|8, -17.696, 17.391|
"Sicut tigris salit"
As the tiger leaps!
|Largest city||Hexagonia City|
|National languages||Ingerish, Franquese, Babelic, Goxianese|
|• Regional languages||Tigerine, Bergeronnese Franquese, Meilanese|
|Government||Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic|
|• President||Sūn Wénxìng (孫文興)|
|• Vice President||Mara bint Elia|
|• Speaker of the Old Imperial Assembly||Nehemiah Nusbaum|
|Legislature||Old Imperial Assembly|
|• Upper house||Council Deliberative|
|• Lower house||Burgesses Parliamentary|
|• Total||33,487.75 km2|
12,929.69 sq mi
|• Estimate (2019)||5,206,535|
|• Census (2010)||5,119,036|
|Timezone||Central Tarephia Standard Time (WUT +1:00)|
|Drives on the||right|
Tigeria (Ingerish: English pronunciation: [taɪˈdʒɪəriːə] (ty-JEER-ee-ə)); Franquese: Tigrisie /tiɡʁizi/; Bai Hua: 口夏共和國 (Kǒuxià Gònghéguó), officially the Tigerine Republic, is a country on the Francescan Peninsula in the Rivages of Tarephia. Continental Tigeria is bordered on the west by the Soboko Republic, on the north and northwest by Allendea, on the east and southeast by Kotel and Fitzétienne Sound, and on the south by Damenstrom. The capital of Tigeria is Meilinmen, and the largest city is Hexagonia City in Cinq Îles Governorate.
One of the oldest republics in Tarephia, Tigeria has maintained a policy of neutrality since the early nineteenth century. The nation has actively developed its foreign policy and has been involved in peace processes around the world. Tigeria is the birthplace of the Red Shield and is home to one of the offices of the Assembly of Nations. It is a founding member of the Tarephia Cooperation Council and the Lycene League.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 2.1 Prehistory
- 2.2 Early Civilization
- 2.3 Early Middle Ages (1000 - 1450)
- 2.4 Goxianese Thalassocracy (1450 - 1717)
- 2.5 Tigerine Republics (1717 - 1725)
- 2.6 Tigeria in the Pays-Rivageois (1725 - 1785)
- 2.7 Independence from the Pays-Rivageois (1780 - 1789)
- 2.8 Tigerine Republic (1789 - present)
- 3 Government and Politics
- 3.1 Constitution
- 3.2 Government
- 3.3 Electoral history
- 3.4 Administrative divisions
- 3.5 Foreign relations
- 3.6 Diplomatic Missions of Tigeria
- 3.7 Diplomatic Missions in Tigeria
- 3.8 Military and law enforcement
- 4 Geography and climate
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Culture
- 9 Map
- 10 Cities
- 11 Sibling Cities
- 12 References
- 13 See also
- 14 External links
Tigeria has several names in other languages, influenced primarily how other nations came to know of Tigeria.
|From tiger, tigris (Romantian)||
Tigeria (Ingerish), Tigrisie (Franquese)
|"Land of the Taichre [River]". Believed to have originated along the trade route which followed the Taichre River into the heart of Tarephia and beyond to Uletha.|
|From nimr, nimur (Mazanic)||
Nimuria (Castellanese), Nimrastan (Mazanic)
|"Tiger". The big cats which are a common presence in Tigeria. Those who first knew of Tigeria through its tigers refer to Tigeria by this derivation.|
|"[Land of] the western sun". From the position of the setting sun when viewed from sea. Originates from the Straits of Lyc, and the cultures which flourished along the straits.|
Goxia (Bai Hua)
|"Summer's mouth". Poetically interpreted as "the Goodlands". Tigeria is known by this name and its variations in countries significantly influenced by the Goxianese thalassocracy. This name also traveled along the Bai Empire's trade routes to the Bai speaking parts of the world.|
Much of the region that is now Tigeria lay under the sea. During the Nargizian Period 10 MYA, the Oridice Plate began subducting under the Tarephian and Antarephian Plates causing geological uplift on the Tarephian mainland. The subduction also caused island chains to rise up in the Baxiliren Sea, forming what is today the island of Ximalo'er (Babelic/Meilanese: 喜馬攞侕) and the scattered islands around it.
The geological uplift created the Tigerine Mountains that stretch north-south across Tigeria and as the mountains rose up, the Libellule River carved through them what is today the Libellule Gorges.
The Tigerines are thought to have migrated from the north across the Great Helion Desert. They settled in the Tigris Valley near what is today Linshanford. Gradually, they expanded their trade empire south along the river as far as Tigris Bay. As empire thrived, the Tigris Valley became the preferred trade route for goods moving between the Baxiliren coast and the interior highlands of southwestern Tarephia.
The Baveilis arrived a few centuries later by way of the Liberan Peninsula.
Early Middle Ages (1000 - 1450)
The Bai settlers that arrived from the east by sea came to call Tigeria by the name Erlizi Nimiri (Babelic: 二力字 你米日), or "The Land of the Tigers." The Meilanese settlers who arrived years later called Tigeria by Dixiriben (Meilanese: 地西日本), roughly translated "The land west of the sunrise." These Meilanese settlers established forts up and down the Tigris Valley and founded the city of Meilinmen.
Goxianese Thalassocracy (1450 - 1717)
Tigeria becomes a naval empire, establishing colonies as far as Kartumia. Inxigne is the last of these colonies that still considered part of Great Tigeria. Broceliandais begin migrating to Tigeria, founding Emporie la Jolie, Lyonesse-Francès, and other Franquese settlements around southeast Tigeria.
Tigerine Republics (1717 - 1725)
Tigeria becomes a confederacy of seven republics. Republics gradually join the Pays-Rivageois.
Tigeria in the Pays-Rivageois (1725 - 1785)
The seven republics are organized into the Franquese state of Tigrisie-Francès. Discrimination against Tigerines and the perceived lack of development in the west causes a lot of political tension.
Independence from the Pays-Rivageois (1780 - 1789)
Due to massive administrative costs from natural disasters (earthquakes and floods) and due to mass demonstrations against the government, the Pays-Rivageois voted to split from Tigeria in 1784. In the late spring of 1784, the states of Tigeria held a series of referendums to determine their futures. Six of the seven states voted to unite as the Republic of Tigeria. The seventh, the state of Félicité, voted for independence and split into the Republics of Félicité-Aquiline and Félicité-Francès due to disagreements over governance of the Windsferry Archipelago.
Tigerine Republic (1789 - present)
Tigeria became a unified republic in 1789. The six constituent states of Bergeronneau, Haxiwen, Nova Laniunaea, Sai'An, Tigerworthy, and West Rabenthaler retained their borders; and the Tigerine government incorporated the states as the six governorates of Tigeria. While the capital of Tigeria remained at Meilinmen, Emporie la Jolie became the country's primary seaport and cultural center.
18th and 19th Centuries
From the 1790s to the 1810s, Tigeria sought to identify its place on the international stage. Under the presidencies of Richard Arbremagne, Armande Le Charpentier, and Silas Wainwright, Tigeria worked to define the freedoms of its citizens and its foreigners at home and abroad.
In 1818, Tigeria adopted a foreign policy of neutrality under the administration of Nathaniel Rye.
During the 1830s, president Laurel Aristide advocated for the rights of Black Tigerines abroad, especially in Broceliande.
When the Federal States occupied Felicity-Aquiline in 1874, the republic of Félicité-Francès sought to establish greater ties to Tigeria in return for stronger defenses from the mainland. Both nations encouraged migration to the other, and several ferries ran between the two republics.
In the 1930s, the construction of the Black Lions Bridge between Tigeria and Félicité-Francès established a road connection between the two republics. By the late 1930s, the republics of Tigeria and Félicité-Francès integrated to such an extent that both national assemblies advocated in favor of Félicité-Francès joining Tigeria as its seventh governorate. The last act of the Félicité-Francès national assembly was to dissolve itself as the Great War began.
During the 1930s and 1940s, the Great War raged. The presidencies of Samuel Rye, Zachary Kensington, Claude Millier, and Anton Lam strove to maintain Tigeria's neutrality during this time. The Federal States began making arrangements to transfer its territory of Felicity-Aquiline to Tigeria as the Great War came to a close.
After the Great War, the Assembly of Nations conferred a mandate over Tarephian Meilan to Tigeria. The National Assembly of Tigeria also reorganized the governorates of Félicité-Francès and Felicity-Aquiline into the unified governorate of Cinq Îles in the early 1950s. Inxigne also entered into free association with Tigeria during this time in return for Tigeria's naval defenses at Inxigne's request.
During the 1960s, Tigeria's environmental grassroots movement began to form. It was not until the historic 1986 election of Sundeep Pranageetha, Tigeria's first female president, that environmentalism and the green movement found a home in Tigeria.
The most recent presidencies of Aimee Frances, Jude Saint-Constant, and Sun Wenxing have worked to address the increasing urbanization and income inequality citizens face in Tigeria. Although many public services have been introduced to the hinterland west of the Tigerine mountains in an attempt to maintain social equity across the nation, much work remains to be done.
Government and Politics
The Constitution of Tigeria entered into force in 1789 and is considered unusually advanced for its time. The constitution consists of thirty-six (36) articles. The first twenty-five articles address the rights of the individual:
- Article I recalls the principles of life, liberty, dignity, equality, and brotherhood that all Tigerines live by
- Article II establishes the parties that the constitution applies to and provides that the constitution shall not discriminate based on a variety of protected statuses including language, race, ethnicity, and sex
- Articles III-VII establish the constitutional liberties of the rights to the freedoms of speech, press, religion, assembly, and government petition
- Articles VIII-X establish the individual's community rights, such as the right to roam, to free movement, from slavery, and to privacy
- Articles XI-XIII establish the individual's right to education and provides for the public primary, secondary, and tertiary education systems in Tigeria
- Articles XIV-XV establish the individual's civic rights, including the right to government representation and the right to vote
- Articles XVI-XX establish the individual's rights to natural abundance, including the rights to forage, fish, glean, receive charity, and freely give
- Articles XXI-XXV establish the individual's judicial rights, including the rights to a fair trial, jury trial, representative jury, speedy trial, and freedom from cruel or unusual punishment
There are no Articles XXVI-XCIX (26-99). Beginning at Article One-Hundred (100), the next eleven articles address the powers of the state:
- Article C establishes the Constitution as the supreme law of the land; this article also provides for the Order of Laws (in which they take precedence)
- Articles CI-CIV provide for the legislative, executive, judicial, and accountable branches of government
- Article CV establishes the powers of the national government
- Articles CVI-CVIII establishes the powers of the governorates
- Articles CIX provides the process for amending the Constitution
- Article CX lists all the amendments to the Constitution
The Constitution of Tigeria defines the political system; Tigeria is a unitary presidential constitutional republic with a multi-party system. Citizens may run and vote in municipal, parliamentary, and national elections.
The President of the Tigerine Republic is the head of state. Unusual among nations, Tigeria's president is elected for a term of four years and six months and may serve up to two terms.
The Old Imperial Assembly is the national assembly of Tigeria. This legislative body is divided into the Burgesses Parliamentary (lower house) and the Council Deliberative (upper house).
Political parties are required to be officially documented on the Registrar of Political Parties by order of registration.
The Burgesses Parliamentary is the lower house of the Old Imperial Assembly. It is meant to represent Tigerines proportionally by population. The political breakdown of the Burgesses Parliamentary is as follows:
The Council Deliberative is the upper house of the Old Imperial Assembly. It is meant to represent Tigerines by governorate, three councillors to a governorate. Additionally, Inxigne and Meilan each receive one councillor. The political breakdown of the Council Deliberative is as follows:
List of Tigerine Presidents
|2||Armande Le Charpentier||1797-1805|
|4||Nathaniel Rye||1813-1821||Tigeria adopts a foreign policy of neutrality|
|5||James Amity||1821-1823||Died in office|
|8||Paul Van Steen||1829-1833|
|9||Laurel Aristide||1833-1841||Fought for the rights of Tigerines abroad|
|15||Blaise Des Champs||1865-1870||Assassinated|
|23||Quentin La Forge||1913-1921|
|25||Samuel Rye||1929-1933||Great War|
|26||Zachary Kensington||1933-1937||Great War|
|27||Claude Millier||1937-1941||Great War|
|28||Anton Lam||1941-1947||Great War|
|34||Ian La Salle||1975-1983|
|36||Sundeep Pranageetha||1987-1995||First female president; Tigerine Environmental Movement begins|
Tigeria is divided into seven governorates and one mandate.
|Cinq Îles||CÎ||Hexagonia City|
As an active member of the international community, Tigeria is a middle power. Tigeria has long sought to develop its own international identity and contributes to several international organizations around the world. Tigeria is a member of the Assembly of Nations and Hexagonia City hosts the AN Office of the Tarephias, which is the AN Headquarters in the Tarephias. One AN primary organ and several AN organizations are headquartered at the AN Office of the Tarephias, including:
- AN Mandatory Estates Council (MEC)
- AN Capital Assistance Fund (ANCAF)
- AN Development Assistance Program (ANDAP)
- AN Environmental Sustainability Program (ANESP)
- AN High Commission for Refugees (ANHCR)
The AN Commission on Urbanization and Settlement Patterns (ANCUSP) also maintains an office at the AN Office of the Tarephias.
Tigeria is a member of the Lycene League and a founding member of the Tarephia Cooperation Council. Within these two organizations, Tigeria continually strives to drive sociopolitical cohesion in the region as a whole.
Tigeria also assumes responsibility for the diplomatic and consular representation of Inxigne and Kotel, and the protection of their borders.
In 1818, the administration of Nathaniel Rye adopted a foreign policy stance of neutrality for Tigeria. Since then, Tigeria has maintained this internationally recognized stance of neutrality, even through the Great War.
Diplomatic Missions of Tigeria
Diplomatic Missions in Tigeria
Embassies to Tigeria
Joint Assembly of Nations Mission-Embassies in Tigeria
(Missions to the Assembly of Nations serving as embassies to Tigeria)
Missions to the Assembly of Nations in Tigeria
Representative Offices in Tigeria
- International Council for the Freedom of Antigo
- International Peace Council
Consulates in Tigeria
- Allendea (Hexagonia City)
Military and law enforcement
Since Tigeria is a neutral nation, it does not participate in other nations' armed conflicts. However, Tigeria does participate in peacekeeping missions around the world.
The Tigerine Armed Forces each have their own base. They are:
- Tunries Military Base (Army)
- Stondon Naval Base (Navy)
- Orangewood Air Force Base (Air Force)
- Camp Poryana Marine Corps Base (Marine Corps)
- Kirquotte Coast Guard Station (Coast Guard)
Geography and climate
Tigeria lies in the southern hemisphere. It is a mountainous country. Ranges run primary north-south. The Enchang Hills run along the eastern side of the nation. In the center, the Tigerine Mountains tower. Due to the subduction of the Oridice Plate, the Tigerine Mountains are volcanically active. Mount Impatiens is the highest peak in the Tigerine Mountains and the highest point in Tigeria. The Haxiwen Mountains is the primary range in the west. Lesser ranges in the north include the Hanakanyi Mountains and the Odiso Hills. In the east, the Pard Hills separate Tigris Bay from regions further inland. The main river systems are the Tigris River and the Eustathes River. Both rivers rise in the mountains of Allendea and run south toward Tigris Bay. The Eustathes River is the older of the two river systems, cutting through the Tigerine Mountains twice - once near the confluence with the Allende River, and once again in the Eustathes Gorge.
Tigeria can be divided into the following regions:
- Eustathes Highlands
- Tigris Valley
- Lake Kostel
- Tigris Bay Area
- South Coast
- Windsferry Archipelago
- Euthailun Desert
The great differences in elevation in Tigeria are the primary cause of the wide range of climates in the nation. Much of the country has a tropical climate. The high mountains, including the Tigerine Mountains and the Haxiwen Mountains, have a mountain climate with snow in the winter and warm summers. The eastern lowlands receive the greatest amount of precipitation, while the western highlands west of the Tigerine Mountains receive much less precipitation. The western slopes of the northern Haxiwen Mountains tend to be wetter due to their proximity to the Catham Sea. However, the cold Seventh Current off the shore of Soboko contributes to the mild desert climate that is found on the southern slopes of the Haxiwen Mountains.
Tigeria has a tropical wet and dry climate.
|Climate data for Hexagonia City Bassam International Airport|
|Record high °F (°C)||110.0
|Average high °F (°C)||89.3
|Daily mean °F (°C)||79.1
|Average low °F (°C)||68.9
|Record low °F (°C)||61.1
|Average precipitation inches (Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".m)||15.16||16.14||14.82||7.69||3.45||1.67||1.01||1.23||1.66||2.87||4.33||6.90||76.93|
|Average rainfall inches (Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".m)||15.16||16.14||14.82||7.69||3.45||1.67||1.01||1.23||1.66||2.87||4.33||6.90||76.93|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 in)||18.4||21.6||18.7||17.9||3.3||1.9||1.0||1.3||1.6||2.8||5.5||11.1||8.8|
|Average relative humidity (%)||68||71||69||67||63||58||56||55||57||59||61||64||62|
|Source #1: Hexagonia City Meteorological Center|
|Source #2: Mont Ascot Weather Station|
The Tigerine Tare (symbol: ※; code: TIT) is the official currency of Tigeria. It is abbreviated as TI※, and is referred to as the tare or the Tigerine tare. The tare is subdivided into one hundred piastres (p). Banknotes are produced in denominations of ※5, ※10, ※20, ※50, ※100, ※500, and ※100. Coins are produced in denominations of ※2, ※1, 50p, 25p, 10p, 5p, and 1p.
Tigeria is a large exporter of pineapples. Its other main crops are sugar, rice, and soybeans.
In the Tigerine highlands, herding is a common occupation. Llamas and vicuñas can be found around Bergeronneau.
The Tigerines are indigenous to Tigeria. They are famous for their vibrant, colorful clothing.
There is no official language of Tigeria. Most of the population speaks Ingerish and Franquese. Tigerine is still spoken in the rural areas in the east of the country, while speakers of Meilanese can be found in and around Meilinmen.
Speakers of Imperial Babelic, the sole surviving member of the western branch of the Babelic language, are concentrated primarily in the governorate of Kadashen Migelaxin, especially in the floodplains between the Jacond and Hebrais Rivers.
Many students study foreign languages throughout their primary and secondary educations. The most common languages studied are:
Most of the population lives in the southeast between Tigris and the Cinq Îles. Over an eighth of the nation's population lives in Hexagonia City, making it one of the densest cities in the world.
The school year starts at the end of the summer, usually on the third week of February; it continues through the year into late spring and finishes on the second week of December.
Universities are mandated by national law to operate on the quarter system to provide students the opportunities for the most enriching academic settings possible at university. Students are frequently encouraged to take on double majors, minors, concentrations, or academic enrichment courses.
Science and technology
Tigeria is home to the Hexagonia Geothermal Field, the one of the largest geothermal plants in the world. Operated by the Hexagonia Energy Corporation, the 25 geothermal plants produce a combined output of 2,000 MW and make up about half of Tigeria's renewable energy resources.
Tigeria has a road network that is largely influenced by the nation's geography. The most developed area of the road network is in the east where the population centers are concentrated.
There are currently two airports in Tigeria at Emporie La Jolie and Hexagonia City. Two more are planned--one at Stondon, and one at Meilinmen.
Tigerine cuisine reflects its fusion of many cultures. The combination of Franquese and Meilanese cuisines over several centures has led to the innovation of culinary foods unique to Tigeria, including Tigeria's signature dish, pain mei and signature drinks, thé teyré and thé aux perles.
Tigerine cuisine is popular throughout the Rivages as well as other parts of the world where significant Franquese and Meilanese communities exist. Popular restaurant chains include tea shops such as the Iron Dragon. Because of its association with kawaii culture, thé aux perles (i.e., boba, bubble tea) is especially popular in Bai-influenced regions and regions with significant Bai diasporas.
Film and media
Attitudes and values
The health of the environment is a significant issue that Tigerines care about. Many of the waters of Tigeria are protected by law, and the government works with the De Kotel Society to study other cultures' sustainability pratices and educate Tigerines on new innovations in urban planning and sustainable habits.
Tigers are the state animal of Tigeria, and they are given certain protections by national law to help the tiger population grow. Tigeria uses white tigers to practice "tiger diplomacy" where white tigers are given as diplomatic gifts to other countries.
Tigeria has a number of public holidays which it observes:
- January 1 - Solar New Year
- January 21 - February 20 - Lunar New Year (floating)
- March 8 - March 14 - Laurel Aristide's Birthday (floating)
- May 8 - May 14 - Election Day (Autumn) (floating Tuesday on election years)
- June 20 - June 21 - Midwinter (floating)
- June 28 - Tigeria Day
- August 15 - August 21 - National Day of Rest (floating)
- September 8 - Diplomacy Day; Red Shield Day
- October 16 - Independence Day
- November 8 - November 14 - Election Day (Spring) (floating Tuesday on election years)
- December 21 - December 22 - Midsummer (floating)
- December 31 - Solar New Year's Eve
Hexagonia City is the most populous city and the economic center of Tigeria. It is an entrepôt situated on the Straits of Hexagonia, where goods are transferred between rail, air, and sea at the port on Bassam Island. It was founded by the Meilanese in 1212 as 八日西 (bārìxī) meaning eight days west referring to the time it took to sail there from Meilan.
Hexagonia City is widely known for its culinary arts scene, and it is considered the birthplace of pain mei and thé teyré.
Made famous as a "lawless" city due to a surveying error, Tigerstadt lies outside the constitutionally defined borders of Tigeria:
The border shall be defined as the point one hundred meters east of the Eidarais Spring. From that point, the border shall follow the line twenty degrees west of north until it reaches the meridian eighteen degrees east of the prime meridian. From there, the border shall run due north...
The surveyors missed the eighteenth meridian east by 2.5 kilometers, and the land between the eighteenth meridian and the surveyed border became known as the Lake Kostel strip. Because Tigeria claimed the eighteenth meridian east as the border, and as Allendea claimed the surveyed boundary as the border, neither Tigeria nor Allendea exercised jurisdiction over the strip until the Great War.