Tassia

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15, -18.4330, 19.9678
Tassia
City
CountryBroceliande
 • RegionIles du Midi
 • Official nameVille de Tassia
Tassia city center
Tassia city center
DemonymTassien/Tassienne
Government
 • MayorClaude Pascal
Population
 • Estimate (2014)88 000
Postal Code20000
WebsiteTassia-socre.bc
Typical buildings of the city center

Tassia is a Municipaliy in Broceliande in the Iles du Midi province located at the centre of the island of Socre. It is the capital of the Province. It is also the largest settlement on the island and has the highest population of any municipality in the Province.

Tassia is the principal port of the Midi islands and its principal commercial town. It is an important touristic destination. The unemployment rate in the commune has persistently been one of the highest in Broceliande, standing at over 20% in 2015.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Tassien/Tassienne.

Geography

Tassia is located on the southern coast of the island of Socre close to its narrower point. It covers 26.7Km², half of it being urbanized. Many beaches border its territory and the terrain is particularly rugged in the north where the highest point is 1002 m (Balane) .

The city benefits from excellent climate conditions characterised by abundant and strong sunshine (around 330 days/year).


Tassia

History

Early history

Tassia was founded around 1410 by franquese settlers on the inhabited island of Socre. The origin of the name Tassia remains unknown. The colony became the starter point for the exploration and the settlement of the Midi Islands. The city has always been considered as the capital of the archipelago.

In 1555, by the Belleville’s treaty Tassia and the Midi Islands became part of Broceliande. The city then became a refuge for privateers who worked for the Broceliande’s crown. Tassia remained locked in its walls until 1840 for military reasons.

1840-1901: the first growth

Quartier des Palais

Between 1840 and 1880, the development of new districts in the north of the original city led to an important growth of the city population. In 1880, the city reached 15,000 inhabitants.

In the early 1880ies, as Socre became a touristic destination, the growth of the traffic in the port of Tassia led the creation of a new port (le port neuf) at the West of the old city. Hard works ended in 1892 and the first ships docked in 1893.

The port of Tassia played a central role during the Dranband war. In 1901, the city hosted around 50,000 Drabandins refugees fleeing from the lost territories. Half of them left in the following months, mainly to Belleville.

Modern history

1930ies architecture of La Ville Neuve

During the 20th century, Tassia grew mainly because of an important rural exodus on the island of Socre. This growth of the city population also followed the growth of industry, fishing and tourism. The airport opened in 1922 and the ferry terminal moved in 1955 in the new port. The MidiVal, an automatic shuttle between the airport and the ferry terminal, opened in 2001.

In 1967, the Iles du Midi province was created and Tassia chosen as the capital. The parliament building was built in 1969-1971 at the eastern entrance of the city [1].

As it sprawled, Tassia incorporated four villages : La Toison, Saint-Joseph, La Gitière and Les Encombres.

Since the 1960ies, the city, as well of the whole island, faces an economic crisis mainly due to the evolution of farming and fishing methods. The unemployment rate grew quickly (up to ~35% in 1985) leading to an impoverishment of the population and to a rapid degradation of the city centre buildings.

If the situation is slowly getting better, Tassia still faces important challenges in order to become a more sustainable city.

Administration

Tassia is the capital of the Iles du Midi province.

The city is not officially divided into districts.

The mayor of Tassia is elected every 6 years. Claude Pascal has been mayor since 2007.

Tassia remained (with some interruptions) an electoral stronghold of the Left until 2007. The outgoing municipality was then beaten by a right-wing coalition.

Tassia is protected by Service de police de la Ville de Tassia and Marins Pompiers de Tassia. Tassia has one of the highest crime rates in Broceliande. While the city centre and the western districts remain relatively safe, most of the reported crimes occur in the East of the city.

Demography

Unhealthy buildings of the old city

In 2015 the municipality had 88,000 inhabitants (stable). The urban area has about 130,000 inhabitants. The municipal population reached about 100,000 inhabitants in the early 1980ies. Like in many cities of Broceliande, the municipal population of Tassia declined because of an important suburban sprawl.

Tassians are among the poorer inhabitants of Broceliande. Tassia experienced a demographic boom between 1880 and 1950 which led to a considerable urban sprawl.

The population in general is aging. Two reasons explain that phenomenon: many youngsters leave Socre for the main land to have access to better jobs while wealthy retired people from the continent come to Tassia to enjoy the sun and the sea.

Tassia is a quite segregated city with important average income gaps between districts. The wealthiest inhabitants live near the beaches on the West and in the mountains. On the opposite, the weaker are concentrated in the eastern districts and in the city centre.

Approximately 10% of the today population are immigrants (35% of them are from Compaglia).

Evolution of the municipal population of Tassia

Education

Tassia is the headquarters of the Rectorat du Midi.

Primary and secondary schools

The city of Tassia and the Midi province provide primary and secondary schools for every children until 18yo. The city counts 14 public schools, 4 secondary schools (4 collèges and 3 lycées). In addition, there are 3 private schools.

Public Schools Address Nomber of classes
Ecole du centre boulevard Pinault [2]
Ecole de la Plaine rue Accard [3]
Ecole Vieille-ville rue Saint-Louis [4]
Ecole Cotard avenue de la Massène [5]
Ecole Ville-Neuve rue de Port-Lympie [6]
Ecole du Port rue Legras [7]
Ecole Tasson avenue Belvoie [8]
Ecole Anjeaux rue Chancel [9]
Ecole Louise boulevard Louise [10]
Ecole Simplon avenue Boulanger [11]
Ecole de la Toison rue Darmont [12]
Ecole Décant avenue MonteBianco [13]
Ecole Otissier rue Yourcène [14]
Ecole de la Gitière boulevard Saint-Grégoire [15]
Private Schools Address Nomber of classes
Notre-Dame passage Marcadet [16]
Ecole Saint-Thimothée avenue Corsini [17]
Ecole Sainte Martine avenue Langlet [18]
Secondary Schools Address Nomber of classes
Collège Boulanger avenue Boulanger [19]
Collège de la Plaine rue Baron Leroy [20]
Collège Lefranc rue Vigneau [21]
Collège Avanozian rue Ferrière [22]
Lycée du centre boulevard de Valoris [23]
Lycée Tassia-Est faubourg de Frontignan [24]
Lycée général Bourgoin boulevard Jenner [25]

University

The Université du Midi was founded in 1971. Its is located in the city center on the land of a former monastry. Before, postgraduate students had to go to Belleville for higher education. Today, the Tassia university has a strong international reputation in marine research and language sciences.

Tassia also hosts a technical institute, a private management school, a hotel school, and a conservatory which taught music, theater, dance and circus [26].

Communication and transport

Tassia is the main transport hub of the island of Socre. The city hosts the main port and the main airport of the whole Iles du Midi Province.

Sea transport

Despite its small size the port of Tassia is the busiest passengers port of Broceliande with more than 4 million passengers in 2015. It is connected to the mainland on a daily basis (Belleville).

Destinations served from Tassia are:

Shipping and passenger traffic is characterized by a very marked seasonality.

Tassia has also become a stopover for cruises, by far the largest in the Midi Islands and the second-largest in Brocéliande after Troie.

The Port function of the city is also served by the commercial, pleasure craft, and artisanal fisheries.

Air transport

The Tassia Airport (TAS)[27] is located at the east of the city . It is the largest airport in the Midi Islands by passengers number and the third in Broceliande. It only serves two airports in Broceliande : Troie and Valoris. On the contrary, it offers many international destinations.

It is direclty connected to the ferry terminal by the MidiVal, a small automatic shuttle.

Road transport

Tassia is crossed by the RN50, the main road of the island of Socre.

Tassia faces major traffic and parking problems especially during peak hours and during the tourist season.

Buses

The city bus network consists of 21 lines. It is operated by Transports Publics de Tassia (TPT), a public company. As few bus corridors are built, bus users suffer of the city bad traffic conditions. The tram network was dismantled in the 1960ies.

The Socre island bus network, which links the main cities of the island, serves 4 bus stations in Tassia (Constitution[28] (city center), Aéroport[29], Gare maritime[30] and Tassia-Ouest[31]).

Economy

Tassia is the economic, commercial and administrative centre of Socre. The agglomeration contains most of the few industries that exist on the island. The services sector is by far the main source of employment in the city. Tassia is an administrative centre comprising municipal and provincial services.

Tourism is one of the most vital aspects of the economy, split between the seaside tourism and cultural tourism. A number of hotels, varying from one star to five star, are present across the city.

The economy suffers of a high level of corruption and low efficiency of public policies. As a consequence, unemployment remains at a high level (20-22%) despite good academic results. Foreign investment remains low, except in touristic infrastructures. The agglomeration mainly benefits of public founds.

In 1980, the government of Brocéliande decided to move L'Imprimerie Nationale in Tassia. This public institution is in charge of the printing of all the offical documents used across the country.

It is also a shopping centre with the commercial streets of the city centre and the areas of peripheral activities such as Les Portes de Socre.

Culture and heritage

Tassia offers many monuments and museums of great interest.

Much of the city's most notable architecture is located inside the fortification walls in La Vielle Ville (the oldest part of the city) and around the old port. These areas have a distinct feel with its colored buildings and narrow streets lined with shops and restaurants.

The old city skyline is dominated by the massive Cathédrale Saint Louis, mother church of the Midi Islands.

La ville Neuve[32], around the port neuf, is characterized by an homogenous art-déco architecture. The former 'Gare Maritime de Tassia' is one of the largest Art Deco monument in Broceliande. After almost 40 years of abandonment, it was redeveloped in 1995 to become an oceanographic complex, linked with the University researches.

Every november, Tassia hosts Le Bel Automne, a classical music festival. Concerts are organized every night in theatres, bars, and public places. It mixes classics with lesser-known and performed works.
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