|République Libre du Sudharka (Free Republic of Sudharka)|
and largest city
|Ethnic Groups||white (78%), black (8%), mixed (14%)|
|• Président||Dr. Paul Savary|
|• Total||TBD km2|
TBD sq mi
|• Estimate (2019)||83 219|
|• Total||2 109 185 555 $|
|• Per capita||25 345 $|
|• Total||659 120 486 E|
|• Per capita||7 920,3 E|
|HDI (2019)|| 0.918|
|Currency||Esterlin (E) (EST)|
|Drives on the||right|
Sudharka, officialy République Libre du Sudharka (Free Republic of Sudharka), is a country in the north coast of Tarephia.
- 1 History
- 2 Politics
- 3 Political system
- 4 Geography
- 5 Infrastructure
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture and daily life
- 8 Economy
Before the colonization
While the majority of the coast of the sea of Vodeo had already been colonized by the end of the 17th century, the bay of Sudharka, in the middle of the rainforest, remained free from any foreign domination, and almost unsettled until the second half of the 18th century. There was only a small village inhabited by a few indigenes and by the descendants of some of the pirates who had established their operating base in Sudharka during the 17th century. Since those pirates were mostly of franquese origin, their influence over the indigenes prepared the colonization.
The arrival of des Briseux and the colonization
The colonization of Sudharka began unexpectedly, when, in 1749, the franquese schooner L'Éclaireur was forced to anchor in the bay due to a storm that caused damage in the ship. As it was being repaired with the help of some indigenes, the captain, Antoine des Briseux, took time to explore the zone, and he found out that this bay could be the perfect place to create a franquese foothold in the sea of Vodeo, a zone mostly dominated by the Castellanese and the Ingerish. After his return to Brocéliande, he received an agreement from the government and, with the help of some other merchants, he eventually created a trading post, in an abandoned fort built by pirates, given to des Briseux by the chief of the village. As des Briseux was supported by the pirates' descendants of franquese origin, and since the trade brought to the indigenes what they considered as valuable goods, des Briseux easily managed to gain influence over them and to be elected their chief after the sudden death of the former one in 1750.
Until the late 1750s, Sudharka remained almost independant, tough ruled by franquese people, but Castellan and Ingerland began to strenghten their domination in the region, and seemed both willing to invade Sudharka. Castellan even sent a few men incognito in Sudharka, in order to destabilize the government. For this reason, Sudharka accepted in 1756 to become truly a franquese colony, and was put under the administration of Brocéliande.
How Sudharka gained independance
After the independance : the 19th century
The taxes providing funds for the regalian functions of the state are a VAT of 15%, and a tax of 1% on companies' gross sales. The education vouchers are funded by a 5% tax on the income. There is also a negative income tax of 150 E (480$) per month, payed by a 23% tax. There is also a tax on legacies : the main residence is exonarated, then a 15% bracket is applied until 625 000 E (2 million $), and a 80% bracket for higher legacies. The yearly receipts of this tax are divided between the children born during the year and given to their parents to be invested and provide a small capital for the children when they turn 18.
But the government is also in charge of the preservation of the country. For this reason, a tax on pollutants' emissions have been created in 1986. The money received by the state through this system is used for the preservation of historic buildings and remarkable places.
In 1982, the Sudharkan government proposed to the Tarephian Cooperation Council a tax on financiary transactions. To be precise, it would have been a 1% tax on stock sales, paid only if the stocks sold were bought less than a day ago. But the bill was eventually rejected, and, since it would have been useless to apply it only in Sudharka, was abandoned.
The legislative power is in the hands of the Grand Conseil (litt.: Great Council). It is a monocameral parliament, but with two kinds of members. There are 45 députés and 5 contrôleurs.
The députés are elected every 6 years (they can be re-elected until they turn 75), using the single transferable vote ().
The Président (President) is the head of State. He is elected every 7 years (and re-eligible until the age of 75). He is also officially Head of executive power, he promulgate laws, is the head of the armed forces, etc. He is legally responsible only in case of high treason, can dissolve the Grand Conseil, and can put a veto on law bills and asks for another deliberation. But all his acts have to be covered by countersignature of a minister.
The executive power is in the hands of the Conseil Exécutif (executive council), elected by the Grand Conseil, and composed of 5 ministers and a secretary.
The ministries are:
- Secrétariat aux Affaires Intérieures (Home Affairs). It includes a Bureau de Préservation ("Preservation Office"), selling the polluting allowances and using the money gathered to protect the remarkable landscapes or elements of biodiversity.
- Secrétariat aux Affaires Étrangères (Foreign Affairs).
- Secrétariat à la défense nationale (Ministry of Defense)
- Secrétariat à l'instruction (Ministry of Education). Gives school vouchers, and operates a broadcasting service. This service (a radio station, a TV channel and a newspaper (both in paper and online) allows the government to influence the citizens without creating many binding laws. The policy applied by this ministry is closely related to the nudge theory (as defined by Thaler and Sunstein. See :)
- Secrétariat aux Contributions Publiques (Ministry of Treasure)
To summarise the power of the executive : the government is responsible of its policy beneath the Grand Conseil and he can express an opinion in this Conseil. The P.M. acts for the president when he can't, is the head of the government, can propose bills to the assembly and is in fact the head of the executive power. The president could dissolve the Conseil, could propose laws, can ask for a second deliberation on a bill, can communicate with the Conseil. Also, he is politically irresponsible and have all the prerogatives ordinary given to the heads of States like he is, but he generally doesn't use all his power, and remains merely a head of state.
The Judiciary Power is held by the Chancellerie.
TO BE DONE
Sudharka have a tropical monsoon climate. The wet season occurs from december to may, with a precipitation totals close to 300 mm, and the dry season is during the rest of the year, with like 100 mm of precipitations. The temperature is always between 18°C (64.4°F) and 33°C (91.4°F). The prevailing winds are from N-W.
There are a few mines of antimony, and a few gold mines. A few quarries are exploited for the use of the inhabitants.
The main resource is crops, mainly cacao and coffee, but also bananas, oranges, pepper, vanilla, avocados, pineapples, guava, coconut, breadfruit, cassava (almost not exported), and a very good wine. Wood (teck and brazil wood, mainly, but also mahogany wood and ironwood) is also an important resource.
Fishing is important for the inhabitant's consumption, but this production is almost not exported. There is also a small production of seafood, sold in the neighbouring countries.
Many medicinal plants grow in Sudharka and are studied by pharmaceutical laboratories.
Sudharka is linked with its neighbour countries by a train service. Rail transportation is of very common use in the country.
The train lines were built and are still own by Réseau Ferré du Sudharka, created for this purpose. This company make money by giving a right of use of these lines to rail-bound transportation companies. These companies are currently only foreign companies.
Réseau Ferré du Sudharka (R.F.S.) is a public-interest company, meaning that its creation was decided (in 1917) by the government, even if the capital is entirely private; and also meaning that the R.F.S. shall ensure, free of charge, the service of the state (the passage on the company's lines for every governmental convoy).
The population generally prefers the cheaper rail transportation, but, for overseas destinations, an airport have been built and is currently managed by S.A.S. (a name that stands for Société de l'Aérodrome de Sudharka, or "Company of the Sudharka Airfield"), created in 1947 as a company of public interest similar to the R.F.S. (see "rail" paragraph, above.)
The main aerial transport company is "Air Bleu" (created in 1947, just when the airport was.).
The electricity supplier is Compagnie d'Électricité du Sudharka. Thanks to Sudharka natural opportunities, all the energy supply can be provided by reneweable means. The only coal power plant, built in 1903 (it was the first power plant of the country), was replaced by an hydropower dam in 1927. In 1954, Louis Dumont created an Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion () power plant. Because of a lack of funds, no bigger plants of this kind were built, but Dumont's is still in use.
Schooling in Sudharka is not mandatory, but instruction is.
The first stage is the instruction primaire (primary school), from the age of 5 to 11. Then comes either the instruction secondaire (secondary education), in lycées, from 11 to 18, or the instruction professionnelle (secondary technical education), in écoles primaires supérieures (allowing to became an apprentice at the age of 15). The degrees of the higher education are the bachelor's degree (licence), the master's degree (maîtrise), and the doctorate (doctorat).
The sudharkan education system is completely privately-owned, but the degrees are created by the government (except the higher education degrees), as are the curricula. But free schools can be established for the ones who don't want to follow these curricula. In this case, the school must be called École libre N*****, to make clear that these schools are not bound to ensure the liberty of conscience of their students.
Since 1890, the sudharkan government allows school vouchers. They are of 1125 E (4072$) a year in primary education, 2500 E (8484$) in secondary education, and 4000 E in higher education (14480$), but in this last case, this sum is given only if the grade provided is agreed by the government.
TO BE DONE
Culture and daily life
Here is a list of sudharkan newspapers :
- L'Observateur, centre-right daily created in 1859, it very widespread is Sudharka. It also publishes news on its website.
- Le National, government-owned newspaper. Also available online
- La semaine du Sudharka, "yellow-press" paper created in 1953.
- Le Héraut du Sudharka, right-wing, created in 1934.
- La voix des travailleurs, left-wing, created in 1961.
Numerous monthly magazines about science, philosophy, art, automobile, sports, etc. are also published. Among these monthlies is Le Consommateur, published by the government and giving information about the products available on the market, and comparisons of these products.
There are 12 FM radio stations, and no AM stations. The most important of them is Radio-Sudharka, the government-owned station. There are among 60 000 radio receptors in Sudharka.
Even if many foreign TV channels are available in Sudharka, the only sudharkan TV station is Sudharka-Télevision, the government-owned channel, created in 1965. There are roughly 20 000 televisions in Sudharka.
Internet is very widespread in Sudharka. Indeed, according to the latest survey, there are roughly 63 000 internet users in the population.
The sudharkan cuisine is widely influenced by the franquese cuisine, since the franquese were the first colonists of the country. It was adapted, however, to the local conditions.
The meat course is often barbecued or grilled. It could be either chicken, pork, or beef, the latter being almost reserved to special occasions, as it is more expensive. Another sudharkan peculiarity is the importance of pâté, pork pie, and other dishes of the same kind, and generally all pork cold-cuts. Seafood, is also important, especially crab and crawfish. The side dishes can be composed of rice, potatoes, red peas, or, since the begining of the 20th century, pasta, served with a lot of seasonings such as onion, pepper, garlic, thyme, sage or basil. Vegetables could also be used, of course, as side dishes (grilled, with seasonings), but they furthermore are the mains ingredients of a chicken and vegetables stew often eaten on sundays and called pot-au-feu. The franquese influence is particularly visible in the desserts, whose recipes are generally directly imported franquese confectionneries recipes.
In Sudharka, the two most important meals are the breakfast and the dinner, while the lunch is quickly eaten by the workmen in small restaurants, or even prepared in the morning and eaten cold. This habit of eating a take-away meal for lunch is so important in sudharkan culture that it is widespread even among the ones who don't work. The typical lunchtime meals can include such elements as pasty, grilled breadfruit slices, pickles, boiled eggs and cassava.
- 1 January : Nouvelle année (New Year's Eve)
- variable : Good Friday. On this day, the president uses to give alms to various institutions.
- second friday of May and following monday : bank holiday
- 4 June : Fête de l'indépendance (independance day)
- last friday of August : bank holiday
- 24 December afternoon and 25 December : Christmas
The currency is the Esterlin (code EST, symbol E), divided in 100 deniers. The esterlin is a gold-exchangeable currency, the rate being 1 E = 0,1g of gold. (Seeing the price of gold, 1 E is currently about 3.2 $ (oct. 2018))