|7, -29.000, 175.000|
|Principado de Vega|
Marcha Nacional de Vega
|• Regional languages||Holandic|
|Nationalities||Veguian (90%), Other (10%)|
|Government||Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy (Principality)|
|• Prince of Vega||Prince Jorge de Vega|
|• Prime Minister||Vega-María de Albornoz|
|• Upper house||Congreso de los Diputados|
|• Lower house||Senado|
|• Total||142,720.72 km2|
55,104.78 sq mi
|• Estimate (2015)||24,631,002|
|• Census (2010)||24,249,274|
|• Total||$1,190,000 billion|
|• Per capita||$39,002|
|Currency||Veguian Victorias (VGV)|
|Drives on the||right|
Principado de Vega or Vega is a sovereign state in southern Archanta. It is in the eastermost area of the south subcontinent, and borders Principado de Diana on the northeast and Ainciria on the west and northwest. Besides, the principality is the first country to see the sun every day, as it is in the easternmost part of the world.
The people of Vega are called Veguians. The official language in the country is Castellanese, but Hollandic is also official in the province of Nederlandia. Other languages are spoken in Vega as secondary languages, though they are not official.
Vega is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy (principality). The Prince of Vega is the head of state, although this position has limited power. The parliament is called courts (Cortes) and it is chosen by the Veguians by voting.
The Seat of the Government and the Prince's Palace are in Vega (Ciudad), the capital of the principality.
Vega is divided in 12 provinces: Bailía de Eraso, Ciudad de Vega, Los Lagos, Nederlandia, Ruerguesado, Sálvora, Tedra Costa, Tedra Interior, Tierras de Bolduque, Valdecorneja, Valle de Granada and Victoria.
- 1 History
- 2 Government and Politics
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demography
- 5 Economy
- 6 Governance
- 7 Culture
Old and Middle Ages: Until 1400
Modern Age in Vega
From the first settlements to the beginning of the expansion
The Modern Age starts officially in Vega with the Landing of Victoria in the city of Puerto Victoria, the 16th January 1393. Approximately two hundred people, exploring the southern coast of Archanta, created a small settlement that expanded quickly. Not later, more Castellanese ships landed in the Veguian coasts ready to create new settlements; the most important ones were Santa María de la Vega (today City of Vega) in 1395, Santa María del Mar in 1399, Sálvora in 1400, Eraso in 1420, Izaro in 1421, Santa Isabel de Langraiz in 1447 y Córdoba del Delta in 1480. Nederlandic ships coming from the city of Van Pelt in Latina settled around 1527 in the mouth of River Berkel, founding the city of Leiden.
These settlements stayed independent -only basic sea trading- until 1434, when the town halls of Vega, Puerto Victoria, Sálvora and Santa María del Mar decided to collaborate actively on trading and building sea and land defenses. Two towns were then named capitals of the so called Comunidad de las Cuatro Ciudades (Community of the Four Towns): Vega as capital of the land and Sálvora as capital of the sea. Vega and the river were the starting point to expand the community into the land. Before 1600, cities as Silea, Ruerguia, Burgo de Valdecorneja and Bazano had a weekly market and around 5,000 inhabitants. Expansion along the coast did however happen slower for the Community.
The other towns also expanded their territories slowly inland: Langraiz was the capital of the Kingdom of Granada, Leidenars founded the city of Bloemmolen and both towns formed the independent County of Nederlandia, and the towns in the northern part administrated their lands as bailías (Bailía de Eraso, Bailía de Bolduque, Bailía de Noremburgo, Bailía de Tedra-Córdoba, Bailía de Monterroso).
At the beginning of the 17th Century, the Revolution of Langraiz ended with the Kingdom of Granada and the Republic of Langraiz was created in 1611. This republic initially included the city of San Sebastián and surrounding area, accross the current boundary of the Principality, but revolts in that city ended with the independence of the Republic of San Sebastián in 1613.
In order to make a stronger nation, the almost two-centuries old Comunidad was reformed to recognize for the first time the rights of the citizens and to centralize the power in Vega, which was already the largest and most influential city. The First Republic of Vega was created in 1629, and its first president was Alejandro de Santa María. The territory was significantly larger (Los Lagos, Valdecorneja, Victoria, Ruerguesado, Sálvora and Vega), and the government was still as centralized as in the Community times, and soon some cities and regions claimed more power in the central government. The 1636 refounded Second Republic of Vega gave these powers and rights, providing stability until 1740.
Agreements with the republics of Langraiz and Vega provided stability to the County of Nederlandia during decades, only disturbed by floods in 1725 which caused serious damages to the city of Leiden. Impoverished, the Leidenars accepted becoming part of the Republic of Vega in 1727, though they kept some rights, like the use of their language.
The bailías in the north signed different agreements and treaties between 1599 (Treaty of Besande) and 1698 (Treaty of Bolduque), creating a very efficient trading community, centralized in the city of Eraso. In 1701 the Republic of Eraso was officially founded, covering the territories of the provinces of Bailía de Eraso, Tedra Costa, Tedra Interior, Tierras de Bolduque and the former Territorios del Norte, today Principality of Diana.
The Principality of Vega in the 1800s
Trade with other countries and continents became more active in the latest years of the 18th Century and increased even more rapidly between 1795 and 1815. The three major epicenters of industrial and trading activity were along the coast in Eraso, Leiden and the surroundings of Vega, which had more than half million inhabitants by then. The three republics (Republic of Langraiz, Republic of Vega and Republic of Eraso) signed up a Free Trade Area in 1804. This treaty and the personal determination of Jorge de Hernando, president of the Republic of Vega, supported by other personalities like Manuel Argavia (Minister of Economy of Eraso), Mercedes Onériz (Minister-President of Langraiz) and Abel Sierra (Minister of Foreign Affairs of Eraso), contributed to the foundation of the Principality of Vega on January 16th, 1815. The first president was Jorge de Hernando, with the title of Prince of Vega.
Arts and science had an exceptional development during the early 19th Century, which is considered the most prosperous in the whole history of Vega, and is known as Golden Age of Art and Science in Vega. This applies to painting (Mercedes Barrionuevo, Débora Ribeira, Jerónimo San Vicente), sculpting (Julieta Murcia), literature (Jorge de la Hoz, Esteban Ferrán-Carpareda), etc. and sciences in all its fields such as Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Medicine, etc. The most important universities were founded in this century.
During this century there is a progress in infrastructures in the country. Major railway lines were built between Vega and Langraiz, Silea and Eraso, harbours in Vega, Eraso and Leiden started to grow, and industrial areas were planned close to the main harbours, and other cities such as Silea, Izaro or Bosconia. Urban planning is the discipline that stood out the most in the principality, and the Ensanche de Vega its best example, a planned extension in the east city of Vega which included a parliament area and structured the city in squares. Other examples of Veguian urban planning are the cities of Eraso, Izaro, Leiden, Sálvora and Santa María del Mar.
A new constitution was written in 1915 to commemorate the first century of the foundation of the country. This constitution was one of the most advance in the world, especially in Human Rights. Besides, it defined the northernmost area of the country, Territorios del Norte - current Principado de Diana - as a Free Associated State. A referendum was celebrated in Territorios del Norte in 2008; more than three fourths of the population voted for the independency, and Principado de Diana disgregated from Vega in 2013.
Government and Politics
Principality of Vega is divided in twelve provinces.
|Bailía de Eraso||Eraso||2,932,135||2,658||1,103.14|
|Ciudad de Vega||Vega||2,527,775||354||7,140.61|
|Los Lagos||San Jorge||2,808,182||29,680||94.61|
|Tierras de Bolduque||Bolduque||1,123,250||15,942||70.45|
|Valdecorneja||Burgo de Valdecorneja||1,145,209||22,940||49.83|
|Valle de Granada||Langraiz||852,681||15,400||55.36|
Vega traditionally divides its coastline in two parts: on the East, what the Veguians call Mar de Helios, part of the Western Ocean that falls in the Eastern hemisphere; on the South, the Southsea. Both North and West boundaries are on land, with Ainciria (West and Northwest) and the Principado de Diana, which was part of Vega until 2013.
Mountains and Basins
The Principality of Vega has three main ranges: Victoria Range (Cordillera de la Victoria), Bolduquian Range (Cordillera Bolducana) and Sierra de Tedra. Victoria and Bolduquian ranges meet in the center west area of the country, forming a larger massif called the Nermandia Massif. The mountains going northwest from this massif is called Sierra de Bosconia.
Vega basin is the central basin where Vega River runs from Nermandia Massif to Bay of Vega, south of the City of Vega. Victoria Range is in the south and separates the central basin from the valleys from rivers flowing towards south to the Southsea. Bolduquian Range separates it from the Tedra River valley and other smaller rivers flowing to the Mar de Helios in the east. Shorter rivers such as Granada River, Berkel River flow southwards to the Southsea from the Victoria Range. The Bosconia Plateau, has rivers flowing west to the big lakes in San Hugo, and then from there southwards in the Nolía River
Main rivers are the abovementioned:
- Central Basin: Vega; Huedra, Corneja, Soralle, Ruer, Gares.
- South Basin: Barkel, Granada; Cuervo, Carpareda.
- Bosconia Plateau: Bosconia.
- Tedra Valley: Tedra.
- Bolduque Basin: Eraso.
There are lakes, especially in the region of Los Lagos in the northwest part of the country. The largest is Lake Bosconia, communicated to the Nolía Lake Complex in Ainciria. Other lakes are Lake Mayor (or San Jorge), Lake Tedra, Lake Berkel and Lake Bajo.
Ethnic groups, migration, religion, languages.
These are the most populated cities and towns in Vega
Highways and Roads
Airlines based in Vega:
Aerolíneas de Vega International Alliance (Vega Airlines International Alliance), trading as AVIA, is the flag carrier and largest airline of Vega. Based in Vega, it operates an international network of services from its main bases of Vega International Airport and Eraso-Bolduque International Airport. Aviair operates regional flights, and AviaCargo is the cargo handling division of AVIA.
Ports and Harbours
Monuments and Architecture
The Veguian government preservs some monuments with a special label National Heritage Site (Sitio de Patrimonio Nacional).
In Bailía de Eraso:
In Ciudad de Vega:
- Ciudad Vieja de Vega (Old City of Vega), including: Fortaleza (Castillo y Foso) de Vega la Antigua (Old City Fortress), Palacio de los Príncipes de Vega (Princes of Vega Palace), Palacios del Canal del Gran Duque (Palaces in the Gran Duque Canal), Catedral de San Isidoro (Saint Isidore Cathedral), Muralla de Vega (Old City Wall).
- Antiguos Altos Hornos de Vega y Museo del Mar (Former Steel Industry in Vega and New Maritime Museum).
- Puente de Hierro sobre el Río Vega (Iron Bridge over River Vega).
- Arquitectura del Ensanche y del Distrito Gubernamental de Vega (Architecture in the New City and the Government District in Vega).
- Palacio y Jardines del Príncipe de Vega en Valvanera (Prince of Vega Palace and Gardens in Valvanera).
In Los Lagos:
- Ciudad Vieja de Leiden (Old City of Leiden), including: Catedral de Leiden o Dom (The Dom in Leiden), Canales en Leiden (Canals in Leiden), Opera de Leiden (Leiden Opera), Biblioteca Nacional de Nederlandia or Nederlandia Nationaal Bibliotheek (Nederlandia National Library), Castillo de Berkel (Berkel Castle).