Difference between revisions of "Everian"

From OpenGeofiction Encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(Created page with "{{Infobox lang | boxwidth = <!--width of the infobox--> | familycolor = {{Language family|Uletarephian}} | headercolor = <!--color of header text, black by default-->...")
 
 
Line 64: Line 64:
 
| footnotes    = <!--any kind of remark or (foot)note, put it in a <ref>...</ref> and it will be displayed in the infobox-->
 
| footnotes    = <!--any kind of remark or (foot)note, put it in a <ref>...</ref> and it will be displayed in the infobox-->
 
}}
 
}}
{{stub}}
+
'''Everian''' is the last living language in the Kadmaric language family, possessing no known connection to other living languages. It is spoken by the Kadmaric people and is the official language of [[Leresso]] and the [[Kadmaric Diaspora]].
'''Everian''' ([[Franquese|Fr]]. ''Lerésan'', [[Kalmish|Kalm]]. ''Ewerisch'') is the last surviving language in the Kadmaric language family. It is spoken by the Kadmaric people and is the official language of [[Leresso]] and the [[Kadmaric Diaspora]].
 
  
 
==Classification==
 
==Classification==
 
Everian is classified as the sole survivor of the Kadmaric language family since there is no relationship between it and any other modern language.  There is archaeological evidence that a civilization once existed along the banks of the Kadmar River, and thus the language family was named accordingly.  Most of what supports the concept behind creating an entirely new language family is the writing system used to write the language.
 
Everian is classified as the sole survivor of the Kadmaric language family since there is no relationship between it and any other modern language.  There is archaeological evidence that a civilization once existed along the banks of the Kadmar River, and thus the language family was named accordingly.  Most of what supports the concept behind creating an entirely new language family is the writing system used to write the language.
 +
 +
===Possible connections===
 +
Many scholars postulate that the Everian language is not actually a language isolate, but a distant relative of the [[Taukan]] language family.
 +
Claims have been made that speakers of the hypothetical Proto-Everian language were in contact with speakers of the [[Tenibri]] language, the most notable similarity between the two languages being the phonetic sound /ç/, a sound that is uncommon among the rest of the world's languages.
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
Line 195: Line 198:
 
|օնւցու (ạnïu, us (including you))
 
|օնւցու (ạnïu, us (including you))
 
|օնւղ (ạnik, our/ours (including you))
 
|օնւղ (ạnik, our/ours (including you))
|յանա (to/towards us (including you)
+
|յանօնւ (yanạni, to/towards us (including you)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|1st person plural exclusive
 
|1st person plural exclusive

Latest revision as of 22:04, 29 June 2020

Everian
Ւրւռյանօկ
Native toLeressoflag.png Leresso
RegionNative to northwestern Antarephia
EthnicityKadmaric
Native speakersabout XX.X million (2018)
about XXX,XXX L2 speakers
Language familyKadmaric
  • South Kadmaric
    • Everian
Writing systemKadmaric alphabet
Official status
Official language inLeressoflag.png Leresso
Regulated byՊաըւմսօլու Ւրւռյանօ Taqimsạlu Iviryanạ
OGFL-1
OGFL-2T


Everian is the last living language in the Kadmaric language family, possessing no known connection to other living languages. It is spoken by the Kadmaric people and is the official language of Leresso and the Kadmaric Diaspora.

Classification

Everian is classified as the sole survivor of the Kadmaric language family since there is no relationship between it and any other modern language. There is archaeological evidence that a civilization once existed along the banks of the Kadmar River, and thus the language family was named accordingly. Most of what supports the concept behind creating an entirely new language family is the writing system used to write the language.

Possible connections

Many scholars postulate that the Everian language is not actually a language isolate, but a distant relative of the Taukan language family. Claims have been made that speakers of the hypothetical Proto-Everian language were in contact with speakers of the Tenibri language, the most notable similarity between the two languages being the phonetic sound /ç/, a sound that is uncommon among the rest of the world's languages.

History

Geographic distribution

Everian, along with Ingerish, is the official language of Leresso and is spoken fluently by approximately 89% of the population, while only 79% claim to use the language in their daily lives. As a result of the rapid modernization of the country, along with the radical internationalist policies of the 1990s, Ingerish was slowly integrated into the fabric of Leressan society, and is presently represented as a core subject in primary and secondary school, and is generally used as the lingua franca of international affairs, high-stakes business deals, etc. The spread of the Ingerish language in Leresso inadvertently led to the creation of the Kadmaric Diaspora, an organization that unites native Everian speakers around the world, as new internationalist policies made it easier for well-educated Leressans to travel abroad and spread Leressan culture. It is an officially recognized language of the Assembly of Nations and some daughter organizations.

Writing system and phonology

The Everian language is written with the native Kadmaric script, a unique alphabet only found in Leresso. In recent years, due to an influx of tourism and interest in Leressan culture, the Leressan government has created a Romantian transcription to make reading Everian somewhat easier for tourists.

The Kadmaric script also uses a unique punctuation system - every sentence ends in a "full stop" (։). The question particle (.) comes at the beginning of a sentence, and indicates that the statement is a question. The exclamation mark (՚) comes at the beginning of a sentence, and indicates an exclamatory statement. Quotation marks («», ‹›) operate as normal Romantian quotation marks. Kadmaric parentheses ( () ) are identical to Romantian parentheses. The Kadmaric script used an emphasis mark (՛) that has since fallen out of use colloquially beginning in the early 20th century, with the mark officially being removed from the list of official characters in the Kadmaric alphabet by the Everian Institute in August 2006. For some ideographic words the abbreviation mark (՟) is used, most notably in ՟Ռծպ, the shortened form of Ռուծպա, meaning God. As a result of the scarcity of gramatically clear and correct instances with which to use the abbreviation mark in colloquial writing, the Everian Institute declared that the abbreviation mark could only be correctly used "In texts with religious connotations"[1]


Letter Name Ingerish Transcription Pronunciation
Ա, ա ալեպ alet a /ɑ/
Բ, բ բամ bam b /b/
Ր, ր րալօ valạ v /v/
Ք, ք քաս cas c /ts/
Ի, ի իաս ças ç /tʃ/
Դ, դ դալէդ dalạd d /d̼/
Ե, ե եգւ egi e /e, je/
Օ, օ օլգէ ạlgụ /ə/
Թ, թ թու fu f /f/
Գ, գ գւ gi g /g/
Ը, ը ըացւ qài q /ɣ/
Շ, շ շւսա hisa h /h x/
Չ, չ չա hya hy /ç/
Ւ, ւ ւժե iʒe i /i/
Ղ, ղ ղատօ kapạ k /k/
Լ, լ լացուլա làula l /l, ɫ/
Letter Name Ingerish Transcription Pronunciation
Մ, մ մամ mam m /m/
Ն, ն նան nan n /n/
Կ, կ կացւ ŋài ŋ /ŋ/
Ո, ո ոմագ omag o /o/
Է, է էքա ụca /ɪ/
Տ, տ տառ par p /p/
Ռ, ռ ռուսա rusa r /ɾ/
Ս, ս սեն sen s /s/
Ծ, ծ վեն şen ş /ʃ/
Պ, պ պա ta t /t̼/
Ու, ու ումւս umis u /ʊ/
Հ, հ հոռւ wori w /ʋ/
Յ, յ յօդա yạda y /j/
Զ, զ զադ zad z /z/
Ժ, ժ ժադ ʒad ʒ /ʒ/
Ց, ց ղամպացւ kamtài ` / ͜ /

Grammar

Everian is a subject-object-verb language with adjective-noun and verb-adverb constructions that is semi-agglutinative, with affixes altering the meaning. Nouns are declined according to case and number (singular, dual, plural, superplural). Proper nouns are declined the same as nouns, with the undeclined proper noun maintaining its original capitalization (յաԼեռեսո, yaLereso). Verbs are conjugated according to tense (remote past, past, future, remote future) and negativity (whether or not the action will be done).

Pronouns
Point of View Nominative Accusative Genitive Dative
1st person singular նա (na, I) նացու (näu, me) նաղ (nak my/mine) յանա (yana, to/towards me)
2nd person singular լօմ (lạm, you) լօմու (lạmu, you) լօմւղ (lạmik, your) յալօմ (yalạm, to/towards you)
3rd person singular masc. ըու (qu, he/it) ըունու (qunu, him/it) ըուղ (quk, his/its) յաըու (yaqu, to/towards him/it)
3rd person singular fem. սու (su, she/it) սունու (sunu, her/it) սուղ (suk, her/hers/its) յասու (yasu, to/towards her/it)
1st person plural inclusive օնւ (ạni, we (including you)) օնւցու (ạnïu, us (including you)) օնւղ (ạnik, our/ours (including you)) յանօնւ (yanạni, to/towards us (including you)
1st person plural exclusive անւ (ani, we (excluding you)) անւցու (anïu, us (excluding you)) անւղ (anik, our/ours (excluding you)) յանանւ (yanani, to/towards us (excluding you))
2nd person plural ղօբ (kạb, you (all)) ղօբու (kạbu, you (all)) ղօբւղ (kạbik, your/yours (all)) յաղօբ (yakạb, to you (all))
3rd person plural մու (mu, they) մունու (munu, them) մուղ (muk, their, theirs) յամու (yamu, to them)


Examples

See also: Reading Maurit on the map
Common Phrases
Ingerish Everian Ingerish Transcription
Hello! (formal / informal) ՚Սուպօըւ ւպալօմ։ / ՚Սուպօը։ Sutạqi italạm! / Sutạq!
How are you? / Are you well? .Լօմ պօղէժ ղոժւ։ Lạm tạkụʒ koʒi?
What is your name? .Լօմւղ պէզացւ ղոժւ։ Lạmik tụzäi koʒi?
My name is Salan. Նաղ պէզացւ Սալան։ Nak tụzäi Salan.
Do you speak Everian/Ingerish? .Լօմ Ւրւռյանօկ/Ւկառյանօկ պուծւ ղոժւ։ Lạm Iviryanạŋ/Iŋaryanạŋ tuşi koʒi?
I do not speak Everian. Նա Ւրւռյանօկ դւպուծւ։ Na iviryanạŋ dituşi.
How do you say ... in Everian? .Լօմ … գէդՒրւռյանօկ պուծամէ ղոժւ։ Lạm … gụdIviryanạŋ tuşamụ koʒi?
Yes Մադ Mad
No Դւռու Diru
Please Ղոտեռ Koper
Thank you! ՚Րայալօմ։ Vayalạm!
You are welcome / it's nothing! ՚Դւռւպալօմ։ Diritalạm!
Goodbye! (formal / informal) ՚Րումայէ լօյածառ։ / ՚Րումլօյած։ Vumayụ lạyaşar! / Vumlạyaş!
Numbers
Number Name Romanization
0 րաիապ vaçat
1 յօ yạ
2 մեցւ mëi
3 ռակ raŋ
4 սազ saz
5 գւչ gihy
6 թոն fon
7 բօժ bạʒ
8 ծյեր şyev
9 դաշ dah
10 նօլ nạl
11 նօլէյօ nạlụyạ
12 նօլմեցւ nạlmëi
13 նօլէռակ nạlụraŋ
14 նօլսազ nạlsaz
15 նալգւչ nạlgihy
Numbers
Number Name Romanization
16 նօլթոն nạlfon
17 նօլբօժ nạlbạʒ
18 նօլէծյեր nạlụşyev
19 նօլդաշ nạldah
20 մեցւնօլ mëinạl
30 ռակօնօլ raŋạnạl
40 սազօնօլ sazạnạl
50 գւչօնօլ gihyạnạl
60 թոնօլ fonạl
70 բաժնօլ bạʒnạl
80 ծյերօնօլ şyevạnạl
90 դաշնօլ dahnạl
100 ղէզ kụz
1,000 րեժւ veʒi
1 million ըանդու qandụ
1 billion ծաղեն şaken
Examples
Ingerish Everian Ingerish Transcription Literal translation
Hello! My name is Salan. ՚Սուպօըւ ւպալօմ։ Նաղ պէզացւ Սալան։ Sutạqi italạm! Nak tụzäi Salan. Peace with you! My name Salan.
I give her a rose. Նա եթօռացւ սունու րուդօ։ Na efạräi sunu vudạ. I a rose give her.
He has not been to Leresso. Ըու յաԼեռեսո դւյօռապօցւ։ Qu yaLereso diyạratạ̈i. He to Leresso not been.
Goodbye! (formal/informal) ՚Րումայէ լօյածառ։ / ՚Րումլօյած։ Vumayụ lạyaşar! / Vumlạyaş! See another day soon! (formal/informal)

References

  1. "Առգւդ Պութեսէկալւ 1988". Պաըւմսօլու Ւրւռյանօ. 1988. Retrieved 1 May 2011.