|6, 57.836, 41.748|
|Realm of Wesmandy|
"One people, in One realm"
and largest city
|• Prime Minister|
|Legislature||Parliament of Wesmandy|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||House of Commons|
|• Total||34,482 km2|
|• Census (2011)||2,564,773|
|Currency||Pound (£) of 100 cents|
|Drives on the||left|
The Realm of Wesmandy is a country situated in northwestern Uletha, on the Dihobarth Peninsula. It has separate coasts to the northeast and southwest, and borders the countries of Ionadàlba to the west, Vinnmark to the east and Kalm to the southwest. The island mini-state of Cernou is situated off the southwest coast. The population is 2,564,773 (2011 census).
"Wesmandy" stems from Wesman, a shortened version of "West man", which was a name used to describe the Knight Venturers who conquered the country in the 13th century.
Early Devnunii period
Knight Venturers and the defeat of the Norðmanni
From about the 10th century, Devnun, along with other Caeltig lands, suffered sporadic coastal attacks by Norðmanni raiders. These attacks increased in frequency and extent in the 11th and 12th centuries, and by the late 1100s the Norðmanni were establishing their own settlements on the north coast of Devnun, and looking as though they could overrun the whole country. The same fate was befalling other Caeltig realms, particularly Ionadàlba, Morionys and Rhysiog, and the Vinnish lands to the east. King Meryn of Devnun turned for help to his father-in-law Richard of Banley, Grand Master of the Order of Knight Venturers.
Although established with noble and holy intentions, the Knight Venturers were, in effect, an army of seaborne mercinaries. The order had a multi-national membership, but its main leaders and working language were Ingerish. It had a number of temporary bases but was frequently pressured to leave by its host countries. Banley's price for coming to the aid of his father-in-law was a permanent homeland for his order. The Devnunii agreed to grant them the Clethmor (Kledh-o-Meur) peninsula as an autonomous duchy.
The Knight Venturers and their armies began arriving in Devnun in 1204. They set up bases on the west bank of the Meur and on the north coast of Devnun, extending westwards into the mountainous territory of Grum and over the sea to the Cambric lands on the Brethan Peninsula. However, they were not successful in establishing a presence in their designated duchy of Clethmor, which was successfully held by the Norðmanni under the warlord Anders Leifsson. Consequently, almost from the beginning the Venturers' de facto capital was at Eskwick near the west bank, rather in Clethmor. They quickly became known as the "West men", as opposed to the Norðmanni or "North men", and in Ingerish "West man" became abbreviated to Wesman. Despite not controlling his designated duchy, the Venturers' Grand Master asserted his ducal status, and became known as the Duke of the Wesmans.
Over the next quarter century the loose alliance of Wesmans, Devnunii and Cambric forces succeeded in driving the Norðmanni out of mainland Devnun and the Cambric lands. The Venturers' unparalleled seamanship and skill at naval warfare were crucial in achieving this. The peoples of Ionadàlba, Clethmor and the Vinnish lands were less successful, and remained subject to Norðmanni domination.
During this period the Wesmans began to dominate the areas around their land bases, and once victory over the Norðmanni was achieved, they were unwilling to return the territories to their former owners. This led to a new and lengthy conflict between the former allies. The Cambry succeeding in ousting the Wesmans, but Devnun and Grum were to suffer a different fate.
The Wesman conquest
- See also: Duchy of Wesmandy
The Devnunii attempts to oust the Wesmans were never successful, usually leaving the Wesmans with more territory than they had before. Treaties were signed but soon broken. The only lasting accord was the Treaty of Stoneleigh of 1268, in which borders were agreed, assigning the Devnunian "Northlands" and Grum to the Duke of Wesmandy, but recognizing the suzerainty of the Devnunian leader as King of all Devnun. Grum remained outside the realm of Devnun, so that the Duke of Wesmandy was both an independent sovereign (in Grum) and a vassal lord (in Devnun), but the vassalage was more nominal than real.
The "Stoneleigh Peace" ended suddenly in 1304 when King Rewan "the Reckless" entered into an alliance with King Iolo I of Rhysiog to rid his realm of the Wesmans, in return for which Rewan would then assist Iolo in his conflict with the Lordship of Cwmaur. Rewan's forces attacked the Northlands en masse even when it looked as though the promised Rhysiogan fleet would not sail (Iolo was facing new threats from Morionys, which had allied itself with Cwmaur). Rewan did not receive the support he expected from the local populations, who had become more "Wesmanized" over the previous decades. Devnunian forces were routed at the battles of X and Y, and the Wesman armies poured into the south of the country.
Faced with anihilation, King Rewan was forced into a humiliating treaty in 1305. The Treaty of Ellyton established new borders, extending Wesman territory further, and provided for the marriage of Rewan's 13 year-old elder daughter, Morwenna, to Edgar, Duke of Wesmandy. Since Rewan had no sons, this almost guaranteed that the issue of the marriage would inherit both the royal and ducal crowns. The treaty also included an assurance that the Devnunii language and culture would be preserved in the remaining non-Wesman lands (up to this point, the Wesmans had been methodical in imposing Ingerish/Wesman language and culture on conquered populations).
Morwenna gave birth to a son, Richard, in February 1306. She died from complications following the birth, leaving the young baby in the sole care of his father, Duke Edgar. In June, King Rewan died, supposedly from a fall, but few doubt that he was murdered. The four-month old Richard became King of Devnun and Edgar assumed the regency, bringing an end to Devnunii rule.
King Richard I assumed personal rule as both king and duke at the age of 17 in 1323 (his father had died three years earlier). After a Devnunii rebellion in 1330, he revoked the legal protection of Devnunic language and culture and instituted a policy of complete "Wesmanization", proclaiming "I shall rule one people in one realm, speaking one tongue". From that point on no public business could be conducted in Devnunic language and all children had to be taught Ingerish. The policy was ruthlessly imposed and was eventually successful; the last known native Devnunic speaker died in 1496.
With the adoption of his Wesmanization policy, Richard began using the title "King and Duke of Wesmandy and the Devnunii", instead of "King of the Devnunii and Duke of Wesmandy". Thus the kingship became associated with the name "Wesmandy", and by 1400 references to Devnun had been dropped entirely from official use.
The Knight Venturers were reduced from a powerful fighting force to an honorific society after they had been defeated in a rebellion against the Crown in 1365-69 (see Knight Venturers history).
During this Venturers' War, the Earl of Grum proclaimed the secession of his domain from Wesmandy and declared himself "Prince of Grum". Initially, he claimed the Grand Mastership of the Order of Knight Venturers, but surrendered this as part of an agreement in which Wesmandy undertook not to challenge the prince's title (at least for the time being).
[lots more to come!]
Christicism arrived in Devnun in the 8th century and the area was fully Christicized by c.900 CE. The founder of Tircambran Christicism, St.Petrin, is believed to have come from Devnun.
Today, the realm is officially secular. Christicism remains the largest religion, with the Puritist Church dominating since the 17th century, but the majority of people are not actively religious.