World Air Freedoms

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Aviation
List of airportsList of AirlinesWorld Air FreedomsAssembly of Nations Agency for Civil Aviation

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The World Air Freedoms are a set of commercial aviation rights granting a country's airlines the privilege to enter and land in another country's airspace, formulated as a result of disagreements over the extent of aviation liberalisation in the International Aviation Convention of 1954, known as the Laengelem Convention. Some countries had called for a standardized set of separate air rights to be negotiated between nations, but many other countries were concerned that the size of certain airlines would dominate air travel if there were not strict rules. The World Air Freedoms became the fundamental building blocks of the international commercial aviation route network. The use of the terms "freedom" and "right" confer entitlement to operate international air services only within the scope of the multilateral and bilateral treaties that allow them.

The first two freedoms concern the passage of commercial aircraft through foreign airspace and airports, the other freedoms are about carrying people, mail and cargo internationally. The first through fifth freedoms are officially enumerated by various international treaties, especially the Laengelem Convention. Several other freedoms have been added, and although most are not officially recognised under broadly applicable international treaties they have been agreed to by a number of countries. The lower-numbered freedoms are relatively universal while the higher-numbered ones are rarer and more controversial. Liberal open skies agreements often represent the least restrictive form of air services agreements and may include many if not all freedoms.

Overview

The World Air Freedoms apply to commercial aviation, and are not relevant to military aviation of any kind, which is covered by other treaties. The terms 'freedom' and 'right' are a shorthand way of referring to the type of international services permitted between two or more countries. Even when such services are allowed by countries, airlines may still face restrictions to accessing them by the terms of treaties or for other reasons.

Freedom Description Example
1st the right to fly over a foreign country without landing Tarott – Yasheu by a Kalmian company, overflying Sathria
2nd the right to refuel or carry out maintenance in a foreign country without embarking or disembarking passengers or cargo Tarott – Yasheu by a Kalmian company, stopping for fuel in Sathria
3rd the right to carry passengers and cargo to and from your country to the other Tarott – Bezantyra by a Kalmian company
4th the right to carry passengers and cargo between the country and another while not offering flights to one's own country Bezantyra – Yasheu by a Kalmian company
5th the right to carry passengers and cargo inside the foreign country, continuing to one's own country Maralgola – Bezantyra – Tarott by a Kalmian company
6th the right to carry passengers and cargo inside the foreign country without continuing to one's own country Maralgola – Bezantyra, by a Kalmian company

List of Countries with Freedoms Granted

The below table shows a list of countries with their status vis-a-vis the Laengelem Convention and the level of freedoms they grant to operators from other countries. For countries signatory to the convention, foreign operators need only conform to the level of freedom granted, and do not need to negotiate separate aviation treaties.

Country 1st
Freedom
to fly over this country
2nd
Freedom
to stop in this country for fuel or maintenance
3rd
Freedom
to fly between this country and the operator's home country
4th
Freedom
to fly between this country and another country
5th
Freedom
to fly within this country, with int'l connection
6th
Freedom
to fly within this country, without int'l connection
Notes
Flag of Abrilleron.svg Abrilleron
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Altavia-flag.png Altavia
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Altavia has very little air space, with only 1 airport extending beyond the Vinn Sea region. As such, airliners outside of this region will only be able to make flights between their country and Altavia to protect Altavian airspace for Altavian airliners.
AnthariaFlag.jpeg Antharia
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Flying within Antharia wihout international connection is monopolised to national flag carrier.
Aorangëa flag.svg Aorangēa
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No tickets to be sold for journeys between Aorangëa and 3rd party country for flight sections beyond Aorangëa.
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No tickets to be sold for journeys within Aorangëa.
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Arataran flag.png Arataran
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Several large areas of airspace over Arataran are military-controlled and are off-limits to civilian flights.
Luciano Flag FA.png Ardisphere
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Since the Ley de Aires Libres of 1984, Ardisphere has a fully liberalized air transport market, granting full freedoms to foreign operators.
Artenia Flag.svg Artenia
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Artenians and any other citizen going through our airports and airways are allowed to continue any flight pattern except for those ending up in Artenia that started in Artenia. Although our own airways cannot be as strong because of this measure, Artenia is only 70 miles x 40 miles, so there are only 5 airports/air centers in the entire country. There is no need for excess CO2 and money wasted. Our trains, hyperpods, and motorways are sufficient.
Flag-Ataraxia-v1.png Ataraxia
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4th Freedom on a case-by-case basis for routes that do not compete with Air Ataraxie and dependent on approval of third country. Only Ataraxia-domiciled companies may fly domestic flights (Air Ataraxie, Axian Airways, WiwaxAir).
Flag3.jpg Auleus
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Auleus allows any foreign companies to break the monopolies of Aulean companies
Auhstrasunoteroflag.svg Aŭstrasuno Tero
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Balam utz flag.png Balam-Utz
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Only fly in the Liberan Peninsula airports from/to Balam-Utz are in Ikk´Bin and Riko Airways. Outher of peninsula are free to fly
Flag of Balonis.png Balonis
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FlagBelphenia.png Belphenia
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No-fly zones are in place for all downtown areas of Remiville, Eraede, Zerephine City, Seralia City, Shadowsnow City, and within the Belphenia Imperial Guard Corps airspaces. Volcanic activity may restrict flights around Mount Edohanesse.
Flag of Bloregia.jpg Bloregia
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All freedoms with no limitations for intra-VEC and intra-NWUU flights.
ByriFlag1835present.png Kalisaanyo
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4th Freedom granted for flights which do not compete with AeroIndigo routes. Domestic flights monopolized by state carrier.
Flag of Castellan.png Castellán
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Castine flag.png Castine
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Flag of Demirhan Empire.png Demirhanlı Devleti
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Domestic flights reserved for state carrier.
Drabantia flag.png Drabantia
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Drabantia is a small country, therefore domestic flights don't make any sense.
Duncanheim Flag.png Duncanheim
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Duncanheim is too small to support domestic flights by major carriers, and there is only one international airport.
Eäßnordælånd Flag.png Eäßnordælånd
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Write the route's info to the airport's wiki page
Eelannin lippu.png Eelanti
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There is currently only one airport mapped in Eelanti There is currently only one airport mapped in Eelanti Send a message to Eevee so I will know about the new air connection. At the moment, the only mapped airport in Eelanti is Suursaari Airport.
Elhadia flag.png Elhadia
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Elhadia was previously limited to 4th freedom rights before 1995.
Erzaleria flag.png Erzaleria
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Cargo traffic flying to Erzaleria is restricted to Belphenian Airlines and are subject to mandatory inspections.
Esheinflag.png Eshein
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Only the Eshen flag carrier (Eshen Ær) can fly within Eshein wihout international connection
Esthyra flag.svg Esthyra
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We welcome any airlines that makes int'l stop in Esthyra! Please let me know after making the connection. Esthyra is quite small and there isn't much domestic connection required, thus domestic route with international connection is quite unrealistic.
FreedemianFlag.jpg Freedemia
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Freedemia has opened up far more to international travel over the years, having once been more isolationist. However, only FreedemiAir is allowed to make passenger flights within Freedemia if they do not continue to another country, and the nation's small size doesn't warrent much domestic air travel.
GobrassanyaFlag01.png Gobrassanya
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Flag of Guai.svg Guai
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<center>N/A</center> <center>N/A</center> Feel free to add flights to Vai International Airport. A secondary airport may be added later to serve centre-north part of the country.
Ispelia flag.png Ispelia
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Ionadàlba flag.png Ionadàlba
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Ionadàlba has had a fully liberalized air transport market since 1999, granting full freedoms to foreign operators. Operations are charged at varying rates, subject to regional autonomy.
Karolia flag.png Karolia
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Until 1979 state-owned Air Karolia maintained a monopoly on domestic flights, and although this is no longer the case a technical clause in Karolian law prevents foreign-flag operators on purely domestic routes.
Khaiwoon flag.png Khaiwoon
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<center>N/A</center> <center>N/A</center> There are no scheduled domestic flights of any kind within Khaiwoon.
Kojo temporary flag.png Kojo
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The Kojolese aviation authority grants the 5th and 6th freedom very liberally and routinely, however on single-case-basis for every connection.
Latflag.png Latina
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inside Latina only Latzyl Airways
Luciano Flag MH.png Mahhal
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Mahhal was signatory in 1958 but withdrew the subsequent year in response to a dispute with several other countries regarding the antarctic airspace to its south. Air transport between Mahhal and other destinations must be negotiated on a case-by-case basis.
Zastava.png Mallyore
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MauretiaFlag.svg Mauretia
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International carriers may only fly to Iola and Tangia. Access to Pomalia and Salda handled on case-by-case basis.
Mergany Flag.png Mergany
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Meridonia flag.png Meridonia
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Meridonia has no fixed-wing airports and has signed a bilateral agreement with Karolia transferring administration rights for airspace over 10000ft (FL10) to the Karolian airspace authorities. Commercial rotary-wing flights below this level may be operated to destinations in the country with permission of Meridonian air controllers. Currently only one Karolian airline operates scheduled flights to the country.
Mercian flag.png Myrcia
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Flights within Myrcia are regulated by the Flyhtæn Authority Myrcia which oversees civil aviation in the country. International airlines are able to obtain licenses to fly to/from Dunwic Flyhthæfen International but flights to/from the smaller regional airports is limited to airlines owned and operated in Myrcia.
Flag-of-Delta.PNG Neo Delta
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Flying within Neo Delta without international connection is monopolised by the national flag carrier.
Ohemiaflag.PNG Ohemia
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The Capital city of Ohemia, Corrostance, is restricted only to Air Spyritsa, however agreements can be made
OnnutuFlag.png Onnutu
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Foreign based airlines are currently limited to Leluwa International Airport.
OrinocoFlag01 111614.png Orinoco
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Occasionally operations at Grand Flats-Cothrom Space Center may restrict flights over Western Valgary. Volcanic activity may also restrict flights at any time north of 37°0′N.
ParoyFlag.png Paroy
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Domestic flights without foreign connection are only allowed by Paroyan Airways.
PaxtarFlag.png Paxtar
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Passenger and cargo traffic within Paxtar is restricted to Paxtaren airlines.
1200px-Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Pasalia
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Pasalia maintains a ,home base' policy restricting flights that compete with Pasalair. Flights originating from ,Enemy States' are only permitted to touch ground in an emergency.
Saikyel flag.png Sãikyel
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Sãikyel airspace, is completely open to all commercial, civil, and freight aircraft with registration (given that they have identified themselves), except over military zones.
SamiloorFlag110815.png Samiloor
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The Three Pillars of Kairannui and Ko Te Poutoru National Park are considered sacred and flights over the park are discouraged.
Shadze-Ma Flag.png Shadze-Ma
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Overflying the Pointing Man is seriously discouraged.
ShilesiaFlag.svg Shilesia
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N/A N/A There is only one airport in Shilesia, and it only accepts flights up to 800km/497mi
SuvumaFlag.png Suvuma <center>Emb-green.png for countries that do not officially recognize Goytakanya</center>
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Suvuma is a non-signatory to the treaty, but routinely grants the 5th freedom to all countries except for those extending official diplomatic recognition to the breakaway island of Goytakanya. Airlines based in such countries are barred from even entering Suvumese airspace.
TarrasesFlagforMini.png Tárrases
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Tárrases has a separate agreement with Mahhal which allows Mahhalian airlines freedom to use Tárrases as a domestic location. This allows Tárrases to serve as a major "gateway" airport to Mahhal despite its quite small size.
FLAGTAU.png Tauhon
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Udenarrat flag.png Ūdzđąnąrąt
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With the exception of the E'tena airspace corridor, Telkhug Ēkdŭn enforces a controversial 150km air exclusion zone round Ūdzđąnąrąt
Flag of Valaga.png Valaga
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The Valka International Airport in Valka serves as a main hub for Tarephia.
Viljanni Flag.png Viljanni
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The International Airport in Viljanni serves as main hub for Eastern Uletha.
VegaFlag.PNG Vega
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Domestic flights restricted to national airlines or associated.
Vodeo Flag.png Vodeo
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Domestic flights are restricted to Vodean-registered airlines.
FLAGZYL.png Zylanda
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inside Zylanda only Latzyl Airways

See Also