|Republic of Sãikyel|
"Eninendes eset berege"
Unity makes Strength
and largest city
|Government||Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic|
|• Prime Minister||Erven Ogudek|
|• President||Tomasy Maikanagisek|
|Legislature||National Assembly of Sãikyel|
|• Upper house||House of the States|
|• Lower house||House of the People|
|• Total||30947 km2|
11984 sq mi
|• Estimate (2016)||11,254,000|
|• Total||$299.859 billion|
|• Per capita||$59,229|
|Currency||Sanain Polotina (S̊) (SPA)|
Sãikyel (/'saːj.kjɛl/, capital pronunciation /'sɑj.kjæl/), officially the Republic of Sãikyel (Sanain: Hervesi Sãikyel) is a small country in southeastern Uletha. In July of 2016, the population of Sãikyel was just over 11 million residents, with 30.5% of the population (3,435,100 residents) living in its capital city, Sãikyel City.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Geography
- 3 History
- 4 Economy
- 5 Culture
- 6 Currency
- 7 Infrastructure and transportation
- 8 Politics and Government
The current demonym of the country, sanain, is supposedly descended from a combination of the Old Sanain words *soa and *nûjneg (modern standard Sanain sãya and nayunek), together meaning "old farmer", or "original farmer". As of yet, very few links have been made connecting these terms logically, save for the presence of agriculture as a vital source of wealth throughout the history of Sãikyel. As for the name of the country itself, most probably deriving from OS *soa + *gyel ("old mountain", compare modern syen + keyel, speculations have been made by many top Sanain linguists that this term refers to the Urosedkeyelet hilly region in the south of the country.
Sãikyel is positioned in southeastern Uletha, and borders the Darcodian Sea to the north, Nelavia to the east, Supernia to the south, and UL021 to the west. Sanain territory covers 30,947 square kilometers or 11984 square miles. Elevation ranges from Terkorr peak in the Miunit range across southern Sãikyel (at 3,015 meters above the Darcodian Sea) to the coast in the north. Many of the rivers originating in the Miunit are tributaries of the largest rivers in the country, the Niva, Ohan and Oburb. Medium-sized mineral reserves contribute to the natural production in the country, while agricultural production flourishes in the central Sanain Steppe at the foot of the Yevraki Hills.
There is evidence of continuous inhabitation of the area around the southwest of modern Sãikyel, overlapping with the province of Sayageyel and extending up as far as Navasy, starting in the late 5th century AD. There is attestation during this time of four closely related tribes inhabiting the area: the Fel, Ni, Huna, and Varva (or Warwa). It is commonly accepted among Sanain anthropologists that these tribes settled in the low areas of the Sanain steppe and built permanent homes there. By the mid 6th century, however, these tribes had migrated further north, most probably along the course of the Niva and Oburb rivers, reaching the coast of the Darcodian Sea around 580-590 AD. Varvezyek (found in inscriptions as Warweθek or Warwazek) was founded in 593.
Around this time, the Huna peoples spread eastwards, toward modern Hunuda along the Central Highlands of the Sanain steppe. They eventually reached the Nakisara mountain range, the boundary of the Ohan river watershed, to the east of Sãikyel's border with Supernia. Though some Huna villages remained around Vãikili in the traditional Huna homeland, interbreeding and tribal fights led to the greatest concentration of Huna ancestry today to be in the far east of the country.
Similarly, the Fel peoples left their residences in the southwestern region to migrate along the course of the Fel and Niva upwards towards Meigen and the present-day province of Burban in the northwest. Most of the hydronyms in the west of Sãikyel descend from the Fel dialect of Old Sanain, and Lake Felo and the Fel river both take their names from the tribe.
Starting from the middle of the 19th century, the area today known as Sãikyel was divided into three independent states: The Principality of Sãikyel, the Principality of Nevensad, and the Kindgom of Hunuda. With much of the population and army might concentrated there, the Principality of Sãikyel was both the largest and the most powerful, and it was the only state with direct access to the coast.
The states were almost constantly in tension with each other, with border lands being constantly invaded and reclaimed. The decision of the Kingdom of Hunuda to invade the Principality of Nevensad in 1923 began an armed conflict between the two countries, into which the Principality of Sãikyel was introduced after the attack on the city of Hanbibi by Hunudan troops in 1926. Within a year of its involvement, the armed conflict escalated into a full-on war between the three small countries, with over 1 and a half million civilians and military troops dead by its end, which at the time was almost one-fifth of the population of the area. The end of the war came about with the Treaty of Sãikyel City in 1935, which passed most of the blame onto the Kingdom of Hunuda. While forced to sign the treaty, which contained provisions of demilitarization and eventual unification, the ten signatories from the belligerent states were unhappy with the treaty, and later campaigned extensively against it.
The ultimate result of the Treaty of Sãikyel City was the retreat and conglomeration of all of the countries' armies, the establishment of an interim government, and the approval for unification of the lands in the Sãikyel area. From the Treaty was created the Republic of Sãikyel, as well as a new Constitution and a legal code. Since the War of 1923-1935, the country has been in no further armed conflicts, and retains a stance of peace and cooperation with surrounding territories. However, the country has a network of allies in the region, which could drag it into future wars.
Sãikyel has limited natural resources within its boundaries, leading to over 20% of its economy to be based off of banking. Seven of its giant banks, colloquially known as the "Big Seven" have a combined market capitalization of almost USD350 billion. The largest bank in the country, and one of the largest in the continent, SãiBank, employs about 1% of the entire Sanain workforce.
Banks have been an integral part of the Sanain economy since the nineteenth century, when the oldest of the Big Seven, the Nevensad and Tomogeyel Financial Cooperative (or NATOFCO), was established in Nevensad in 1875. Since then, its banks have expanded to service most of southern Uletha. The Sãikyel and Uletha Republic Bank was founded to aid in this endeavor.
One of the reasons that the country is banking-centered is that the government imposes few regulations on finance and business in the country; this was part of an initiative by the government to open up the Sanain market after the Sanain War, when the economy was practically ruined. Since then, banks have been established almost every decaded up to 2000.
Membership in the UAC
Sãikyel has been a member of the Ulethan Alliance for Culture since 2009, when it was nominated to become a member.
The currency of Sãikyel is the polotinka (S̊), with an exchange rate of USD1.072 per polotinka. It is further divided into velaskat, each of which is 1/100 of a polotinka. However, only 1, 5, 10, and 50 velaska coins are minted.
Infrastructure and transportation
The national route system of Sãikyel is called the N-system (N-syistema) and spans the entire country. All roads that connect cities have numbers that are multiples of 5.
The flag carrier of Sãikyel is Air Sanain, which is a member of Geolliance. Air Sanain is only 50% government-owned, and is based out of Sãikyel International Airport, the largest airport in the country.
Politics and Government
The government of Sãikyel (Sanain Andallagtas) is a unitary parliamentary democracy based in the Government Quarter region of Sãikyel City, its capital. The current Prime Minister, elected in the 2016 Parliamentary Elections, is Erven Ogudek of the United Social Democrats (OSD), serving under President Tomasy Maikanagisek.
National Assembly of Sãikyel
The legislature of the country, the National Assembly (Sanain Uśtatalagtas) is divided into a lower chamber, the House of the People, Narudai Kuda, and the House of the States, Hervesiervatai Kuda. The House of the People has 281 deputies, while the House of the States has 90.
The Republic of Sãikyel is divided into nine provinces (hervesiervat), which are further divided into numerous municipalities (avyaktat), most of them based around an urban nucleus and farming or other resources in the surroundings. Three of these provinces are provincial-level cities (Sanain: hervesiervasadat): Sãikyel City, Nevensad, and Hanbibi. Provincial-level cities are not divided into municipalities, but boroughs (ãibeset) or neighborhoods (kaldat). Hanbibi and Nevensad also have independent settlements in them named autonomous urbanizations (avtonomiurbanizãltat).
|Native Name||Description||Number||Representation in Parliament|
|Provinces||4||Hervesiervat||Major subdivisions of the country||9||Delegates apportioned per municipality count, 10 in the House of States|
|Provincial-level cities||4||Hervesiervasadat||City-states||3||10 in the House of States, proportional to population|
|Cities||6||Sadat||Urban collections of municipalities||10||Represented by municipalities|
|Municipalities||8||Avyaktat||Subdivisions of provinces||50||Make up provincial delegate count|
|Boroughs||8||Saddistriktet (in Sãikyel City), ãibeset||Divisions of provincial-level cities, or of municipalities within cities||Varies by city||Representation only in city legislature|
|Kaldet (rural or urban)||9||Kaldat||Village or town||Hundreds||Municipalities|
|Autonomous urbanizations||9||Avtonomiurbanizãltat||Villages within provincial-level cities||Roughly 10-20 per provincial-level city||Represented by boroughs in city legislature|
|Neighborhoods||9||Taigat||Subdivisions of city boroughs||Varies by city||Represented by boroughs in city legislature|
|Province||2-letter code||3-letter code||Numerical code (government use)||Area code (+380)|
The government of Sãikyel is unitary, composed of one central, National Government (Uveskai Andallagtas), and local authorities in each Hervesierva, municipality, and kald. It is composed of three separate branches: the executive (Besyegelegtesi), legislative (Andadartasi), and judicial (Bedigyelegtesi), with powers vested in the President, National Assembly, and the national court system, respectively, by the Constitution of Sãikyel. With this format, it is a semi-presidential republic, with the President alongside a Prime Minister. The executive branch is composed of the President, the Vice-President, and various extra-ministerial executive bodies. The legislative branch consists of the Prime Minister, the Cabinet, and the bicameral National Assembly. The judicial branch is composed of the Supreme Court, the non-geographic Constitutional Courts, intermediate appellate courts within three circuits, and local trial courts; as well as separate military, claims, and international trade court systems.
The Prime Minister is elected each new term by single transferable voting. Each term normally lasts 2 years, unless the National Assembly (and by extension the government) is dissolved, a power held by the President and the Assembly by a two-thirds supermajority.
Elections can be divided into three types: elections for the House of the People, elections for the House of States, and elections for local politicians and mayors. Elections for the National Assembly take place at the provincial level, while local elections are largely left to city or municipal authorities; sometimes, however, local elections are supervised and monitored by the Local Government Administration, a government agency. Elections for the House of the People in Sãikyel normally take place every 2 years, and citizens vote at a local level. The country is split up into 550 electoral districts, which are changed each election season by the Office of Electoral Districts and Boundaries of the National Elections Commission (UIK), an independent government agency answering to the President.
At the national level, the Prime Minister is elected indirectly through the National Assembly. Elections usually take place in September or October, although the dissolution of the National Assembly can push this date up. The Constitution mandates that elections take place at least six weeks before the end of an Assembly.
Parties which wish to participate in the elections must proclaim this to the National Elections Commission (UIK) around two months before the scheduled voting day, and are issued a license to do so shortly thereafter. Sanain law does not specify how candidates for parties are chosen; however, almost all parties, including the IP and Socialists, hold several public meetings for party members to vote on nominees. The final list, no more than five candidates, is submitted to the UIK about a month before the voting day, and from then on a 30-day long campaigning period is allowed.
On election day, voters go to numerous voting centers per district. Election officials ask them for identification—usually an ID card or driver's license, although government employees can present an ID card from their respective agency. Voting is private, so booths are curtained off, and either computers or paper ballots are used. Regardless of the format, each voter is given a list of candidates per party. Since a single transferable vote system is used, voters are asked to number the candidates for whichever party they choose in ascending order of precedence. Although rare with the somewhat firm party loyalties voters have, they are also technically allowed to rank candidates outside of party boundaries, meaning that a voter could enumerate candidates of several parties in this manner; however, this is uncommon, and instructions do not mention this.
The Cabinet is appointed by the Prime Minister after National Assembly elections. All nominees must, however, receive consent from the House of the States before assuming their duties.
|Prime Minister||Erven Ogudek||Freedoms Party|
| Minister of the Interior
Deputy Prime Minister
|Peter Helesnek||Freedoms Party|
|Minister of State||Borisy Magyayan||Freedoms Party|
|Minister of Finance and Economics||Mihãl Felenek||Freedoms Party|
|Minister of Defense||Aleksander Atavad|
|Prosecutor General||Marina Ladmar|
|Minister for Water and the Environment||Nattalya Boznarai||Freedoms Party|
|Minister for Public Health, Family, and Youth||Denisy Sigetin||Freedoms Party|
|Minister for Labor and Social Development||Vazyer Pedrenek||Freedoms Party|
|Minister for Housing and Urbanization||Tomasy Vandoberti||Freedoms Party|
|Minister for Education||Matãn Isukaldak||Freedoms Party|
|Minister for Transportation and Infrastructure||Angela Ditis|
|Minister for Tourism, Culture, and Sport||Serei Tuhudnuk||Freedoms Party|
|Minister for Science and Technology||Valentina Ikeśbedere||Freedoms Party|
|Minister for Energy||Gregor Tazuban||Freedoms Party|
|Deputy Minister for International Trade||Alicia Futanbak||Freedoms Party|
|Director of National Intelligence||Temen Bizyenek||Freedoms Party|
|Ambassador to the Assembly of Nations||Andriusy Kitosin||Freedoms Party|
|Deputy Minister for the National Environment Agency||Valentina Sarapona|
|Secretary for National Intelligence||Ossin Bedeter||Freedoms Party|
|Director of the Presidential Office of the Budget||Giret Nebener||Freedoms Party|
|Secretary for Government Affairs||Miklau Hośkezyek|