Vinnmark

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7, 56.939, 45.461
Kingdom of Vinnmark
Koenijkrijk af Vinnmark
Royaume du Vinnmark
FlagCoat of arms
Motto:
"Vriedoem on Prosperitie"
Anthem:
Den sonne schint vaandaag
(The sun shines today)
CapitalBerles
Largest cityBerles
Official languagesVinnish and Franquese
Ethnic Groups77% Vinnish, 15% Other Ulethan, 5% Tarephian, 2% Other/Various
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
 • King Alexander
 • Prime MinisterMartin Krools
 • President of the SenateMark Caulancourt
 • President of the House of the RepresentativesCarla Hender
LegislatureStates General
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of the Representatives
Area
 • Total53,789.86 km2
Population
 • Census (2018)15,376,664
 • Density285.86/km2
GDP (PPP)
 • Total$0.653 trillion
GDP (nominal)
 • Per capita$42,523
HDI (2018)0.913
very high
CurrencyVinnish Krona (VNK)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.co.vu

Vinnmark , officially the Kingdom of Vinnmark (Koenijkrijk af Vinnmark in Vinnish, Royaume du Vinnmark in Franquese) is a Parliamentary Monarchy in Northwestern Uletha. It covers an area of 53,789.86 km squared on the southern coast of the Vinn Sea that borders Wesmandy, Kalm, Ventria, Utterland, Welstand-Westrijk and Shilesia. The official language is Vinnish, but Franquese is recognised as a minority language in the south of the country, where it's spoken by around 20% of the population.

Vinnmark has a very characteristic geography. Both the eastern part and the western of the country are flat and around 15% of it falls below sea level. These two parts of the country are separated by a chain of forest-covered hills known as Zentralrijksbergen that extends from the north coast to the southern part of the country. The south has numerous mountains, most of them belonging to the Huicane range, serving as a natural frontier with the former territories of Utterland, Ventria and Welstand-Westrijk, which are independent countries now. This peculiar geographic relief grants most of the country a mild, oceanic climate. The south has an oceanic climate with strong continental influence. Lake Leikenzee occupies a big part of southeastern Vinnmark, serving as a major water body that feeds numerous rivers, such as the Drehen, which flows into the sea, granting Vinnmark access to the Firth of Hetzer.

Its capital and largest city is Berles. With more than 15 million inhabitants (2018), Vinnmark is one of the most heavily populated countries in the southern Vinn Sea and is also one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Nevertheless, Vinnmark is a major food and agricultural producer, due to its fertile soil and mild climate.

Vinnmark is part of the Vinnic Economic Community and maintains strong relations with its neighbouring countries, as a result of the numerous of politics led by the country since the 1950s which lead to more international relations, stronger diplomacy and the consolidation of Vinnmark as a peaceful country. Major natural gas reserves were found in the south of the country during the 1940s as well as oil in the 1950s.

Vinnmark was, historically, one of the first countries to have a representative government, and it has been a parlamentary constitutional monarchy with a decentralised unitary structure since 1950. The country has a strong tradition of pillarisation and a established culture of tolerance and respect which surged against the atmosphere of major instability and conflict during the 1930s, leading to progessive policies towards drug use, LGBT rights, abortion, prostitution and human euthanasia. Vinnmark was the first country in the world to abolish the death penalty in 1795, allowed women's suffrage in 1925 and became the first country to legalise same-sex marriage in 2000. Its mixed-market advanced economy has the seventeenth-highest per capita income globally. Vinnmark also ranks among the highest in international indexes of press freedom, human development and quality of life. Its strong performance on these index is the result of a generous welfare state existing since the 1950s that provides universal healthcare, public education and infrastructure, in addition to social benefits.

Etymology

The name 'Vinnmark' comes from the Old Vinnic word 'vännmaäk', which means 'land of forests', although a popular myth amongst people is that the name came from the Vinn Sea or the city of Vinn.

History

Vinnmark originated around the city-state of Vinn, which was considered a fronteir city of western Uletha from the 2nd century BC until Vinnmark's founding in the 12th century. The country that is now Vinnmark was populated just by a few Vinnic and Gaermanic tribes until the 12th century, when an expedition made by Nordic tribes succesfully invaded the territory of the Vinnic tribes and conquered the city-state.

Kingdom of Vinnmark and the New Kingdom of Vinnmark

In 1386, Federich the Great succesfully created the Kingdom of Vinnmark, which occupied the zone between the Vinn Sea and the Lake Leikenzee and lasted for 28 years until Andrew the Powerful (Anders den Megtige) killed Federich in the battle of Kulielka. Andrew the Powerful conquered some islands in the coast still populated by tribes, and had plans to establish trading relations with Wesmandy through the sea, but couldnt due to trible conflicts with the Wesmans over the previous invasion. The Merchant Republic was a symbol of tribal peace throughout the lands that was shattered by the invansion from outsiders reverting the republic to an autocratic kingdom.

Republic of Vinnmark and Blauer's Great Vinnmark

The Second Kingdom of Vinnmark lasted for 420 years, leading to a stronger army and more developed cities, due to the political stability, until in 1834, Jan Sindhauer led a rebelion against the King Ferdinand XI succesfully proclaiming the Republic of Vinnmark, which was proclaimed the 1st October 1834 and lasted for almost 100 years.

Loss of the southeastern duchies

The independence was not without consequence. The territory known as The Great Duchy of Welstand-Westrijk declared itself independent in 1834, followed by the Territory of Utterland in 1885.

In 1834, Jan Sindhauer was well known in Welstand-Westrijk. When the Ferdinand XI daughter Princess Theresa was killed in Kirchenburg's Botanikgarten in 1832, the Welstand-Westrijk Duke Albert VI, King's Ferdinand XI cousin, attributed the assassination to Sindhauer's rebellion, declaring Welstand-Westrijk independent after the announcement of Vinnmark's Republic in 1834. Albert VI became the first Duke of Welstand-Westrijk as an independent state. However, Princess Theresa's murder was commited by the anarchist group Bök in protest of Welsrijk submission to Vinnmark's crown. Albert VI used the killing to declare Welstand-Westrijk independent in order to prevent a republican revolution. This fact, was the start of the Noetren Kazrie, a popular revolution that lasted two months and which had in Kirchenburg the main focus.

Utterland was part of Vinnmark until 1885. There was a large degree of autonomy, with the nobility more or less allowed to run affairs as they saw fit. The main landowners were the Duke of Schalmen, who took seat at Welle, the Count of Solsburg, who resided at Fort Solsburg. To avoid a full on war, after the independence of Welstand-Westrijk, the monarchy agreed to secede the territory peacefully. This was viewed as a major loss to the Vinnish population and a sign of weakness.

Conflict with Wesmandy

In 1934, due to the political instability, general poverty and a general racism agains ethnic minorities; the far-right leader Anders Blauer won the national election. As Blauer won the elections in March 1934, non-Ulethans and other ethnic minorities started to leave the country, causing a huge population decline. In December 1934, Blauer successfully invaded Wesmandy for 20 days, until Tircambry helped to fight Vinnmark's Army, which left Wesmandy on the 3rd January 1935. This lead to numerous protests all across the country. After the protests had begun, Blauer took shelter in Varlonge, where he commited suicide on March 5th 1935.

After Blauer

After Blauer committed suicide, the Vinnish, tired of unstable governments, voted for a centrist democratic government presided by Markus Stroepgaard in February 1936. During that year, a new constitution was redacted by a group of 23 random individuals. This constitution was approved by the Senate and became official on 1st January 1937. A new currency, the Krona was introduced in 1938. The States General approved a series of laws protecting workers and setting a minimum wage, setting the bases for the welfare system Vinnmark enjoys today. The government promoted the exploitation of natural resources, discovering natural gas near the Huicania Mountains in the 1940s and oil under the Vinn Sea in the 1950s.

1950s-Today

In 1950 Vinnmark held a referendum to vote to remain a republic or introduce a monarchy. After 86% of the voters voted for the monarchy, Margaret de Klausfeld - descendent of the Royal Family which ruled the country until the 19th century - was declared as Queen of Vinnmark at the age of 20.

Since the 1950s, due to the heavy population decline, Vinnmark started attracting immigrants. Nowadays, around 41% of the population of Vinnmark has full or partial foreign ancestry.

With the fall of the Norlensk regime, the exports of oil and gas, a well managed government, which opened Vinnmark to the turistic sector as well as foreign companies and joined the Vinnic Economic Community in 1999, stablishing peaceful relationships with many neighbouring countries. Vinnmark became one of the most important economies in the Vinn Sea zone.

On May 22nd 2013, the Queen Margaret I abdicated in favour of his son, the prince Alexander.

Geography

Vinnmark is located on the southern bay of the Vinn Sea despite its short coast. Both the eastern part and the western of the country are flat and around 15% of it falls below sea level. These two parts of the country are separated by a chain of forest-covered hills known as Zentralrijksbergen that extends from the north coast to the southern part of the country. The south has numerous mountains, most of them belonging to the Huicane range, serving as a natural frontier with the former territories of Utterland, Ventria and Welstand-Westrijk, which are independent countries now.

Climate

Most of Vinnmark has an oceanic climate, but the south has an oceanic climate with strong continental influence. Summers can be hot, as well as winters can vary from cool to very cold. Rain is abundant, but it is less abundant in zones near the Huicania Mountains.

Climate data for Berles-Hoedengaard Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.1 17.3 23.9 28.9 33.6 36.8 35.7 35.3 34.2 26.7 18.7 15.3 36.8
Average high °C (°F) 6.9 7.3 10.0 15.2 19.2 21.3 25.9 24.3 20.1 15.6 9.6 6.1 15.2
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.1 3.3 6.2 9.2 13.1 15.6 17.9 17.5 14.5 10.7 6.7 3.7 10.1
Average low °C (°F) 1.2 1.9 2.3 4.1 8.5 10.5 14 14 10 7 3.6 2 6.0
Record low °C (°F) −23 −21 −14.4 −6.6 −3.7 0.2 5.1 3.8 −0.7 −7.8 −14.4 −16.6 −24.8
Average precipitation mm (inches) 69.6 55.8 66.8 42.3 61.9 65.6 81.1 72.9 78.1 82.8 79.8 75.8 832.5
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 12 10 11 9 10 10 10 10 11 12 13 12 131
Average snowy days 3 3 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 5 16
Average relative humidity (%) 87 84 81 75 75 76 77 79 84 86 89 89
Mean monthly sunshine hours 62.3 85.7 121.6 173.6 207.2 193.9 206.0 187.7 138.3 112.9 63.0 49.3 1,601.6
Source: Royal Vinnmark Meterological Institute (1981–2010 normals, snowy days normals for 1971–2000)<ref>

Population

Vinnmark has a population of more than 15 million people.

Inmigration

Vinnmark has a large foreign-born population, as well as Vinnmans of foreign origin, mostly descending from immigrants that came to the country during the 1950s and 1960s. In large cities such as Berles and Kongshavn, around 40% of younger people have foreign ancestry.

Economy

Vinnmark is a mixed market economy, home to lots of international companies.

Politics

The Vinnish prime minister is Martin Krools, from the progressive-liberal party VDS - Liberaals.

Vinnmark is a decentralised unitary constitutional monarchy, granting a certain level of autonomy to all of its provinces.

Vinnmark has a tradition of pillarisation and a culture of social tolerance that emerged against the instability during the 1930s and 1940s. Vinnmark was the first country to abolish death penalty in 1795, allowed women's suffrage in 1925 and set up the base for a welfare system in the 1950s.


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