Egani

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8, 31.7, 33.88
Republic of Egani
Flag of Egani
Flag
CapitalTilia
Largest cityTilia
Official languagesEganian
 • Regional languages10 dialects, Sathrian, Castellanese
NationalitiesEganian (92%), Sathrian (5%), Pohenician (2%), Castellanese (1%)
DemonymEganian
GovernmentSemi Presidential Republic
 • PresidentMaro Felydakis
Area
 • Total175 658.26 km2
Population
 • Estimate (2014)16,296,340
 • Density90/km2
GDP (nominal)
 • Total199 bilion $
 • Per capita12,450 $
HDI (2014)Steady 0.821
very high
Timezone+2
CurrencyTanpeli (ETA)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.eg

Egani, officially the Republic of Egani (Eganian : /Republik Eganê/) is a sovereign state comprising territory in southwestern Uletha and a few oversea territories in Tarephia. The Ulethan part of Egani, called Metropolitan Egani, extends on the Eganian peninsula, crossed by several small rivers and mountain ranges. Egani covers 175 658 square kilometers and has a population of about 16 million inhabitants. It is a semi-presidential republic. The capital of the country and its largest city is Tilia. People mostly speak Eganian. It is member of the Assembly of Nations, the Uletarephian Union and the Southern Uletha Economic Cooperation Council. The headquarters of ANESCO are situated in Alnisi and the headquarters of the International Federation of Gymnastics are situated in Toljapal.

Geography

Land cover in Egani

Metropolitan Egani is situated in southern Uletha, it extends on the 2/3 of the Eganian Peninsula to the east of the [-] sea. From north to southwest the country shares borders with Sathria and TA027.

The territorry of Eganian Republic consists in :

- Metropolitan Egani, comprising Eganian mainland and surrounding small islands.

- Oversea regions : southern Eganian islands known as Scanda Notaines, in the sea of Uthyra, and the Eganian enclave of Aionos in Pohenicia, known as Scanda Aionos.

Climate

Metropolitan Egani has three broad climate zones :

- A semi-continental climate in the north, in the great upper Chena plain : hot summers and cool winters

- A subtropical climate with hot, dry summers and mild winters in the center, the south and the east of the country.

- A mountain climate in the two main mountain ranges with mild summers and cold winters.

Environment

Relief

EganiMount.jpg
Terrain map of Egani
Main Eganian rivers

















Lakes

There are hundreds of small lakes in Egani, mostly situated in mountainous areas, some of them are artificial and are used for storing water for agriculture in summer, providing water to the towns and cities and to produce electricity. The largest lake by far is the Ka'lini. The eastern part of the Ka'lini is famous for its waters and climate. The two main cities of the country, Tilia and Sykeala are situated on the coast of the lake.

Rivers

Chena

Chena [shena], meaning “brave” in Eganian. It is the longest and most powerful river in the country, it flows in the north of Egani, from the mountains to the east, then to the south and goes into the Ka’lini in Tilia. Many other rivers that come from the mountains flow into Chena river. They water a large plain and a wide valley where agriculture and industries thrive.

Iasupa

Comes from “Lasupai”, “ocher” in Eganian. It is a medium-sized river that flows in southwest Egani. It flows down to the south, into the sea near Alnisi.

Oranozis

The origin of the name is not clear but it is thought that it derives from “oranzoazis”, that means “the oasis of oranges” in Eganian, because the region has always produced a lot of citrus fruits. It is the main river that flows in Paelis ka Kain, a region in southeast Egani.

History

Hellanesian civilization

The history of the Hellanesian civilization corresponds to the area of the Eganian peninsula (also called Chalnes). The civilization has developped on the coast of the Ka'lini and in the Chena river valley since 5000 BC thanks to agricultural techniques brought from southern Sathria.

Old Ionean Empire (2366–1398 BC)

Hellanesian Golden Age (1398–144 BC)

New Ionean Empire and Chalnic Empire (144 BC–614 AD)

Eganian sea Empire (614-1501)

1501 United Eganian Republics (1501-1702)

Desienteka war (1633-1702)

The Late Golden Age and industrialisation (1702-1930's)

Republic of Egani (1930's-present)

Population and Society

Demographics

16,296,000 people live in the country. The population density is about 90/km². The Eganian population is not equally spread over the country's area. 43% of the population live in rural areas whereas 57% live in towns and cities. Most populated zones tend to be along main rivers, in fertile valleys and on the non-steep coasts. A very urbanized area runs along the eastern northern coasts of the Ka'lini, along the lower Chena river valley and across the Enasê plain. It is also where 4 of the five largest cities of Egani are situated (Tilia, Sykeala, Krisoaral and Kahonak) and it has 40% of the country's population (6,500,000 inhabitants). The second main urbanized area is situated along the southeastern coast and around Alnisi. About 1.000.000 inhabitants live there.

Eganian metropolitan areas

Major cities

Metropolitan Areas in Egani
Rank Central City Region Population (2014) Notes
1 Tilia Chemai Chenapanes 1 500 000
2 Sykeala Kapla Keto 700 000
3 Alnisi Trayanot 600 000
4 Krisoaral Chemai Chenapanes 490 000
5 Kahonak Noto Gibro 380 000
6 Toljapal Epklifai Chenapanes 340 000
7 Noto Gibro 220 000
8 Paelis ka Kain 180 000
9 Sirsi Ekelenin 160 000
10 Aklinin Lilepanes 140 000

Rural areas

Egani is known for having an impressive number of villages : more than ten thousands. Some of them are only inhabited by a few people. The government has set an economic and social plan for rural areas to develop them and fight against rural exodus.

Population and Immigration

Out of 16 million inhabitants, 3 million (18%) are immigrants or have parents or grandparents who were not born in the country. Most of them come from Sathria and TA027. Eganian people who leave the country tend to go to Pohenicia, also many of them go working or studying there. Immigration is an important aspect of Egani's history, but it is also a current event because of the country's good health and education system, its welcomming policy and despite economic problems.

The Eganian population (excluding in Metropolitan Egani is a mix of immigrants, that has been occuring since the stone age thanks to its geographic situation on the trade routes between Uletha and Tarephia, and bewteen the two oceans. However, communities have always stayed rather homogenous until quite late compared to those of other nations. The study of the ethnical origin of the Eganian citizens show the presence of four main ethnicities : Hellanesians, Kestainê, Gibroeans and Chalnic. Altogether there are 12 ethnolinguistic groups considered Eganian, 4 use Hellanesian languages (or also called Eganian dialects), 2 use Gibroean dialects, 5 use Chalnic languages and finally one is Egano-Romance, midway between Eganian and Castellanese. Nowadays, each of these groups are considered inherent to the national multicultural identity and are all represented in the parliament.

There are 12 Ethnolinguistic groups
Description of the Eganian ethnolinguistic groups
Etnolinguistic Group Share among Eganians Main faith Language Language group
Hellanesian Ekelan, Islam Eganian Hellanesian
Trajanotians Ekelan Eganian, Alnisian Hellanesian
Kestainê Ekelan Eganian, Kestainê Hellanesian
Paelisian Ekelan, Islam Eganian, Paelisian Hellanesian
Eneabian Ekelan Eganian, Eneabian Chalnic
Ateskan Ekelan Eganian, Ateskan Chalnic
[[]] Ekelan Eganian, [[]] Chalnic
[[]] Ekelan Eganian, [[]] Chalnic
[[]] Ekelan Eganian, [[]] Chalnic
Gibroean Ekelan Eganian, Gibroean Gibroean
Ekelan Ekelan Eganian, Ekelan Gibroean
Egano-Romantics Christicism Eganian, Egano-Romance, Castellanese Romantish

Diaspora

feel free to add your country

People of Eganian descent in the world
Country Number of Eganians Share in the population Time of arrival
(Egani flag 2.png Egani) 14,990,000 92% country of origin
Pohenicia 1,920,000 ? 7.3% since Antiquity
VatofarêFlag.png Vatofarê 1,105,000 47% early 16th century
Egani Flag 1.png Niscavo 768,000 80% first millenium, 9th century, 1970s and 1980s
AnthariaFlag.jpeg Antharia 365,000 3.5% first millenium, 9th century
Lost country.png Patermas
Total 19,148,000 - -

Languages

The official language in Egani is Eganian, it is spoken by 98% of the population. Eganian is the most significant language of the Hellanesian group. A third of the population also speaks regional languages or dialects that have specific status. The regional official languages can be used in the public administration, the justice system, and education. Foreign citizens and stateless people who live in Egani have access to justice and education in their own language. Sathrian is spoken by 24% fo the population, Ingerish by 8% and Castellanese by 8%. Sathrian is the second most commonly spoken language and it is taugh in school.

Typical Eganian Church : Sveta Jona near the Ka'lini

Religions

The main religion in Egani is Ekelan Christianity. This religion is very linked to other kinds of christianities, but has specific aspetcs. It is also the official religion in Vatofarê, former Eganian colony in Archanta. Religious buildings are capels, churches, temples and cathedrals. The majority of the churches and cathedrals are square-cross shaped (+). Sirsi is considered the religious capital of Ekelanism.

Islam is the second religion as 19% of the population is Muslim. However, they are not equally distributed across Egani, most of them live in the northwestern third of the country. The Eganian symbolic capital for Muslims is also Sirsi. The majority of Eganian Muslims are descendants from the Hellanesian Eganians who left their homeland from 500BC to found colonies in what is today southern Castellan. They massively converted to Islam and came back under the Christic pressure of the reconquest of Castellan.

Religions in Egani

Education

Health

Associations

Sports

There are three national sports : gymnastics, Chalnic wrestling and rugby.

Politics

Administration

The country is divided into regions (Scanda), regions are divided into provinces (Espalxia), provinces are devided into urban or rural townships [kantos], which are divided into municipalities (dema).

11 former scandas of Egani
Regions of Egani
Region Name Regional Capital Population (2014)
Scanda Elanê Tilia
Scanda Xemai Xenapanes Krisoaral
Scanda Noto Gibro Kahonak
Scanda Paelis [[]]
Scanda Kestain Plaka Mariψa
Scanda Lilepanes Aklinin
Scanda Trajanot Alnisi
Scanda Ateskê Patra 950 000
Scanda Lifai Xenapanes [[]]
Panes Aglaiê Toljapal
Scanda Kapla Keto Sykeala
Scanda Skaelê Skael
Scanda Eneabê [[]]
Scanda Aionos Aionos
Scanda Notaines Akor-Eganê 180 000

Provinces (Espalxia)

A province is a group of several townships. It is a local administrative authority with a central town or city.

Townships (Kantos)

A township is a group of several municipalities. Urban and rural townships don't have the same administration systems. A rural township is often composed of several villages, while an urban township contains at least one town.

Municipalities (Dema)

See the list : http://opengeofiction.net/wiki/index.php/List_of_Municipalities_in_Egani

A municipality is the smallest administrative division in Egani. The head of a municipality is a mayor. There are three kinds of municipalities : Village (xeri) (less than 2500 inhabitants). Town (pol). City (kapol) (a town that has an urban area with over 90.000 inhabitants).

Political system

Mafia and Nea Masaitia

The Eganian Mafia is known as The Nea Masaitia, literally meaning "the new common aim". It is often called "the Mafia" but in fact nowadays it doesn't have much in common with other mafias. In the begenning of the 20th century the Masaitia used to traffick weapons and drugs, to launder money, to assassinate people and to control national sports clubs. Weakened by internal tensions, it was divided and depleted during the 1960's.

On the 8th of October 1987, Tara Vasilis, a social activist, anounced publicly the creation of a popular movement without any political, ideological or religious attachment. The movement took the name of the former mafia in January 1988 but has a radically different aim : "The Nea Masaitia will support the people to be free to choose its destiny and to fight against the aberrations of globalization and capitalism." The Nea Masaitia grew exponentially during the two years of crisis that followed the slump of 1986 and the independance of Niscavo, but it developped in a very covertly way. In fact, it took the form of a secret and very extensive national organization.

Nowadays the Nea Masaitia is stronger than ever. Experts estimate that the number of members is about 70,000 and about 400,000 people support the organization. It works thanks to the numerous donations of individuals, even if donating to the N.M. is illegal and can lead to imprisonment. It is still hard to understand how such an organization can remain hidden. It has members from all social backgrounds and it is very likely that it infiltrated the government and many of the big companies.

The most significant actions of the N.M. are :

  • The revelation of corruption cases and the denouncement of lobbying (the Idrogos controversy)
  • The denouncement of political choices that go against freedoms
  • The sabotage of infrastructures that are dangerous for the people and the enviroment (BioForce Inc. fields burnt down in 2014)
  • The organization of events and marches
  • Assistance to people in need

The Nea Masaitia operates through parallel communication networks and it is thought to have highly developped technologies to stay concealed. But in the past three years, it became very famous on national and international social networks which refuse to take action against it. The success of the organization is the result of its great influence on politics and economics while remaining pacifist.

The Eganian government's efforts to suppress or weaken the N.M. were unsuccessful. The government of Jargos Felydakis started to accept the coexistence with a secret organization but it is still very concerned about the hazards of such a hidden network.

Economy

In 2016, Egani has a GDP of around $199 billion and a GDP per capita of $12.450. After 1981 and the end of the socialist republic, the country experienced a decade of economic instability and decline, led in part by the economic crisis and an obsolete industrial base. Niscavo declared independance in 1987. The Eganian economy is known for beeing based on "too many" public compagnies. The actual left-wing government has steadily been opening the markets for private enterprises, favouring the Eganian enterprises. Howerver it protects the dynamic and efficient public compagnies (air, electricity and railways). The taxes are quite high for non-Eganian products and supermarkets are almost non-existant. The economy is composed of three sectors.

- 26% of the population works in the agriculture sector,

- 19% works for the industries,

- 55% works in the sector of services.

The country uses a protectionnist policy to fight against commercial competition of other countries.

Small fields in the Chena river basin's valleys.

Agriculture

As 43% of the population live in rural areas, the agriculture is an important pillar of the economy. Depending on the region, farmers produce vegetables, fruits, cheese, meat... Fish, honey, salt and spicies are also a significant part of the primary sector's production. The most exported agricultural products are cheese, olives, wine, herbs and tobacco.

Most of the products are sold by the farmers themselves on country markets which take place in most of the villages and cities several times a week. Fewer products are sold in other countries as the government promotes Egani's food self-sufficiency as well as the local consuption of goods and the conservation and protection of regional species of animals, vegetables, spicies and fruits.

Industries

Industry is not the sector which employs most of the people, but it is a significant producer of wealth in the country, which exports a half of the production. Eganian compagnies produce and export trains, rail infrastructures, boats, home appliances, car and plane spare parts. Most of the factories in Egani are quite small and only employ a few dozen workers. Few big compagnies employ hundreds to thousands workers.

Services

Services contributes to 60% of the GDP.

Tourism is one of the pillars of the economy. In 2013 10.2 million people visited the country which contributed to 12% of the GDP. Egani has a wide range of landscapes under a generally very sunny weather. The places which attract most tourists are the coasts, the national parcs and the historical and cultural heritage sites. The many underwater caves and the significant fish and coral diversity made the southeastern coast of Egani a internationally reputed site for scuba diving. However restriction mesures have been implemented in order to protect the maritime environment.

Energy

Electricity in Egani

A large part of the energy used in Egani is from fossil fuels. Appart from lignite, the country does not produce any gas or oil, so it has to buy it from other wealthier countries at high prices. This is one of the reasons why the government tries to reduce importations and starts to produce more renewable energy.

The electricity sector also uses a lot of fossile fuels (49%), but renewable energy (30%) has tended to replace it very quickly during the past few years, mostly due to grants, subsidies and foreign investments. It also uses 20% of nuclear power. One semi-public enterprise has the monopole of the electricity sector of Egani, ILEK'E, which employs 34 100 people in the country and in neighbouring countries.

In the past few years, the population and government have opened their eyes on the environmental and health issues arising from the use of fossil fuels to produce energy. The renewable energy sector is currently booming and thriving thanks to massive public and private investments, but also thanks to a significant potential in the solar and wind sectors. The coming years should see important dismantling operations of power plants and obsolete industrial complexes.

Currency

The official Eganian currency is the Eganian Tampeli (ETA). One Tampeli is worth $0.216 and can be divided into 100 Kjal. The Eganian Tampeli is used in the whole country and its overseas regions, but many local currencies also exist in many towns. 39 Local currencies are used in different parts of the country and several are created every year. Even if these are only used locally and have their own bills, their value is always based on the national currency's value. A 2014 survey showed that in several towns using local currencies, more than 55% of the population uses this currency more the Eganian Tampeli.

Another currency has had an official status since 1993 : The Ekostas. This currency can only be used inside a closed network of 17,000 small Eganian enterprises (less than 250 employees). Many studies show that it has helped the national economy to stay resilient during the recent crisis by avoiding the dissolution of the money stock into international markets.

Statistics (2015)

  • Population : 16,296,340
  • Labour force : 10,266,690 (63%)
  • Employed population : 6,055,300
  • Employment rate : 58.9%
  • Monthly minimum wage : $375
  • Unemployment rate : 16%
  • Fertility rate : 1,88
  • Life expectancy : 78.6
  • GDP (nominal) : $201 billion
  • GDP per capita : $12.502
  • Public debt : 86,1
  • Gini : 31,2
  • Suicide rate : 3 / 100,000

Infrastructure

Railways

Roads

The country is covered by a quite dense road network.

Motorways

Represented by the letter A, there are only two of them in Egani : A1 and A2. They are both centered on the Tilian urban area. They are toll-free but the users must buy a vignette to drive on them. The speed on the motorways is limited to 100 or 120.

Trunk road V2 goes through the small mountain chain separating the lake from the sea. It is a major access to the famous tourist coast of Ekelenin region

Trunk roads

The trunk roads, represented by the letter V, link the main cities of each region to the trunk road / motorway network and the road network of Sathria and TA027. They were created to give faster access to the regions and to absorb the traffic of the old network of national roads. The speed it limited to 100; 80 in some places.

National roads

The national roads are represented by the letter N. They link the towns and cities to each other, they are quite wide in most of their lengh but a bit old in some places. The speed is limited to 80.

Provincial and Regional roads

The regional roads are represented by the letter R, the provincial roads by the letter T. These roads connect the towns and villages mostly in rural areas. They make a dense network of small tarred roads that are very important for the rural transport and economy. Their sides are often planted with different kinds of trees that can grow very wide and high. The speed is limited to 60 on both regional and provincial roads, some parts can allow going at 80.

Communal roads

Communal roads are the smallest kind of tarred roads. They are very narrow and sometimes there is not enough space for two cars to pass. They are used to link small villages, hamlets and isolated houses and farms. The speed is limited to 40.

Culture

Cuisine

Typical grocery shop selling cheese and meat.

Eganian cuisine is known for beeing very fine. According to the regions, traditional recipes are very different. The Book of Eganian Cuisine lists thousands of different dishes. The most common ingredients are cheese, meat, egg, olive oil, herbs, tomatoe and semolina. The Eganian meal is always composed of two courses : the first one is cold, with cheese or vegetables; the second is hot, with meat (not always) and vegetables, potatoes or cereals. Bread and water are free in restaurants and Eganian people almost always eat their meal with bread and wine.

Eganian cuisine is also regarded as a key element of the quality of life in Egani.

Customs

Music

Art