкꙋ
K, k
kakoŭ
K, k
khet
Q, q
quom
ק
קו"ף
C, c
kouf
Ч, ч
чє́рвꙋ
C̦, c̦
c̦erboŭ
ce, ci ce, ci, cy צ׳
טי"ת שי"ן
чй c̦ĭ ƈ
kouf iotat
ç
çì
Ʌ, ʌ
ʌїю́дѧ
L, l
lюdꙗ
L, l
lamed
L, l
labda
ל
למ"ד
ʌй
lamed iotat
М, м
мъсʌи́тє
M, m
mĕslite
M, m
mem
M, m
מ
מ"ם
мй
mem iotat
Н, н
нáшꙋ
N, n
nașoŭ
N, n
nun
N, n
נ
נו"ן
нй
nun iotat
О, о
Ѡ́нꙋ
O, o
Onoŭ
O, o
Vov deschis
ו
ו"ו
Ѡ, ѡ
Ѡ́мєга
Ꙋ, ꙋ[9]
Ꙋ́къ
U, u
Ukĕ
U, u
Vov închis
П, п
Пѡкѡ́й
P, p
Pokoĭ
P, p
Pey închis
פ
פ"א
Ф, ф
Фрáтꙋ
Ф, ф
Фratoŭ
F, f
Pey deschis
Р, р
Рѫ́цъ
R, r
Rѫțĕ
R, r
Reish
ר
רי"ש
С, с
Сʌѡ́ва
S, s
Sloba
S, s
Sameq
ס
סמ"ך
Т, т
Тꙋ́рда
T, t
Turda
T, t
Teth
ט
טי"ת
Х, х
Хѣ́рꙋ
Х, х
Хѣroŭ
H, h
Hey
ה
ה"א
Ц, ц
Цѝ
Ț, ț
Ți
Ț, ț
Tsadeq
צ
צד"י
Ч, ч
Чє́рвꙋ
C̦, c̦
C̦erboŭ
ce, ci צ׳
טי"ת שי"ן
Ш, ш
Шà
Ș, ș
Șa
Ș, ș
Shin
ש
שי"ן
Ш̩, ш̩
șc̦ șt שט
Ѣ, ѣ
Ѩ́тю
Ѣ, ѣּּּ[10]
Ꙗtю
ea יה
Ꙟ, ꙟ[11]
Ꙟ̃трꙋ
Ꙟ, ꙟ
ꙟntru
Î, î
Youdn
יי
ייודן
Ꙟ̃, ꙟ̃
Ꙟ̃
ꙟn în יין
Ѯ, ѯ
Ѯѝ
Ѯ, ѯ
Ѯi
X, x
Khet Sameq
קס
Ѱ, ѱ
Ѱѝ
Ѱ, ѱ
Ѱi
ps פס
Ш̩, ш̩
Ш̩ѣ́
șc̦ șt
Ѳ, ѳ Ѳ, ѳ th
Ѵ, ѵ Ѵ, ѵ Y, y
Ã, ã an an
Ю, ю Ю, ю iu
Ѥ, ѥ Ѥ, ѥ ie
Ѣ, ѣ Ѣ, ѣ ea
Ѫ, ѫ Ѫ, ѫ Â, â
Ѩ, ѩ Ꙗ, ꙗ ia
Ѧ, ѧ Ꙗ, ꙗ ia

Romanish on the map

Ingerish Romanish Regionalisms[12]
Avenue Cale (ca) Patremă (eg), Uliță (sl)
Boulevard Bulevard (fr) Katremă (eg), Șosea (fr)
Bridge Pod (ga) Geafără (eg), Punte (fr)
Castle Cetate (ga), Fort (fr) Kastemă (eg), Kală (tr), Kremlin (sl), Rad/Radeț (db)
Cathedral Catedrală (fr) Katedrikă (eg), Sobor (sl)
Cemetery Cimitir (eg) Țintirim (eg)
City Oraș (es) Pală (eg)
Church Biserică (ga) Ekliză (eg), Basilică (ga), Țârkovă (su)
Dock Bazin (fr) Darsenă (dc)
Embassy Ambasadă (fr) Stâpă (eg)
Forest Pădure/Pădurice (ga) Alemă (eg), Codru (ga)
Inn Han (tr) Karavanserai(l) (fr), Pantotcee (eg), Bezesten (tr), Posadă (ca)
Lake Lac (ga) Liman (tr), Iezer (sl), Râmnic (sl), Baltă (sl), Râbniță (db)
Market Piață (dc) Bazar (tr), Agolă (eg)
Monastery Mănăstire (sl) Mânăstire (sl), Abație (dc)
Mosque Moschee/Moschiță (fr) Geamie (tr)
Palace Palat (ga) Ektiră (eg), Palas (fr), Șaté (fr)
Park Parc (fr) Chepă (eg), Grădină (sl)
Passage Pasaj (fr) Pasagiu (fr)
Peak Vârf (sl) -
Platform Peron (fr) Binariu (dc)
Skete Schit (eg) -
Square Piață/Piațetă (dc), Scuar (fr) Ploșcead (su)
Street Stradă (dc) Șetremă (eg)
Synagogue Sinagogă Templu (ga), Havră (tr)
Tower Turn (gm) Empurgă (eg), Foișor (es)
Town Sat (ga) -
Train station Gară (fr) Statou (eg), Nădragiu (db)

Pronunciation

Letters Positions Pronunciation Examples Examples in
Archantan Ingerish
Notes
a
a anywhere a baciu roughly like father
a before the sounds l, m, r, s ɑ bal palm, also
aa
a'a
anywhere aʔɑ qaal
ca'al
uh-(ʔ)oh often also written aha
an anywhere ɑ̃ Antharia roughly like song
b
b anywhere v Bărrădin voice in most Romanish dialects
bh anywhere b Argonbhad about mostly in neologisms from Kalmish
for other neologisms mostly mp
c
c anywhere k casă skip in southern dialects only used before the letters o and u
c before e, i or y s cetate sack
ch before e, i or y k chin skip h revokes the rule above
ch in Kalmish and Iviran neologisms χ Garchinburgh uvular fricative
d
d anywhere ð deal other
d before e (when pronounced as i), i and y alde jig
dh anywhere d idhen dust h revokes the rule above
mostly in neologisms
dd anywhere d Jidda dust mostly in neologisms from Iviran and Kalmish
doesn't turn to dʒ in declensions
e
e mostly before c, g, i, j, r, s, ș, ț, v, x, y, z e vedere they
e before a, b, d, f, h, l, o, p, t i sens see
e at the beginning and the end of any word i/ie (depending on the following letter) Edineț see
ee
e'e
anywhere eʔe
eʔi
leel - often also written ehe
em/en anywhere ẽj̃ Massena similar to lane
eu anywhere əw meu between sow and sew
l
f anywhere f (in north Romanish dialects)
ɸ (in south Romanish dialects)
foc fire
voiceless bilabial fricative
also written as ph, mostly in southern dialects
g
g anywhere ɡ glod glamour
g before e, i or y ger jar
-g at the end of a word χ berg uvular fricative mostly in Kalmish neologisms
gh before e, i or y ɡ ghenă glamour h revokes the rule above
gh in words of Kalmish and Iviran origin χ Garchinburgh uvular fricative
gg before e, i or y ɡ Reggensberg grace mostly in words originating in Kalmish and Iviran
h
h anywhere generally ʔ or unpronounced (when auxiliary) hamel, gher
hh anywhere h ahhab height mostly in Mazanic or Iviran neologisms
i
i anywhere i listă mean
i before l, r, s ɪ tir until
-ii at the end of a word copii similar to hue appears in plurals of nouns ending with -il
ii/-iii anywhere i.çi fiilor, copiii similar to hue
im/in anywhere ĩj̃ vadim between lane and seen l
l anywhere ɫ Vlăssia please
-l at the end of a word w Podrompal
cedrul
tow -ul ofter written as -ou or -lu in southern dialects
ll anywhere l mallic dental l, similar to ladder mostly in words of Ispelian, Franquese or Hellanesian origin

notes, to be developed:

  • d, t before b, c, f, g, k, l, m, n, p, r, v, x: dj, ch (Odrava, Ostrina) - revoked by dh, t contextually
  • mp: b (Mpalcik, Mpoumplianay)
  • n between a, o, u and another vowel: Voiced dental nasal (Kanes) - revoked by nn
  • r at the end of a syllable - guttural r (Montabour, Burcus)
  • r before a vowel - rolled r (Nădrăcin)
  • rr before a vowel - guttural r (Bărrădin)
  • s after a vowel + before a consonant or at the end of a word: ș (Burcus, Kallomenos, Durostor)- revoked by ss
  • s between two vowels; z - revoked by ss (Vlăssia, Montemassena) or by sh (Kushia, Teshir, kăddeshean)
  • sh: ș (words from Iviran) (Kaddesh, Shul)
  • t after a vowel + at the end of a word: ț (Edinet) - revoked by tt
  • t between two vowels (unless e (pronounced i), i, y): d - revoked by tt (Pilombatta)
  • x: ș

Future written changes from Romanian:

  • usage of double consonants (with various rules)
  • use of letter k in South Romanish
  • reintroduction of th and y
  • y instead of short i in groups of vowels
  • use of ph in words originating from various languages
  • elimination of the letter ț, replacing through t (in specific circumstances), ss and c
  • elimination of the letter ș, replacing through s (in specific circumstances (ʃ)), x and sh
  • elimination of the letter â, replacing through y and ă
  • ou instead of u in specific situations
  • elimination of the final i after a consonant, either complete elimination or replacing through a diacritical mark ( ҄ ? ᶇ? letters with curl?)


IPA

Consonants
IPA Examples in Romanish Examples in Ingerish
b ban boy
d dop day
ger gender
f foc face
ɡ gol, unghie good
h horn hat
k cal, chip, kilogram, quasar skip
l lună love
m mic moon
n nor name
ŋ lung long
p pas span
r rac, mare curd (Scottish (?) Ingerish)
s sare sun
ʃ șarpe shape
t tare stop
ts țară cats
cer choose
v val, watt voice
z zid zone
ʒ jar measure
Non-native consonants
ɲ Saligny roughly like canyon
Vowels
IPA Examples in Romanish Examples in Ingerish
a a roughly like father
e erou roughly like bet
ə ăsta about
i inel, mie beet
ɨ înspre, cârnat roses
o oraș law (Pretanic Ingerish)
u uda, dual fool
Non-native vowels
ɑ̃ Henri roughly like croissant
ɵ chemin de fer roughly like sir
ø bleu, loess
y ecru, fürer roughly like few
 
Semivowels
IPA Examples in Romanish Examples in Ingerish
j iarnă, creioane, rai, yacht you or boy
w băcăuan, dulău, tweeter wine or cow
Diphthongs
e̯a bea, Andreea short e followed by full a; similar to yard
e̯o vreo short e followed by full o; similar to yawn
o̯a foarte, oace short o followed by full a; similar to wagon
 
Other symbols
IPA Examples Explanation
ˈ dulău [duˈləw] Primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable)
ˌ extraordinar [ˌekstra.ordiˈnar] Secondary stress
. mie [ˈmi.e] Syllable marker, generally used between vowels in hiatus
ʲ rupi [ˈrupʲ] Palatalization (placed after the palatalized consonant)
  1. equivalent to the Surian Ж, ж, obsolete Romanish letter Garshzayin
  2. Obsolete sound, nowadays replaced with ᶎ
  3. Obsolete, nowadays replaced with З, з
  4. obsolete, nowadays й
  5. obsolete, nowadays ĭ
  6. obsolete, now completely left away
  7. non-existent
  8. Literally "Surian I"
  9. Also written with the characters Ȣ, ȣ
  10. Regionally also Ë, ë
  11. until the 16th century Ѭ, ѭ
  12. their origins in parentheses: Castellanese (ca), Drabantian (db), Darcordian (dc), Eganian (eg), Estian (es), Franquese (fr), Gaerman (gm), Garlian (ga), Proto-Slevic (sl), Surian (su), Turquese (tr)