|Säntjana Anola-Fiorii Airport|
Säntjana Anola-Fiorii Airport is an international airport in Osmila, Karolia. It is the main air hub for the capital region of Säntjana and the main point of entry to the country. It is also the headquarters of Air Karolia.
Anola-Fiorii handles mostly intercontinental flights, whilst domestic and budget routes use Säntjana-Tougu to the north of the city. The main terminal won 'Karolian Building of the Year' and the Archantan Design Association's 'Excellence in Design' awards in 2011 for its architect, Jos Viitan.
Anola-Fiorii was a military base from 1946-1999, built on mostly reclaimed land to the south-east of Osmila. The site had been built as an airfield and naval base to defend the capital, but the military had shrunk in size over the decades and combined with noise restrictions on flying jets and helicopters over the residential areas of the capital had largely abandoned the site.
Meanwhile, the city airport at Tougu, built in the 1950s, was starting to require extensive modernisation by the 1990s and was struggling to cope with expansion of budget airline routes to the city. Aside from a second terminal built in the 1970s, the airport did not have jetbridges, sufficient space for lounges and would in the next ten years need substantial work to the buildings and more significantly to the main runway and apron area. The scale of the project was to be so vast that the airport would in theory need to be closed for several days to complete the terminal and runway work (Tougu had a second usable runway but it crossed the first, and was shorter), leaving the city with no airport.
Against this background, the Säntjana Linnapea considered three options: have Tougu refurbished and a third terminal built, with the runway work scheduled to minimise the impact and fund diversion of flights to other cities during the project; construct a new set of terminals on the same site whilst keeping the airport open; or build a completely new airport at another site.
It was decided on grounds of cost, practicality and prestige to pursue the third option and keep a reduced Tougu open once complete. A site was immediately suggested on the military base at Anola-Fiorii, but this initially ran into opposition on the grounds that it was further away from the city centre and had insufficient transport links to the city and country. Additional concerns were over the affordability of any project: Säntjana has by this time already committed to the new Kaastjaam station and Cross-City Link rail projects and would be spending billions of Korone in little more than a decade.
However, such concerns were weighed against the economic benefits the new airport would bring. Combined with high-speed rail and road links to the city centre, a modern airport would facilitate more efficient transfers, more flights, increased volume of cargo and actually reduce onward travel times to the capital. Construction was started in 2007 with the removal of the military base and the digging of the new road and rail tunnels. Once these were sufficiently progressed, the foundations of the terminals and the relaying of the old main runway commenced.
The project was finished nearly a month behind schedule on 5th July 2011 but only modestly over budget, at Kr1.1 billion (not including associated road and rail schemes). The new airport replaced Tougu as the capital's intercontinental hub (Tougu remains open, but mostly serves short-to medium haul destinations and budget airlines). In order to facilitate a smooth transition, Anola-Fiorii opened with only one runway whilst the other was still under construction and flights were transferred from Tougu in stages, starting with Air Karolia, with refurbishment at Tougu occurring in parallel. Both runways are now open as of summer 2014.
The airport is built largely on artificial land next to the shore and so the runways are almost at sea level. The airport has extensive sea defences around the perimeter to minimise the chance of flooding in high sea conditions.
Anola-Fiorii has two north-south runways in line with the prevailing wind, with the terminal buildings in between. This allows for parallel take-offs and landings, making most efficient use of the area, and quicker taxiing to and from gates by aircraft. The main terminal building (1) is at the southern end of the site and is linked to four parallel satellite terminals (1a - 4) by an underground people mover system. The approach path to the north overflies residential areas of Osmila and so noise restrictions apply. Pilots must also take care to avoid the Osmila hills a few kilometers to the east, although their presence does not normally necessitate any extreme manoeuvres and regular straight approaches are the normal procedure. The hills often help to reduce crosswinds from the east at runway level.
Terminal 1 is used exclusively for Air Karolia flights (although their aircraft occasionally use Terminal 2 as overflow. In general, Terminal 2 is for medium-haul flights to some parts of Ulethia and Archanta, Terminal 3 for long-haul to Tarephia, Antarephia and Ulethia and Terminal 4 for short-haul to nearby countries in Archanta.
Anola-Fiorii is forecast to satisfy the capacity demands for the Karolian capital's air traffic for at least the next thirty years. It is already the busiest airport in the country and amongst the twenty busiest in the world by passenger numbers and aircraft movements. The Karolian government's transport office and Air Karolia have already implemented a ten-year plan to turn the airport into a major hub for through traffic to the rest of Archanta and further afield.
The airport site design includes provision for a second entrance terminal at the northern end, which would facilitate an increase in passenger movements. The parallel runway design would be able to handle a 50% increase in traffic from current levels but if further capacity were required another runway and a second parallel terminal system could be built by creating another artificial island west adjacent of the current complex.
Inside the terminal are contained over 60 shops, eateries and other retail points, car hire desks for all major firms, offices by all airlines serving the airport, chapel, medical centre, bicycle hire, police station, and SVK transport information centre.
The airport uses a modern electronic check-in system which largely replaces the traditional desks and speeds up passage through the terminal. Of course, only rudimentary security and identity checks are necessary to enter and leave Karolia.
The terminal's design has the pleasing side-effect of having excellent acoustics and it is not uncommon to be greeted on arriving in Karolia by a choir or music group performing in the main space. On special occasions there are actual concerts after the airport has closed or during quiet evenings when guests may enjoy a full concert and use of the shopping facilities.
The EXPO site to the immediate east includes a number of hotels and other facilities such as long-term parking and car rental.
Anola-Fiore has a large and modern cargo facilityhoused in a separate terminal. It handles around 30% of the air cargo entering the country.
The airport includes the main maintenance hub of Air Karolia and has workshops capable of carrying out D-checks and all other maintenance. The airline's offices also include a flight simulator training suite.
Anola-Fiorii is linked to central Säntjana and the rest of the country by several transport routes which were constructed in parallel with the airport. By high-speed train, Osmila Kaastjaam is approx 6 mins away and Santjana Kaastjaam 12 minutes. Fontjana is 1 hour and Paliiso 1 hour 20 mins. RVK also run special limited-stop airport transfer trains from Anola-Fiore to Tougu via the Kaastjaam.
The A1 motorway runs around the eastern side of the island of Osmila and over the Väina to the north. The A104 takes a more direct route to the city, via a tunnel under Atafusaar and Osmila city centre. Local roads also serve the rest of Osmila. The airport has its own bus station in the terminal.
The airport has its own dedicated railway and metro station at the southern end of the site, which is located right next to the terminals. A high-speed rail link paralleling the A104 runs in a tunnel to Osmila Kaastjaam, and then on to Säntjana Kaastjaam, connecting to destinations throughout the country. Local and S-Train services also terminate at the airport.
There is no direct link with the Säntjana Metro, however the S-Raud (suburban railway) serves the airport, running to the suburbs and centre of Osmila. The full-size trains have special luggage areas to accommodate air travellers and their baggage. Cross-platform links to other S-Raud and metro services are provided at most interchanges on the route.
Fast jetfoils connect the airport to the city centre of Säntjana in just 20 minutes and the Capolii islands via Jurnova in 30 mins, departing every half-hour. This service is privately operated and is aimed at the business traveller market.