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Svækeyja is a fairly small, highly developed archipelago nation, in the southernmost reaches of Antarephia. It has a fairly low and sparse population, concentrated in the north and mainly around the capital of Stórhöfn, as well as the cities of Nýrrborg and Miðsund. It shares just one land border with the nation Langskalla, to the north and west. Its climate varies from north to south, with some northern areas experiencing temperate climates and some southern areas experiencing sub-polar to polar conditions. It is one of the freest, richest (per capita) and most welcoming states in the world due to its origin and liberal alignment, as well as its neutral status in most disputes. It is a constitutional monarchy - however the Parliament "reserves the right to revoke the monarchy at any point", under the Free State Act of 1947.
In history, it has had numerous disputes and problems - a notable one being the Conflict of Kylmalue, lasting from the 1700s through the 1800s. The question of Kylmalue's - now Auttlond's - future is still on the agenda, as some nationalists claim to support an independence movement.
|Second Kingdom of Svækeyja|
"Framfarir í Gegnum Frelsið"
Progress Through Liberty
Frábær og Frískandi Svækeyja
|Official languages||Svækeyjan, Nyfødtan|
| • National languages||Svækeyjan, Nyfødtan|
| • Regional languages||Kylmaluen|
|Svækeyjan (87%), Scandic (5%), Altavian (4%), Kylmaluen (3%), Other (1%)|
| • First Minister||Oskbjorn Andrsson (Nov 2019 - May 2020 (?))|
| • Monarch||King Magnus IV (1949-)|
| • Total||84,067.74 km2|
| • Water (%)||4.5|
| • Census (2020)||2,022,357|
| • Density||24.39/km2|
| • Total||$162,611,477,000 / ð205,180,353,000|
| • Per capita||$80,406.91 / ð101,456.05|
|HDI (2020)|| 0.946|
|Timezone||+6:30 / +7 in Auttsvæð & Kedjasvæð (+7:30 / +8 in DST)|
|Currency||þúsund - ð ($1 = ð1.2617) (SKS)|
|Drives on the||right|
Svækeyja, first named the "Øerne Kolder" (cold isles) by settlers, was first brought up by Scandic settler and politician Magnus Eriksson in 1644. The term Svækeyja is split into two - "Svæk" meaning territorial, and "eyja" meaning island. It has since been seen to mean "our territory", and "our islands" - although grammatically incorrect due to the lack of an "r" on the end.
"Vabadus Perioodi" - 1000-1503
Prior to the colonisation of "Kylmalue", a region now forced down into the south-east of modern Svækeyja, a Kylmaluen set of peaceful duchies co-existed along the archipelago. The island of Vórreyja was home to the major duchy of Jórvik, around the old medieval city namesake.
As the years went on, these duchies co-operated in fighting off colonists and explorers alike. Those whom were peaceful were allowed in. The Kylmaluen Renaissance began around the 1100s, heralding a new leap in technology, architecture, governing and politics. Democracy was fully instated in 1140 across the entire archipelago.
By 1300, these duchies had merged into a single duchy - the Grand Duchy of Kylmalue. They spoke an archaic form of what the people of Kylmalue now speak, and the duchy easily fended off attacks from abroad, whom had travelled upwards of ten thousand kilometres to reach the island group and often suffered and died before they arrived, or got lost.
The Battle of Storhofn (Sjurpurdir in Old Kylmaluen) was a massive victory for the natives in 1402. They secured their freedom from Franquese and Castellanese attackers for over 100 years, until Scandic invaders would overrun the island in the early 1500s.
Colony Status - 1503-1694
The area was colonised by a Vinnic nation in the 1500s, hoping to continue their presence in the Southern Hemisphere. They only had to claim the area and maintain some force over it occasionally - with the entire area being just dispersed tribal settlements.
The tribes were brought together in the new "county capitals" in the "Act of Merging 1554", which turned out to be a massive mistake. Despite short-term benefits, the area was soon brought together over their hatred of being controlled and oppressed by a nation from halfway across the world.
Despite the country technically being benefitted - with a new fledgling settlement called Hofudborg, and a new maritime industry - the area soon began to despise their colonisers. By the late 17th century, revolution was imminent. By 1690, they had garnered together a civilian armed forces and in 1694 they gathered together in Veidiþorp, the old Svaekeyjan capital, to discuss the matters of their independence. On March the 19th, of 1694, they declared independence. The colonisers' monarch had just died and their relations with other neighbours was less than adequate, so they could do little to stop the new nation from declaring independence.
Kylmalue, oblivious that any of this was occurring, later thanked the Svækeyjans for their defence, and praised them for their newfound independence. This friendship was not to last long.
Newly Independent Nation - 1694-1850
The new country quickly attempted to create a monarchy. One, King Hrafn, was appointed in May 1694 and got assassinated in March 1700. The second one, King Markus, lasted from March 1700 to the Liberal Revolution of October 23, 1703, when the entire Royal Family was exiled, and the palace damaged beyond repair.
The area instated a democracy on February 2, 1704. Three parties jostled (and continue to jostle in different form) for the ministry and this democracy would become one of the freest and least corrupt of its time, all the way through the nation's history.
The nation faced an isolation from other nations for over one hundred years, with its people, including the new immigrants from Scandmark and Altavia. A new language arose, named Nyfødtan, which would become the second-most spoken language in Svækeyja (71% speak Svækeyjan, 19% speak Nyfødtan, 5% speak Auttian, and it means "new native" in its own language) The area plunged into a Dark Age from 1750 to 1800, where the entire area stagnated and would not grow until the late 1790s.
The nation began to develop its maritime industries and became a ship-building nation, making state of the art liners and ships for both its own country and to sell.
A second monarchy was set up in the early 1800s, after a corrupt government gained power, against the wishes of the "Regnus Family" - a family that had claimed the throne and had spent years campaigning for rights for minorities, as well as social issues. They have been dubbed the "Most Liberal Monarchy in the World" ever since. King Magnus II took power on May 2, 1801, and the country has remained a monarchy ever since.
In the meantime, disputes with Kylmalue lead to the invasion of the northernmost provinces - named the "First Kylmaluen Partition/Conflict" - after the modernising Svækeyjan army with Ulethan supplies quickly caused the Kylmaluens to succumb. Relations had continuously deteriorated and would not improve.
Silent Revolution - 1850-1900
As the 19th century drew to a close, despite the democracy being largely free and liberal, it refused to grant devolution to other regions (including the previous SK capital of Veidiþorp, and the genetically separate region of Auttlönd). These areas quickly began what was named the "Silent Revolution", due to its nature of being rather undercover and behind the scenes. Strikes, refusal to work and boycotting the democratic process were the first signs of the 1860s being a different decade to the others - however the Hofudborg-centralised government held firm against these and persecuted those who "refused to contribute to society, by revoking society's contributions to their regions". This would spark a north-south divide which would be unsolved and unequal until the early 20th century.
Over this period, growing tensions between the Suomic state of Kylmalue - now most of Auttlönd - would end in a serious of conflicts usually conjoined into the "Great Kylmaluen Conflict", or (as known by Kylmaluen nationalists) "the Partitions of Kylmalue". The King at the first battle (the Battle of Sjávadýfa, which ended in a successful naval invasion of north-west Kylmalue) would proclaim "Auttlönd is truly Svækeyjan", and this would prove to be true. Despite some losses and a heavy setback due to the climate down in the south, the Kylmans would be driven back and forced to cede their territory in 1875.
The country would mourn the passing of several Kings and Queens in this period - King Magnus II (1855), King Alrekur I (1863), Queen Anna II (1867), King Magnus III (1874) and King Alrekur II (1893).
The country's economy, however, continued regardless, with little to no effect on the acceleration of the economy from the Dark Ages toward the Miracle on the Asperic period. By the 1900s, the regions would attempt to secede and form a new union, named "Kylmalue" (after the previous state), which included Auttlönd and East Nyttsvæð. It was not recognised by a single other nation and it revoked its "independence" within three months, but the message was clear.
The democracy finally elected the (Liberal Democrats) Frjáls Demókrata, who gave devolution to these regions and the Silent Revolution came to an end in the 1890s, with both North and South appeased by a strong leadership of the Liberal Democrats which led into the Miracle on the Asperic period. It is documented that it ended the day that the Liberal Democrats came into power (4 June, 1899).
Miracle on the Asperic - 1900-1994
From around the early part of the 1890s, the economy took a turn for the positive.
As the world embraced globalism with colonialism ending and new nations appearing across the globe - Svækeyja's Prime Minister at the time, one Harald Valkesen, stated:
"Some, like our people, succeeded in our endeavours to get out of our colonial empire as swiftly as possible and in as much integrity as a nation and people as possible. Some failed, and some didn't try. Hence why we have been independent for as long as any member of our globe can remember, and why these nations have not. However, they have counted on the fact that their colonists would lose power and hold. And finally, they have."
The population of the country began to skyrocket as immigration from Uletha as well as Southern Antarephia due to a fledgling but strong welfare, education and health system, and increased demand for high paying skilled jobs in advancing technology, manufacturing and industry, and this further bolstered the economy. Whereas Svækeyja was by far the smallest economy in Harda, placing 18th out of 18, it would rise so that by 1990, it was seventh. Svækeyja also boasted one of the highest median wages, wage growth rates, public spending per head, pension schemes - as well as some of the lowest inequality rates in all of Antarephia.
Politics began to exclusively belong to 4 parties: Labour SK, a marginal (though slowly growing, with every compounding economic instability that occurs) left-wing party advocating change, the Liberal Democrats, a left of centre party advocating a people's economy, the Imperials, a formerly centre-right and now centrist party that used to advocate a traditionalist approach, and Nationals, a centre-right party for the upper classes.
As time went on, various bills from the Government began to implement the rule of the people. In 1922, MHSS (Ministry for Health and Social Service) was made available to the state based off tax money. This extended lifespans from just 61 in 1922 to nearly 80 by 1990. In 1923, suffrage was announced. In 1926, pensions were guaranteed by all employers, and council housing initiatives began in Stórhofn. Minimum working hours were implemented, as was the minimum wage, in the First Workers' Agreement of 1930. By 1943, university tuition fees were banned indefinitely, the National Trade Union implemented so that workers and employers were on the same level, and within a few years, a gradually increasing "funnelling tax system" was gradually (and intermittently, as the Imperials weakened and Nationals attempted to repeal it) introduced to bring all classes closer together and decrease class poverty.
Whereas in 1900, the country had been "a glimpse into a traditionalist agricultural past for Northern Uletha", 1990s Svækeyja offered a new alternative to Western Uletha. Even on the dawn of the financial meltdown of the late 90s, the early 90s were a time of prosperity and increasing equality and opportunity for the entire population.
However, weaknesses also emerged. By 1980, public debt began increasing, and by 1995 it was almost 45%, with public spending increasing to levels not maintainable even by the most affluent of nations. When banks began demanding their borrowed money back, a long-predicted financial meltdown began.
Great Depression of Svækeyja - 1994-1998
In the early 1990s, world conflict and problems caused demand for automotives to plummet. A banking crisis also began in the early 1990s, which was largely covered until the Imperial administration of 1994-1998 - which later would cause their popularity to plummet and force them into the centre-ground.
On April 16, 1994, Stórhofn Stock Exchange crashed 3.8%. This precipitated a public debt spike - where, despite falling fairly quickly due to effective management later on past 1998 under Þórrsson, and thanks to Þérstyr - the incumbent 1st Minister - largely ignoring and defying his more hard right-wing party members, levels of debt to GDP reached 85.2% by 1996.
By 1995, yearly recession was in excess of 5%, unemployment rising by thousands (to about 6%, or nearly 100,000, from a low of 2%), and burden on the public sector massively increased throughout until the early 2000s.
The economy contracted from 111 billion $ to 89 billion $ over the recession, and would not stop until the second half of 1999 - with recovery to pre-Depression levels at about Q1 2005.
The recession also left a lasting effect on society and politics. As bankers realised the burden they had put on the economy and their eventual integration into the crisis, a "massive blow to the peoples' trust in big business", they began "fair and trustworthy banking" - as they called it - to ensure that payments happened, and people were not put under too much pressure. Shark loans with high APRs were banned, pyramid schemes more clamped down upon, and banks stripped of many of their powers. From the late 1990s, a large period of nationalisation of many of the financial industries of the country began, as bailouts and liquidation of many businesses, banks and other areas of enterprise increased the state and public sector from 35% in 1994 to 68% in 2000 and 73% in 2005.
The Imperial and National parties were the political casualties of the financial meltdown. Whereas the Former Prime Minister remained popular, his cabinet was shamed for "leaving the people to their own devices" in the early days of the recession, and "not preparing for such an eventuality". The 1998 election was a landslide victory for the Liberals, the largest of its kind for the entire of the political history of the country. The Imperials saw their majority of 3 - 253 seats - fall to just 48 seats, receiving 16% of the vote, and the Nationals saw just two seats fall into their party, losing 95% of their previous seats. Labour SK merged into the Liberals for this period, further upping the Liberal majority.
Fears of a second meltdown in the mid-2010s happened under the leadership of controversial Alrekur Þastren, who saw inequality rise rapidly under his "traditionalist Imperial" leadership, and a failed attempted transition followed by a quick U-turn to and from privatisation, which saw GDP growth fall to below 1% in 2016, however was averted after a snap election elected a Liberal-Labour coalition and a new leader to the Imperial party.
Modern Svækeyja - 1998-present
The economy recovered from 1998 to 2005, with the economy from 2000 onward averaging a growth rate of 5%. The nation focused on tourism and science rather than industry and mechanics as the tertiary sector overtook the secondary for the second time in 1999. The welfare state remained strong, despite stresses, and due to the increased funding, became much more helpful and expansive. Devolution led to the south being largely spared from the economy - with the gap between the capital's GDP per capita and the south halving over the 1990s.
The country faced the same issues that most developed economies do - albeit less so - however the new nationalist policies and limiting immigration led to the welfare state's continuation. It is said that if the welfare state had collapsed or been reduced in the Great Depression, immigration would have been tenfold of what it is currently.
The people of SK celebrated the 100th anniversary of the end of the Silent Revolution, and the 300th anniversary of the end of the monarchy, and Independence Day in this period, and tourism continues to expand as many flock to see the unspoilt natural features of the country.
The recession led to the collapse in popularity of the Imperial Party's right wing and the gradual fragmentation of the Nationals, apart from a centrist Imperial leadership under Hársson in 2006 through 2014, and the Liberals became the dominant political force in the country, winning a majority in 2020.
Svækeyja is located close to the Antarctic Circle - with the southern island of Hvítur, for instance, crossing it - at a latitude of between 60S and 68S, and longitudes of between 88E and 108E. It is in the timezone of WUT+6:30 - with the east in WUT+7, and observes DST. It is said that the nation is considering fully integrating into WUT+7.
The climate of most of Svækeyja is cold oceanic temperate, with mild summers and cold winters. Some areas in the south often experience the midnight sun and a shorter, wetter summer, with winter stretching over much of autumn and spring. The capital in particular, however, is much more moderate. There was a record high temperature of 29.7C in Stórhofn, in January 2004, and a record low of -45.3 in Ættamidja, in July 2015. Climate change has led to both harsher summers and winters, thanks to the sea temperature being affected by more melting of the ice caps in the summer.
| Climate data for Miðsund (Köppen Cfc)
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|Source: Svaekeyjan Meteorological Offices, Midsund
The population of Svækeyja is currently just above 2 million inhabitants, quickly increasing from around 1,700,000 to 1,800,000 at the turn of the century. Most live within the northern island of Vorreyja and the north coastal areas of Uppruna, especially around the major cities such as Stórhofn. The capital, Stórhofn, has a population of around 400,000 in its metropolitan area, with the county of Stórhofn inhabiting 237,040 at the last census in 2010, and 258,485 in 2020.
Ólof Georgir (I) - March 16, 1962 - March 21, 1974
Jón Valkston (LD) - March 21, 1974 - March 16, 1978
Svonn Athelssen (LD) - March 16, 1978 to March 15, 1990
Arnalt Þérstyr (I) - March 15, 1990 to March 17, 1994
Margrethe Jonsson (LD) - March 17, 1994 to October 19, 1994
Magnús Þórrsson (LD) - October 19, 1994 to March 16, 2006
Rikkard Hársson (I) - March 16, 2006 to March 20, 2014
Alrekur Þastren (I) - March 20, 2014 to March 18, 2016
Oskbjorn Þórnston (LD) - March 18, 2016 to March 18, 2024