Difference between revisions of "Eshein"
|Line 360:||Line 360:|
[[File:folkhergen.jpg|500px|thumb|left|The palace in the gardens, 3rd Island, [[New Tyrrin]]]]
The '''''' is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of Eshein consisting of two chambers: the Senate and the National Assembly.
A combination of two [[Eshen]] words: "Folke"- people, and "
A combination of two [[Eshen]] words: "Folke"- people, and ""- , means together "People "- what holds the Eshens together as one nation and not two separate ones.
===Upper House- Senate of Eshein===
===Upper House- Senate of Eshein===
Latest revision as of 13:44, 27 June 2020
|9, 43.1801, 129.4767|
|Kingdom of Eshane|
Kunigæn av Eshein (HE)
Kunigryk av Eshein (YE)
Königreich von Eschäjn (Kalmish)
"Bolde unt Fray"
Bold and Free
|Largest city||New Tyrrin (de facto) Northriver (de jure)|
|Official languages||Eshen, Ingerish, Kalmish|
|• National languages||Mergan|
|Government||Federal constitutional monarchy|
|• Independence||December 12, 1806 From Ingerland|
|• Queen||Queen Helena|
|• President||Allena Wingerson|
|• Vice President||Albert Filler|
|• Upper house||Senate of Eshein|
|• Lower house||Eshen National Assembly|
|• Total||13,927 (with water 13,965.57 km²) km2|
|• Census (2016)||5,342,700|
|Timezone||Eshein Standard Time (WUT +8)
|Currency||Eshen Colen (€) (ESC)|
|Drives on the||right|
Eshein, officially Kingdom of Eshane ['ɛʃeɪn] (Hauptland Eshen: Kunigæn av Eshein ['kʊnɪ:gæn] or Yll Eshen Kunigryk av Eshein ['kʊnɪ:grɪk], Kalmish: Königreich von Eschäjn) is a country in eastern Uletha bordered by Mergany and Viljanni to the north, by Nelavia to the south, by the Darcodian Sea to the west and by the Gulf of Volta (Ardentic Ocean) to the east.
It covers an area of 13,927 square kilometres and has a population of approximately 5.3 million.
Eshein is home to two main ethnic groups: the Mergans, which constitutes about 56 percent of the population, and the Ingrans, which comprises about 40 percent of the population. Two of the additional 4 percent are Medestlandese, while the rest are from other ethnic groups.
Eshein is a federal constitutional monarchy with a presidential system of governance. It is divided into two semi-autonomous states, Keswerg and Atelfain. Keswerg is located in the southern part of the Volta island and Atelfain on the north of the Eshen peninsula, with the Strait of Owneheym between them. The capital of the kingdom is New Tyrrin and de facto it is also the largest city but de jure it is not one city, what makes Northriver the largest city.
The two stats of Eshein, Atelfain and Keswerg, existed even before Eshein did. They were founded after the Ingerish colonization, during the formation of the New Colsex colony. The Ingerans occupid the land of the Mergan state of Kalmischen and made it their colony after renaming it to "New Colsex", a pronounceable name for the them. The Ingrans forced the Gearmanspachig-Mergans ro live in the south while they would live in the north. In 1742 the ingrans formed a treaty, the New Colsex Treaty, that will devide the colony into two regions, which are the states nowadays. The Kingdom, as it is today, was created in 1806 during the Eshen Revolutionary War led the first queen of Eshein, Queen Angela The Founder.
Eshein is a developed country with great economy and high life quality. It is one of the founding members of the Eastern Ulethan Organisation of Independent Allies (EUOIA) and is a member of the Assembly of Nations.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 National symbols
- 3 History
- 4 Geography and Environment
- 5 Government
- 5.1 Monarchy
- 5.2 Parliament
- 5.3 Administrative Division
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Foreign Relations
- 8 Culture
- 9 Gallery
- 10 External links
The name "Eshein" came as a variation of the old name of the region, Kalmischen, and was chosen as the name of the kingdom during the Eshen Revolutionary War in 1806.
The name drives from the old Mergan name of the Eshen region, Kalmishen. A common shortend name was "Ishen". Queen Angela loved its resemblance to the Eshen word for Ashes, "Eshyn" [`eʃin] and chose to combind the common name of the region with the Eshen word, resolting the current name of Eshein. For her, the name symbolizes the rebelion, the war and the unity that created the kingdom.
It was chosen in 1806, during the formation of the kingdom's constitution, by the Queen.
For that queen the name also reminded the ashes that covered Tengah's sky while her husband's palace was on fire caused by her.
In the beginning, there were three formal names to the kingdom: one in every official language. The Eshen name was "Eshein" The Kalmish name was "Eschen" And the Ingerish one was "Eshain" But not long after the Eshen version was the most common one, what made the Ingrish and Kalmish names to adapt the eshen pronounciation. The Ingerish became identical due to similarity between writing systems and the Kalmish name became "Eschäjn" so it will sound the same as the other two.
In most languages, the kingdom's name is related to the word "Ashes" (for ex. Aceniza in Castellanese).
Kingdom of Undek (600-1270)
Kongarit ade Undek capital:Imperium coming soon...
The State of Kalmischen (1421-1674)
Eshein's land was ruled by Mergany and was a part of it, Separation of Mergany in 1434, as the state of Kalmischen, until it was occupied by Ingerland in "The Battle of Midge" in 1674. It was one of Mergany's states and it was called "Kalmischen". The reason for this name was this state being the only Kalmish-speaking state in Mergany, and not Mergan-speaking like the rest of Mergany.
New Colsex (1674-1806)
- Main Article New Colsex
In 1673 the land was ruled by Ingerland after they occupied from Mergany in "The Battle of Midge". The reason for the occupation was to have a piece of land in the east, for trade purposes, as a colony. After the occupation, the Ingrans named the land "New Colsex", after the land of "Colsex" in Ingerland and it was it's name until the ending of 1806. The Mergan population forced to live in the south so the Ingrans would live in the north. That's what created the division into two states in 1742, in The New Colsex Treaty, which was an agreement between the New-Colsexish Ingrans to the New-Colsexish Mergans about territory (creation of the two states) and collaborations between the two states. The two states still exist in the modern Eshein. The states are Keswerg and Atelfain.
Kingdom of Eshein (from 1806)
In the Begging of the 19th century, in 1806, Midistland got the control over "New Colsex" from the Ingerans (turning it to an Ingerish-Midistlandese Dependency) after king Whotch, the king of "Atacoma del Norte" (which used to be a self-governing kingdom inside Midistland) married an Ingeran princesses, Princesses Angela Rewirton. She became Queen Angela of "Atacoma del Norte". At the ending of the same year, when she turned 25, She got tired of her cruel husband and from Midistland and she took over "New Colsex" with a small army she recruited of Ingerans and Midistlandeses in order to creat a new kingdom, away from her husband and away from Ingerland, where she knew her father will marry her to another man she won't like. Most of the Mergan residents, which hated the Ingrans, joined the fight against the Ingrans and the Midistlandeses. In the end of this war, The Eshen Revolutionary War, most of the Ingrans that lived in Keswerg foght for Angela's side, against Ingerland and Midistland. They were influenced by the ideas of freedom and saw Angela as their true queen (because she was the daughter of the Ingran king). Angela named her new kingdom "Eshein" after the ashes that were left after she set her husband's palace in Tengah, Midistland , on fire when she ran.
Geography and Environment
|Climate data for Angela Halensk International Airport|
|Record high °C (°F)||15
|Average high °C (°F)||6
|Daily mean °C (°F)||3
|Average low °C (°F)||−1
|Record low °C (°F)||−13
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||60||50||60||34||55||61||72||84||87||85||71||73||792|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)||13||10||11||10||10||10||10||10||11||12||13||13||133|
|Average snowy days||5||5||3||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||2||4||20|
- Main Article Monarchy of Eshein
The Eshen monarchy existed since the revolutionary war. In fact, it was one of the reasons for the war, forming a brand new and free kingdom. The first Eshen monarch was Queen Angela Halensk which was the leader of the rebellion that created the kingdom and by that, gave power to the monarch to rule the country. All of the Eshen monarchs are from the Halensk dynasty and descendants of the first queen. By the constitutional law, the fist born child will inherit the throne, regardless of the sex of the child of the parents' wishes. The only exception was King Owneheym I which is the second child of Queen Angela (after his half brother Whotch). He inherited the thrown because his older brother wasn't the child of the King consort, William Halensk, what made him unsuitable to inherit the throne.
The Folkhalter is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of Eshein consisting of two chambers: the Senate and the National Assembly.
A combination of two Eshen words: "Folke"- people, and "Halter"- Holder, means together "People Holder"- what holds the Eshens together as one nation and not two separate ones.
Upper House- Senate of Eshein
Senatt av Eshein (Eshen) The Eshen senate is composed of senators who represent each of the several Eshen provinces, with each province has two senators as representatives, regardless of it's population. all the senators serve for 5 years and they are being chosen in the general elections. With ten provinces, there are 20 senators and one head of the Senate, the vice president.
Eshein's 42nd Senate
Head of the House:Bjorn Hangel (the vice president and the head of the Senate) (SILVE)
Blue: NEP- Natyonal Eshen Partti (40%)
Yellow: SILVE- Lyberal Partti av Eshein (50%)
Black: EK - Die Eschen Konservativen (Eshen: Diu Eshen Konservative) (10%)
Powers of the Senate
Lower House- Eshen National Assembly
Eshen Natyonal Versemleng (Eshen)
Eshein's 42nd National Assembly
Head of the House: Ellen Christina Poull (member and head of the National Assembly) (NEP)
Yellow: SILVE- Sosial Liberalen Vor Eshein (47%)
Blue: NEP- Natyonal Eshen Partti (37%)
Black: EK- (8%)
Green: Gr- Grönern (4%)
Purple: ME- MitEshein (4%)
Powers of the National Assembly
Every five years, since 1810, the general elections are held in the 31st of October of the fifth year. In these elections, every Eshen citizen can vote for the president he/she thinks is the best to lead the country for the second round (between the 2 leading candidates). The first presidential round is held every five years in the 1st of October of the fifth year. At the same day of the second round of the presidential elections, the Eshens also vote for their favorite regional senator candidate. In each province, the 5 candidate who got most of the votes, win a place in the senate. Every Eshen can vote only in his province of residence for his senator, and every person can vote for only one senator. Esehns who reside outside of Eshein or traveling abroad can vote in the Eshen embassy or in the EUOIA embassy in his/her location, if there is one. The national assembly is appointed by the percentage of the votes for the president in the second round of the presidential elections, which means the Eshens can't vote for the representatives directly. The more votes the candidate gets in the second round, the more seats his party will have in the assembly.
|Logo||Color||Party short name||Party full name||Political spectrum placement||Current head||City of origin|
|Grönern (Gr)||Diu Gröner Partti||Left||Violet Miller||Northriver|
|SILVE (SL)||Sosial Liberalen Vor Eshein||Center-Left||Allena Wingerson||New Tyrrin|
|ME||MitEshein||Radical center||Claus Lichtenberg||New Tyrrin|
|NEP||Natyonal Eshen Partti||Center-Right||Klaudia Bruhns||Eym|
|EK||Diu Eshen Konservativen||Far-Right||Lucas Höhl||Imperium|
List of Eshen Presidents
|Number||Name||Life||In Office||Home Town, Province and State||Vice president||Folkhergens||Notes|
|1st||Colonel Robert Thomas Williams||1756-1836||1806-1820||Winburgh, Midland, Ingerland||Richard Albert Yur||Before the 1st, the 1st and 2nd||Served a temporary president untill the first elections and then was elected twice: in 1810 in the first elections, and in 1815|
|2nd||Richard Albert Yur||1820-1825||3rd|
|3rd||Thomas Samuel Whalley||1825-1835||4th and 5th|
|4th||Johan Kristian White||1835-1840||6th|
|5th||Paul Chris Herning||1840-1845||7th|
|7th||Johan Russell||1850-1852||part of the 9th|
|8th||Walter Lawrence||1852-1865||part of the 9th, 10th and 11th|
|9th||Abraham George Foulkens||1865-1875||12th and 13th||Signed the bill that granted women the right to vote into law (1872)|
|10th||Lyanna Charlotte Frisk||1831-1922||1875-1885||New Tyrrin, Noy Tyrrin, Atelfain||14th and 15th||The First Femle president of Eshein|
|11th||Theodor "Teddy" Wing||1885-1890||16th|
|14th||Anne Morrinson||1900-1910||19th and 20th|
|17th||Mark Gilbert||1925-1935||24th and 25th|
|18th||Oliver Dikenson||1935-1944||26th and part of 27th|
|19th||Richard Bray||1944-1945||part of 27th|
|23rd||Emilie Piltzer||1960-1970||31st and 32nd|
|24th||Klara Shönfelld||1970-1980||33rd and 34th|
|26th||Petrus Pröll||1985-1990||Arlent Halensk||36th|
|27th||Adam Rosenblatt||1990-1998||37th and part of 38th|
|28th||Klaudia Bruhns||1998-2005||part of 38th and 39th|
|29th||Marvin Auernheimer||2005-2015|| Arnold Freitz (2005-2010)
Allena Wingerson (2010-2015)
|40th and 41st|
|30th||Allena Wingerson||2015-2020 (estimated)||Northriver, Nortryvaar, Keswerg||Bjorn Hangel||42nd|
There are 3 major ethnic groups in Eshein: Eshens (74%), Mergans (12%) and Ingrans (14%).
They are 74% of Eshein's population, 4 million people. The Eshen ethnic group is a very new ethnic group (aproximatly 300 years) and it was created out of the combination of the Ingrans and the Mergans who live in Eshein. The previous name of this group was "New Colsexens". The name changed when Eshein was founded, in 1806 to "Eshens". During the 17th century, "New Colsexen" was used as a curse word, both by the Ingrans and the Mergans, which didn't like each other and hated the ones who mixed with the other. The Eshens live all over Ehsein.
Because of the Eshen immigration policy, which allows Ingrans and Mergans immigrate freely to Eshein, there is a large group of Ingrans in Eshein, 14% of the entire population, 740,000 people. The Ingrans are immigrants from Ingerland, a country in the western Uletha, which used to rule Eshein from 1674 untill 1806. Most of the Ingrans live in Keswerg, because it is an Ingerish-speaking state.
Much like the Ingrans, Because of the Eshen immigration policy, there is a large group of Mergans in Eshein, 12% of the entire population, 630,000 people. The Mergans are immigrants from Mergany, a country that bordered Eshein by the north. Eshein used to a part of Mergany untill 1674. Most of the Mergans live in Atelfain, because the Mergan language is a national language in this state.
Other Ethnic Groups
The immigrants from Ingerland satteled in the north, in Keswerg, and the Mergans from the time that Eshein's land was ruled by Mergany, forced to reside in the south, in Atelfain.
Immigration from both countries is still legal, although the nationality of the first settlers is Eshen today.
The aren't many other Ethnic groups in Eshien because of it's strict immigration policy.
Most of the population speaks Eshen , the national and official language of Eshein. In order to become a citizen you have to speak fluent Eshen and to pass a hard test in this language. Students and non-citizens can stay up to 4 years without speaking fluent Eshen. There are 3,481,000 million native speakers of Eshen in Eshein while almost 5,000,000 speakers overall.
Another official language is Ingerish, which stayed official language since the Ingerish control. It is mostly spoken in Keswerg. There are 700,000 native speakers of Ingerish in Eshein.
The last official language is Kalmish, which was the language of the Mergans who live in Ehsein while it still was a part of Mergany, before the Ingrans occupied it (and not Mergan like the rest of Mergany). It is mostly spoken in Atelfain. There are near 900,000 native speakers of Kalmish in Eshein.
The only national language that isn't official language is Mergan. It stayed an national language after the ingerans occupied Eshein, like Kalmish, but there wasn't enogh speakers of this language in order to make it an official language in 1806. It is mostly spoken in Atelfain. There are 220,000 native speakers of Mergan in Eshein.
58% of all the population is Christians and 40% are Atheists. The left 2% of the population is Jewish (1.8%) and Muslim(0.2%).
Eshein has embassies in the following countries:
- Mauretia 
- Mergany 
- Viljanni 
- Neo Delta 
- Pretany 
- Darcodia 
- Drull 
- Khaiwoon 
- Mecyna 
- Midistland 
- Orinoco 
- West Commonia 
- Rhododactylia 
- Al-Kaza 
EUOIA embassies used by Eshein:
The following countries have embassies in Eshein:
- Neo Delta
- West Commonia
New Tyrrin Cathedral The Folkhergen Palace,
Jekson Way Canal,
- To be extended...