|11, 30.1991, 160.2410|
|State of Kuehong|
|• Total area||4016.32 km2|
|• Land area||1000 km2|
|• Estimate (2019)||4.7 million|
|• Census (2016)||4.6 million|
Vang Ngat (Kuehongese: 邦咯 Vâng Ngát) (location) is a Kuehongese state located on the northern coast of Kuehong. It is largely comprised of Vang Ngat Island and its neighbouring islets. Established as a capital for a brief time in the 12th century AD and later considered part of the state of Bosinh, the state was formed in 1696 when it was split away from the state of Bo Shinh to become a new administered area under Ingerish rule, known as the Ingerish Administration of Vang Ngat, then later reverted to Bai rule. As of 2016, Kuehong has a population of 4.7 million, making Vang Ngat being one of the most densely populated states in Kuehong. The capital of Vang Ngat is O-man, the economic centre of the state and the seat of the state government, though unofficially Vang Ngat is a city-state and hence it is its own capital.
Vang Ngat today has become one of the world's most significant financial centres and commercial ports. It has one of the highest Gross Domestic Product per capita among the Kuehong states and is considered a high-income economy. Compared to the states formally part of West Kuehong, it has a rather heterogeneous population and highly diverse in ethnicity, culture, language and religion. Aside from the Bai and Kue ethnic groups, Vang Ngat is home to significant Ulethan communities as well.
Vang Ngat Island is believed to have been settled since 7000 BC. It came under the direct control of the Kue Kingdom since its establishment, though it was poorly administered as the Kue rulers did not pay much attention to the island. It became a key base for pirates travelling from the Asperic to the Ardentic. Vang Ngat later hosted the administrative capital of the kingdom Khang Ninh (慷宁) from the 12th to 13th century AD, when the then emperor Tào Phật Mã (曹佛马) was forced to flee to the north due to a rebellion. As the capital and under Tao's reign, it developed into a prosperous port. After the death of the emperor's grandson Tào Càn Phù (曹干扶), when the kingdom plunged into chaos, Vang Ngat was stripped of its status as capital and was neglected, to be retaken by pirates and fugitives.
After Bai's colonisation in the 15th century, Bai decided to turn Vang Ngat into a key trading outpost to Uletha and to the Asperic Ocean. Vang Ngat became a hub for migrants especially of those from Uletha. Later in the 17th century, the Ingerish Ardentic Company arrived on the Muinon Peninsula in hopes of establishing trade relations in the area. By this time, the Bai Empire has been weakened greatly due to an economic recession and unable to control all of its ports and initially welcomed the Ingerish, who promised to help Bai defend the island. However, the Bai governor of Basheng Wu Zhaohao 吴赵豪, who feared the Ingerish takeover of the island, managed to lobby the Bai government to 'drive out the Ingerish'. The Ingerish, on the other hand, refused to move out due to resources in the area, in spite of coercion and eventually threats made by Bai. Managing to gather enough troops, the Ingerish troops launched a war against the Bai forces in 1696.
After being ceded to Ingerish forces, it was renamed King Earnest Island after the then Ingerish monarch Earnest II, and led by Vang Ngat's first Ingerish resident Raffles Swettenham. In 1712, the Ingerish Administration of Vang Ngat became part of the Ingerish Ardentic Settlements, alongside other Ingerish-controlled ports and areas in the region such as Phong Thinh, Lim Dat, Namthinhvuong and Yen Luan. Under direct Ingerish rule, the town of O-man (then called Earnesttown) rapidly developed and absorbed the surrounding villages. Mines were later set up on the island for tin. Vang Ngat's rapid development, however, saw the rise of social problems, such as inadequate sanitation and public health facilities, as well as rampant crime. The settlements were eventually put under direct Ingerish rule in 1832, but despite beefing up the police presence on the island, it has failed to address the social problems largely due to corruption. The island eventually returned to Bai's rule in 1846 after the 150-year lease, as the Ingerish decided not to continue administering the island due to the large problems it has to face and faced to tackle. Till today, several Ingerish-style buildings could be seen in Vang Ngat, especially the State Parliament. By the time Vang Ngat was returned to Bai, despite the social problems, Vang Ngat had evolved from a transient colonial outpost into a major entrepôt and a major source of tin for Ingerland. An agreement was later signed allowing the Ingerish to keep control of the mines and export it, while Bai gets 30% of the profit from the venture and regains the control of the island.
Bai continued to retain its status as an important port, but due to the rise of the opium trade and piracy in the area, plus still being plagued by rampant crime, the Bai authorities stepped in to restrict trade in the area. In 1889, the Ingerish were formally driven out when the Vang Ngat state government managed to buy the tin mines on the island. By then, however, there was little tin to be found and it was forced to close its mines soon afterwards. With the worsening economic situation on the island, sporadic riots broke out by the locals. In 1912, a controversial crackdown by the Bai forces killed 200 ethnic Kue on the island suspected to have ties with illegal opium traders or the pirates. The crackdown has led to the birth of the independence movement of Kuehong.
Vang Ngat was initially planned to be the new capital of the new Muinon Union, but eventually, Namthinvuong was favoured. During the Muinon civil war, about 14000 inhabitants and soldiers died in the Battle of Vang Ngat when Fayaan tried to claim the island. When Muinon was partitioned, it became the provisional capital for (western) Kuehong from 1938 to 1945. The communist government decided to move the capital to Phong Thinh for easier administration of the region. Nevertheless, as part of the communists' initial plans for the country's industrialisation, a large industrial area was planned for Vang Ngat, but was shelved indefinitely in subsequent revisions. The communists still undertake a number of major infrastructural projects, such as a new tunnel connection between Vang Ngat and the mainland.
Vang Ngat is one of Kuehong's smallest states, with just an area of 4016.32 km2. It is the northernmost state of Kuehong. The state largely consists of Vang Ngat Island and a handful of smaller islets. The island is irregularly shaped, with a hilly and mostly forested interior. The central hub of the state (de jure state capital) O-man is on a broad, mostly flat area along the northern shore of Khang Ninh. From a small settlement, O-man has expanded over the centuries, particularly in the northeastern, eastern, southern and southwestern directions, eventually linking up with the neighbouring towns and villages and urbanising the entire northern coast of the island. Meanwhile, the city is surrounded by hills; to the south and east are ranges that continue south to the mainland. The island has several rivers as well.
Vang Ngat hosts the International Peace Council and even has an AN peacekeeping base in Vang Ngat. It also hosts a few consulates. Being unofficially a city-state, it is also a sibling city to a few other cities.for the
|Political Divisions of Kuehong|
|Vang Ngat||Vang Ngat|
|Trac Khe||E-dang · Nha Hoa · Kho Lai · Qui Lac · Tan Bi · Phu Dung · Mo Pha · Cham Mi|
|Bo Sinh||Trung Minh · Vung Hoa · Lu Hu · Dan Thanh · Ti Lao · Kham Mo · Lake Dura · Then Vuong · Lai Duoc · Hoa Linh|