Difference between revisions of "Bărădin"

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The first known reference to Bărădin dates from 858 when the ''Citadel of Vorodino'' became the residence of the knyazhich Suvor II, son of knyaz Boris III, ruler of the Dukas-Toridava Principality of the [[Slavan Sur]].
 
The first known reference to Bărădin dates from 858 when the ''Citadel of Vorodino'' became the residence of the knyazhich Suvor II, son of knyaz Boris III, ruler of the Dukas-Toridava Principality of the [[Slavan Sur]].
  
In 973, Peter Trutsky the Great extended the Vorodino citadel and built the ''Arkhangelsky Sobor'', the oldest extant building in Bărădin. By the early 11th century, Vorodino was a prosperous city that eclipsed the principality of ''Dukas-Toridava'' and became the capital of the new ''Vorodino Principality''  
+
In 973, Peter Trutsky the Great extended the Vorodino citadel and built the ''Arkhangelsky Sobor'', the oldest extant building in Bărădin, part of the former ''Lavra Vorodynska''. By the early 11th century, Vorodino was a prosperous city that eclipsed the principality of ''Dukas-Toridava'' and became the capital of the new ''Vorodino Principality''
  
 
===Garlian colony===
 
===Garlian colony===

Revision as of 02:42, 15 December 2018

12, 40.8698, 85.0253
Bărădin
Municipality, county and commune
Țvinger Castle
Țvinger Castle seen from Ulița Regală
85px
Coat of arms
CountryAnthariaFlag.jpeg Antharia
 • ProvinceSteag Valahia.png Vallaquia Province
 • CountyTemplate:Bărădin County
 • CommuneBărădin Commune
Ethnic Groups
(2011)
82,6% Romanish
7,9% Moldavian
4.2% Eganian
DemonymBorodynian (in))
bărădean, bărădeancă (ro)
Government
 • MayorDumitru Stărăian (PNL)
 • PartyPNL
Area
 • City287.8 km2
111.1 sq mi
 • Urban1,208.76 km2
466.62 sq mi
Elevation165-349 m (541-1145 ft)
Population
 • Estimate (2017)Increase 4,450,000
 • Density15,462/km2
Postal Code0xxxx
Websitebaradin.an

Bărădin (/bərə'din/, Ingerish: Borodyn; Eganian: Borodyna; Iviran: בורודין; Surian: Бороди́но; Gaerman: Waradein) is the federal capital, the most populous and the biggest municipality in Antharia, as well as one of the 33 Antharian counties. It has an estimated population of 4,450,000 (2017) on 287.8 km² (111.1 sq mi). Bărădin also serves as the capital of the Vallaquia province. The wider Bărădin metropolitan area (zonă urbană de Bărădin) is a polycentric metropolitan region which comprises the municipality of Bărădin, its conurbation and extended suburbs, towns and villages, as well as the municipality of Nădrăcin. It extends over 1,208.8 km² (466.6 sq mi) in central Vallaquia and has approximately 7,6 million inhabitants.

Bărădin is located in the northern section of the Bărăgan plain, near the Bărădina river, in the center of both the country and Vallaquia province. The Bărădin Municipality is bordered by the counties Chotin, Borogan, Arczel and Lapushna. The city's land is generally flat, the highest point being at 349 m (1145 ft) above sea level. As the capital city of Antharia, seat of government and residence of the retired Antharian monarch, Bărădin is also the political, economic and cultural center of the country. The current mayor is Dumitru Stărăian from the National Liberal Party (PNL).

Since the 18th century, Bărădin has been one of Uletha's major centres of finance, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts, being situated at the intersection of several cultures: Garlian and Pretanic, Iviran, Mazanic and Turquese, Eganian, Slevic and and Western Romantian (Ispelian, Darcordian). Borodyn's main attractions include its Kremlin, which is the seat of the Romanish Ekelan Church, the Old Princely Court (Curtea Domnească), the famous Shambord Avenue (Aleea Șambord), the royal palaces of Rosenburgh-Palas, Șambord, Șamborduț and Garchinburgh as well as their gardens, the Iviran neighborhoods Kaddesh, Qa'al Grande, Qa'al Chikou, Qaalbeq and their synagogues (especially the famous Qa'al Grande Synagogue), the still preserved 1852 Antharian National Exhibition, the Geolympic village and the "Colossus Anthari", the Carol I Gardens, the Radu Vodă Monastery and the fortification ring from the late 19th century. They draw more than 5 million international visitors annually.

Etymology

Borodyn and its Kremlin in 1698, Kalmish copper engraving

The Romanish name Bărădin has a unverified origin. In Romano-Slevic, the word stem borod means "pine wood", which might be connected to the large pine woods which used to cover the Romanish lands.

Other etymologies are given by early scholars like the Garlian traveler and writer Aureol Decmus, who said in 1667 that Bărădin was named after "Abor-Adin", the leader of the nomad tribe "Baba-Kureish" in the 4th century AD. In 1833, the Antharian historian Wilhelm Șvabach claimed that Bărădin, called Varadinum in Romantian, origins in the Estian words vár (castle, citadel) or várad (-ad is an Estian suffix in names of settlements).

A native or resident of Borodyn is called a "Borodynian" (Romanish: bărădean/bărădeancă).

History

Prehistory

The oldest evidence of humans on the territory of Bărădin dates from the Neolithic (Câmpul Mars archeological site on the Bărădina River). Other late evidence was discovered near the Sânnicolau Hill (the burial ground of the Berca culture, the site of the Iron Age settlement of the Storozhevoy culture), as well as in the Ca'al Cicu neighborhood.

In the 4th century BC, the lower Bărădina watershed became an area of contact between the indigenous Semetic tribes such as the indigenous Moorsh, the expanding nomad Hellanesians who settled on the Iviran coast and Southern Slevic peoples, who have expanded to this area in the 9th to 8th centuries BC. In the 4th century AD, the area was incorporated into the First Antharian Kingdom. By the 6th century, a minor settlement had appeared on the Jurcă peninsula.

Slavan Sur era (858 - 11th century)

The first known reference to Bărădin dates from 858 when the Citadel of Vorodino became the residence of the knyazhich Suvor II, son of knyaz Boris III, ruler of the Dukas-Toridava Principality of the Slavan Sur.

In 973, Peter Trutsky the Great extended the Vorodino citadel and built the Arkhangelsky Sobor, the oldest extant building in Bărădin, part of the former Lavra Vorodynska. By the early 11th century, Vorodino was a prosperous city that eclipsed the principality of Dukas-Toridava and became the capital of the new Vorodino Principality

Garlian colony

In 1180, the are was taken over by Garlians and named Romany (Romana/Romania), after its first Garlian prefect Roman Vitellius. Romany incorporated the regions Pollonia with the Romanish capital Colonia Romana (today Colomeea Reci), Quartia with its capital Turdava (today Sens), Varadinum-Helix with its capital Varadin(um) (today Bărădin), Zamolxis, Maldavia, Maromoros and Tyras

Neighborhoods

Population Name in Romanish Gaerman Iviran Arondissement Notes
Aerodrom
Armadia
Arsenal
Atinai
Balta Albă
Bărădinii Noi
Beith Lahim
Bichișciaba
Bragadiru
Briceni
Ca'al Beq
Ca'al Grande
Ca'al Cicu
Cartierul Evreiesc
Cartierul Franchez
Cembaur
Cervenca
Chilia
Circului
Codrii Șambord
Concordia
Corbeanca
Cotroceni
Cozmeni
Eipodrom
En Ghedin
Fireasca
Gării
Geolympia
Ghika-Palas
Ghizeth
Gorgani
Haïpha
Halelor
Hohenzoll
Ieremia
Iganiada
Ilat
Industria
Islaz
Jidha
Jurcă
Letea
Leurda
Levinț
Luminis
Madeleina
Mahala
Makarska
Mason
Miclăușeni
Miza
Moara Vlăsiei
Mugurdeni
Oregon
Păduriște
Pajura
Palas
Panduri
Panteleimon
Pârâul Doamnei
Pârghie
Pârscov
Poarta Bârcevei
Poarta Bruzari
Poarta Corției
Poarta Nouă
Poarta Regală
Poarta Rosenburgh
Poarta Sură
Poarta Vlăsiei
Răgăuți
Ragou
Râm
Râmnița
Rotari
Sălăjan
Șambord
Sânbazilu
Sângerman
Sângheorghiu Mare
Sânnicolau din Deal
Șarbek
Străgieni
Tei
Tercinar
Therezia
Victoria
Videle
Viișor
Vivamus
Vlasca
Voința
Vreaza
Vrâncioaia
Xantipa
Zografu

Climate

Provinces and counties in Antharia
Steag Bugeac.png Budshak Province

Bercea-IzvoareDrageaIvireanaNăsăudVlașca-Sighet

Steag Cadrilater.png Quadrilateral Province
AbaliaAnțiaAttikaCallatisCiprineeaKaliakraKaraimanReciTurtukaia

Steag Dalbatria.png Dalbatria Province
BuzagiaCalabașiTârnava MareTârnava Mică

Steag Polonia.png Pollonia Province
CarașMuscelPiatraȘapte Sate

Steag Corția.png Quartia Province
RomanațiTorontalTurdava

Steag Valahia.png Vallaquia Province
AlmașArțelBărădinBărăganHotinLăpușnaStoroginețȘapirioTrei Scaune