Difference between revisions of "Ūrątybara"

From OpenGeofiction Encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
 
Line 4: Line 4:
 
| coords_x                = 92.2549
 
| coords_x                = 92.2549
 
|micronation              =            <!--yes if a micronation-->
 
|micronation              =            <!--yes if a micronation-->
|conventional_long_name  = Ūrątybara
+
|conventional_long_name  = Uratybara
|native_name              = Uratybara <br> Uratybara CLIG
+
|native_name              = Ūl e Ūrątybara <br> Independent Admiral Islands Territory
 
|common_name              = Uratybara<!--Common name in English (used for wikilinks and to produce a default iso3166 code)-->
 
|common_name              = Uratybara<!--Common name in English (used for wikilinks and to produce a default iso3166 code)-->
 
|status                  =            <!--Status of country, especially useful for micronations-->
 
|status                  =            <!--Status of country, especially useful for micronations-->
Line 36: Line 36:
 
|largest_settlement      =  )<!--Name of largest settlement-->
 
|largest_settlement      =  )<!--Name of largest settlement-->
 
|official_languages      =  <!--Languages recognised in legislation, constitution, etc-->
 
|official_languages      =  <!--Languages recognised in legislation, constitution, etc-->
|national_languages      =  [[Ingerish]], [[Utz]]<!--Country/territory-wide languages recognised but not necessarily in country/territory-wide law, etc-->
+
|national_languages      =  [[Dontdū]]<!--Country/territory-wide languages recognised but not necessarily in country/territory-wide law, etc-->
|regional_languages      = [[Dontdū]]
+
|regional_languages      = [[Ingerish]]
 
|languages_type          = <!--Use to specify a further type of language, if not official, national or regional-->
 
|languages_type          = <!--Use to specify a further type of language, if not official, national or regional-->
 
|languages                = <!--Languages of the further type-->
 
|languages                = <!--Languages of the further type-->
Line 44: Line 44:
 
|languages2              = <!--Languages of this second further type-->
 
|languages2              = <!--Languages of this second further type-->
 
|languages2_sub          = <!--Is the second alternative type of languages a sub-item of the previous non-sub type? ("yes" or "no")-->
 
|languages2_sub          = <!--Is the second alternative type of languages a sub-item of the previous non-sub type? ("yes" or "no")-->
|ethnic_groups            = Unspecified (of [[Ūdzđąnąrąt]]y origin) (34%), Others (66%)<!--List/breakdown of ethnic groups within the country/territory-->
+
|ethnic_groups            = Unspecified (of [[Asperic Ocean]] island origin) (34%), Others (66%)<!--List/breakdown of ethnic groups within the country/territory-->
 
|ethnic_groups_year      = <!--Year of ethnic groups data (if provided) or use to place a <ref>-->
 
|ethnic_groups_year      = <!--Year of ethnic groups data (if provided) or use to place a <ref>-->
 
|nationalities            = <!--List/breakdown of nationalities within the country/territory-->
 
|nationalities            = <!--List/breakdown of nationalities within the country/territory-->
Line 81: Line 81:
 
|area_label2              = <!--Label below area_label (optional)-->
 
|area_label2              = <!--Label below area_label (optional)-->
 
|area_data2              = <!--Text after area_label2 (optional)-->
 
|area_data2              = <!--Text after area_label2 (optional)-->
|population_estimate      = c7,000
+
|population_estimate      = 18,000-25,000 (permanent residents)
 
|population_estimate_rank =  
 
|population_estimate_rank =  
 
|population_estimate_year =  
 
|population_estimate_year =  
Line 109: Line 109:
 
|HDI_rank                =  
 
|HDI_rank                =  
 
|HDI_ref                  =    <!--(for any ref/s to associate with HDI number)-->
 
|HDI_ref                  =    <!--(for any ref/s to associate with HDI number)-->
|currency                = Ēkaŏyū (Ē)<!--Name/s of currency/ies used in country/territory-->
+
|currency                = US$<!--Name/s of currency/ies used in country/territory-->
 
|currency_code            = <!--ISO 4217 code/s for currency/ies (each usually three capital letters)-->
 
|currency_code            = <!--ISO 4217 code/s for currency/ies (each usually three capital letters)-->
 
|time_zone                = <!--e.g. GMT, PST, AST, etc, etc (wikilinked if possible)-->
 
|time_zone                = <!--e.g. GMT, PST, AST, etc, etc (wikilinked if possible)-->
Line 131: Line 131:
 
}}
 
}}
  
Ūrątybara is a group of coral islands lying just north of the equator in the [[Asperic Ocean]]. It is part of a chain of islands and lies between the [[Serene Islands]] and UL315 around 500km south-west of [[Samiloor]]. The territory is a constituent member of the Organisation of Independent Oceanic Islands ([[OIOI]]) and is technically a state within this Federation. It is a recent member of the federation, joining in 1984. It is over 4000km north of [[E'tena]] where the headquarters of OIOI are located, and around 1500km from [[Lonowai District]] in [[Gobrassanya]] where the main diplomatic offices of OIOI are located.
+
'''Uratybara''', formerly the '''Admiral Islands''', is a group of islands lying just north of the equator in the [[Asperic Ocean]]. The coral atolls are part of a 700km-long chain of islands and lie between [[Cocus Island]] and [[Samiloor]] around 60km south-west of the [[Serene Islands]].  
  
'Ūrątybara' is an artificially constructed name in the [[Utz]] language, which derives from Ūdzđąnąrąt but is rarely spoken on Uratybara. The name is intended to mean 'Bare Island' but literally translated means 'you are a bare island'. The settlement on the island was established in the early 1950s by islanders from E'tena, some of whom spoke Utz, but the transactions whereby the island was purchased from the government of Gobrassanya, of which it was an overseas territorial possession, involved the mis-translation of a number of words. The Utz language was intended to become the official language of the island but today [[Ingerish]] is the lingua-franca and is co-official with Utz. [[Dontdū]] is also widely spoken.  
+
The territory is a constituent member of the Organisation of Independent Oceanic Islands ([[OIOI]]) and is technically a state within this larger politico-economic union. It is a recent member of the Organisation, joining in 1984. The islands lie 4000km north of [[E'tena]] where the headquarters of OIOI are located, and around 1500km from diplomatic offices of OIOI in [[Lonowai District]], [[Gobrassanya]].
  
Ūrątybara is a group of coral atolls which was uninhabited and rarely visited until the early 20th century. A small Gobrassanyan settlement was established on the islands in 1910. Because of the paucity of natural resources and lack of fresh water, the settlement was limited to around 100 individuals. In 1954 the island was sold to an international trading company [[Bear Holdings Inc]] based in [[Grum]]. It was developed by the holding company, with investment from  international organisations, as a potential missile test range and as a launch facility for the predicted development of space technology. Around 20 million tonnes of concrete were used in the construction of reinforced tidal protection around the launchpads and port facilities.
+
==Name==
  
In 1974, following the successful launch of a number of space missions, a falling used fuel tank from a three-stage rocket struck a [[Khaiwoon]] registered fuel tanker around 20km south of the island. Following a diplomatic incident (which failed to determine whether the ship had been in international waters or not) all shipping was advised to avoid the area around the island. Prospective launch dates of rocket tests were shared more widely and relations with Khaiwoon slowly improved.  
+
The islands were named the Admiral Islands by the [[Ingerish]] explorer and cartographer Captain Robert Cork in 1777. Ūl e Ūrątybara  is thought to derive from the name 'the bare island' in a local language; it was adopted as the official name of the islands in 1973. The language of origin - commonly called Ūrątybaran - is now extinct. The core settlement on the islands was established in the early 1940s by Asperic Ocean islanders, many from [[E'tena]], and became known as 'Uratybara' in [[Dontdū]], which is the majority language on the islands today. The islands are still sometimes referred to as 'the Independent Admiral Islands' or 'Admiral Islands Territory'.
  
Uratybara is currently run as an international company, specifically a Company Limited by International Guarantee (CLIG), specialising in aeronautics and space research and rocket  launch systems. Two launch platforms are located on coral atolls in the island group and a large assembly plant is located on the main island. The launch facilities are well-used by a number of state sponsored space programs and private space ventures. Uratybara CLIG is a member of the [[Space Exploration Coordinating Agency]] which shares technology related to space research. Controversially, offices of the [[Telkhug Ēkdŭn]] (TĒ) organisation are also located on the island and a number of Telkhug Ēkdŭn satellites have also been launched from the facility.
+
==Colonisation and settlement==
  
The island lacks most natural resources, but is largely self-sufficient in food, especially seafood. Small scale harvesting of crops and plots is still practised. The construction of a major desalination plant powered by wind and solar energy has enabled irrigation of parts of the island and has allowed the population to increase substantially.  
+
The Admiral Islands were rarely visited until the early 20th century. The atolls were an overseas territorial possession of [[Gobrassanya]] from 1844 to 1941. A small Gobrassanyan military settlement existed on the islands between 1910 and 1914, consisting of a detachment of around 25 army engineers. The engineers constructed the first port facilities on the main island. The islands were deserted between 1914 and 1941. On 4th January 1941 the islands were purchased directly from the government of Gobrassanya by an international company, Admiral Island Sugar Company. The deed of purchase included all territorial rights over the (then uninhabited) islands.  At the time of purchase, the islands were thought to be largely uninhabitable, due to lack of fresh water.
  
The island is semi-democratic. The Chief Executive Administrator (CEA)of Uratybara CLIG is appointed by the board of directors who themselves are elected from a short-list. All candidates on the short-list are elected in an Annual General Meeting and serve a three-year term. A proven residency of three months on the island is necessary to stand for election to the board. In 1984 the board of directors voted to join the Organisation of Independent Oceanic Islands [[OIOI]], the application being accepted on the condition that further suffrage was extended to all islanders. This has been happening slowly. In 1999 and again in 2007 OIOI threatened to withdraw membership from the island unless substantial changes were made and legislature based on that used in the [[International Criminal Court]] to uphold human rights and individual freedoms was introduced.  
+
In 1947 the islands were sold to an international trading company [[Bear Holdings Inc]] based in [[Grum]], with renewed plans to build a desalination plant and introduce sugar cane plantation. However, following purchase, the islands were developed by the holding company, with investment from  international organisations, as a potential missile test range and as a launch facility for the development of space technology. Around 20 million tonnes of concrete shipped from Wahihuna was used in the construction of reinforced tidal protection around the launchpads and port facilities.
  
[[Category:OIOI]][[Category:Ūrątybara]]
+
==The space race==
 +
 
 +
One of the first earth satellites, Tamsi 1, was launched from Uratybara on 15th March 1958. The satellite was launched from Atoll IV by a Sambo III rocket following a four year development programme. The satellite travelled at about 29,000 kilometres per hour (18,000 mph; 8,100 m/s), taking 96.2 minutes to complete each earth orbit. Its broadcasts were monitored by amateur radio operators throughout the world. The signals continued for 21 days until the transmitter batteries ran out on 6th April 1958. Tamsi 1 burned up in September 1958 whilst re-entering Earth's atmosphere around 400km west of [[Freedemia]].
 +
 
 +
A number of increasingly large rockets were launched from the atolls. Rocket parts were shipped to the islands from laboratories and manufacturing plants around the world and were assembled in huge hangars and workshops erected on the main island. They were transported by heavy rail and barge to their launch sites.
 +
 
 +
In 1974, following the successful launch of a number of space missions, a falling used fuel tank from a three-stage rocket struck a [[Khaiwoon]]ese registered fuel tanker around 20km south of the islands. This triggered a diplomatic incident with Khaiwoon, but investigation failed to determine whether the ship had been in international waters or within the territorial waters of Uratybara. Subsequently, all shipping was advised to avoid the area around the islands, but prospective launch dates of rocket tests were shared more widely and, with the participation of a number of [[Ultha]]n navies, shipping was directed away from the area at launch dates.
 +
 
 +
Rocket launches have continued in the 21st century. Today there are around 10 launches per year from launchpads in the atolls.
 +
 
 +
==Economics==
 +
 
 +
The islands are dependent on their strategic location on the equator and generally benign weather. These make the islands an ideal launch site for space ventures. They are located far enough away from major settlements that there is low risk to any populated areas.
 +
 
 +
Most resources are imported to the islands, but small scale harvesting of crops and plots is practised by most island residents. The construction of a major desalination plant powered by wind and solar energy has enabled irrigation of parts of the island and has allowed the population to increase substantially.
 +
 
 +
==Politics==
 +
 
 +
Uratybara is currently run as an international company, specifically a Company Limited by International Guarantee (CLIG), specialising in aeronautics and space research and rocket  launch systems. Of the original five launch pads, two launch platforms are located on coral atolls in the island group. A large assembly plant is located on the main island. The launch facilities are well-used by a number of state sponsored space programs and private space ventures. Uratybara CLIG is a member of the [[Space Exploration Coordinating Agency]] which shares technology related to space research. Controversially, offices of the [[Telkhug Ēkdŭn]] (TĒ) organisation are also located on the island and a number of Telkhug Ēkdŭn satellites have also been launched from the facility.
 +
 
 +
The island is semi-democratic. The Chief Executive Administrator (CEA) of Uratybara CLIG is appointed by the board of directors who themselves are elected from a short-list. All candidates on the short-list are elected in an Annual General Meeting and serve a three-year term. A proven residency of three months on the island is necessary to stand for election to the board. In 1984 the board of directors voted to join the Organisation of Independent Oceanic Islands [[OIOI]], the application being accepted on the condition that further suffrage was extended to all islanders. This has been happening slowly. In 1999 and again in 2007 OIOI threatened to withdraw membership from the island unless substantial changes were made and legislature based on that used in the [[International Criminal Court]] to uphold human rights and individual freedoms was introduced.
 +
 
 +
==Culture==
 +
 
 +
The island has a mixture of permanent residents and seasonal or temporary technical staff connected with the space programme. There have been concerns that permanent residents, especially families, are being marginalised in the islands development. however, the islands have comparatively high education levels and very high standards of living in spite of their remoteness.
 +
 
 +
Alcohol and drugs are prohibited on the islands. The islands most celebrated cultural event is the annual drum festival held each year in May. Drummers from around the Asperic areas come to the island to share music styles and celebrate. The festival usually co-indices with at least one rocket launch.
 +
 
 +
:::{| style="height: 75px; width: 690px; border-spacing: 0px; border:1px solid #BBB"
 +
|-
 +
| style="background: gold" width="6px"| ||width="50px" align="centre"|[[File:Scales.png|60px]]||style="text-align:left"|The '''neutrality of this article is disputed'''. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. ''(January 2017)''
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
In 2008, the directors of Uratybara CLIG voted to join the [[Ulethan Alliance for Culture]]. This was widely viewed as an attempt by the directors of the company to gain access to [[Uletha]]n art markets. With their massive incomes, the anonymous company directors are thought to invest a great deal in art. This has clear financial benefits for top artists, but there is a strong feeling that grass-roots art is ignored on the islands. There are no permanent theatres or galleries.
 +
 
 +
In 2013, launchpad Atoll 4 was designated a [[Ulethan Heritage Site]].
 +
 
 +
[[Category:OIOI]][[Category:Uratybara]]

Latest revision as of 03:24, 16 February 2017

10, 2.1528, 92.2549
Uratybara
Ūl e Ūrątybara
Independent Admiral Islands Territory
Flag
Capital
and largest city
Uratybara (town)
National languagesDontdū
 • Regional languagesIngerish
Ethnic GroupsUnspecified (of Asperic Ocean island origin) (34%), Others (66%)
DemonymUratybaran
GovernmentCompany Limited by International Guarantee (CLIG)
 • CEADuman Art Makaral
LegislatureBoard of Directors
Area
 • Totalc15 km2
Population
 • Estimate18,000-25,000 (permanent residents)
HDI0.85
very high
CurrencyUS$
Drives on theleft
Internet TLD.ur .oo

Uratybara, formerly the Admiral Islands, is a group of islands lying just north of the equator in the Asperic Ocean. The coral atolls are part of a 700km-long chain of islands and lie between Cocus Island and Samiloor around 60km south-west of the Serene Islands.

The territory is a constituent member of the Organisation of Independent Oceanic Islands (OIOI) and is technically a state within this larger politico-economic union. It is a recent member of the Organisation, joining in 1984. The islands lie 4000km north of E'tena where the headquarters of OIOI are located, and around 1500km from diplomatic offices of OIOI in Lonowai District, Gobrassanya.

Name

The islands were named the Admiral Islands by the Ingerish explorer and cartographer Captain Robert Cork in 1777. Ūl e Ūrątybara is thought to derive from the name 'the bare island' in a local language; it was adopted as the official name of the islands in 1973. The language of origin - commonly called Ūrątybaran - is now extinct. The core settlement on the islands was established in the early 1940s by Asperic Ocean islanders, many from E'tena, and became known as 'Uratybara' in Dontdū, which is the majority language on the islands today. The islands are still sometimes referred to as 'the Independent Admiral Islands' or 'Admiral Islands Territory'.

Colonisation and settlement

The Admiral Islands were rarely visited until the early 20th century. The atolls were an overseas territorial possession of Gobrassanya from 1844 to 1941. A small Gobrassanyan military settlement existed on the islands between 1910 and 1914, consisting of a detachment of around 25 army engineers. The engineers constructed the first port facilities on the main island. The islands were deserted between 1914 and 1941. On 4th January 1941 the islands were purchased directly from the government of Gobrassanya by an international company, Admiral Island Sugar Company. The deed of purchase included all territorial rights over the (then uninhabited) islands. At the time of purchase, the islands were thought to be largely uninhabitable, due to lack of fresh water.

In 1947 the islands were sold to an international trading company Bear Holdings Inc based in Grum, with renewed plans to build a desalination plant and introduce sugar cane plantation. However, following purchase, the islands were developed by the holding company, with investment from international organisations, as a potential missile test range and as a launch facility for the development of space technology. Around 20 million tonnes of concrete shipped from Wahihuna was used in the construction of reinforced tidal protection around the launchpads and port facilities.

The space race

One of the first earth satellites, Tamsi 1, was launched from Uratybara on 15th March 1958. The satellite was launched from Atoll IV by a Sambo III rocket following a four year development programme. The satellite travelled at about 29,000 kilometres per hour (18,000 mph; 8,100 m/s), taking 96.2 minutes to complete each earth orbit. Its broadcasts were monitored by amateur radio operators throughout the world. The signals continued for 21 days until the transmitter batteries ran out on 6th April 1958. Tamsi 1 burned up in September 1958 whilst re-entering Earth's atmosphere around 400km west of Freedemia.

A number of increasingly large rockets were launched from the atolls. Rocket parts were shipped to the islands from laboratories and manufacturing plants around the world and were assembled in huge hangars and workshops erected on the main island. They were transported by heavy rail and barge to their launch sites.

In 1974, following the successful launch of a number of space missions, a falling used fuel tank from a three-stage rocket struck a Khaiwoonese registered fuel tanker around 20km south of the islands. This triggered a diplomatic incident with Khaiwoon, but investigation failed to determine whether the ship had been in international waters or within the territorial waters of Uratybara. Subsequently, all shipping was advised to avoid the area around the islands, but prospective launch dates of rocket tests were shared more widely and, with the participation of a number of Ulthan navies, shipping was directed away from the area at launch dates.

Rocket launches have continued in the 21st century. Today there are around 10 launches per year from launchpads in the atolls.

Economics

The islands are dependent on their strategic location on the equator and generally benign weather. These make the islands an ideal launch site for space ventures. They are located far enough away from major settlements that there is low risk to any populated areas.

Most resources are imported to the islands, but small scale harvesting of crops and plots is practised by most island residents. The construction of a major desalination plant powered by wind and solar energy has enabled irrigation of parts of the island and has allowed the population to increase substantially.

Politics

Uratybara is currently run as an international company, specifically a Company Limited by International Guarantee (CLIG), specialising in aeronautics and space research and rocket launch systems. Of the original five launch pads, two launch platforms are located on coral atolls in the island group. A large assembly plant is located on the main island. The launch facilities are well-used by a number of state sponsored space programs and private space ventures. Uratybara CLIG is a member of the Space Exploration Coordinating Agency which shares technology related to space research. Controversially, offices of the Telkhug Ēkdŭn (TĒ) organisation are also located on the island and a number of Telkhug Ēkdŭn satellites have also been launched from the facility.

The island is semi-democratic. The Chief Executive Administrator (CEA) of Uratybara CLIG is appointed by the board of directors who themselves are elected from a short-list. All candidates on the short-list are elected in an Annual General Meeting and serve a three-year term. A proven residency of three months on the island is necessary to stand for election to the board. In 1984 the board of directors voted to join the Organisation of Independent Oceanic Islands OIOI, the application being accepted on the condition that further suffrage was extended to all islanders. This has been happening slowly. In 1999 and again in 2007 OIOI threatened to withdraw membership from the island unless substantial changes were made and legislature based on that used in the International Criminal Court to uphold human rights and individual freedoms was introduced.

Culture

The island has a mixture of permanent residents and seasonal or temporary technical staff connected with the space programme. There have been concerns that permanent residents, especially families, are being marginalised in the islands development. however, the islands have comparatively high education levels and very high standards of living in spite of their remoteness.

Alcohol and drugs are prohibited on the islands. The islands most celebrated cultural event is the annual drum festival held each year in May. Drummers from around the Asperic areas come to the island to share music styles and celebrate. The festival usually co-indices with at least one rocket launch.

Scales.png The neutrality of this article is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. (January 2017)

In 2008, the directors of Uratybara CLIG voted to join the Ulethan Alliance for Culture. This was widely viewed as an attempt by the directors of the company to gain access to Ulethan art markets. With their massive incomes, the anonymous company directors are thought to invest a great deal in art. This has clear financial benefits for top artists, but there is a strong feeling that grass-roots art is ignored on the islands. There are no permanent theatres or galleries.

In 2013, launchpad Atoll 4 was designated a Ulethan Heritage Site.