Yoyomi

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12, 35.3020, 121.0965
Yoyomi-sur
City
CountryKojo
DemonymYoyominese
Area
 • Total331.0 km2
Population
 • Census (2015)920 000
 • Density2,780/km2

Yoyomi (jojomi, old script: 四方見) is the seventh largest city in the Republic of Kojo. In the first centuries and again in the early middle ages the city was at times the largest in all of today's Kojo. It is famous for it's castle that overlooks the city from the top of the large but gentle hill slope the city is situated on. Today it has a broad and diversified economy.

History

The gentle hill slope on top of which Yoyomi grew at first had a small military post in 644. When the X Kingdom won over the Y Kingdom, the area fell to the former and a first permanent military base was established on the hill top in 701. By the middle of the century military tension to the east rose, and the King of the X Kingdom ordered for the first Citadel (now referred to as the "former citadel") to be erected. A small settlement formed, however without an own fortification. Only a short time later however, not only the Citadel was ordered to be expanded, but also a little rectangular piece of land of about 14 hectares on its North-West side got enclosed by a city wall and given the official right to hold markets; effectively granting the status of a free city. Remains of that wall are still to be seen today in the oldest part of the city. In the 9th century, when the city of to the west was growing more and more in importance due to being the holy centre of Gitaenhōlyuē, Yoyomi was already one of the most important cities in the wider region, boasting 7,000 permanent inhabitants and another 1,500 soldiers that were stationed in the Citadel at any given time, to prevent attacks from the eastern kingdoms.

The city developed from an outpost of the former X Kingdom, which transformed into the Z Kingdom over the course of the 10th century, into one of it's wealthiest and largest cities; constant growth demanded that a new city wall would have to be erected, as it was deemed unfitting to leave a large part of the city without permanent fortification. Therefore, in 998 the construction of the 2nd city wall begun, and was completed in 1007. No remains of that wall are left, however when that wall was grinded for the 3rd wall, streets were following the precise location of the wall. After the erection of this second wall, the enclosed area grew to 63 hectares (excluding the large Citadel). Posing as the new city centre, Jinjuka (lit. new market), the largest town square in the country at that time, was placed at the gates from the old city into the new city quarter. The last major expansion of the citadel took place between 1006 and 1013; from that point on throughout Kojolese history, no other stone building would outplay the Citadel, now called Herátte so Fóteres (lit. Castle of far sight), which now had a circumference of 965 m and a base height of 64 m, with the central look-out at 98 m. At the horizon, wide pieces of forest were cleared, so that unless during foggy or rainy weather, approaching foot troops could be spotted about a day trip before they reached the city. This even found it's way into the Kojolese language, where a "byuchi saldag Yoyomryi due" ("a boring sunny day in Yoyomi" in the local language of that time) still means a state where one can be so relaxed and free of worries that it's almost a pain, just as the soldiers in Yoyomi could on any good-weather day. After this expansion both militarily and economically, the city quickly grew even more and surpassed the actual capital of the Z Kingdom in wealth and influence.

In 1178 then, after successfully fighting back at every military attack from the east and securing a large and growing buffer territory towards the arch enemies there, King Kenzai of the Z Kingdom announced that he would move the court to Yoyomi. However the city was already bursting, and it was clear that the relocation of the King would demand a third city wall expansion. The King promised the city that the construction costs would be carried by the Kingdom, if he was granted a territory inside of the new city wall for his new palace, including a green area. The Palace was named after his founder, Kenzai-Palaē. As a result, the green area inside the city, when opened to the public centuries later, became known as simply Kenzai, a term that is the modern Kojolese word for "Park". Today this and the main railway station are the most important transportation hubs of the city, with 5 Tokkyaenchoel lines stopping here on 3 levels. The city's expansion was finished in 1200, and the royal court moved in the same year. The city now enclosed 1.6 km², again excluding the 6.3 hectares of the Citadel. Until the 17th century, the city would be one of the and often the largest city in the area of modern Kojo. As a result, the time from 876-1620 is collectively referred to as the Yoyomryi Darasushan, or Yoyomi age in Kojolese history. The pre-industrialisation population peaked in the middle 15th century, when 46.000 people lived in the city. From then until the industrial revolution, the city remained around that size, partly because the civil war leading to the Kojolese unification in 1628 left the city in major disrepair, and also the new capital Pyingshum in the north of the country sucked most of its own growth out of the other parts of the country by drawing in the formerly local administration and other capital functions. With Yoyomi no longer being under the imminent control of a King, merchant guilds quickly rose in power and de facto ruled the city.

With the first effects of industrialisation in the 19th century, Yoyomi quickly begann growing again. A few decades after the overthrow of the monarchy in Pyingshum in 1834, the city begann expanding out of its walls. As medieval fortifications were no longer of real use, earth walls and ditches as well as clear shooting areas were put in place in an about 1.7 km radius around the city centre, and the area in between was built up from the 1850's to late 90's, with many streets radiating from market squares or other important places, with many regular rectangular patterns as well as diagonal connections. Enclosing this new area, a large railway viaduct fed railways from all directions to the largest railway station in Kojo in that time, the Yoyomi Zóngchezi, . To this day it remains one of the largest and most representative railway stations in the country.

When the first neighbourhoods begann forming behind the shooting ranges in the 1930's, the city decided to keep large areas as permanent green spaces; as a result of this, and the second green belt that was instituted a few decades later, the city is known today for it's abundant and well spread green spaced.

The city continued to grow with the rise of the automobile; in the 50's some forest areas were set aside for a loose, second green belt, and in the 60's the motorway ring enclosing the city was completed. In the 70's, the new planned satellite town Chin Gasshō-dan was planned and erected in the north-west of the city centre; this car-centred high rise neighbourhood was in line with city planners' taste of that time, and the affordable housing proved popular at first. Over the years however, as taste and the socio economic situation of the working class changed, the area quickly degraded into an area where only those would live that couldn't afford to live elsewhere. Today, the city quarter is shamed as one of the largest disaster in Kojolese city planning history, especially as it couldn't profit from a location close to the city centre as similar projects in Pyingshum, such as Pamyung-Pang, Kyáoling-Pang and [[Matsukān-Pang] could.

Revitalisation of the inner city occurred since the late 80's, as living in the inner city became more fashionable again. Several city quarters have undergone serious gentrification, mostly by university graduates who continue to live in areas popular to them as students, crowding out former residents or students still attending university.

Because the city went through every major city development phase known to Kojolese cities, and because it carried most of their noteworthy properties into the present such as the city fortifications, road layout, greenspaces and architectural styles in general, it is a mandatory case study for Geography classes in Kojolese schools.

Geography

Administration and demographics

Kojo is divided into regions, the so-called Ikis. The city of Yoyomi (Yoyomi-sur) lays within the Region Wāfyeíkko-iki. The city is subdivided into 8 administrative districts, the Dengshōs. These divisions are also congruent to the postal-code and telephone-code areas. Dengshōs are then subdivided into Pangs, which can be compared to wards or city quarters.

List of Dengshōs in Yoyomi

Name of Dengshō & Number English translation area population pop. density Notes
Kágaldosim-Dengshō (1) Inner City km² inh./km²
Laimhofitsu-Dengshō (2) Laim valley km² inh./km²
Itázuuri-Dengshō (3) Cheeky meadow km² inh./km²
Hoefferuhōfen-Dengshō (4) Old beverage brand km² inh./km²
Dondaeggyi-Dengshō (5) Eastern hamlet km² inh./km²
Julshi-Dengshō (6) Chalk km² inh./km²
Magíli-Dengshō (7) unknown km² inh./km²
Gasshō-dan-Dengshō (8) Choir km² 95,000 inh./km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 1 - Kágaldosim

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes
Kūtokkyaen-Pang Old town km²
Chezi-Pang Station km²
Akudosim-Pang Southcity km²
Bōzēbu-Pang Barber quarter km²
Shunloé-Atarakkusī-Pang Allnew Ataraxia km²
Hipyang-Pang unknown km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 2 - Laimhofitsu

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes
-Pang km² inh./km²
Baeggu-Pang km² inh./km²
-Pang km² inh./km²
-Pang km² inh./km²
-Pang km² inh./km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 3 - Itázuuri

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes
-Pang km²
-Pang km² inh./km²
-Pang km² inh./km²
-Pang km² inh./km²
-Pang km² inh./km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 4 - Hoefferuhōfen

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes
-Pang km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 5 - Dondaeggyi

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes
Hoenguel-Pang km²
Seltsu-Pang km²
-Pang km²
-Pang km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 6 - Julshi

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes
-Pang km²
-Pang km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 7 - Magíli

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes
Magíli-Pang km²
Byalda-Pang brown field km²
Pāka-Pang km²
-Pang km²
-Pang km²
-Pang km²
-Pang km²

List of Pangs in Dengshō 8 - Gasshō-dan

Name of Pang English translation area in km² population pop. density Notes
Kū Gasshō-dan-Pang Old Choir km²
Chin Gasshō-dan Aku-Pang New Choir South km²
Chin Gasshō-dan Kibō-Pang New Choir North km²
Chin Gasshō-dan Limbē-Pang New Choir West km²
Toma-waiwā-Pang Type of pig-farm km²
Hyolen-pang unknown km²

Transportation

Roads

IC and CC

The city's main station Yoyomi Zóngchezi is served by the IC and CC high-speed rail network:

Number Stops Headway Rolling Stock Notes
IC 4 Pyingshum KDC, Pyingshum International Airport, Formajiá, Īme Abuchezi, Wenzū ZC, Yoyomi ZC, (Ekkisom - Almun Alchakkya IC), Kwaengdō ZC, Kwaengdō Shaddóti 1 h (3+3) -/-
IC 4 E Pyingshum KDC, Yoyomi, Kwaengdō ZC, Zúkshi (Cheryuman h.), Tsuyenji 1 h (4S+4) -/-
Kwaengdō Shaddóti 1 h (4S+4) -/-
IC 7 Pyingshum KDC, (Pyingshum International Airport), (Formajiá), (Īme Abuchezi), Wenzū, Yoyomi, Kari, Toefyei 1 h (3+3), (4+4) -/-
CC 20 Oreppyo, Nároggul, Púlmaerong ZC (Kippa), Kippa ZC, Kippa Akuchezi, Wenzū, Yoyomi 1 h (1N+1N) -/-
CC 52 Jaka Kayaran, Ojufyeng, Arákkanai, Yoyomi, Kari, Toefyei, Tsuyenji 1 h (1N+1N) Single traction YYM-TSU

Yoyomi Zóngchezi has the largest shopping mall of any train station in all of Kojo, both by area and daily customers as well as retail value.

Regional rail

The city is served by several KC regional rail services.

Ésubān

There are X Ésubān lines in the city that reach into the outermost suburbs and even into the neighbouring town Asudā'emryo. They run, like in other Kojolese cities, on regular railways and have a stopping distance of 1 km to 4 km.

Tokkyaenchoel

The city has an extensive light rail system. Although it is not grade separated it mostly runs on own tracks without too much street traffic interference and gets prioritised at intersections by traffic lights. In the inner city most of the system runs underground, where it essentially functions as a metro. The average stopping distance is about 500 m to 1 km.

Buses

Airport

Yoyomi-Asudā'emryo Intl. Airport is Kojo's 4th busiest airport, but also an important air freight hub and destination. This is, amongst others, because it's one of the few Kojolese airports without any night-flight restrictions. There are two parallel runways on either side of the terminal with a third intersecting runway to the south. The airport handles about 10 million passengers and 120,000 flight movements a year, many of which are freight planes carrying about 900,000 tonnes of freight annually. The airport is also an important military base.

Economy

Yoyomi's economy is strongly reliant on services, particularly in the sectors of culture and events, tourism and hospitality. The city features the country's second largest stadium, several large and modern event venues, a well-renown opera, a philharmonic orchestra and countless larger and small theatres and other cultural venues, all listed in the section "Culture and Sports". International musical artists on tour in Kojo will usually, if they have more than one tour date in the country, hold a concert in Yoyomi in addition to Pyingshum, and perhaps another in Finkyáse.

The media industry is another important contributer to the local economy. Especially the headquarters of the BKCH media outlet with the broadcaster's largest production studios, and other auxiliary media companies, make Yoyomi the city with the second largest media sector in Kojo after Pyingshum.

Tourism

Herátte so Fóteres ("Fortress of Farsight") to the south east of the old town is the city's main landmark and tourist attraction. It is by far the largest medieval military complex ever erected in Kojo and is well preserved to this day. Built on the highest point of the large hill slope the whole city sits on it's visible from nearly every corner of the city and the surroundings, and offers a spectacular view. It hosts several museums dealing with the area's history, the military, and the building itself.

Kenzai-Palaē, the former royal Garden Palais, is another major tourist attraction in the city. The first estate had been built here alongside with the first expansion of the city wall outside of the new city, but the second expansion much later then enclosed the estate into the city's boundary. It has been majorly renovated and refurbished several times over the centuries in order to be up to date with the royal taste of the time; due to a traditional agreement between the royals and the citizens of the city, the monarchs were not allowed to privately own property other than that of that very castle and in turn the guilds and townspeople respected their right to rule over the land surrounding the city, so they run wild with spending money on luxury and pomp in their very confined space.

Education

There are two noteworthy public universities in Yoyomi, Yoyomi Ōnagara (Yoyomi University) with 34,000 students and Yoyomi Gigyōnagara (Yoyomi Technical University) with 22,000 students. The former focuses on all kinds of non-technical subjects and ranks 2nd in the national BMS University Ranking for medicine, while the latter ranks 3rd in the same ranking for the field of science and engineering.

Leisure

Culture and Sports

As a city with a focus on events and tourism, the city boosts a number of respective venues:

  • The Yoyomi Stadium in the east of the city has a seating capacity of 77.000 spectators, making it the largest stadium in the country outside of Pyingshum
  • The Imjūse Weibyaeng Arena, sponsored by the nation's largest bank, is the country's second largest indoor arena for multiple purposes (22.000 seats). It sits in the south-east of the city, between the motorway and the railroad tracks.
  • Musical Heaven is venue specialised on hosting musicals; it can hold up to 3,200 guests.It is located about 1 km south of the central railway station.
  • The Gēshusamnengwe (Opera House) is located in the old city, directly across the large Kenzai-Palaē. It holds up to 1,500 spectators.
  • The Selwe ("Salt house") used to be a merchant office and was built in the 16th century. It is now used as a festival hall. It's six large halls seat about 1300, 600, 220, 200, 150 and 120 guests.
  • Yoyomi Filhamónikawe is the city's Philharmonic, and can host up to 2,200 spectators. It resides in a modern building to the north-east of the inner city.
  • film studio PH
  • film studio PH
  • small concert venue PH
  • small concert venue PH

Other small private theatres, art galleries etc.:

A non-exhaustive list of museums: