|10, 2.1528, 92.2549|
and largest city
|National languages||Ingerish, Utz|
|• Regional languages||Dontdū|
|Ethnic Groups||Unspecified (of Ūdzđąnąrąty origin) (34%), Others (66%)|
|Government||Company Limited by International Guarantee (CLIG)|
|• CEA||Duman Art Makaral|
|Legislature||Board of Directors|
|• Total||c15 km2|
|Drives on the||left|
|Internet TLD||.ur .oo|
Ūrątybara is a group of coral islands lying just north of the equator in the Asperic Ocean. It is part of a chain of islands and lies between UL314 and UL315 around 500km south-west of Samiloor. The territory is a constituent member of the Organisation of Independent Oceanic Islands (OIOI) and is technically a state within this Federation. It is a recent member of the federation, joining in 1984. It is over 4000km north of E'tena where the headquarters of OIOI are located, and around 1500km from Lonowai District in Gobrassnaya where the main diplomatic offices of OIOI are located.
'Ūrątybara' is an artificially constructed name in the Utz language, which derives from Ūdzđąnąrąt but is rarely spoken on Uratybara. The name is intended to mean 'Bare Island' but literally translated means 'you are a bare island'. The settlement on the island was established in the early 1950s by islanders from E'tena, some of whom spoke Utz, but the transactions whereby the island was purchased from the government of Gobrassanya, of which it was an overseas territorial possession, involved the mis-translation of a number of words. The Utz language was intended to become the official language of the island but today Ingerish is the lingua-franca and is co-official with Utz. Dontdū is also widely spoken.
Ūrątybara is a group of coral atolls which was uninhabited and rarely visited until the early 20th century. A small Gobrassanyan settlement was established on the islands in 1910. Because of the paucity of natural resources and lack of fresh water, the settlement was limited to around 100 individuals. In 1954 the island was sold to an international trading company Bear Holdings Inc based in Grum. It was developed by the holding company, with investment from international organisations, as a potential missile test range and as a launch facility for the predicted development of space technology. Around 20 million tonnes of concrete were used in the construction of reinforced tidal protection around the launchpads and port facilities.
In 1974, following the successful launch of a number of space missions, a falling used fuel tank from a three-stage rocket struck a Khaiwoon registered fuel tanker around 20km south of the island. Following a diplomatic incident (which failed to determine whether the ship had been in international waters or not) all shipping was advised to avoid the area around the island. Prospective launch dates of rocket tests were shared more widely and relations with Khaiwoon slowly improved.
Uratybara is currently run as an international company, specifically a Company Limited by International Guarantee (CLIG), specialising in aeronautics and space research and rocket launch systems. Two launch platforms are located on coral atolls in the island group and a large assembly plant is located on the main island. The launch facilities are well-used by a number of state sponsored space programs and private space ventures. Uratybara CLIG is a member of the Space Exploration Coordinating Agency which shares technology related to space research. Controversially, offices of the Telkhug Ēkdŭn (TĒ) organisation are also located on the island and a number of Telkhug Ēkdŭn satellites have also been launched from the facility.
The island lacks most natural resources, but is largely self-sufficient in food, especially seafood. Small scale harvesting of crops and plots is still practised. The construction of a major desalination plant powered by wind and solar energy has enabled irrigation of parts of the island and has allowed the population to increase substantially.
The island is semi-democratic. The Chief Executive Administrator (CEA)of Uratybara CLIG is appointed by the board of directors who themselves are elected from a short-list. All candidates on the short-list are elected in an Annual General Meeting and serve a three-year term. A proven residency of three months on the island is necessary to stand for election to the board. In 1984 the board of directors voted to join the Organisation of Independent Oceanic Islands OIOI, the application being accepted on the condition that further suffrage was extended to all islanders. This has been happening slowly. In 1999 and again in 2007 OIOI threatened to withdraw membership from the island unless substantial changes were made and legislature based on that used in the International Criminal Court to uphold human rights and individual freedoms was introduced.