|10, -1.6237, 118.3997|
|Republic of Tanay|
Rapublika ang Tanay (Tanayo)
"Maguyod, Kamo, Samoy"
God, Country, Unity
Samoy ta na Sugao (Unity in the Hearts)
and largest city
|Official languages||Tanayo, Ingerish|
|• Regional languages||Nabatol, Kabu, Cahor|
|Tanayo (89.6%), Abolodan(7.3%), Other (3.1%)|
|Government||Unitary presidential republic|
|• President||Mabon Samat|
|• Vice President||Ando Pokanao|
|Legislature||Congress of Tanay|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||House of Representatives|
|• Total||1861 km2|
718 sq mi
|• Estimate (2018)||1,213,000|
|• Total||$15.820 billion|
|• Per capita||$5,672|
|HDI (2019)|| 0.581|
|Timezone||WUT + 7|
|Currency||Tan (Ŧ) (TAN)|
|Drives on the||right|
Tanay (tɑn.aɪ), officially the Republic of Tanay (Tanayo: Rapublika ang Tanay), is an island country 83 kilometers away from the mainland in the western part of Archanta. Situated in the Asperic Ocean, it consists of 7 islands. It has a total area of 1861 km², and an estimated total population of 1,213,00. The capital- and most populous city of Tanay is Bogoy.
Tanay's location close to the equator makes it susceptible to typhoons.
In prehistoric times, the earliest inhabitants of Tanay were the Mogoyang, before the Asanics arrived and settled in successive waves. An island of fractured, warring Mogoyang tribes caused the divided Asanics to unite around 1492, and drove the Mogoyang to extinction. For the next 349 years, the island thrived under a grand chief. In 1841, a chief from the southwest city of Bogoy named Maalato, stood up against the despotic rule of the last grand chief and managed to depose him. Maalato laid the foundation of the republic of Tanay, and reformed many things to better the life of the average Tanayo. It was not until May 9, 1923 that the republic of Tanay was officially founded by President Tono Maksot.
Previously having an isolationist policy, since mid-2019 Tanay has joined the CARECU and is now actively reaching out to strengthen diplomatic ties, and receive economic aid from countries and organizations internationally.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Politics
- 4 Geography
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Health
- 8 Education
- 9 Culture
- 10 Media
The name 'Tanay' comes from the old Tanayo language, and was the name that the Asanics gave to the island.
Historians and etymologists argue about the true meaning of the name 'Tanay', as it bears close resemblance to the word 'Tanahi', old Tanayo for 'Blessed Hills'.
A change in skeletal remains indicate that the first wave of Asanic peoples arrived around 530 AD. When the Asanics started to settle on the island, they found warring Mogoyang tribes which also started to attack them. It took centuries and two more successive Asanic migration waves that have happened between 800 and 1150 AD, to eventually unite around 1492 to defeat the last of the Mogoyang tribes, the Tapalans in order to live among their own kind. This essentially drove the Mogoyang tribes to extinction.
Recent DNA testing has shown that Tanayo people living in the east of Tanay near and around Pohon, have Tapalan-Mogoyang DNA, which points out more of an assimilation than a annihilation of the Tapalan tribe. Compared to the Asanics, the Mogoyang people were smaller (136 cm avg.) and much darker in skin color. The migrating Asanics also had knowledge of how to make better tools and weaponry, which allowed them to gain a foothold on the island so easily.
Grand Chiefdom (1492-1841)
It was after the Mogoyang tribes were no longer, that the numerous Asanic tribes started to trade with each other on a more frequent basis. Small merchant boats were build to trade along the coast, using sea-shells as currency. This trading eventually went beyond the island and got established with mainland Archanta. It made the chiefs of the southern coast rich and powerful, as they had more options and success in trade. Around 1490, the then chief of the old Asanic Basanon tribe and fast expanding merchant village of Boagai (Bogoy), was becoming greedy of the gold that the trade brought him. The problem was for him however, that the merchants of the other chiefs of the south coast started to plunder his merchants before they could reach the port of Boagai. And so he started to grow his army for the coming months, until in the beginning of 1492, he ordered his army to dispose of the chiefs. His army succeeded in beating the plundering chiefs, and they were made to submit to him as their liege. The ambitious chief of the Basanon did not stop at pacifying the southern coast, and continued counterclockwise around the entire island until he subdued all other chiefs, who were to recognize him now as the grand chief of the island.
Over the centuries, multiple grand chiefs came and went through war, elaborate plots, and inheritance through inter-tribal marriages. The only grand chief of this time period that has been written about is Daho of the south eastern Kobala tribe, who could trace their ancestry back to the coast reds Asanics. A skilled warrior with the spear who was grand chief until 1605, managed in 1599 to throw a Castellanese exploration party off the island, in what for the Castellanese was, the wrong time in the wrong place. It was for the first time that anyone on the island saw a ship as large as the Castellanese expedition had them, and weaponry of wood and steel that could hurl fire across great distances; guns.
Four years later in 1603, grand chief Daho received word of yet again, a Castellanese ship anchored off the coast, this time accompanied by two frigates. A week later, Daho saw with his own eyes how a small rowing boat came off the exploration ship, but without any soldiers onboard. Daho must have been curious about this lone man daring to set foot on his beach again, who turned out to be the expedition leader Salvador de Mesa. Salvador brought Daho some Castellanese gold and firearms to win his trust, which seemed to have worked as in the following year, trade got established with the Kingdom of Castellan. This only lasted for twelve years as the Ingerish slowly took over the trade from the Castellanese in 1616. Trade and good relations with the Ingerish merchants were often gaining a lot of momentum, only to crumble again when a new grand chief would undo all that progress due to mistrust or other reasons. It is said that a grand chief burned down a couple of trade posts in 1742 after an Ingerish merchant ship accidentally fired a cannon on a village.
This trade with the Ingerish slowly brought firearms, Ulethan knowledge and technology, and Ortholic Christicism to the island, although it is suspected that there were more Ulethan countries who were trading with the island, and thus brought Ortholicism with them. Ingerish language even became the second language for most of the merchant elites. It is also around this time that the originally Mogoyang script adopted by the Asanics called Baksig was starting to get replaced with the Romantish alphabet that the foreign traders were using.
Although Tanay had never officially been colonized by other nations, Ingerish trading posts did appear on the south- and west-coast around 1616. Why Ingerish trading companies never went for colonization is not entirely clear, but there are indications that around this time, the Tanayo fiercely objected to permanent foreign settlement, but welcomed the trade. This meant that the grand chief still held absolute rule over the island, and in certain cases that also meant bad rule. A wealthy chief from the merchant city of Bogoy called Maalato, had other ideas and visions for the island, and saw that the grand chief held him back on trade with the Ingerish at times. Trade would continue until plenty of guns were amassed to arm chief Maalato's army. Maalato, knew how the despotic grand chief ruled over the people, and decided the time had come to depose him. In June 1841 the army marched to the grand chief's village (thought to be around present-day Lagatuan) and fought against the retinue stationed there. It was an easy victory for Maalato, as his troops had the advantage of surprise. The grand chief was beheaded at the end of the month, with Maalato usurping the grand chiefdom.
For the first few years of being the grand chief, Maalato met with resistance and disbelief in his rule, but that sentiment eventually calmed down after 1846 as he established five 'rice centers' in his hometown Bogoy. The rice centers were spots were people could get their allowance of rice for the week, which cemented the loyalty of the people of Bogoy to Maalato. In 1850 the grand chief made Bogoy the official capital of the island, and funded the building of the Palace of the Grand Chief, which became his residence. Over the years, continuous trade with the Ingerish influenced grand chief Maalato to the point that he had partially adopted the language, that would affect the people from that point onward. Multiple reforms and measures were introduced by Maalato for the people, significantly improving their quality of life, which effectively made him the most popular ruler yet.
1868 saw a turning point in trade with the Ingerish, as Maalato grew more suspicious of the Ingerish trading activities, which according to him were "tiny steps to colonize us". At the end of that year, he shut down all Ingerish trade posts and would banish any Ulethan, turning the island into an isolated place cut off from the world like it did before trading companies arrived. Grand chief Maalato's mental health deteriorated since then, as severe paranoia of an Ingerish invasion took hold of him. The Sadapag Tower was built in 1870 in front of the Palace of the Grand Chief, with on top of it four cannons aimed at the sea that would 'defend' his abode. Two years later in December 1872, grand chief Maalato was found dead by his son Motaao.
Grand chief Motaao would rule the island until 1902, when his sudden heir-less death produced a year of uncertainty for the people. It was decided on October 2, 1903 that the island would henceforth permanently be ruled by a chief from the city of Bogoy. This would mean that a council of chiefs around the island called the Pasanak, would now elect a chief for not only Bogoy, but also for the entire island as grand chief, among themselves.
On October 19, 1903 the Pasanak elected Sok Makasal, a chief from the northern town of Tanon, to be chief of Bogoy and thus grand chief of the island. The tribal form of governing lasted in relative stability for twenty years until 1923.
Tanay has a democratic government in the form of a republic with a presidential system. It is governed as a unitary state.
The President functions as both head of state and head of government and is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The president is elected by popular vote for a single six-year term, during which he or she appoints and presides over the cabinet. The bicameral Congress is composed of the Senate, serving as the upper house, with members elected to a six-year term, and the House of Representatives, serving as the lower house, with members elected to a four-year term.
Senators are elected at large while the representatives are elected from both legislative districts and through sectoral representation. The judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court, composed of a Chief Justice as its presiding officer and six associate justices, all of whom are appointed by the President from nominations submitted by the Judicial and Bar Council.
The most popular political parties in Tanay:
- Tanayo Libro (Liberalism)
- Samoyan Kamo (Democratic Socialism)
- NAT (Conservatim)
- PT (Nationalism)
- Sarat Maguyas(Anti-communism)
The amount of corruption in Tanay exceeds most countries on the globe. Even though the recently elected (2019) President Mabon Samat vowed to root out all corruption, it still prevails throughout the country. Corruption affects the judiciary, the police and other governmental institutions.
Areas where Tanayo's encounter corruption in their everyday lives are at the hospital, during traffic violations, and in court. Companies often have to deal with red tape when obtaining licenses and permits, for construction of buildings or setting up a store.
The foreign relations of Tanay are handled by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs under Dekan Tapano. Tanay is a member of the Assembly of Nations, the Central Archanta Economic Union, and the Developing Nations Forum.
Until recently, Tanay had an isolationist policy where all of the previous presidents did not adhere to any foreign relation. This changed with President Mabon Samat in mid-2019, who opted for economic growth and expansion that would be reached by trading with nations globally. Tanay is currently seeking to strengthen relations with countries that are willing to provide aid and economic help in the form of trade and investment.
The Tanay Army, Tanay Navy and Tanay Air Force collectively form the Armed Forces of Tanay, under the command of the Ministry of Defence, presided over by the President of Tanay.
The minister of Defense is General Juman Konamang.
In 2017, the Armed Forces of Tanay comprised about 6,200 active personnel (2,000 reserve). Total Tanayo military spending stands at 6% of national GDP.
Tanay is divided into 4 provinces (Pasanao, Makalan, Nabatan, Kabanay), with most provincial borders following the ridge of a hill or a river. Each province is governed by the capital city of Bogoy.
|Pasanao||Bogoy||1 624 440|
Tanay is separated from mainland Archanta, and consists of 7 islands with a total land area of 1861 km²
The hilly islands are covered in tropical rainforest. The highest mountain is Mount Cahorayo. It measures up to 803 meters above sea level and is located on the main island. The main rivers are the Kahubong (flowing through Bogoy) and the Pay, but there are many more smaller rivers and streams, two of them converging into Lake Talaning.
Despite the small size of the island, it still has a rich biodiversity which is mainly centered near the inland hills and forests. It is a habitat for the Tanay Tarsier, which is found in the wild only on the island of Tanay. The area around the Manaray Lake in the Nabatan province, is believed to contain the island's largest diversity of butterflies. The area of southern and southernwestern Tanay between the Kapating and the Ambaman rivers has lost most of its forest because of development and harvesting by increased population, with it being replaced by grassland.
Tanay has a tropical climate that is mostly hot and humid. There are two seasons: the hot and dry season from March to June; and the rainy season from July to February. Temperatures usually range from 22 °C to 33 °C. The coolest month is January; the warmest is May.
|Climate data for Bogoy, Tanay (1981-2017)|
|Average high °C (°F)||30.2
|Average low °C (°F)||22.9
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||99||81||55||51||92||137||182||170||189||196||169||114||1,535|
|Source: Bogoy Observatory|
Waste management including sewage treatment, deforestation and soil degradation are the major environmental problems in Tanay. Waste management presents problems in a big city like Bogoy and other major Tanayo cities which are linked with economic development, population growth and the inability of municipal councils to manage the resulting rise in industrial and domestic waste.
Haphazard industrial planning, increased urbanization, poverty and lack of competence of the municipal government are seen as the major reasons for high levels of waste pollution in the cities of the country. Some of the 'solutions' have been disastrous to the environment, resulting in untreated waste being dumped in places where it can pollute rivers and groundwater, used by some villages as their only source of drinking water.
Tanay is classified as a mixed economy emerging market. The economy of Tanay is focused primarily on tourism and the export of copper, tropical wood, fruit, and rice.
Economic development has been hindered by years of corruption and mismanagement. The subsequent economic reforms implemented by President Mabon Samat have successfully put Tanay back on track towards achieving its full economic potential.
The official currency of Tanay is the Tanayo Tan (Ŧ)(TAN). Since 1992, cents have been abolished as the Tan started to inflate and became worth less on the international exchange. The coins and banknotes currently in circulation are; 1 Tan coin, 5 Tan coin, 10 Tan coin, 20 Tan banknote, 100 Tan banknote, 200 Tan banknote, 500 Tan banknote, 1000 Tan banknote. Prices may be indicated with Ŧ39.99 and Ŧ100.
The very first form of currency the Tanayo used were sea-shells, used to trade among themselves and other tribes on the island. When around 1616 the foreign merchants came to trade with the islanders, the Tanayo often adopted and used the coinage they got with the trade, until in 1880 the island got its own mint in Lagatuan and started to produce coins themselves. Then after the founding of the republic in 1923, the Tanayo finally got their own internationally recognized currency, the Tanayo Tan.
The May 2016 census gave Tanay a population of 2,789,000. The city of Bogoy was given a population of 641,000 in that same census.
Tanay is largely Ortholic Christic, with a small minority of the island's remote population practicing Tanayo Animalism. However, the practice of other religions is increasingly expanding due to tourism and immigration.
Principal Ortholic places of worship on the island include:
- The Missia Ortholic Church (in Posogat, Bogoy): One of the oldest churches in Tanay, it is built in neoclassical style.
- The Malomban Ortholic Church (in Malomban, Bogoy): Second oldest church in Tanay.
- The Binong Ortholic Church (in Binong, Kapusalong Island)
There are 4 private health providers as of 2017, and 72.3% of healthcare came from private expenditures while 27.7% was from government. In 2019, total expenditures on the health sector was 2.9% of GDP. Health expenditure represented about 4.6% of total government spending. Per capita total expenditure at average exchange rate (in Unified Standard Dollars) was $39.
There are an estimated 410 physicians or 1 per every 2,958 people, 3,650 nurses, 340 dentists, and 1 hospital bed per every 2,080 people.
In 2017 there were about 40 hospitals, of which about 60% were government-run and 40% private. Cardiovascular diseases account for more than 30% of all deaths.
The literacy rate of Tanay is at 84.5%. Spending on education accounted for 19.07% in the national budget proposed for 2017.
Institutions of Higher Learning are:
Tanayo cuisine has evolved over several centuries from its Mogoyang-Asanic origins to become a mixed cuisine with some Castellanese and Ingerish influences that have been adapted to local ingredients and the Tanayo palate to create distinctively Tanayo dishes. Dishes range from the very simple, like a meal of fried salted fish and rice, to the elaborate, such as yabo, which has a large variety of ingredients for festivities and parties.
Popular dishes include tandayo, bodang, saliwit, and masarapay. Some common local ingredients used in cooking are coconuts, bananas, mangoes, potato, white fish, and chili. Tanayo taste buds tend to favor robust flavors, but the cuisine is not as spicy as those elsewhere in the world.
Various sports and pastimes are popular in Tanay including boxing, football (soccer), billiards, chess, and waygan. Swimming and cycling is also becoming popular. Boxing is played at both amateur and professional levels and is considered to be the most popular sport in Tanay. The national martial art and sport of the country is waygan.
Traditional Tanayo games such as bodo na and siko, are still played primarily as children's games among the youth. Siko is a traditional native Tanayo board game. Card games are popular during festivities, with some being used as a form of illegal gambling.
Cockfighting is another popular entertainment especially among Tanayo men, often involving betting and gambling.
Tanay has two official English-language radio stations (Breeze, 110 FM), and one official Tanayo-language radio station (Wayo FM). Additionally for on the TV, Tanay has four official TV channels of which three are official Tanayo-language TV channels (Tanay 1, Tanay 2, Tanay 3), and one of official English-language (Hello!). There is one daily newspaper, the Tanay Times. An online news website called Tanay News aggregates news from various sources.