Demirhanlı Devleti

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7, -34.448, 166.432
Devlet-i Aliyye-i Demirhâniyye
Flag
Motto:
"Fethetmek için bir arazi her zaman vardır"
There is always a land to conquer
CapitalTarsinar
Largest cityArdeşehir
Official languagesAlkanlı
 • Regional languagesAlmukhtaran, Haroni, Ibriyim
Ethnic Groups
(2015)
Alkanler (72%), Haroni (13%), Almukhtar (12%), Ibriyim (2%), other (1%)
NationalitiesAlkanler (99%)[1]
DemonymDemirhanı
GovernmentParliamentary Monarchy
 • SultanSelim V
 • Grand VizierYazinci Mustafa Paşa
LegislatureNational Assembly
Area
 • Total72636.82 km2
28045.23 sq mi
 • Water (%)2.1
Population
 • Estimate (2017)8,387,559
 • Census (2015)8,378,736
 • Density125,2[2]/km2
319/sq mi
GDP (PPP)
 • Total$205.780 billions
 • Per capita$24,534
GDP (nominal)
 • Total85.838 billions
 • Per capita$10,234
HDI (2016)0.755
high
TimezoneUTC+11
Currencyliras (NDL)
Internet TLD.dd

Demirhanlı Devleti (Ingerish: Demirhan Empire) is a small, but very combative country country located on the bottom of Astrasia. It covers area of 72636.82 squere kilometers. The capital of the empire is Tarsinar, second largest city in the country, the bigger is Ardeşehir, an old capital.

Geography

Tarsinar
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
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Imperial conversion
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Country is relatively flat, but in the north of of the Alaklareli Ayalet lie Mancalir Highlands, which transponds into Quahhari mountain range. Another macroformation is Yevercin desert, which covers most of the Siverflik Eyalet.

In most of the soil, above thin hummus layer there is a lot of sand, but in the lower parts dominates clay. Between rivers Sarica and Yanik and Nazip and Sarash lie huge amounts of peat, which is primary energy source in these lands. More geologically interesting land is find in the Quahhari mountain range, where are coal, boksites and ferrum mines.

Despite small size Demirhanlı Devleti extends across big variety of climate zones. On the coast there is a huge mediteranean climate zone, which change into hot steppe in the Tarsinar Eyalet. In the north, near Qahhari mountain range there is a warm vontinental climate zone. The Siverflik Eyalet is mainly a cold desert climate zone.

The largest river in the country is Yenik river, which flows from Quahhari mountains to the lake Tarsak, from which split rivers flow to the ocean. The other notably river is Kirklar, which get to the ocean near city Malazit. Also in the middle of the Yevercin desert lie great lake Elazit near which is located city of Siverflik and several villages.

History

See also: List of rulers of Demirhanlı Devleti

Pre-Demirhan era

Before unification of the country under Demirhans there was present a number of city states called beyliks or emirates, depending on the region they were located. The most dominant power in the region was ancient Haronian Empire covering northern part of the empire. At the greatest extent it covered present Sivereflik Eyaleti, Alaklareli Eyaleti, north of Tarsinar Eyaleti and countries Dağırmak Cumhuriyeti and Buildtion. In some time periods it shortly occupied regions near Muneig Bay.

Formation

The beginnings of Demirhanlı Devleti starts in 1001, when someone called Demirhan Bey arrived to Afyonkaris with a group of hirelings. They killed local ruler and established control around the local villages. In this time after being in impression of local people truthfulness and depth of their faith Demirhan Bey to convert to Iman religion which was also popular in Haronian Empire, which was dominant power of the region at the time. When Demirhan Bey and his people officialy converted, Demirhan family become a hereditary rulers of Afyonkaris. Although traditionally Demirhan Bey is known as being Alkanlı, many historians says that he descends from other ethnic group living in this territory.

Demirhan Bey and his sons in about two hundred years gained control of the most of the west coast of Muneig Bay due to marriage rather than war. In 1181 the head of the dynasty, Murat II was the ruler of biggest piece of land in his neighbourhood. He decided to take biggest port in the bay - Ardeşehir. He herded army of 40,000 man and attacked the city. After two years long siege, Demirhans captured the city. After that Murat II named himself sultan or padishah in Haroni language.

The Conquer

Murat II

When Murat II captured Ardeşehir, the state achieved a half of current area. It was a sign to begin huge reforms. Murat understood he can't rule big country only by himself, so he created the Divan Council in which were four viziers (ministers) one for each province. As the head of the council served Grand Vizier (alk. Vezîr-i âzam). All of the viziers were directly appointed and dissmissed by sultan. The competences of viziers were very wide - they commanded their own armies and actually ruled their provinces. Also Murat II reformed the army, employing the first professional soldiers, trained from the children of conquered nations.

Before the first of the yeñiçeri (new army) end their training and can be used in war, Murat II died. His son, Ahmet I gathered the army of sixtyy thousand men and rushed to Tarsinar, which was in possesion of Hamadi family, which controlled not much less territory than Demirhans. Yusuf al-Hamadi, leader of the Hamadi dynasty tried to stop him near Garmeş. The battle of Garmeş begun 15 July 1207 and lasted two days. Al-Hamadi died in battle bu many of his soldiers fled to Tarsinar, where his son, Muhammad tried to resist. Although thick walls of the city could stand long time siege, there were not enough stock of food, so he decided to give up after two months. Ahmet I accepted his offer, but ordered egzecution of all al-Hamadi family members after eight months.

After the war with al-Hamadis Ahmet started to look greedily for the small kingdoms on the east between his lands and the sea. The campaign started in 1219 and lasted nearly to death of the sultan in 1222. The empire was exhausted by war and divided between Ahmets' sons İbrahim and Beyezid. Almukhtar emirs of Sivereflik and other near cities decided to use an opportunity and attack the empire together, unfortunetely for İbrahim, who occupied Tarsinar. Bayezid sent a letter to emirs and offfered his help in eradicating every trace of İbrahim, as the letter said. In 1224 İbrahim was killed. To celebarate the victory Bayezid organised a feast for emirs, where he poisoned them. Almukhtar army, which still stationed in Tarsinar without their commanders, decided to accept Bayezid rule. Bayezid waited three years and then rushed on the emir of Sivereflik. Army of emir was untrained and never used in battle, so the conquer was very quick and ended with light losses on Bayezid side.

Next centuries Demirhans spent on fighting with emirates from Yevercin desert from which most notable was al-Siver (present day Sivereflik) emirate which fell to Demirhans in early XV century and Haronian Empire. Haronis were pushed off to the mountains in XIV century but they were conquered after battle of Meşkezar in 1675, where the last Haronian shah, Darius VIII was killed.

Problems

Mehmet VI the Reformer

Next few centuries was really stable and prosperous for the empire but in the next years Demirhanlı Devleti fell into great faction war which cost a lot of money and made the empire weak and unstable. Sultans were changed often. sometimes murdered by the weak-paided army sometimes poisoned by their servants. Due to serious problems with taking loans empire sold the terrain called now Buildtion to Ingerland, which was their first colony in this part of Archanta.

The need for reforms was very strong and sultan Mehmet VI decided to make it. He annouced in 1826 the program called Arıtma, which in Alkanlar language means purification. The main theme for that was to separate religious law from the state law. Although sultan continued using the title of Iman caliph (which was one of the imperial titles since Murat II) and still was a head of empire's Iman community, the state law was reformed and all people living in the empire got the equal laws. Also the bussines law was separated from religion, what allowed to open first bank, the Demirhan National Bank.

Another reform which was taken during this time was associated with system of government. Anachronical Divan Council, which consist of four viziers since reign of Murat II, was abolished. The new Divan Council, first constitued in 1837 was consisted of minister of treasury, minister of war, minister of internal affairs, minister of external affairs, minister of justice and minister of imperial propaganda. Also, if there was a need to the council could be added some extra viziers, which happened in 1856 (unsuccesful Almukhtars revolt) and 1878 (Muneig revolt). Viziers were also not allowed to be the provincional governors and except the Grand Vizier they didn't command the army.

The final reform of the sultan Mehmet VI was making the first constitution of the Demirhan Empire in 1841 and performing the first free elections to the parlament in 1843. Mehmet VI thought that when he get part of responsibility for the country to the people, they will have more national identity. Although he knew he must be confident that the results of the elections should be corrrect, so he called his damat (imperial son-in-law) Ahmet Paşa to create a party, which could won. The Fatih Partisi due to great financial assistance easily won the election and got the standalone majority in the new parliament.

Mehmets son, Selim IV started to modernise the country industry and built first railway in the country.

Mehmet's hopes could not change reality. Newly organised state did not create new nationality. Very liberal peoples living on the east coast of the empire did not accept the conservative majority in parliament elected by Almukhtars and Alkanlars. Also the very conservative Almukhtars did not like secular constitution and wanted to restore a caliphate. Sultan throw away all complains, what in short time made the people rebellious.

Komünist Halil Bey, leader of Işçi Partisi shortly before death in riots of 1963

In 1878 Demirhans lost Muneig and shortly after AR032d. Unsuccesuful policy of Fatih Partisi caused that they lost majority in elections in 1880 and had to form an exotic coalition with Işçi Partisi (Workers Party), which was the only party, which did not want to abolish monarchy at the time. In 1882 sultan Ahmet III dissolved National Assembly, becouse the parliament created a law, which highly limited his powers, which was a secret plan of Grand Vizier Tevfik Paşa, who wants more power.

After that Ahmet III used all his powers to repress society. Three years later, in 1885, the army dethroned Ahmet III in coup attempt and chose his brother, Süleyman as new padishah. Although new sultan did not change anything, when he ascended to throne, he understood that secularisation is really a must. In 1916 the current constitution was saccepted by 77,19% of votes in public referendum. It completely abolished Demirhan Caliphate and restricted the powers of sultan, especially in commanding empire's army. Also the capital of the country was changed from coastal Ardeşehir to inland Tarsinar.

Despite reforms, in 1963 the Işçi Partisi and Sosyalist Halk Partisi (Socialist Peoples Party) started to revolt to overthrow monarchy. The revolt was bloody estinguished by the army and year later all leftist parties were abolished and their members were arrested.

Present times

Today Demirhan Empire is relatively smoothy, but very conservative state. The Fatih Partisi still hold a majority in government and there is no need to reforms in the peoples minds.

Politics

Current Grand Vizier Yazinci Mustafa Paşa

See also: List of pashas

The leader of the empire is sultan. His powers are:

  • dissolving the National Assembly.
  • appointing the Grand Vizier and government.
  • dissolving the government.
  • giving a veto for particular acts of the law.
  • appointing members of judicary.

Lawmaking is reserved for one house parliament called National Assembly, in which takes a sit 250 lawmakers, each 50 for one elayet. Since the coup de etat in 1964 all traditional leftist parties are banned, although some right wing and central parties adopted social aspects of their programs. To get to the National Assembly party must get total score in elections of 5% votes or more.

Traditional council of ministers (viziers) since 1916 consists of: minister of war, minister of internal affairs, minister of external affairs, minister of justice, minister of infrastructure, minister of social affairs and minister of imperial propaganda. In external politics empire tends to soft isolationism, but holds affairs with many countries around the world.

Results of 2015 elections

Ulusal Konseyi
National Assembly
DemirhanNA.svg
Legend
Party Percentage of votes Seats Short program summary
   Fatih Partisi (FP, Victory Party) 40,74 116 Traditional, militaristic and promonarchical party. It leads in the national elections since establishing a parliament in 1843 due to using power of Ministry of Imperial Propaganda. Many of party leaders are assoviated by a marriage with sultans family. Party is the adherer of Third Way economic policy. In coalition with IMYD.
   Geleneksel İman Partisi (GİP, Tradional Iman Party) 16,16 46 This party wants to reestablish religious law in the empire (caliphate was abolished in 1916, when secular constitution was improved). It is natural coalitiant for MCP, but in 1996 the long time coalition was broken because of conflict about wearing religious clothes in public. They are followers of socialist economy.
   Muhafazakar Cumhuriyetçi Partisi (MCP, Conservative Republican Party) 9,83 28 One of the few republican parties in the empire. In great opposition to other parties in parliament except RP. They want to change a country into a modern, liberal democracy.
   Imparatorluğun Milliyetçi Yeniden Doğuş (IMYD, National Rebirth of the Empire) 8,43 24 Since last election coalitiant of FP. Party wants to intensify pro-war propaganda and destroy small countries on the east of the empire. Party wants to control economy by a central of the state.
   Rum Partisi (RP, Minorities Party) 6,67 19 Party represents inhabitants of the empire from minor peoples. They fight, sometimes really fight for their laws and freedoms. By FP and IMYD they are often accuse of wanting a partition of the empire. Party is a adherer of Third Way economic policy.
   Halklar Partisi (HP, People Party) 5,97 17 Except of being the peoples party they are really conservative and traditional. Their program is focused on agrarian part of the society. Party wants to build a socialist economic state. Often accused to be leftist and many parties want to delegalize them.

Religion

The main religion of the country is Iman religion in their Irfan philosophy. About 94% of people living in the empire are Iman believers. The rest was mainly christic or secular Imans, which is a term meaning people, who were grown in Iman culture and tradition. Being simply atheist is still not allowed.

The most important group of people, who aren't Iman believers are Ibriyim people who still believe their own relion called Halakha which can be viewed as earlier version of Iman.

Economy

The ruling party of the cuntry is for years a third way policy follower. This means all people in the empire are granted many social privillages and the private bussiness is limited on some level. Strategical parts of the industry, such as elictricity, mining and production of weapons is restricted to the government.

The country products and export huge amounts of weapons and has one firm, which is making cars - Vehikar. Other pillar of the Demirhan economy is constructing ships. The main source for money is agriculture.

Demirhan Empire also owns state carrier airline - Demirhan Airlines.

Tourism

Because of nice and diversified climate Demirhan Empire is popular target for tourist for all Astriasia. Due to foreign policy, which do not allow anyone cross the Demirhan border without a visa, the profits generated by a tourism are much smaller then it could be if the government have decided to permit the free travel.

Economy partners

The most important partner of the Demirhan Empire is Unesia to which Demirhans export huge amounts of food. The contries of the east coast imports mainly ships and weapons.

Currency

The currency of the empire is lira, which divides on 100 kuruşes. Although lira is in use since 1843, when it substituted original currency called Agçe, it was often denominated due to inflation. The last denomination was in 2008, when Demirhan Lira was renamed New Demirhan Lira. The currency returned to name Demirhan Lira in 2012.

Administrative divisions

Demirhanlı Devleti is divided on five provinces - eyalets, which are grouped for statistical reasons to one region - Karadolu. The head of the province uses a title of pasha, which is used also for ministers (viziers) and generals. Every pasha is appointed by a sultan, but each province also have their own Provincial Assembly, which contains of 30-45 deputies. Each province divides on sancaks. The head of every sancak is sancakbey (also shorter called bey), which iss appointed by governor of the province. Beys are obliged to collect the taxes and give reports about their sancaks to the pashas and execute their orders.

Eyalets

List of Eyalets
Eyalet Area Population Population density Ethnic groups
Alkanlar Haroni Almukhtars Ibriyim Other
Population Percentage Population Percentage Population Percentage Population Percentage Population Percentage
Tarsinar 14807,78 2356777 159/km^2 1838286 78% 235678 10% 242289 10% No census provided 40524 2%
Ardeşehir 3365.77 2206762 656/km^2 2096424 95% 22068 1% 66203 3% No census provided 22067 1%
Alaklareli[3] 9865,87 1466800 149/km^2 864558 58,94% 428834 29,24% 126697 8,64% 17326 1,18% 29385 2,00%
Malazıt 11348.63 1573493 138/km^2 1353204 86% 31470 2% 173084 11% No census provided 15735 1%
Sivereflik 27540.60 783727 29/km^2 86853 11% 164490 21% 531367 68% No census provided 1017 0%

Demographics

A painting of Ibriyim man praying in tradional dress

The dominant group in empire's society are Alkanlars, who represent 74% of society. Alkanlar nomads arrived to Demirhan Empire in early VII century from the plains of AR120. After arise of the Almukhtar caliphate the Almukkhtar tribes were conquered, but never imanized since Demirhan Bey changed his faith to Iman. Becouse of that Alkanlars still believe in some folk legends such as ginies. Many people, who today speaks alkanlar in daily live are not true Alkanlars but people, who were alkanlarized by the Demirhanlı Devleti. The Alkanlars speak Alkanliye Dili, which is a Turquan dialect.

Second national group of people, who live in Demirhan Empire are Haronis, another people, who arrived to empire from terrains of AR120. They live in the mountaineus Mancalir region in the north of the country. In the few past years is observed growth of the separatist aspiration between them, due to leftist way of life. Their language belong to Aharoni language group.

The third of the biggest national groups are Almukhtars. There are two places, where these people live. The first is Yevercin desert, where live Almukhtars closely related with these, who live in Unesia. Second are Mud Almukhtars, who live on the swamps between rivers Yenik and Sarıca. Almukhtars are the most traditional and conservative gropus of the empire.

The last of the significant minorities are Ibriyim people, who live mosly on Malazit/Sivereflik border.

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References

  1. Other nationalities are not recognised by the empire
  2. Land area only
  3. According to 2017 census by National Bureau of Census