Schalmen is an old town, dating back to early middle ages. It was the seat of the Duchy of Schalmen until 1485, when a storm flood swept away the castle. Although a fortress was rebuilt in a river-bend, the Duke decided to relocate to Welle in 1603. Until the advent of the railway, in 1893, Schalmen only consisted of the old town, built in a river bend. A modern estate was established west of the railway in 1940.
- Schalmen straddles the main road link between Welle and the Kobáň border, between Oud Sevetem and the Kobáň town of Nový Svět. Before reaching Oud Sevetem, the coastal resort of Buitenzand is passed, lying at the bottom of the Seveter Heuvelrug ridge.