Aden

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8, 19.725, 51.358
Republic of Aden
Jumhuriyet Aden - جمهورية عدِن
The Aden National Flag - قديقال
FlagCoat of arms
Motto:
"Ahadoun Ahad - أحدٌ أحد"
One God, One God
Anthem:
In The Name of God - باسم الله
CapitalAden Mdin
Largest cityAden Mdin
Official languagesMazanic
 • National languagesAdenian Mazanic, Mazanic
 • Regional languagesAllynian, Asani, Masayi
DemonymAdeni
GovernmentImani Presidential Republic
 • PresidentAdnan Mohamad
 • Vice-PresidentHussain Saïd
Area
 • Total77841 km2
30054 sq mi
Population
 • Estimate (2021)21,230,600
 • Census (2019)20,527,430
 • Density263.71/km2
683.02/sq mi
GDP (PPP)
 • Total1.07 Billion
 • Per capita52,223$
GDP (nominal)
 • Total930 Millions
 • Per capita45,305$
HDI (2019)0.901
very high
Timezone+3
CurrencyDinar (DA)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.ad

The Republic of Aden (جمهورية عدِن, Joumhouriyet Aden), commonly referred as Aden is a country in south West Uletha. It is bordered by Mazan from the northern east, UL02g from the northern west, Alliria from the east, Arion from the south, and The Sea from the west. The capital city is Aden Mdin (also spelled ^Aden Mdin), which is a coastal city located in the coastal center of the country.

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The Rich Lands of Aden close to the main cities of Mazan contributed to its rich history which shaped a cultural identity of ethnic diversity. Aden is of 77,823 km2 which includes Mediterranean mountains and coasts and a savannah inlands. The earliest evidence of civilization in Aden dates back more than three thousands years which is why most of its history is found. Aden was home to the Asanians, an old civilizations that took place on the mountains of Aden. The Masayas are an Allirian tribe that was and still is located in the mountains. In the same era, Mazanians came to Aden and declared it as part of their empire which was the main reason of the Imanization of Aden. Most of the Asanians have had close relationships with the Mazanians which contributed into making the New Aden. Few kept the cultural aspect of the Asanians that stayed in the mountains while the territories next to the sea became more and more civilized and educated. The Allyunian savannah was acquired into the territory of Aden in the 20th century. These tribes known as The Allynians enriched Aden's cultural diversity. Aden is one of the most important countries in the Imani world, it is known one of the centers for Traditional Imanis in the world. The economy is enriched by the religious tourism that is mainly due to the important Imani Universities in Aden in addition to its rich Imani history.


Ethymology

The word Aden is based on the Aden Bay in which the capital Aden Mdin is centered now. Aden Mdin used to be called Aden before acquiring the name Aden for the country, thus, the addition of Mdin which means city to the name of the city. Aden is derived from Aden. it is not certain on the origin of the name. A theory suggests that the name is based on the "The ^Aden Paradise" in the Imani religion, thus, the Hararis named the city "Aden" as a place in which someone works to go in the afterlife to The Paradise of ^Aden. The name was not named to consider the area as a paradise but a way to paradise. Another theory considers that ^Aden is derived from ^Adnan, the central grandfather of the Mazanics. This theory considers that the Mazanics named Aden the city in memory of their grandfather. Both theories are considered as valid in modern-era Aden, as Aden is considered as a religious country from one side, and that accepts the Mazanics as one of their ancestors.

History

Antiquity

There is evidence that date back to an early settlement in Mount-Asan considered as one of the oldest continuously inhabited areas in West Uletha. The evidence date back to the 1st century. Other evidence suggest that many tribes have settled in nowadays the Allyn savannah. Theory suggests that after a war between the tribes based on ethnicity and discrimination, The Masayas immigrated to the Mount-Ousayn which had no settlements, that theory dates back to the 2nd century.

Asan Sultanate

The first known rule in Aden is the Asan Sultanate. The Sultanate is based on an agreement known as the Agreement of Surviving. It was made by the different Asanian families living in Mount-Asan which included the unification of their forces and the establishment of a Sultanate that is centered in Asan. It was agreed on verbally in 589 because of the illiteracy of the Asanians back then. in 656, Sultan Sam The Great was the first Sultan to adhere to Iman This move led to a wide conversion to Iman in Asan though many Asanians kept some of their traditions that weren't fully coherent with Iman. It is suggested that by 657, 90% of Asanians became Muslims.

Formation of Nadal Sultanate
Asan Sultanate Flag
Spread of The Asan Sultanate

In 682, a small Sultanate was established in Nadal called the "Nadal Sultanate" by Al Nadaly. Al Nadaly is known as a national hero in Nadal. In 2 years, Al Nadaly formed a strong religious population on the coastline of Nadal and made Nadal an economic center in Southern Ghetoria. Asanians felt that their importance next to the Nadal Sultanate is diminishing in relation to trade and farming which led them to poison Al Nadaly. His Grand Vizier Joubri took charge while being backed by the Asanians. This led to a revolution of the Nadalians in 685 that ended the Nadal Sultanate. Assanians were already planning an invasion of Nadal. The Asan Sultanate was based only on Mount-Asan until the expansion that happened in 695 that included Nadal, the West, and the area known today as Harar.

Asan Sultanate after The Revolution of The Tribes

Years between 670 and 720 were known as the grand immigration years. After Asanians adhered to Iman, Mazanic were welcomed in the area. The Mazanic language started to be used widely since Asanians were illiterate and found the Mazanic language as an important way for them to be civilized. The immigration led to the habitation of coastal areas in nowadays Aden. This trend has stopped after the plague hit Mount-Asan in 720. It is determined that the plague killed more than half the Asanians at the time. The plague was the main reason of the delay of the Mazanic conquest of Aden. It also scared the Mazanic which stopped the immigration. The plague mostly affected the Asanians and did not affect the Mazanics greatly, causes are still unknown till today, some studies suggest that the Mazanics had great techniques of socially distancing themselves from anyone that had the plague which stopped its spread.

The plague weakened the forces of the Asanians which led to to a civil war inside Asan in 722. However, Asan did not lose control over the territory. This war led to a lot of male deaths which led to many women losing their husbands and it affected the social gender balance thus increasing the amount of homo-amorous women that wanted to find affection and only found women for that. The aspects of this is still found in some areas in Asan were it homo-amorous relationships is still normalized until now even though it goes against Imani culture. Results consisted of a weakened system of governance and a lot of poverty for more than 50 years.

Followed by that, in 789, Sultan Lahab reigned following many failures in governance. Lahab started to reimburse many traditional mores that go back to Asanians before adhering Iman. He believed in a supremacy against the Mazanics and The Nadalis which led into a series of discriminatory events that eventually started the Revolution of the Tribes in 780. Its results was the independence of Mazanis, some Asanians, and Nadalis tribes. In 828, the Second Great Death took place in Asan which led to a great economic crisis in the area, however, it did not affect territories outside the Sultanate. by 898, the Asanians discrimination became excessive towards outside tribes which led to the tribes asking for help from the Mazanics which fastened the Mazanic conquest in the Area.

Mazanic Rule

The Muzanic Rule starting 898
Mazanic Asan Flag

898 was the year the Land of Asan started being officially ruled by the Alezar Caliphate. The Rule included all modern Aden excep Mount-Ousayn which were still governed by tribes. Mazanics were known as peaceful in general but were known as powerful in war from another perspective. Ousayn City, located between Nadal and Masaya, was first settled by Mazanic Nadalis in the 6th century. It was the main place of communication between Asanians and Masayas for two centuries. The Mazanic rule provoked the Masayas as outsiders in the area which led to tension from the start of the Mazanic rule. In 901, Ousayn was separated into two sides one for the Mazanic and one for the Masayas which escalated into the first war of Ousayn in 910 between both parties that led to the full rule of the Mazanics on Ousayn. A second war started in 925 in which Masayas ruled Kousayr (Old City in Ousayn). This era was characterized by many conflicts between both parties until the war of Bahman in 935 in which The Mazanics started the annexation of the Ousayn area. Masayas felt threatened by The Mazanics which led to the establishment of the Masaya State in 973. The Islands in Southern Ghetoria were invaded by the Alezar Caliphate. This started the immigration into the islands which started the dispute on the Islands with Arion that lasted close to 1,000 years.

Formation of The Masaya State
Ousayn Between 898 and 1300

The Masaya State received a lot of help from other kingdoms for it to stand against the Imani Caliphate of the Mazanic. The boundaries between both parties got unpopulated for a while because of the conflicts except Ousayn the city that was powerfully secured. in 1002, both parties agreed on meeting which led to the treaty of Ousayn that separated the area in a specified way to avoid conflicts. Peace in general was maintained for three centuries. In 1210, A civil war in Asan started on choosing the ruler of the area that resulted in a lot of deaths. Sultan Said Ibn Mujahid Al Ashmali visited the lands in 1212 to ease the war which led to the Treaty of Ashmal that guarantees the rights of all the parties in Asan. In 1310, the plague revisited Asan killing a lot of the men. The Masayas considered the plague as a chance for them to invade Asan which happened in 1310. Many mosques were destroyed by the Masayas until their withdrawal in 1311 after the Mazanics kidnapped the son of the ruler of the Masayas. After the son of the ruler came back to Masaya, in 1313, The Masayas killed 75% of Ousayins in Ousayn City and the close villages which was known as the Ousayn Genocide. It was followed by another genocide in the Nadal region in 1314. The genocides led to many Ousaynis and Nadalis running away from the sea to save themselves, they stayed in the Nydal islands that is an island close to the inlands but far from Masayans.. Mazanics launched a war against the Masayas that ended with an economic crisis in Masaya that was the start of the collapse of the Masaya State.

The Masaya State Flag

Followed by the economic crisis in Masaya, The Masaya rulers accepted help coming from Nadal which led to Many Masayas embracing Iman because of the communication with the Nadalis that wasn't happening before. Between 1356 and 1410, the Imanization of the state increased which led into a revolution on the rulers which resulted in reforms in the ruling. Non-Muslims and Muslims started a civil war in Ousayn in 1410 that lasted for 43 years. In 1453, rulers from both sides agreed on meeting and signing a peace treaty in Nadal.

Union of The Emirates

Formation of The Emirate of Asan and The Emirate of Masaya

In 1495, after a decade of negotiations between the Mazanics and The Asanians, a treaty was signed between both parties that concluded the semi-independence of Asan from the Mazanic Caliphate, making it a sovereign entity under Mazanic Influence which resulted in the formation of the Emirate of Asan on 28th of mar