Wyster

From OpenGeofiction Encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Wyster (Wystrian: Threben sie Wysthyr, /'θ̱ rɛbɛn sʌi̯ 'ʋəsθ̱ər/, 'the Kingdom of Wyster') is a kingdom in eastern Uletha. It consists of two parts: the island in the north, and the westernmost part of the Scythe of Uletha in the south. On the Scythe of Uletha, Wyster borders Nordenfoort, Helvetiany, and Älgert by land, while Brialbellen is located in close vicinity to the south. To the northwest of both the island and the Scythe-parts the closest neighbour (by sea) is Glaster, with which country Wyster formed the Kingdom of Both Glasters until its dissolution in 1834. To the north the nation of Latania is located nearby. The capital of Wyster is Hreawirc /'xrɪəʋʌrk/. (Wystrian translation to be updated)
8, 51.533, 130.682
Kingdom of Wyster
Threben sie Wysthyr
Flag
Motto:
"Faer ryf ivyrstat yd"
The sea is our strength
Anthem:
Wysthyr Arewen (Wyster will survive)
CapitalHreawirc
Largest cityHreawirc
Official languagesWystrian
NationalitiesWystrian
DemonymWystrian
Governmentconstitutional monarchy
 • QueenAtheanne
 • Prime MinisterCillyh Ocurmen
 • EurthcaesPeetyr Ghevern
 • Foreign AffairsCreen Elicath
LegislatureHigurstat Baan (bicameral)
Area
 • Total28,637.80 km2
Population
 • Estimate (2020)5,336,170
 • Density186.33/km2
GDP (PPP)2019
 • Total$254.6 billion
 • Per capita$47,710
HDI (2017)Increase 0.861
very high
TimezoneWUT+8
CurrencyCraem (WYC)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.wy

News

News from Wyster for foreigners is published in The Wystrian Observer / Si Wysth Dithcaes.

Geography and climate

Wyster consists of two parts: one large island and several smaller ones in its direct vicinity in the north, and the westernmost extremity of the Scythe of Uletha in the south.

The smaller western part of the island in the north is semi-flat, with altitudes increasing towards the cliffs of the northern coast of Greath and with prominent hills in its center. The larger eastern part of the island is more rugged and altitudes reach up to ca. 2000 m. The highest mountain is the Breudhyn (1995.4 m), located on the tri-border point of counties Hlierdhe Sceurne, Hlierdhe Ludhe, and Troc. The country's longest river, Bel, has its source nearby; it streams to the west and ends up in sea at the city of Bealsenc (lit. Mouth of Bel).

(description of southern part)

Wyster discerns the following bodies of water in its direct vicinity (see also Names of Continents and Oceans):

Body of water Wystrian name Meaning International name
Strait between Bovier-Greath and the island of Mealle Saern Glaesdo Strait of the Two Glasters
Water between Glaster, the Beaker Islands, Thlaeban, Gaerdheni, Greath, and Bovier Faer Maec Round Sea
Water between Gaerdheni, Thlaeban, Neussenc, Bealsenc, and Greath Torth Vier Gulf of Vyr
Water between Latania and Wyster Faer Orh Empty Sea
Large sea east of Wyster Faer Moorg Emerald Sea
Strait between Glaster and the island of Wyster, and the southern part of Wyster Saern sie Cavim Strait of Cavim
Water between Wyster, Älgert, and Brialbellen Torth sie Dhonnan Gulf of Dhonna
Large sea west of Wyster Faer Corp Western Sea Darcodian Sea

(description of climate)

History

The smaller kingdoms of present-day Wyster were united in the 9th century under the House of Hraen, that was to rule the entire island until the 15th century, when the last crown princess married the heir to the throne of Glaster, enabling a fusion of both kingdoms as the Kingdom of Both Glasters. In the 16th century the kings of Both Glasters inherited the Oskian Kingdom on the western end of the Scythe of Uletha and slowly expanded their possessions there, which became known informally and jokingly as the Third Part of the Kingdom of Both Glasters. The mainland (Glastian) part of the united Kingdom was however bought and conquered by Ingerland between the 1770s and the 1820s, together with some westernmost parts of the Third Part (mainly Hussaar and the lands around the river Emer). Attemps of the Kingdom to reestablish its hold on its territory failed and it was forced to sign a humiliating treaty in 1828 that saw the recognition of an independent North-Glaster and the invader's hegemony over the rest of mainland Glaster.

The treaty caused political turmoil on the Wyster island, the remaining part of the Kingdom of Both Glasters, and after six years of unrest, the king and his government were deposed in 1834, to make place for the First Wystrian Republic, which lasted however only three years. The First Kingdom of Wyster was subsequently established in 1837, with a cousin of the former king being appointed as the new monarch. He ruled until his death in 1859 and managed to reconquer Hussaar and the lands around the Emer. His son (still a minor) was represented by a regent, but this government was toppled a year later, after which the Second Wystrian Republic was founded. This lasted until the last former king was elected president in 1890. During his presidency, the consitution was changed again in 1895 to enable the Second Kingdom of Wyster. The king was however shot in 1902.

The unstable Third and Fourth Wystrian Republics that followed filled the gap until 1921, after which a civil war broke out until 1927, the year that saw the foundation of the Third Kingdom of Wyster. Wystrian politics have been relatively stable since that moment.

Demographics

Population

List of cities over 100,000 inhabitants

  • Hreawirc (491,211)
  • Scassenc (411,076)
  • Siethyrwirc (396,166)
  • Bealsenc (347,210)
  • Saent Crustofyr (240,735)
  • Cervirc (214,876)
  • Saent Lovus noo Coviryth (200,994)
  • Laerywirc (168,227)
  • Roscath (101,268)

Administrative division

There are 39 'Counties' (Hivenne, sing. Hiven), lead by an Earl/Count (Hibh) or Countess (Hivas). Until 1964, the leaders of the counties were actual Earls/Counts and Countesses, but in the Household Act of 1956 the number of Counties was changed to the current 39 and the title Hibh/Hivas were henceforward reserved for the democratically elected leaders of these Counties. Members of the noble families are however still allowed to participate in the elections. The original Hieve/Hivasse have been known as Hieve/Hivasse Baan ('Counts/Countesses of the Realm') since 1956.

Name Capital Inhabitants Surface (km2) Density (inh/km2) Hibh/Hivas Since Party
Bealsenc Bealsenc 351,728 382.32 919.98
Birossaar Caencath 118,573 1280.29 92.61
Caenna Peg Ceugor 39,208 575.73 68.10
Cervirc Cervirc 349,581 144.13 2425.46
Conta Conta 93,702 713.17 131.39
Cooressaar Dhonna 105,820 1346.59 78.58
Coviryth Saent Lovus noo Coviryth 305,081 999.02 305.38
Dheel ym Coo Dheel 43,988 237.58 185.15
Emersenc Emersenc 57,021 194.45 293.24
Frymwirc Frymwirc 88,375 310.86 284,46
Greath Greath 91,850 344.57 266.56
Heagwen Heagwen 22,076 336.93 65.52
Hlendys Rooth Urt 128,183 146.38 875.69
Hlierdhe Ludhe Vaerve 18,534 926.85 20.00
Hlierdhe Sceurne Meerwyth 20,674 1887.71 10.97
Hord Gynner Hord 133,758 238.46 560.92
Hreawirc Hreawirc 507,203 298.97 1696.50
Hussaar Gothwen 95,033 2023.33 46.97
Marra Ah Waeth 114,086 1259.32 90.59
Marra Corp Uth ec Capyl 83,205 3375.62 24.65
Meussaar Guswyth 44,082 287.62 153.26
Neussenc Neussenc 50,712 410.60 123.51
Orsearre Rustylyc 23,795 501.12 47.48
Oscyr Caemaen Saent Ogist ec Alh 63,075 562.74 112.09
Oscyr Leud Yssist 49,209 582.11 84.54
Oscyr Scorn Reegyth 86,026 180.55 476.47
Oscyr Threh Hallidher 105,323 865.47 121.69
Peuvirc Peuvirc 55,065 452.43 121.71
Russaen Lypaanne 97,730 631.96 154.65
Saar sie Emer Fryh 88,307 1259.67 70.10
Saent Crustofyr Saent Crustofyr 300,055 308.91 971.33
Sciibh Hlabh Scassenc 503,944 647.31 778.52
Sciibh Peg Aellysth 47,393 1907.99 24.84
Siethyrwirc Siethyrwirc 405,028 301.20 1344.71
Thlaeban Thlaeban 28,085 509.24 55.15
Tielsenc Tielsenc 180,253 192.56 936.09
Troc Troc 24,170 604.37 39.99
Vossa Laerywirc 247,032 585.44 421.96
Yghevearre Yrylo 19,207 827.43 23.21

Politics

Monarchy

Wyster has been a constitutional kingdom (again) since 1927, when king Hrevyn III ascended the throne following the Treaty of Bealsenc that ended six years of civil war. A grandson of former king Hrevyn II (1859 - 1860 and 1895 - 1902), Hrevyn III's rule proved to have a stabilising effect on the country's politics and in the '30s and '40s, the Wystrian economy was brought to the level of the neighbouring countries, democracy was expanded (in 1965 a law was passed that enabled suffrage for all Wystrians, abolishing the limits based on the amount of tax that a citizen had to pay in order to be allowed to vote) and Wystrian culture boomed.

King Hrevyn III died in 1970 and was succeeded by his son King Mearh I (1921-2017), who was king until his death. He and his wife Queen Soor (1924 - 2008) had two daughters, Queen Atheanne (*1949) and Princess Learra (*1955). The Queen has no children, so Princess Learra is first in line to the throne, followed by her son Prince Thyllyn (*1982) and his children Princess Corwenne (*2013), Princess Aenearre (*2014), and Prince Hrevyn (*2017).

Main article: Heads of state of Wyster

Executive

The government (irhith) is appointed by parliament, although the king usually nominates the candidate prime minister (ceagrys sie irhith, or 'chairman of government'), who discusses the composition of the government with the political party/ies that represent a parliamentary majority.

Main article: Government of Wyster

Legislative

Wyster has a bicameral parliament, the 'Assembly of the Realm' (Higurstat Baan). The first (permanent) chamber is the Uth Binder (lit. 'General Court'), which consists of 671 members who are elected every four years through a first-past-the-post system. The second chamber is the Uth Peg (lit. 'High Court'), which convenes only when summoned by either the king, 6/7 of the members of the Uth Binder, or 420,000 citizens (or a combination of these three), to discuss special subjects (e.g. constitution changes). Once a decision is taken by the Uth Peg, it is immediately and automatically dissolved. The Uth Peg has 99 members who are elected by a system of proportional representation (Single Transferable Vote).

Political parties

There are two parties that normally manage to enter the Assembly: the Dyrt Bleugh ('People's Party') can be considered conservative, with an emphasis on a smaller government, a lot of freedom for citizens and business to organise their own lives, etc.; the Dyrt Warh ('Fortress Party') tends to be more progressive and emphasises welfare and wellbeing for everyone. There are other, smaller, parties, but they rarely get more than 20 seats.

Elections

The general elections of 2 July 2017 ended in a victory for the Dyrt Warh.

  • Dyrt Warh (Fortress Party): 349 seats
  • Dyrt Bleugh (People's Party): 242 seats
  • Dyrt Blys (Green Party): 36 seats
  • Dyrt Ceethceus (Citizens' Party): 32 seats
  • Farstastat ab Muh (Unity for the Future): 12 seats

The next general elections will be held on Sunday 4 July 2021 at the latest.

The general elections of 7 July 2013 ended in the first victory for the Dyrt Bleugh in several decades.

  • Dyrt Bleugh (People's Party): 369 seats
  • Dyrt Warh (Fortress Party): 194 seats
  • Dyrt Blys (Green Party): 65 seats
  • Dyrt Ceethceus (Citizens' Party): 43 seats

International relationships

See also: Diplomatic relations of Wyster

Wyster is a member of the Assembly of Nations and of the Eastern Ulethan Organisation of Independent Allies.

Economy

Currency

Banknote of 100 Craem

The currency of Wyster is the Craem (gen. dual Creamo; gen. plural Creum). There are six coins (1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50) and six bank notes (100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000, 5000).

History of Wystrian currency

Craem means 'bronze' and relates to the existence several centuries ago of the higher value coins of Gaers ('silver') and Purt ('gold'). When the Wystrian currency system was standardised in the 19th century and blended metals were starting to be used for the production of coins instead of the pure original ones, it was decided to settle for the name Craem as that was the currency with which people were the most familiar.

The current division has been in place since the financial reform of 1987 that saw the final abolition of the subdivision of the Craem in 100 Streum (gen. dual Stròmo; gen. plural Strim. Streum was a contraction of Hast Rum = '100 pieces'); the 1, 5, and 10 Streum coins had already been abolished since 1944, leaving only the 25 and 50 Streum that were less and less frequently used.

Transport

Roads

Wyster has a small number of highways. Wystrian highways can exist as motorways (indicated by a W after Corris Wysth or 'Wystrian Road') or trunk roads (indicated by a C after Corris Cathfreethuh or 'Main Road'). Currently the following highways exist in Wyster:

  • W1 : Hreawirc - Fylith - Cervirc.
  • W2 : Hreawirc - Saent Agatha - Saent Maar ta Wierc (border between Hord and Greath).
  • W3 : Cervirc - Caendhec - (interruption) - Loohac - W6 near Saent Cevun ta Bidh.
  • W4 : Reegyth - Saent Ogist ec Alh - Silath/Aellysth - Uth ec Capyl - Saent Crustofyr.
  • W5 : Cunnahlyrd - Caencath - Guswyth.
  • W6 : Hreawirc - Saent Cevun ta Bidh - Bealsenc - Neussenc.
  • W7 : Hreawirc (a short section only that doesn't leave town).
  • W8 : Scassenc - Cunnahlyrd - Carwen noo Sciibh - Conta - (interruption) - Saent Crustofyr - Peuvirc - (Nordenfoort).
  • W9 : Cunnahlyrd - Saent Ogust ec Alh - (interruption) - Emersenc.

The Bric sie Higurstat Sur ('Road of the Assembly of Nations') in Cervirc connecting the W1 and the W3 is technically also a motorway, although it has no number.

  • C1 : The Corris Deaf Vor Yd ('Our Lady's Road') in Hreawirc, the main link through the city.
  • C2 : W1 near Marrynybh - Leese - Coo (north).
  • C3 : W2 near Solusceen - (link to W6) - Hreawirc International Airport (Corris sie Aerport).
  • C4 : Bealsenc's Ring.
  • C5 : Saint Lovus noo Coviryth's Ring.
  • C6 : The continuation of the W5, passing Scavim, through Carwen noo Sciibh, connecting to the W8.

Primary roads are indicated by S (for scorn, 'north') on the island, and by L (for leud, 'south') on the Scythian part.

Railroads

The Wystrian rail system comprises (t.b.d.) kilometres, of which (t.b.d.) are double track and (t.b.d.) single track. The majority of tracks is electrified and are operated at 25 kV, 50 Hz. Wyster has land borders with Nordenfoort, Helvetiany, and Älgert, but currently the only cross-border line runs through Nordenfoort to Helvetiany, via which country there are connections to Lichtemberg, Arcantonie, and Mergany.

The main railway company of Wyster is the Poorstat Threh Brec Eal Weasth (Royal Railway Company of Wyster, abbreviated BEW), which carries both passengers and goods and is one of the country's largest corporate employers. There are a couple of smaller, local companies.

BEW's passenger network is made up of various lines, numbered with A on the island in the north, and with B on the territory in the south.

Ferries

Airports

Communication

Wyster uses the following codes:

  • International telephone number: 0378
  • National telephone numbers: 015 (Hreawirc); 020 (Bealsenc); 025 (Cervirc & Searpeg); starting with 03-, 04-, 05- (Wyster west of the line Bealsenc-Dheel); starting with 07-, 08- (Wyster east of the line Bealsenc-Dheel); 09- (cellphones), 011, 012, 013, 06-, (special numbers)
  • Motor car code: WY
  • Top level domain: .wy

Culture

National symbols

Flag

The flag, which was introduced in 1837, is a vertical tricolore green-black-orange, with two upside down gold stars in the black part. The two stars represent the two parts of the former Kingdom of Both Glasters and they are upside down because that kingdom doesn't exist anymore. It is said that if the kingdom is restored, the stars will be turned upside up. Critics say that this symbolism implies a claim on the territory of Glaster, but although several discussions to change the flag have been started in the last 50 years, no serious steps have been taken to propose alternatives.

Religion

Wyster's main religion is Ortholic Christicism, organised as the Ortholic Archdiocese of Hreawirc (Wystrian: Arcudaesus Ortholeh ta Hreawirc), comprising the entire kingdom. The seat of the Archdiocese is the Cathedral of Saint Alicus of Hreawirc (Catheedrol Seenth Alicus sie Hreawirc).

Members of the Eastern Ulethan Organisation of Independent Allies (EUOIA)
EUOIA on globe.png

Agarderia Flag.png Agarderia · Arcantonie Flag.png Arcantonie · FlagBelphenia.png Belphenia · Darcodia Flag.png Darcodia · Eelannin lippu.png Eelanti · Esheinflag.png Eshein · Esthyra flag.svg Esthyra

Glaster Flag.png Glaster · Flag of Helvetiany.png Helvetiany · Karolia flag.png Karolia · Kojo temporary flag.png Kojo · Mergany Flag.png Mergany · Bandera nelavia png.PNG Nelavia · OrinocoFlag01 111614.png Orinoco

Reeland flag.svg Reeland · Saikyel flag.png Sãikyel · TeberiaFlag.png Teberia · Viljanni Flag.png Viljanni · Wiwaxia Flag.jpg Wiwaxia · Flagwyster.png Wyster · Ostermark Flag.jpg Østermark

EUOIA Flag proposal2.png
Countries of the World
Abrilleron · Adaria · Agarderia · Allendea · Al-Kaza · Alora · Altavia · Älved · Ambrosia · Ammirice · Anisora · Antharia · Aorangēa · Arataran · Arcantonie · Ardisphere · Ascot · Ataraxia · Auleus · Auronia · Aŭstrasuno Tero · Balam-Utz · Balavalonia · Baldoria · Beaumontan · Belgravia · Belphenia · Bloregia · Bois-Unis · Brasonia · Brevinia · Broceliande · Brulias · Calliesanyo · Cariocas · Cascande · Castellán · Castilea Archantea · Castine · Catonia · Cernou · Cinasia · Cocus Island · Commonia · Commonwealth of Central Archanta · Compaglia · Costa de Oro · Darcodia · Dartannia · Dematisna · Demirhanlı Devleti · Drabantia · Draco · Drull · Duncanheim · East Anglesbury · Eäßnordælånd · Eelanti · Egani · Elhadia · Elhádhon · Erfeldia · Eshein · Esthyra · Estiensia · Fayaan · Federal States · Florescenta · Freedemia · Galicia · Galiza · Garlis · Gianniria · Glaster · Glauvaard · Gobrassanya · Guai · Helvetiany · Hoppon · Iblania · Inara · Ingerland · Jefferson · Kalm · Karolia · Karvaland · Khaiwoon · Kojo · Koyatana · Kuehong · Kuşiye · Lallemand · Latina · Leresso · Levarrie · Litvania · Lons · Lorredion · Lossira · Luslandia · Lutécia · Ma'akuha · Maalfland · Mahhal · Mallyore · Mauretia · Mecyna · Medwedia · Mergany · Meridonia · Midistland · Moonshine Islands · Mordeto · Myrcia · Nalkor-Kochi · Nature · Ncadézaz · Neberly · Nelavia · Neo Delta · New Ingerland · Niulutan-Riu · Norðurland · Ohemia · OIOI · Onnutu · Orinoco · Ôrlé · Palaseskia · Paroy · Pasundan-Padjadjaran · Paxtar · Peritan City · Planoria · Podolia · Pohenicia · Pretany · Randalia · Reeland · Rhododactylia · Roantra · Rogolnika · Samiloor · Sathria · Sãikyel · Scandmark · Schwaldia · Shilesia · Slavonia · South Astrasian Federation · Suvuma · Svækeyja · Tanay · Tara · Targueral · Tárrases · Tengappei · Tigeria · Tircambry · Ūdzđąnąrąt · Ullanyé · Utterland · Valaga · Valosia · Vatofarê · Vega · Ventria · Viljanni · Vilvetia · Vinnmark · Vodeo · Vyzesh · Wāhakea · Wallea · Wapashia · Welstand-Westrijk · Wesmandy · West Commonia · West Kadmar · Wintania · Wiwaxia · Woolonia · Wyster · Xsegunis · Yersinia · Yuris · Zalivnia · Zylanda · Østermark