|République Libre du Sudharka (Free Republic of Sudharka)|
and largest city
|Ethnic Groups||white (78%), black (8%), mixed (14%)|
|• Total||TBD km2|
TBD sq mi
|• Estimate (2020)||83 219|
|• Total||2 109 185 555 $|
|• Per capita||25 345 $|
|• Total||659 120 486 E|
|• Per capita||7 920,3 E|
|HDI (2019)|| 0.918|
|Currency||Esterlin (E) (EST)|
|Drives on the||right|
Sudharka, officialy République Libre du Sudharka (Free Republic of Sudharka), is a country in the north coast of Tarephia.
- 1 History
- 2 Politics
- 3 Political system
- 4 Geography
- 5 Infrastructure
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture and daily life
- 8 Economy
Before the colonisation
Revolution and Kingdom
The Constitution of 1791
These are the taxes now in place in Sudharka :
• Excise tax on alcohol and alcoholic beverages, tobacco, etc.
• 2% tax on land value, paid at the death of the owner, and funding a 2000 E (≈ 6400 USD) allowance given to everyone arriving at twenty-one years of age, and a 1000 E (≈ 3200 USD) annual allowance for the elderly (above 65) and the lame and blind.
• An income tax with two brackets : a 5% bracket until 200 000 E (≈ 640 000 USD), and a 80% bracket for the higher part of the income. It provides funds for justice, defense, general administration, etc., along with a tax of 12.5% on companies' gross sales, and a 12.5% V.A.T. These taxes also fund education expenses (school vouchers) and research.
• negative income tax of 150 E (≈ 480 USD) per month, funded by a 23% tax on the income.
In addition to that, the government is considered to be in charge of the preservation of the environment, and therefore holds the role of containing every form of pollution into strict limitations. For this reason, no pollutant can be emitted in the atmosphere or rejected in the water without an official allowance. These are sold by the government and provide an income used for the preservation of the environment and of remarkable places. The amount of pollution-allowances to be sold is determined, for each pollutant and each year, by a law.
In the past, tariffs had been put in place until the sudharkan industry could develop, but they all have been removed since 1982.
The legislative power is held by the Grand Council (Grand Conseil), a monocameral parliament, but with two kinds of members. There are 35 députés and 5 contrôleurs. The députés are elected every 6 years (they can be re-elected until they turn 75), using the single transferable vote (). The contrôleurs, created to ensure that spurious arguments were avoided during the debates, are selected through an exam of general knowledge, ranging from politics and history, to logic, philosophy, economics, science, etc. They are also replaced every 6 years, but they cannot apply for a second term. Even if they are officially members of the Council, witness the debates and can take part in them, the contrôleurs cannot vote.
The Grand Conseil is at the basis of the sudharkan political system. It votes the laws, and controls the executive power by electing the 6 members of the Directoire exécutif, who does not have the possibility to dissolve the Grand Conseil.
Petitions can be addressed by the population to the Grand Conseil, and if a proposal for a new bill or a constitution amendment has been approved by more than 5000 people, it must be either submitted to vote by the Grand Conseil or to referendum, respectively.
The Executive Council (Conseil Exécutif) is the collegial government of the country and wields the executive power. It is composed of 6 Secretaries of State, that are appointed by the Grand Council at the beginning of the legislature. It is interesting to notice that the 6 Secretaries of State are elected separately, allowing the Grand Council to choose people of various political opinions, and preventing the raise of an unduly powerful executive power.
Each Secretary of State is in charge of one of the 6 ministries defined in the constitution :
- Secrétariat aux Affaires Intérieures (Home Affairs). It includes a Bureau de Préservation ("Preservation Office"), selling the polluting allowances and using the money gathered to protect the remarkable landscapes or elements of biodiversity.
- Secrétariat aux Affaires Étrangères (Foreign Affairs).
- Secrétariat à la Défense Nationale (Ministry of Defense)
- Secrétariat à l'Instruction, au Commerce et à l’Industrie (Ministry of Education, Trade and Industry). Gives school vouchers, and operates a broadcasting service. Can also, as visible in its name, promote trade and industry, but is tightly bound in what can be done for this purpose.
- Secrétariat aux Contributions Publiques (Ministry of Treasure).
- Chancellerie (Ministry of Justice). The Chancelier does not receive the title of Secretary of State.
The Judiciary Power is held by the Chancellerie.
TO BE DONE
Sudharka have a tropical monsoon climate. The wet season occurs from december to may, with a precipitation totals close to 300 mm, and the dry season is during the rest of the year, with like 100 mm of precipitations. The temperature is always between 18°C (64.4°F) and 33°C (91.4°F). The prevailing winds are from N-W.
There are a few mines of antimony, and a few gold mines. A few quarries are exploited for the use of the inhabitants.
The main resource is crops, mainly cacao and coffee, but also bananas, oranges, pepper, vanilla, avocados, pineapples, guava, coconut, breadfruit, cassava (almost not exported), and a very good wine. Wood (teck and brazil wood, mainly, but also mahogany wood and ironwood) is also an important resource.
Fishing is important for the inhabitant's consumption, but this production is almost not exported. There is also a small production of seafood, sold in the neighbouring countries.
Sudharka is linked with its neighbour countries by a train line. Created in 1890, it has always been extensively used by Sudharkans. The line itself is owned by the sudharkan government, and the transportation service is operated by private (and foreign) companies.
The population generally prefers the cheaper rail transportation, but, for overseas destinations, an airfield has been built in 1932.
The electricity supplier is Compagnie d'Électricité du Sudharka. Thanks to Sudharka natural opportunities, all the energy supply can be provided by reneweable means. The only coal power plant, built in 1903 (it was the first power plant of the country), was replaced by an hydropower dam in 1927. In 1954, Louis Dumont created an Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion () power plant. Because of a lack of funds, no bigger plants of this kind were built, but Dumont's is still in use.
Schooling in Sudharka is not mandatory, but instruction is. Schools are privateky-owned, but the curricula, defined by the school itself, are controlled by the government, who classifies schools according to the quality of the education they provide.
The first stage is the instruction primaire (primary school), from the age of 5 to 11. Then comes either the instruction secondaire (secondary education), in lycées, from 11 to 18, or the instruction professionnelle (secondary technical education), in écoles primaires supérieures (allowing to became an apprentice at the age of 15). The degrees of the higher education are the bachelor's degree (licence), the master's degree (maîtrise), and the doctorate (doctorat).
Since 1890, the sudharkan government allows school vouchers. They are of 1125 E (4072$) a year in primary education, 2500 E (8484$) in secondary education, and 4000 E in higher education (14480$). These vouchers can only be used to pay for a government-agreed school.
TO BE DONE
Culture and daily life
The only daily paper still published is La Feuille Nationale, also the first newspaper in Sudharka, created in 1792. A few weeklies are also published.
Numerous monthly magazines about science, philosophy, art, automobile, sports, etc. are also published. Among these monthlies is Le Consommateur, published by the government and giving information about the products available on the market, and comparisons of these products.
There are 12 FM radio stations, and no AM stations. The most important of them is Radio-Sudharka, the government-owned station. There are among 60 000 radio receptors in Sudharka.
Even if many foreign TV channels are available in Sudharka, the only sudharkan TV station is Sudharka-Télevision, the government-owned channel, created in 1965. There are roughly 20 000 televisions in Sudharka.
Internet is very widespread in Sudharka. Indeed, according to the latest survey, there are roughly 63 000 internet users in the population.
- 1 January : Nouvelle année (New Year's Eve)
- second friday of May and following monday : bank holiday
- 4 June : Fête de l'indépendance (independance day)
- last friday of August : bank holiday
- 24 December afternoon and 25 December : Christmas
The currency is the Esterlin (code EST, symbol E), divided in 100 deniers. The esterlin is a gold-exchangeable currency, the rate being 1 E = 0,1g of gold. (Seeing the price of gold, 1 E is currently about 3.2 $ (oct. 2018))