Borevvia

From OpenGeofiction Encyclopedia
Revision as of 22:09, 21 November 2020 by BDoyle (talk | contribs)
Jump to: navigation, search
9, -2.4835, 168.0510
The Sovereign Kingdom of Borevvia
Borevvia
Official flag used since 1929
Flag
Motto:
"Forever of the People"
Anthem:
Ode to Solaria
CapitalAtlaine
Largest cityRoldayton
Official languagesIngrish
 • National languagesBurev
 • Regional languagesLussaic
DemonymBorevvian, Solarian
GovernmentParliamentary Republic
 • First MinisterJaco Turr
 • Second MinisterCynthia Platt
LegislatureParliament
 • Upper houseHouse of Delegates
Area
 • Total88,229.58 km2
34,065.63 sq mi
Population
 • Census (2019)13,735,502
 • Density155.7/km2
403.2/sq mi
GDP (PPP)
 • TotalUSD 911.1b
 • Per capitaUSD 66,331.76
HDI (2019)0.941
very high
CurrencyBorev (β) (BOR)
Drives on theLeft
Internet TLD.bv

Borevvia (formerly or coloquially known as Solaria) is a sovereign state situated on the eastern coast of Archanta Major, or rather in North Archanta, south of Drenth-Line-Feze, bordering Utopis to the south, Merganien to the east, and Wintania to the west. Borevvia gained independence in 1799 and capitalised on the progresses of the Industrial Revolution over the course of the following century, quickly becoming a densely populated, culturally rich, economically potent world player. In the 21st century, Borevvia has leveraged its global standing thanks to its thriving consumer industries, namely the production of light vehicles and electronics, and through the sustainable exports of its natural resources. Borevvia's government is controlled by three main parties (socialist-left Labour, moderate-left National Democratic Party, or NDP , and the Centrist Coalition). Borevvia's citizens vote every four years for a First Minister and Second Minister, who are both appointed as a pair by their parties, and every two years on parliament members, who are awarded to individual states or counties in proportion to population. First and Second Ministers can serve two terms unless they can win 75% or more of the popular vote. Borevvia's government is known for progressive policy and inclusive tripartisan politics, and the country as a whole is known for sustainable climate and business practice, for its stable economy, social safety nets including public healthcare options and excellent public railway systems, as well as natural and architectural beauty and an extremely prevalent middle class, of which 81% of the country's population is estimated to belong.

History

Pre-Independence (The Solarian and Mangarian Eras, 13th century to 1799)

Borevvia, recognised until the mid-19th century as Solaria, was ruled by proxies from various Archantan nations for many centuries. During Hawang Si's reign as emperor of Commonia, from 1776 to the early 1800s, Commonian territories extended as far east as present-day Utopis, Wintania, and Borevvia, as well as large territorial parcels in ar106, ar107, and present-day Mudembark. Drenth-Line-Feze controlled nearly the entire northern coast of Borevvia, from present-day Rochester and points north to Hull and the border with Merganien, as well lands as far south as Ayer and Ricoport. The Solaarr region of Borevvia (essentially all points west and southwest of Atlaine) and the Lussaic Rainforest were inhabited by the Burev peoples, who lived in tribes, and, by the 18th century, had organised their tribal territories into self-governing areas with suprising efficency. Hawang Si, as emperor, was keen to advance Commonia's empirical status, and had attempted (in 1783) to conquer the rest of Solaria as a Commonian colony. The Burev people, who by this point were advancing as a society, and had formed an unofficial centralised government, led by Aglaf Sfr, united and successfully held off Commonia's attack. The Burev people would accept Commonian ownership of their land, but not Commonian governance or taxation, two things which were considered mutually exclusive. This incident was known as the Commo-Burev Conflict, and led Hawang Si to realise that control of Solaria would not be easily won. The government of Drenth-Line-Feze, led by Heerot Hughes, having heard news of the Commonian conflict, rushed to defend its colony, and issued warning to Hawang Si, that Solaria was the rightful territory of the Burev people. Hawang-Si and his empire retreated, and Drenth-Line-Feze signed a treaty with Aglaf Sfr and the Burev people, extending Drenth-Line-Feze's colony to include Solaria and Lussaia, while allowing the Burevs to self-govern without interference from Drenth-Line-Feze.

Drenth Colonisation

However, as the 18th century neared its end, changes in Drenth-Line-Feze's government also directly affected Drenth-Burev relations. Heerot Hughes died in 1789, leaving control of Solaria, northern Borevvia (then known as Andrussa) and the rest of Borevvia (largely uncharted and unclaimed) to his nephew, Mangar Hughes III. Mangar Hughes was a far less lenient leader, bent on transforming Drenth-Line-Feze into a global superpower. Mangar III expanded the Drenth military, in turn accruing more territorial wealth, and, in 1792, launched a campaign to conquer all of present-day Borevvia, or lands including Solaria, Androssa, Merganne (the eastern half of Borevvia) and part of Lussaia. The Burev people were unsuccessful in holding off Mangar's armies and peacefully ceded the land to the Drenth government in August of 1792. For the next seven years (known as the Mangarian Era), Borevvia was a colony of Drenth-Line-Feze, and blended Burev and Drenth cultures with surprising success.

Declaration of Independence and the Death of Mangar Hughes III

The end of the Mangarian Era came suddenly, beginning in 1798, when Mangar III drafted several thousand Burevs into his armies, in preparation for an attack on Rhododactylia. Burevs were peaceful, anti-war people, who (along with an increasing number of integrated Drenth citizens living in Burev society) still saw Aglaf Sfr as their unofficial leader. Aglaf Sfr was seventy years old in 1798 and his health was beginning to decline. He was quoted saying that he could not die having failed his people and having given away their homeland. Aglaf led an army of Burevs (despite having been opposed to military practices all his life) across the canal from what was then the port of Rochester, to Emden in Drenth-Line-Feze, and north along the floodpan valley from Emden to De Maaten, where Mangar III and his government were headquartered.

In December of 1798, Sfr and his army arrived in De Maaten to recall the Burev soldiers. However, Sfr and his company did not act immediately; upon approaching the city, they dispersed, and many took up lodgings on the outskirts of De Maaten while Sfr spent the winter drafting a declaration of independence and receiving advice from his countrymen. In February of 1799, the declaration was signed by Sfr and high-ranking members of his company; they marched into the centre of De Maaten, presented the document to Mangar III, and rounded up the roughly 3,000 Burevs. (By this point, Mangar III had become unpopular in his kingdom and his warring practices were not universally supported.) Mangar immediately rejected the document and drove the Burevs out of the city, and declared war on Borevvia soon after.

Independence and the Death of Aglaf Sfr

Realising that his noble plan had backfired, Aglaf Sfr returned to his home and began preparing for an imminent attack. The attack never came. On March 1st, 1799, news of Mangar III's death was relayed to Borevvia, and the acting leader of Drenth-Line-Feze, unrelated to the Hughes dynasty, granted Borevvia independence on April 12th of that year. (It is almost universally accepted, but not proven, that Mangar III was poisoned, but speculation still exists as to whom could have done this.) Aglaf Sfr had already, with help from his company, devised a constitution, and Borevvia declared sovereignty the same day. Sfr led the country from 1799 to 1802 and appointed Winulf Nonn as his successor in the event of his death. Sfr died in January 1802 at 74 years old, and is still regarded as a Borevvian hero, with parks, roads, buildings, and countless other monuments dedicated to his protection of his people and their homeland. He was regarded as a model of wisdom and peace, and is credited with shaping nonconfrontational Borevvian foreign policies. The national motto ("Forever of the People") is said to be a motto of Sfr's.

Statistics & Information

Population

Population 13,735,502 (late 2020 est.)

Population Density (citizens per square kilometre) 155.7

Nationalities & Adjectives Borevvian, Solarian, Borev, BV (abbreviation), SL (abbreviation)

Median Age 41.7 y.o.

Population Change Rate (year-over-year) -0.09%

Population Distribution Coastlines and flat terrains traditionally attracted thick settlement. Large concentrations of population in the northern and western areas of the country, especially on the west coast, which is known as the Coast of Ores. The eastern and southern parts of the country, typically hotter and flatter, and with more fertile soil, attracted more agricultural and rural land uses. Notably, the Lussaic Rainforest International Area of Natural Beauty (LRIAoNB) is home to several small groups of indigenous Archantan peoples, whose rights and land claims have been respected by the Borevvian government especially since the passing of the Indigenous Peoples Protection Act in 1865. Otherwise, Lussaia is extremely sparsely populated, accounting for just 1.9% of the country's civilization but for a huge percent of its land holdings. The Lussaic Rainforest is protected by several national and international laws as it is a major source of biodiversity and oxygen production.

Population Distribution by Area Urban, Suburban, Exurban (thickly-settled areas) (70.7%), other areas (29.3%).

Population of Important Cities (2020 est.)


Life Expectancy at Birth 82.1 years

Clean water access 100% of population

Electricity access 99.4% of population

Homelessness rate 0.13% of population

Access to healthcare at least once a year 100% of population

Current Health Expenditure 9.3% of GDP

Physicians per 1000 citizens 3.1

Hospital beds per 1000 citizens 5.8

Adult obesity rate 9.6%

Current Public Education Expenditure 8.1% of GDP

Literacy over age 10 100%

Unemployment 3.2%


Geography

Location Eastern Archanta (Archanta Major), bordering Utopis, Merganien, and Wintania by land, and Drenth-Line-Feze by water. Geographic Coordinates -2.309/168.050

Territorial Area 88,229.58 sq. km (34,065 sq. mi.), including water

Climate Short, wet winters, with heavy rain but little to no snowfall, and long, humid summers. Average temperatures range from 38 degrees fahrenheit in January (the coldest month) to 92 degrees fahrenheit in August (the warmest month). The varied temperatures in the country are unusual for a country so near to an equator, and several theories exist as to why Borevvia's temperatures can drop to such lows in the colder months.

Terrain & Elevation Terrain is characterised by rocky, sandy coasts, and sandy, mineral-rich soil, with hills and mountains in northern and western parts of the country. The eastern and southern parts of the country are largely flat, and agricultural practices have evolved to accommodate the unusual soil. Rock and precious metals are prevalent near the top layers of the soil, which lend themselves to mining, a major Borevvian economic activity. Numerous waters and wetlands fill the lowest elevations, and, notably, the lowest point in Borevvia not filled by water is in Sayers Valley near the western coast, at a point called Sandy Dell, where millions of years of sand and soil erosion have reduced elevation to -29m (-98ft). The highest point in the country is Mount Lussaia, a peak in the Lussaic Rainforest, with an elevation of 1888m (6194ft).

Mean Elevation 12m (39.37ft)

Natural Resources Sand, slate, salt, minerals, precious metals, clay, forestry products, agricultural products & sustainable energies (wind, solar, hydroelectric).

Landuses Forest (43.2%), Agricultural Lands (21.8%), Urban, Suburban, and Exurban Areas (29.4%), Other Uses (5.6%)


Government

Recognised Status Sovereign state

Full name Sovereign Kingdom of Borevvia

Known as Borevvia, Solaria

Etymology The Borev, Buref, Burev, or Byrrevv peoples (records vary) inhabited small pockets of land in northeastern Archanta Major, in a region known as Solaarr, hundreds of years before Borevvia was colonised.

ID 3343

OGF ID ar104a


Government Type Parliamentary Republic

Capital Atlaine Geographic Coordinates -1.5736/167.8112

Independence Declared 1799 (from Drenth-Line-Feze)

National Holiday April 12 (Independence Day)

Other Major Holidays Festifa (December 18th to January 5th), Boxing Day (January 6th), Labour Days (February 1st, May 1st, August 1st, October 1st, December 1st), Summer Holiday (typically the third week or the second half of June).

Constitution First ratified in April 1799, amended nearly 100 times since then (Members of Parliament can put forward amendments for a vote, or citizens can petition to put forward an amendment if they receive more than 100,000 signatures).

Legal System Civil law & modern criminal justice systems. Sidenote: Borevvia is known for less traditional punishments for nonviolent criminals including community service, long parole sentences, and intensive psychiatric therapies, instead of long jail sentences. Borevvian jails are known for their focus on rehabilitation instead of punishment.

Voting age 18 y.o.

Citizenship by birth Yes

Citizenship by descent Yes

Earned citizenship Yes, automatically, after maintaining a primary residence in Borevvia for more than 270 days per year for 10 years, or by application, after maintaining a residence for more than 200 days a year for at least 3 years.


Executive Branch

Heads of State First Minister Jaco Turr & Second Minister Cynthia Platt of the National Democratic Party (elected 2010, 2014, 2020)
First Head of State Winulf Nonn (1802-1810)
  • Borevvia's citizens vote every four years for a First Minister and Second Minister, who are both appointed as a pair by their parties, and every two years on parliament members, who are awarded to individual states or counties in proportion to population. First and Second Ministers can serve two terms unless they can win 75% or more of the popular vote. (Currently, in 2020, the BDP regime, consisting of Jaco Turr and Cynthia Platt as First and Second Ministers respectively, is in its third term, having won the vote in 2010, 2014, and 2018. In 2018 the party won 77% of the vote, narrowly winning a third term, as the administration's successes have been widespread and consistent. Early polling indicates that in 2022, the administration (which would have to receive 85% of the vote to win again) will be superseded by an administration from the Labour party, whose nominees have not been named yet.)
Cabinet (in order of rank)
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs Noel Gaujhur
  • Minister of Interior Affairs Amanda Call
  • Minister of Finance Stepen Shefer
  • Minister of Health and Welfare Schmidt Patterson
  • Minister of Intelligence and Defence Gwenyth Morrow
  • Minister of Environment and Energy Jule Willau
  • Minister of Transport Hyrum Dillard
  • Minister of Culture and Media Jessica Reeney
  • Minister of the Treasury Damian Berg
  • Minister of Banking Stella Scott-Mallow
  • Minister of Education Samantha MacConn
  • Minister of Labour June ffrost
  • Minister of Trade Rhonda Grishham
  • Minority Ministers Lawrie Sutt (Labour Party), Alex Berry (Centrist Coalition)
Elections & Appointments First and Second Ministers are appointed by their party. Cabinet members are appointed by First and Second Ministers within the 60-day transition period immediately following an election.

Legislative Branch

Legislature Parliament with delegates from each county or state; amount of delegates is proportionate to population (ex: Sayers County has more delegates than Arkon).
  • When a bill is written and put forward (by at least 2 delegates), every citizen votes. Delegates within each county are expected (but not bound) to vote in line with the citizens of their county. (ex: If Willesden County votes FOR a specific bill, but certain delegates feel strongly about the issue, they can vote against their domain. However, this has been known to hurt public opinions of delegates.)