|Native speakers||11 million (as of 2016) |
|Writing system||Romantian script|
|Signed forms||Signed Sanain|
|Official language in|| Assembly of Nations|
|Regulated by||Sanain Aveninstitut|
The Sanain language (Sanain: Sanain duna) is the official and most widely spoken language in the Republic of Sãikyel. Sanain is a Uletarephian language, but occupies its own language group, as it cannot be placed with other Uletarephian languages. Cognates like tek, korr, and en to Ingerish "thick", "horn", "in"; and puda, vid to Zylandian "foud", "woda", among others, confirm that Sanain is distantly related to other languages. Before the 1940's, it was thought that Sanain was a language isolate.
Almost 95% of the population of Sãikyel speaks Sanain, with a further 2 million as L2 speakers in surrounding countries. It is the diplomatic language of the government of Sãikyel as well.
Sanain uses the Latin alphabet, along with the special letters ã, ś, and ź, representing the phonemes /aː/, /ʃ/, and /ʒ/. The last two sounds are written as either the accented letters or as s and z, but only after i and e, or at the end of a word:
Not haś but has, pronounced /haʃ/. Not eźin but ezin, pronounced /ɛʒin/.
However, "s" or "z" followed by a "y" (sy, zy) after e and i is pronounced /s/.
Not kapas but kapasy; /'kapaʃ/ vs. /'kapas/. Not hãrbez but hãrbezy; /'haːɾbɛʒ/ vs. /'haːɾbɛz/.
The character ã signifies both a lengthening of the vowel a and the shifting of stress onto the syllable containing the ã, even though Sanain generally puts stress on the first syllable of the word:
Yaran, /'jaɾan/, vs. yarãn, /ja'ɾaːn/. Kudalmahadek, /'kudalmahadɛk/, vs. kudãlmahadek, /ku'dalmahadɛk/.
- Sãikyel, the country in which Sanain is spoken.