|6, -45.275, 148.887|
|Kingdom of Forrintia|
"Zo God met ons is, wie zal tegen ons zijn"
If God is with us, then who shall be against us
|Official languages||High Astrasian (Hoog Astrasisch)|
|Nationalities||Forintian (89 %), Naobanian (3 %), Maurician (2 %), Commonian (2%), Drulli (2%), Other (2 %)|
|• King of Forrintia||Floris XV|
|• Prime Minister||Hugo Van Oosterwijck|
|• Upper house||Eerste Raad|
|• Lower house||Tweede Raad|
|• Estimate (2014)||93.012.496|
|• Total||4.149 trillion|
|• Per capita||$44609.53|
|• Total||$xyz trillion|
|• Per capita||$xyz|
|HDI (2013)|| 0.914|
|Currency||Forrintian Guilder (ƒ)|
|Drives on the||right|
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Geography
- 3 History
- 4 Population
- 5 Culture
- 6 Government
- 7 Economy
- 8 Trivia
The name Forrintië (or Forrintia in Ingerish) comes from the Proto-Astrasian words fur meaning before and inde meaning end. The tribes that would eventually settle in the lands now known as Forrintië, the Maurician Republics and Naobanië originally came from South Archanta Major. It took several centuries of migration and temporary settlement before they arrived at the southern shores of Astrasia, where the seemingly endless Southsea stretched out before them. Since no large landmasses were discovered beyond these shores the tribes concluded that they had reached the end of the world and called the the South Astrasian coastal areas the lands before the end or Landes Fur Indei. This name eventaully evolved into Forrintië
Cultural and natural heritage
Forrintia has been a constitutional monarchy since 1789 and a parliamentary democracy since 1855. Forrintia is described as a consociational state. Forrintian politics and governance are characterised by an effort to achieve broad consensus on important issues, within both the political community and society as a whole.
The monarch is the head of state, at present King Floris XV. Eventhough Forrintia has had a constitution since 1789 the King retains significant power. By law, the King (the title queen has no constitutional significance) has the right to appoint the governors of the provinces, the judges of the Hoge Raad and ambassadors. The King can call referenda and de facto has the power to veto legislation, since no law is official without Royal Assent. Dissolving parliament, firing ministers and declaring a state of emergency are royal perogatives, although these rights are hardly ever used, the last time was more than four decades ago during the crises of 1969. Depending on the personalities and relationships of the King and the ministers, the king might have influence beyond the power granted by the constitution.
The executive power is formed by the council of Ministers, the deliberative council of the Forrintian cabinet. The cabinet usually consists of 14 to 17 ministers and a varying number of state secretaries. One or Two ministers are ministers without portfolio. The head of government is the Prime Minister of Forrintia, who often is the leader of the largest party of the coalition. The Prime Minister is a primus inter pares, with no explicit powers beyond those of the other ministers. Hugo Van Oosterwijck has been Prime Minister since September 2009; the Prime Minister had been the leader of the largest party continuously since 1961.
The cabinet is responsible to the bicameral parliament, the Staten-Generaal (States General), which also has legislative powers. The 400 members of the Tweede Raad, the Lower House, are elected in direct elections on the basis of party-list proportional representation. These are held every four years, or sooner in case the cabinet falls (for example: when one of the chambers carries a motion of no confidence, the cabinet offers its resignation to the monarch or when the King dissolves the parliament). The Provinciale Staten (States Provincial) are directly elected every four years as well. The members of the provincial assemblies elect the 100 members of the Eerste Raad, the Upper House, which has the power to reject laws, but not propose or amend them.
As a highly-developed country Forrintia, like other industrialised countries, has a high energy use. More than half of the energy consumed within Forrintia is generated with fossil fuels, mostly petroleum, natural gas and coal. Coal but especially natural gas are found in abundance in the Forrintian soil, though the oil reserves are quite small and most of the petroleum used in the country has to be imported. National oil production only accounts for 11,3% of the oil consumed. A significant of the imported oil is exported again after refinement.
A large part of the electricity used in Forrintia is generated with natural gas. Nucleair power takes the second place with more than a fifth on the electricity coming from nucleair power plants. Hydropower once supplied more than 87% of the power consumed nationally, but since the early 1950's the demand for more electricity took a huge flight, while the supply of hydropower has grown only slightly. Though Forrintia has large deposits of coal, the amount of electricity that is generated with it, is declining rapidly. In 2003 a law that banned new open pit mines was passed in parliament and a heavy tax on foreign coal makes coal an unprofitable energy source. Renewable energy, besides the traditional hydropower, is a fast growing part of the Forrintian energy sector, with former coal power plants being converted to biomass plants. Although wind, solar, geothermal and biomass energy account for less than 5% each of the electricity production, together they produce more than 13% of the national electricity.
In the year 2000 the Forrintian Government decided that the emission of greenhouse gasses had to be reduced by 20% before the year 2020. In order to achieve this measures were taken to discourage the use of coal in power plants. More money was set aside for research grants for institutes that are working on improving existing renewable enery techniques or developing new ones. Favourable tax cuts are a available for companies and individuals that invest in making their companies or houses more energy efficiënt.
Forrintia has an extensive network of railways, highways and primary roads. Most roads are in good condition, except for some minor roads in rural areas. Highways and primary roads are managed by the state, lesser roads are managed by the provinces. Railways are managed by the state-owned Nationale Spoorwegen Forrintië (National Railways Forrintia), which also provides passenger train services. NSF also controls goods traffic by private rail companies on Forrintian railways.
Main article: Roads of Forrintia
Serna Prize winners
- Falco van Leeuwhoven, 1957 in Literature
- Arnolfus baron van Groenendaal-Westerdiep, 1963 in Medicine
- Eduard Molenaar, 1965 in Science
- Baldwin Roskamp, 1971, in Science
- Winand van Ypen, 1977 in Literature
- Mathilde Rubenszoon, 1983 in Science
- Jan-Peter van Ewa, 2002 in Science
- Stefan Kruitman, 2002 in Medicine
- Floris Schippers, 2007 in Science
- Amalia den Groenen, 2011 in Medicine