San Martín

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12, -15.2311, 128.6295
San Martín
City
From top, left to right: Palace of Liberacíon, Kemuning Heights, Old Town San Martín, El Convento in Ciudad Magueriz, National Museum of Wallea
Flag
Flag
CountryWalleanflag.jpg Wallea
 • ProvinceSan Martín Capital Territory
DemonymSan Martinians, Martinians, Martinez
Government
 • GovernorJosé Parat Syahbandar
 • Vice GovernorChristina Lamuju Sejò
Area
 • Total1909.82 km2
Elevation8 m
Population
 • Estimate (2019)8,780,000
 • Census (2010)8,595,293
Postal Code1xxx0
Websitesanmartin.gov.wa

San Martín, officially Special Capital Territory of San Martín, is the capital and the largest city of Wallea. Located on the southwestern coast, it is the center of economics, culture, and politics of Wallea with a population of 8,000,000 in the capital city alone as of 2018. San Martín's business opportunities, as well as its potential to offer a higher standard of living, attract migrants from all over the country, making it a melting pot of many communities and cultures. San Martín is also the only official province with special capital region status and is named one of the biggest metropolis in Archanta. The Castellan San Martin was officially founded on 13 September 1542, by Castellan conquistador Jose Casillas de San Martín. San Martin was also the seat of power for most of the country's colonial rulers. It is home to many historic sites, some of which were built during the 16th century. After the independence of the country in the 20th century, King Damai proclaimed the city as the capital of Wallea and also home for the monarch. The city is currently the seat of the international organization secretariat and other important domestic financial institutions such as the Bank of Wallea, the Wallea Stock Exchange, and the corporate headquarters of numerous Wallean companies and multinational corporations. In the recent year itself, San Martín has grown more rapidly than in neighboring cities such as Edetanea, Elegantia, and Kendrick City, making San Martín a spotlight for numerous multinational overseas business and rapidly rising foreign investment. San Martín's major challenges include rapid urban growth leading to overpopulation and ecological breakdown, gridlock traffic and congestion, poverty and inequality, and flooding.


History

Names and etymology

San Martín was named after one of the lieutenants from the Cermeño Expedition that has been sent from Edetanea, Jose Casillas de San Martín. San Martín became the first governor of the settlement in 1542. Other names had been used for the area prior to San Martin’s establishment, such as Bandar Kemuning, Khot Kalima, and Kalipura. During the Castellan colonial era, the city was also referred to as Barnia en el Este in the 17th century due to the urban beauty of San Martín canals, mansions, and organized city layout. During Ingerish colonization, the city still used San Martin as its name. After independence, a referendum was held to rename the capital, with options including Kemuning, Damaipura and San Martin. A majority of 60 percent, along with the king’s approval, named the settlement as it is today in of historical matter.

Pre-Colonial Era

The riverbank of Madrazo was the location of the ancient Khati culture that flourished in around 400 BCE. A village or town (then named either Kalima or Khemena) was founded around the time and most of its inhabitants were farmers and fishermen. Around the first century AD, it was recorded that the surrounding area is fertile with rice farming. The Khati villages became part of the Bacangan Kingdom in the 5th century AD as it expanded westwards into the delta of Río Alameda.

King of Bacangan as depicted in Candi Racan relief
As the Bacang Kingdom merged into the Wali Kingdom, the area was left behind as more people moved to the west for more trading opportunities, on top of the fact that a famine occurred. A Kalima inscription (written in the 7th century) stated that the then king ordered the villagers to return to Rio Alameda sometime in the mid-6th century, for which clear reasons are unknown. Nevertheless, the resettlement brought life into the area. In the 10th century, a new naval fleet was built at the now-flourishing town, but the fleet was never used as they were destroyed in a great fire soon afterward.

In the Great Floods of the 12th century, farms and settlements were destroyed. The catastrophe resulted in people having to move further north into Northern Wallea. The area was abandoned and was never formally rebuilt until the 15th century. Meanwhile, nomadic tribes like the Logan people have made brief settlements in the area as they travel from eastern Archanta to the western side of the continent. Such settlements only last the most 70 years, after which each tribe voluntarily left or is evicted by land bandits or pirates. Prior to the end of the 14th century, plans were made to redevelop the area, such as building ports, new irrigation systems, and warehouses for essential goods to trade with the other kingdoms and western powers. Only one such settlement near today’s San Martin, Bandar Kemuning, was built as part of the ambitious project that was never fulfilled due to financial concerns and having to deal with pirates and bandits along the coast. Kemuning was later overrun by lawless pirates in the mid-15th century.

Colonial Era

The first Western power that arrived in Kemuning was Florescenta with its merchants João Rodrigo Guaspar making contact with local native people of Kemuning around the 1520s (at the same time driving out the pirates with its army, giving the natives a good impression). João went to Edetanea to inform the King of Teodosio I of Castilea Archantea in 1535 and wanted to secure Florescenta’s rights over the area, in the name of securing the peace and stability in the area and at the same time improving trade in the region. However, despite meetings with the local rulers and the king of Castilea Archantea, Florescenta has not managed to secure a deal to administer the area, as the rulers and the king have no confidence in letting Florescenta administer the area and at the same time are influenced by Castellan who has control over the area but not Kemuning.

Priest that are part of Puertavieja's Conquistador helps in spreading Christic religion to natives
Meanwhile, Castellan got wind of the news of attempts by Florescenta to colonize the area and sent famous Castelan explorer Andrés Cermeño de Puertavieja to Wallea, not wanting its power in Wallea to be undermined by Florescenta. Castellan ships then sailed to the area around Kemuning to repel the Florescentan merchants from 1538. The conflict between Castellan and Florescenta was resolved in 1542 after Cermeno’s lieutenant, Jose Casillas de San Martín, managed to negotiate a deal with Florescenta allowing its merchants to do business in the area but giving Castellan administrative control of the area. The deal was accepted and signed by the various parties on 13 September. Kemuning was renamed San Martin in his honor of managing to defuse the dispute. Fort San Martin was later built in 1545 to commemorate the third year since Castellan establishment of control of the area.

Commercial opportunities in the city attracted natives and immigrants. This sudden population increase created burdens on the city. Tensions grew as the colonial government tried to restrict migration through deportations. To order the natives and immigrants living near Fort San Martin, Governor of Castelan Walea in 1679, Miguel de Acosta orders the city planner to plan the new San Martin with grids like what they did in their home country of Castelan. It was postponed a lot because of the frequent Ingerish attacks on Fort San Martin.

Map of Old San Martín in 1799
Despite the frequent attacks from the Ingerish, the City of San Martin was on the golden age in the 1750s, as the plantation around the city is making big profits. Colonists started buying a lot of slave workers from the Wali Kingdom, Sultanate of Majesia and surrounding kingdoms. Although the government of Castellan Walea didn’t agree on slavery, he didn’t make a rule to outlaw slavery as he said to develop the economy of the colony. Tobacco, sugar, coconuts, rice, and oilseeds (canola, soybeans, and peanuts) are the main exported products from San Martín. The quality of the products is among the best in the world. The profits from capitalizing this trade are so immense, that the only company that monopolizes the trade, Empresa de Wallea del Sur (EDS), valued around 80 billion USD (Unified Standard Dollar) in today's currency value.
Afternoon scene in La Plaza Elmondo, Old San Martín
After several decades of smaller attacks, San Martin fell into Ingerish hand after the Battle of Los Palmitos in 1817, as the leader of Ingerish company, John Russel Brandt led a rebellion from the slave and promise to free them and made the slave into workers. Ingerish pushed Castellan colonists into the eastern territory of Wallea and even back to Castilea Archantea. As under the Ingerish ruling, San Martin resident is highly diverse as mixed Wallean-Castellan descendant were allowed to live and positioned themselves as the part of Ingerish colonial government. This results in a lot of Castellan named district in Central San Martín. Although, a lot of native people felt the system was unfair to them, as the White resident was seen as the first-class citizen and native people was the second class citizen as they weren’t allowed to enter the central government area. As a result of this colonial discrimination, almost all native population resides outside Central San Martin as they established smaller towns like Kemuning, Bacang, Kampung Maja, Kampung Tanay, and Pasiling.

The 1837 Great Fire of San Martin destroys almost half of the city, which now is part of Ciudad Magueríz into the northern part of the Fort San Martin. As an effort to rebuild the city, the colonial government pushes the effort to rebuild San Martin with bits of help of Castellan and Castilean architect and city planner to re-rebuild the city. San Martin expands a lot under the Ingerish occupation. Ingerish basically modernized the city, with a proper sewer system, electricity, railway system that spans to almost 150 km in San Martin area itself, a tramway also introduced in 1880, which was destroyed later and never rebuild, and also commercialization of native people which creates a lot of new businesses including merchant from Wali and Majesia.

The unfair treatment of native people in Wallea triggered a lot of protesting and violent attacks to the colonist, in the city of San Martin, Mayor of Florencio, Robert J. Taylor was brutally murdered by an angry mob which later made the event of Pasiling Massacre on 1907. Around 2,000 natives were brutally killed by the violent colonial soldier. This action made Wali Kingdom, which a decade earlier just won a war with Ascot, are very confident to push the colonial Ingerish from Wallea. Battle of West San Martin is one of the key points of the Wallean Independence as half of the Ingerish forces were pulled back to sea and after that San Martin and the other 5 provinces were given from Ingerish to the Kingdom of Wallea as they couldn’t keep the order. Then in 1911, the treaty of Saint Pancras that was held in Saint Pancras, west of San Martin, the Ingerish recognize the sovereign nation of Wallea, with San Martin as the capital city.

Independence Era

Administration